Collapsible wall construction for low-rise construction
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to wall wooden building construction for low-rise construction. What's new is that the distance between the posts of the proposed wall structure is made equal to 700 - 1200 mm and can be chosen equal to the size of a door or window opening. Wall panel made of composite of standard modules, each of which is composed of stacked on top of each other and interconnected longitudinal elements. Modules in height have a size of 200 - 600 mm Because of this design easily and quickly be assembled and disassembled without the use of lifting devices. A possible embodiment of a structure with additional wall panel that is installed parallel to the first panel with the formation of the gap, which can be placed insulation. The design is approximated by the degree of industrialization of the manufacture and installation of concrete panel construction, but vysokoekonomichny, has an attractive appearance, does not require additional internal and external decoration, inexpensive and ergonomic. 5 C.p. f-crystals, 6 ill. The invention relates to the construction and can be used is m ore than a close analogue is collapsible wall construction for low-rise construction, includes installed at a distance from one another rack and placed between wall panel installed at each other modules, each of which is made in the form of interconnected longitudinal elements (German patent N 1784746 A, 14.12.72).A disadvantage of the known design is the complexity and difficulty of Assembly, since the assembling process of the modules of considerable size, which requires the use of auxiliary hoisting mechanisms.The technical task of the present invention is to provide a wall panel that does not have the disadvantages of the known constructions, namely: simplify and cheapen the construction, reducing the complexity of the Assembly, a high degree of industrialization of the production with the simultaneous simplicity and high performance of the Assembly, the unification of building elements, allowing disassembly and easy adjustment of structure.The mentioned technical problem is solved due to the fact that wall structure, primarily for low-rise construction, including installed at a distance from one another rack and placed between wall panel installed in each of the other modules by means of inserts, each of which is partially accommodated in the groove of the rack and partially in the groove of the top surface of the module facing to the rack, with each module has a length of from 700 to 1200 mm, and a height of from 200 to 600 mmThe distance between adjacent racks may be made equal to the standard size of a door and/or window opening.The wall construction can be performed with additional wall panel that is installed parallel to the first wall panel to form a gap between them.The wall construction can be provided with an insulating material placed in the gap between the wall panels.The modules of the wall panels can be sized according to the height of 200-600 mmThe longitudinal elements that comprise each module, can be made from a shaped beam with a spike on the top surface and a recess on the bottom surface, and the thorn of the underlying timber is placed in a groove overlying the profile of the beam.Each of the profile rails versions with one wall panel or the bars of the outer wall panel for option two wall panels that are installed in parallel can be made with a longitudinal groove located rezultat - to simplify the design, simplifying and improving Assembly performance, the ability to exclude the lifting mechanisms during installation, high quality fit building elements to each other and, consequently, increase thermophysical properties of the wall structure.When this occurs a new technical result is maximum unification of elements that enable the Assembly of various structures of buildings of the same modules and a set of racks, and also easy and quick dismantling and alterations of the structure while providing a high degree of industrial manufacturing.By selecting the distance between the racks in the range of 700-1200 mm and execution of composite wall panel modules, each of which consists of stacked on top of each other and interconnected elements improves the performance of the construction, because the Assembly is not the individual elements as building blocks, and integrated modules, and the task of the module size height no more than 200-600 mm weight compiled module given its length from 700 to 1200 mm is that it can raise and mount the 2 people without the use of lifting mechanism, the longitudinal nonlinearity and propellernet on the gap between the elements-beams due to their short length. So tight with no gap fit to each other longitudinal elements - beams may be achieved even without sealing material, eliminates the need for compensating devices, i.e., increased thermal properties of the wall panels without the use of insulating materials.Due to the implementation of the distance between columns is equal to the standard size of a door or window opening the possibility to swap the location of doors and Windows on the owner's request, at any stage of construction, i.e., we are expanding the functionality of the design, improves its service quality.Wall structure with an additional wall panel that is installed parallel to the first with the formation of a gap between