Collapsible wall construction for low-rise construction

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to wall wooden building construction for low-rise construction. What's new is that the distance between the posts of the proposed wall structure is made equal to 700 - 1200 mm and can be chosen equal to the size of a door or window opening. Wall panel made of composite of standard modules, each of which is composed of stacked on top of each other and interconnected longitudinal elements. Modules in height have a size of 200 - 600 mm Because of this design easily and quickly be assembled and disassembled without the use of lifting devices. A possible embodiment of a structure with additional wall panel that is installed parallel to the first panel with the formation of the gap, which can be placed insulation. The design is approximated by the degree of industrialization of the manufacture and installation of concrete panel construction, but vysokoekonomichny, has an attractive appearance, does not require additional internal and external decoration, inexpensive and ergonomic. 5 C.p. f-crystals, 6 ill.

The invention relates to the construction and can be used is m ore than a close analogue is collapsible wall construction for low-rise construction, includes installed at a distance from one another rack and placed between wall panel installed at each other modules, each of which is made in the form of interconnected longitudinal elements (German patent N 1784746 A, 14.12.72).

A disadvantage of the known design is the complexity and difficulty of Assembly, since the assembling process of the modules of considerable size, which requires the use of auxiliary hoisting mechanisms.

The technical task of the present invention is to provide a wall panel that does not have the disadvantages of the known constructions, namely: simplify and cheapen the construction, reducing the complexity of the Assembly, a high degree of industrialization of the production with the simultaneous simplicity and high performance of the Assembly, the unification of building elements, allowing disassembly and easy adjustment of structure.

The mentioned technical problem is solved due to the fact that wall structure, primarily for low-rise construction, including installed at a distance from one another rack and placed between wall panel installed in each of the other modules by means of inserts, each of which is partially accommodated in the groove of the rack and partially in the groove of the top surface of the module facing to the rack, with each module has a length of from 700 to 1200 mm, and a height of from 200 to 600 mm

The distance between adjacent racks may be made equal to the standard size of a door and/or window opening.

The wall construction can be performed with additional wall panel that is installed parallel to the first wall panel to form a gap between them.

The wall construction can be provided with an insulating material placed in the gap between the wall panels.

The modules of the wall panels can be sized according to the height of 200-600 mm

The longitudinal elements that comprise each module, can be made from a shaped beam with a spike on the top surface and a recess on the bottom surface, and the thorn of the underlying timber is placed in a groove overlying the profile of the beam.

Each of the profile rails versions with one wall panel or the bars of the outer wall panel for option two wall panels that are installed in parallel can be made with a longitudinal groove located rezultat - to simplify the design, simplifying and improving Assembly performance, the ability to exclude the lifting mechanisms during installation, high quality fit building elements to each other and, consequently, increase thermophysical properties of the wall structure.

When this occurs a new technical result is maximum unification of elements that enable the Assembly of various structures of buildings of the same modules and a set of racks, and also easy and quick dismantling and alterations of the structure while providing a high degree of industrial manufacturing.

By selecting the distance between the racks in the range of 700-1200 mm and execution of composite wall panel modules, each of which consists of stacked on top of each other and interconnected elements improves the performance of the construction, because the Assembly is not the individual elements as building blocks, and integrated modules, and the task of the module size height no more than 200-600 mm weight compiled module given its length from 700 to 1200 mm is that it can raise and mount the 2 people without the use of lifting mechanism, the longitudinal nonlinearity and propellernet on the gap between the elements-beams due to their short length. So tight with no gap fit to each other longitudinal elements - beams may be achieved even without sealing material, eliminates the need for compensating devices, i.e., increased thermal properties of the wall panels without the use of insulating materials.

Due to the implementation of the distance between columns is equal to the standard size of a door or window opening the possibility to swap the location of doors and Windows on the owner's request, at any stage of construction, i.e., we are expanding the functionality of the design, improves its service quality.

Wall structure with an additional wall panel that is installed parallel to the first with the formation of a gap between them, placing insulating material or not, has an even higher thermal properties, this design can be applied for construction in cold regions of the country.

The longitudinal elements that comprise each module can be produced in an industrial way, machined and are interconnected in a known manner, for example using pins, missed the I longitudinal elements of the module between every element is designed with a spike on the top surface and the notch on the bottom, and to prevent ingress of atmospheric precipitation on the outside of the beam is made a longitudinal groove on its lower side, the so-called "drip", and the bevel on the response of the upper surface of the adjacent element.

In Fig. 1 shows a wall structure in a perspective view, General view, Fig. 2 - the same, top view; Fig. 3 - wall structure with an additional wall panel, a top view; Fig. 4 is a variant of the corner connection of two modules without corner posts, the node a of Fig. 5 is a composite module in a perspective view; Fig. 6 - section b-B in Fig. 2.

Option collapsible wall structure with one wall panel (Fig. 1,2) includes lower binding 1, mounted on a Foundation (not shown), and the upper harness 2 in which are provided slots for racks, ordinary rack 3, the corner posts 4, the corner posts 5, angular (cross) 6 hours, embedded parts 7, 8 modules, each of which consists of longitudinal members 9 made in the form of profiled bar and interconnected, for example, using inserts-pins 10 of square cross section, passed through aligned circular openings 11 of the longitudinal members 9.

