A method and apparatus for air separation
(57) Abstract:The device is designed to separate the components of air by blowing the mixture through a vortex tube and can be used to increase oxygen in the combustion chambers, and medicine. To improve the separation of mixtures of oxygen before entering the pipe is converted into ozone, which has a higher critical temperature than other gases, and the separation is more efficient. Eye-catching ozone can be used directly or put it to gaseous oxygen. The technical result consists in increasing the efficiency of air separation. 2 S. and 2 C.p. f-crystals, 2 Il. The proposed device relates to the field of air separation in the vortex tube, using various physical properties of the gases of its components. Such devices are widely used in industry [1, 2, 3]. The closest analogue of the proposed device can be considered .The essence of the proposed method in comparison with the prototype is that one of the components of the partial mixture of oxygen before separation in the vortex tube is placed into the ozone a form of oxygen dramatically different in their physically is SS="ptx2">In Fig. 1 presents one possible implementation of the proposed device.The device 1 blows the air in a vortex tube 2, in front of the entrance of oxygen contained in the air, under the action of the device 3 is fully or partially converted into ozone a form of oxygen having a critical temperature of - 12oC, compared to diatomic oxygen having a critical temperature of - 118oC.Upon reaching the critical temperature in the pipe properties of ozone dramatically changed, and it will be released in the first place compared to other components of the gas mixture.Eye-catching ozone can be used directly or expanding it to gaseous oxygen output device 4. There may be devices 5, drying the air before it enters the pipe, to prevent numerazione ice.Under the device for the formation of ozone refers to any of the existing devices for the formation of ozone, for instance [5, 6], under the decomposition of ozone - any of the existing methods for the decomposition of, for example, UV radiation .As a special case, it is necessary to mention that the role of the device 1 plays is viginia vehicle.In addition to this you can use any of the known device vortex separation of gases, for example, Fig. 2.The entrance to the pipe can be both nozzle and neoplasm.It is possible to install multiple successive delimiters.Application - increasing the oxygen content in the combustion chambers, medicine.You can have a device for regulating the power wuauserv device depending on the ambient temperature.Sources of information
1. SU 806999.2. SU 851031.3. Martynov A. Q. What are the vortex tube? - M.: Energy, 1976.4. SU 1267139.5. U.S. patent 4095115.6. SU, A. with. 874603.7. SU, A. with. 895923. 1. The method of air separation by vortex separation, characterized in that before the separation of the oxygen of the air is converted into ozone.2. A device for the separation of air containing a vortex tube, a device for blowing air into the pipe, characterized in that it contains a device for converting oxygen into ozone.3. The device according to p. 2, characterized in that it contains a device for ozone decomposition.
FIELD: compression machines, plants or systems using vortex effect.
SUBSTANCE: dehumidifier operation method involves precooling part of flow due to its expansion in expansion means, namely in gas-flow throttle or in vortex tube and cooling the main gas flow by precooled flow part; separating condensed moisture in moisture separator; cooling gas flow supplied to expansion means inlet by condensed moisture. Dehumidifier comprises high-pressure gas source, expansion means and moisture separator having drain pipe connected to cooling chamber of heat-exchanger which cools gaseous flow at expansion means inlet.
EFFECT: reduced power consumption.
5 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: power machine building.
SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in gas transporting systems for producing electric power, cold resource and liquid fractions of heavy hydrocarbons from natural gas. Feed-power set has vortex regulator to which high-pressure gas main is connected, turbo-expander with generator, condensate collector and mixer. Vortex pipe is made in form of phase-selected vortex pressure regulator. Vortex pipe has supply pipeline connected with screw channel to provide internal positive "hot"-circuit feedback. Height-adjusted tangential nozzle is connected with temperature selection cylinder and with main stream discharge pipeline through diaphragm. Discharge pipeline is connected with pilot unit where temperature selection cylinder is closed with brake chamber. It has cross-piece with profiled blades, which smoothly straighten gas flow and it also has "hot" gas pass-by unit to let gas flow after cross-piece into center of "cold" vortex at axis of temperature selection cylinder. There are phase selectors onto surface of cylinder made in form of adjustable slits disposed along its length according to higher efficiency of removal of heavy hydrocarbons. Cold" output of vortex regulator is connected with separating section and with turbo-expander connected in turn with generator, condensate collector and gas mixer. Output of phase selectors of vortex regulator is connected in series with other input of condensate collector and then with throttle. Output of throttle and the other output of condensate collector are connected with gas mixer. Outputs of liquid fraction of separating section and condensate collector are connected with liquid fraction mixer.
EFFECT: improved efficiency of usage of pressure drop energy.
FIELD: cryogenic engineering.