them, placing insulating material or not, has an even higher thermal properties, this design can be applied for construction in cold regions of the country.The longitudinal elements that comprise each module can be produced in an industrial way, machined and are interconnected in a known manner, for example using pins, missed the I longitudinal elements of the module between every element is designed with a spike on the top surface and the notch on the bottom, and to prevent ingress of atmospheric precipitation on the outside of the beam is made a longitudinal groove on its lower side, the so-called "drip", and the bevel on the response of the upper surface of the adjacent element.In Fig. 1 shows a wall structure in a perspective view, General view, Fig. 2 - the same, top view; Fig. 3 - wall structure with an additional wall panel, a top view; Fig. 4 is a variant of the corner connection of two modules without corner posts, the node a of Fig. 5 is a composite module in a perspective view; Fig. 6 - section b-B in Fig. 2.Option collapsible wall structure with one wall panel (Fig. 1,2) includes lower binding 1, mounted on a Foundation (not shown), and the upper harness 2 in which are provided slots for racks, ordinary rack 3, the corner posts 4, the corner posts 5, angular (cross) 6 hours, embedded parts 7, 8 modules, each of which consists of longitudinal members 9 made in the form of profiled bar and interconnected, for example, using inserts-pins 10 of square cross section, passed through aligned circular openings 11 of the longitudinal members 9.Rack 3, 4, 5 and 6 and are made with longitudinal grooves 12 and differ one from twitbrain grooves, located in mutually perpendicular planes), at the lateral surfaces of each module 8 is made grooves 13, the longitudinal elements 9 are made with projections (spikes) 14 on the upper surface and the grooves 15 on the bottom, on the lower surface slots ("the weeping formations") 16, on the upper surface of the longitudinal members 9 made bevels 17. The longitudinal elements may have any other shape in cross-section, for example the shape of a parallelepiped.Stacked one on another, several modules 8 form a wall panel 18.Option collapsible wall construction with double wall panel (Fig. 3) includes an additional wall panel 19, which may be set, for example, on the inner side of the structure parallel to the main panel 18 with the formation of the gap 20, which may be posted by a heater (not shown).Wall panel 18 and the inner panel 19 connected by means of clamps 7 with ordinary racks 21 and corner posts 4, corner posts 5, and corner posts 22. Ordinary rack corner posts 21 and 22 is made larger in size and with additional grooves 23.The longitudinal elements 9 module 8, which is mounted vnutrennei precipitation.In the wall panel 18 is made the window opening 24 and the door aperture 25 (Fig. 1).A possible variant of corners without corner posts 4, in this case, on the front surface of the modules 8, the components of the wall panel 19, the groove 26 to the base part 7 (Fig. 4).Collapsible wall structure is assembled as follows.In the construction of lightweight (not insulated) version of the structure on the Foundation (not shown) is mounted bottom rail 1 and are ordinary rack 3 and the corner posts 5, and in the presence of intersecting internal walls shall also determine the angular (cross) 6 hours. The distance between the posts is chosen equal to the standard size of the window or doorway, it is more convenient if the size of door and window openings are the same. In this case, the length of all 8 modules will be the same and equal to the distance between adjacent racks. In case of any need of redevelopment door openings 25 and window openings 24 can be swapped or just to seal these openings 8 modules by running a blank wall.Height-the size of the modules due to the height of the structure: for example, structure height 2400 mm use che is ASS="ptx2">Recruited from units 8 wall panel 18 is fixed concrete inserts 7. The slots of the racks 12 and grooves 13 modules 8 can be open inside, in this case, embedded parts 7 are installed on the inner side (not top) and fixed clamps (not shown), in this case, the dismantling of the wall panel is simplified.After the Assembly of the walls set the upper harness 2.For the execution of an extension to an existing structure replace, for example, corner rack 4 on the corner of the rack 5, which has an extra groove 12.To build wall construction with double panel insulated variant, Fig. 3) after installation of the bottom trim 1 set ordinary hours 21 increments the standard chosen by the developer to the size of door and window opening, install the corner posts 22 and/or corner posts 4 and the corner posts 5, then generate serial installation of modules 8 on one another, leaving the window and door openings in accordance with the project. After installation of an exterior wall panel 16 perform the installation of the wall panel 19, installing it is approximately parallel 18, the gap placed at the desired insulating material. The module 8 is fixed by using the bookmark is chivuta described above.The proposed wall construction can be easily and quickly assembled and disassembled in the reverse order to transfer the facility to another location either partial or complete redevelopment and completion in accordance with the capacity or desire of the developer. For example, to the existing structure with a double insulated wall panels can be attached easy extension from single-walled or light the roof extensions.Modular design allows you to build a standard set of modules and supports a variety of structures, both from the children's "constructor", which provides great opportunities for individualization of exterior and interior design of the building.Proposed collapsible wall structure has the advantages of known structures made from items manufactured:
the high accuracy and quality manufacturing in the factory, ensuring a deep antiseptic, fire and water-repellent impregnations;
the convenience of delivery to the construction site;
reducing the quality requirements of raw materials: for the manufacture of blocks can be ispolzovanie or trimming of tree trunks waste wood industry, this solved the environmental problem associated with the disposal of waste wood.At the same time offer a collapsible wall structure than the known constructions, manufactured by industrial methods, consumer properties: the use of the claimed design dramatically improves the performance and reduces the complexity of manufacturing and construction, opens up opportunities for creativity of the developer in the design and redesign of the structure, enabling the most efficient use of available opportunities.The design has an attractive appearance, high thermal properties, vysokoekonomichny, does not require additional costs for internal and external finishes and at the same time is approximated by the degree of industrialization of the manufacture and installation of concrete panel building construction.Use for production, we offer a simple modular design, the spare capacity of a wood-processing factories will allow you to solve a number of social issues: employment, development of new regions, etc.1. Collapsible wall construction for low-rise construction, including installed at a distance from one another rack and placed between wall panel installed at each other modules, each of which is made in the form of interconnected longitudinal elements, wherein the rack is connected to the modules by means of inserts, each of which is partially accommodated in the groove of the rack and partially in the groove of the top surface of the module facing to the rack, with each module has a length of 700 - 1200 mm, and the height to 200 - 600 mm2. Design by p. 1, characterized in that the size of each block length equal to the standard size of a door and/or window opening.3. Design under item 1 or 2, characterized in that it is provided with at least one additional wall panel that is installed parallel to the first wall panel to form a gap between them.4. Design by p. 3, characterized in that it is equipped with insulating material placed in the gap between the wall panels.5. Construction on its top surface and a notch on the bottom, moreover, the thorn of the underlying profile of the beam is placed in the recess of the upper profile of the beam.6. Structure according to any one of paragraphs.1 to 5, characterized in that on the lower surface of each beam profile along the excavation performed a longitudinal groove, and its top surface is beveled.
SUBSTANCE: blockhouse facade for lining of internal and external walls includes two extended profile parts for lining of wall surface, which are installed one onto another, angular parts coupled with parts and installed in the form of cross connection of logs laid with an overlap, besides profile parts together with angular parts create an image of whole log structure. Profile parts are arranged as mirror-symmetrical in longitudinal direction and contain cross groove near their ends for opposite profile part of cross connection. Angular parts are arranged in the form of round log sections with cur surface that forms end, and also with opposite first flat joint surface and second joint surface adjacent to it, which matches external surface of cross profile part and angular part. Profile parts and angular parts create a set of component elements to create facade with formation of external and internal angle.
EFFECT: simplified assembly and manufacturing of facade parts.
17 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: in a wooden building the elements perceiving load are attached to inner side surfaces, limited with structural elements of the building, comprising stands, ties and horizontal elements so that to make it possible to close the front surface of the bearing wall panel on the outer side with front surfaces of structural elements on the outer side and front surface of the adjacent non-bearing wall on the outer side.
EFFECT: improved earthquake stability of a building.
7 cl, 26 dwg
SUBSTANCE: wall structure includes an inner bearing layer, a frame for wall bordering, steam insulation, external bordering shields and an insulant. The inner bearing layer is made from prefabricated laminated blocks of horizontal cutting, coupled in corners and abutments of inner walls to outer walls with the help of laminated L-shaped and T-shaped inserts. Laminated blocks and inserts shaved only along one side face at the side of inner rooms are connected to each other along the height of the wall structure on pins glued into the lower face of each laminated block or insert when they are manufactured, and into seats 10 of the below mounted elements during assembly of the wall structure.
EFFECT: increased spatial stiffness of a building.