Rack 3, 4, 5 and 6 and are made with longitudinal grooves 12 and differ one from twitbrain grooves, located in mutually perpendicular planes), at the lateral surfaces of each module 8 is made grooves 13, the longitudinal elements 9 are made with projections (spikes) 14 on the upper surface and the grooves 15 on the bottom, on the lower surface slots ("the weeping formations") 16, on the upper surface of the longitudinal members 9 made bevels 17. The longitudinal elements may have any other shape in cross-section, for example the shape of a parallelepiped.

Stacked one on another, several modules 8 form a wall panel 18.

Option collapsible wall construction with double wall panel (Fig. 3) includes an additional wall panel 19, which may be set, for example, on the inner side of the structure parallel to the main panel 18 with the formation of the gap 20, which may be posted by a heater (not shown).

Wall panel 18 and the inner panel 19 connected by means of clamps 7 with ordinary racks 21 and corner posts 4, corner posts 5, and corner posts 22. Ordinary rack corner posts 21 and 22 is made larger in size and with additional grooves 23.

The longitudinal elements 9 module 8, which is mounted vnutrennei precipitation.

In the wall panel 18 is made the window opening 24 and the door aperture 25 (Fig. 1).

A possible variant of corners without corner posts 4, in this case, on the front surface of the modules 8, the components of the wall panel 19, the groove 26 to the base part 7 (Fig. 4).

Collapsible wall structure is assembled as follows.

In the construction of lightweight (not insulated) version of the structure on the Foundation (not shown) is mounted bottom rail 1 and are ordinary rack 3 and the corner posts 5, and in the presence of intersecting internal walls shall also determine the angular (cross) 6 hours. The distance between the posts is chosen equal to the standard size of the window or doorway, it is more convenient if the size of door and window openings are the same. In this case, the length of all 8 modules will be the same and equal to the distance between adjacent racks. In case of any need of redevelopment door openings 25 and window openings 24 can be swapped or just to seal these openings 8 modules by running a blank wall.

Height-the size of the modules due to the height of the structure: for example, structure height 2400 mm use che is ASS="ptx2">

Recruited from units 8 wall panel 18 is fixed concrete inserts 7. The slots of the racks 12 and grooves 13 modules 8 can be open inside, in this case, embedded parts 7 are installed on the inner side (not top) and fixed clamps (not shown), in this case, the dismantling of the wall panel is simplified.

After the Assembly of the walls set the upper harness 2.

For the execution of an extension to an existing structure replace, for example, corner rack 4 on the corner of the rack 5, which has an extra groove 12.

To build wall construction with double panel insulated variant, Fig. 3) after installation of the bottom trim 1 set ordinary hours 21 increments the standard chosen by the developer to the size of door and window opening, install the corner posts 22 and/or corner posts 4 and the corner posts 5, then generate serial installation of modules 8 on one another, leaving the window and door openings in accordance with the project. After installation of an exterior wall panel 16 perform the installation of the wall panel 19, installing it is approximately parallel 18, the gap placed at the desired insulating material. The module 8 is fixed by using the bookmark is chivuta described above.

The proposed wall construction can be easily and quickly assembled and disassembled in the reverse order to transfer the facility to another location either partial or complete redevelopment and completion in accordance with the capacity or desire of the developer. For example, to the existing structure with a double insulated wall panels can be attached easy extension from single-walled or light the roof extensions.

Modular design allows you to build a standard set of modules and supports a variety of structures, both from the children's "constructor", which provides great opportunities for individualization of exterior and interior design of the building.

Proposed collapsible wall structure has the advantages of known structures made from items manufactured:

the high accuracy and quality manufacturing in the factory, ensuring a deep antiseptic, fire and water-repellent impregnations;

the convenience of delivery to the construction site;

reducing the quality requirements of raw materials: for the manufacture of blocks can be ispolzovanie or trimming of tree trunks waste wood industry, this solved the environmental problem associated with the disposal of waste wood.

At the same time offer a collapsible wall structure than the known constructions, manufactured by industrial methods, consumer properties: the use of the claimed design dramatically improves the performance and reduces the complexity of manufacturing and construction, opens up opportunities for creativity of the developer in the design and redesign of the structure, enabling the most efficient use of available opportunities.

The design has an attractive appearance, high thermal properties, vysokoekonomichny, does not require additional costs for internal and external finishes and at the same time is approximated by the degree of industrialization of the manufacture and installation of concrete panel building construction.

Use for production, we offer a simple modular design, the spare capacity of a wood-processing factories will allow you to solve a number of social issues: employment, development of new regions, etc.

1. Collapsible wall construction for low-rise construction, including installed at a distance from one another rack and placed between wall panel installed at each other modules, each of which is made in the form of interconnected longitudinal elements, wherein the rack is connected to the modules by means of inserts, each of which is partially accommodated in the groove of the rack and partially in the groove of the top surface of the module facing to the rack, with each module has a length of 700 - 1200 mm, and the height to 200 - 600 mm

2. Design by p. 1, characterized in that the size of each block length equal to the standard size of a door and/or window opening.

3. Design under item 1 or 2, characterized in that it is provided with at least one additional wall panel that is installed parallel to the first wall panel to form a gap between them.

4. Design by p. 3, characterized in that it is equipped with insulating material placed in the gap between the wall panels.

5. Construction on its top surface and a notch on the bottom, moreover, the thorn of the underlying profile of the beam is placed in the recess of the upper profile of the beam.

6. Structure according to any one of paragraphs.1 to 5, characterized in that on the lower surface of each beam profile along the excavation performed a longitudinal groove, and its top surface is beveled.

 

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