2 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method to erect multi-layer walls includes formation of at least one wall from at least two rows of lengthy elements laid onto each other. Each row is formed by means of coupling of lengthy elements at the angle by means of connecting units. At the same time the connecting unit is made in each lengthy element in the form of at least one lock slot, having depth and width equal to the sum of thicknesses of at least two lengthy elements coupled with it and forming a wall layer. At least one coupled lengthy element is installed with a lock slot upwards, where at least two lengthy elements are laid as coupled with it, from which at least one is laid by the lock slot downwards, and the other one is laid with the lock slot upwards.
EFFECT: reduced labour intensiveness of wall erection process and reduced time for their erection.
12 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: wall panel is made of rows of modules installed onto each other, connected to each other and made from profiled rectilinear elements, is equipped with an insulant and lining boards. Profiled elements are made of a glued veneer profile, comprising walls made of veneer, on which shelves of bars are fixed. At the same time profiled elements are fixed by three to form an equilateral triangle in plan, and their shelves are faced towards the centre of the module. The panel includes side modules, rectilinear elements of which form a right-angled triangle in plan, with a hypotenuse equal to the side of the module and the angle near the base equal to 60°. Modules and side modules are fixed to each other, and each module is fixed with both lining boards. Each row in the panel is made from upper and lower layers of modules, at the same time in the lower layer the modules are placed in contact with the adjacent ones and are faced upwards with their tops, and the modules of the upper layer are faced down with their tops and contact with their sides to the sides of the adjacent modules of the lower layer.
EFFECT: increased bearing capacity of a structure.
SUBSTANCE: collapsible wall structure includes: top and bottom plates, vertical posts between which rows of modules out of profiled straight elements form panels, heat insulator, and facing plates. Modules are made of glued plywood profile with plywood walls bearing shelves out of bars. Profiled elements are attached in groups of three elements forming equilateral triangles. Side modules are made of straight elements forming right triangle with hypotenuse equal to module side and base angle of 60°. Modules and side modules are interconnected, and each module is attached to both facing plates. Each module row consists of top and bottom layers. Module bases in bottom layer of bottom row and module bases in top layer of top row are attached to bottom and top plates, respectively. Vertical walls of side modules are attached to surfaces of respective vertical posts facing them. Glued plywood profile shelves face module centre.
EFFECT: enhanced bearing capability.
SUBSTANCE: building structure includes straight-line elements attached to each other and made from a glued plywood profile containing walls made from plywood and shelves made from bars fixed on the wall along longitudinal edges. There have been used three straight-line elements that are fixed so that an equilateral triangle is formed in a plan view; the shelves of straight-line elements face each other.
EFFECT: increasing carrying capacity of long glued plywood building structures owing to forming a stiff load-carrying element at their operation as part of panels, which is related to perception and redistribution of vertical loads.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of construction, in particular, to the method to manufacture a 3D building element. The 3D building element is mainly made of plate stocks of material cut by size. Stocks are stage by stage cut from at least one material band, and then connected to each other in the form of a building element.
EFFECT: reduced material consumption.
7 cl, 8 dwg
SUBSTANCE: in a structure of stands connection with external and internal elements of building walls with the help of embedded parts, both angular and row stands are given a boxy shape, comprising external and internal links and embedded parts of square or rectangular cross section, besides, the external link and one of internal links of angular stands have a L-shaped or square cross section, and the second internal link of the same stands - cross section of one fourth of the circle; external and internal links of row stands are made with a U-shaped cross section or in the form of a solid insert of rectangular shape using in the body each angular and row stand, at least of two mounting seats, arranged from cuts and ledges entering into each other.
EFFECT: invention provides for universality, industrial quality, simplicity and convenience of manufacturing and assembly, reliability of operation and aesthetic appearance of the proposed structure.
3 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, in particular to wall structures from wooden glued elements. Engineering problem is improving strength characteristics, minimising labour costs in construction of wall structures. Glued wooden element is in form of a stack of glued together vertically disposed slats with each other with congruent grooves and protrusions on its upper and lower sides, formed by displacement of at least one slat relative to other slat. Stack is made of an odd number of slats made of wood with longitudinal fibres of wood, and even - with cross arrangement. At ends of stack there are additionally congruent grooves and ridges with recesses and protrusions on upper and lower sides of ends of stack formed by displacement of at least one inner lamella relative to other lamella of stack. Stack is equipped with at least one pair of vertical through-channels.
EFFECT: disclosed is a method of assembling wall structures from said elements.
7 cl, 8 dwg