SUBSTANCE: cryogenic system comprises compression unit, throttle, throttle heat exchanger, and heat exchangers. The throttle heat exchanger is made of nano-pipes connected in parallel. The heat exchangers are made of nano-pipes. The local constriction in nano-pipe represents the throttle. The compression unit is made of contact groups arranged along nano-pipe, or shaped nano-structure, or nano-pipes of alternative diameter.
EFFECT: reduced sizes, mass and power consumption.
FIELD: power-plant engineering, particularly cooling and microcryogenic equipment.
SUBSTANCE: microcooler comprises heat-insulated cylinder filled with gas and separated into cold and hot cavities with piston made of low-conductivity material. Heat-exchangers with cooling medium and medium to be cooled are arranged in the cavities. Piston is provided with regenerator and air-tightened drive shaft of electric engine having crank mechanism from hot cavity side. Drive is installed in sealed case fixedly connected to heat-insulated cylinder. Piston has throttle orifice and large orifice located from cold cavity side. The throttle orifice is provided with overflow valve communicated with cold cavity. Large orifice has overflow valve communicated with hot cavity. Cylinder interior is connected with compressed gas cylinder by means of controlled valve (reducer). Crank mechanism of engine additionally has tension spring. The first end of tension spring is connected to crankshaft neck of crank mechanism by means of additional connecting-rod. Another end thereof is fastened to inner section of sealed case so that above tension spring end is arranged in holder installed in place opposite to place of tightened shaft insertion in cylinder.
EFFECT: provision of stable drive operation, extended life and decreased vibrations during microcooler operation.
FIELD: oil industry.
SUBSTANCE: supersonic tube comprises Laval nozzle, cyclonic separator with the blade, diffuser for discharging dried gas, and diffuser for discharging condensed liquid. The blade is made of deformed plate set in the screw groove made in the inner side of the cyclonic separator. The length of the plate is at least ½ of the pitch of the screw groove. The housing of the tube of the cyclonic separator receives locking members whose faces enters the screw groove. The distance between the adjacent locking members mounted in the screw groove is equal to the length of the plate.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
SUBSTANCE: supersonic tube of temperature stratification contains separation chamber 1, external subsonic channel 2, internal supersonic channel 3, outlet nozzle 4 of supersonic channel, supersonic diffuser 5, outlet nozzle 6 of subsonic channel, supersonic nozzle 7, device 8 for whirling of supersonic dispersed flow in supersonic channel. As device 8 for whirling of supersonic dispersed flow, tape swirler is used.
EFFECT: increase of efficiency of temperature stratification method.
2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: power machine building.
SUBSTANCE: microcooler comprises thermo insulated cylinder 1 filled with gas and divided with piston 2, made out of thermo insulating material, into cold 3 and warm 4 cavities with heat exchangers 5 and 6 installed therein and accordingly filled with cooled and cooling mediums. Piston 2 is equipped with drive 7 with sealed rod 8 located in warm cavity 4 of cylinder 1. Drive 7 is placed in pressure tight case 14 rigidly secured to thermo insulated cylinder 1. On side of warm cavity 4 regenerator 9 is mounted on piston 2, while coupled valve 11 is installed in hole of bigger diameter from side of cold cavity 3. Coupled valve 11 consists of case with socket whereto valve proper 15 adjoins closely with guides 16, spring loaded with spring 17 from plug 18 with holes 19. Throttle grooves 20 are made on socket of coupled valve 11; said grooves operate as throttle apertures when valve 15 is closed.
EFFECT: upgraded reliability of microcooler and simplification of its design.
2 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medical equipment, namely to devices for medical cryology. Cryologic apparatus contains thermally isolated reservoir for refrigerant, hermetising cover provided with casing, in which hole is made, main line of refrigerant supply from reservoir and cannel of rising pressure in reservoir with bellmouth for connection of hermetising plug. Under cover casing made is drying cavity from heat-conducting material, connected with heat-insulating cuff with bellmouth and channel of pressure rising, whose projecting into draining cavity part is provided with obliquely cut butt end with direction of cut opposite to hermetising plug. Outlet of channel of pressure rising into reservoir for refrigerant has cone-shaped extension in the thickness of the cover. Around entire main line of refrigerant supply from reservoir coaxially located is channel for refrigerant, hermetically fixed on it when it goes beyond cover casing and connected with radiator on drying cavity wall by means of side capillary channel, whose diameter is smaller than diameter of main line of refrigerant supply, and return part of main line of refrigerant supply is brought under cover casing with possibility of blowing draining cavity wall.
EFFECT: application of invention makes it possible to increase time of continuous work with apparatus and accelerate access to mode with minimal temperature.
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: throttle microcryogenic system comprises a compressor; a throttle microrefrigerator with an object of cryostatting; a forced start-up device arranged in the form of an intermediate pressure reservoir and lines of this reservoir connection to an injection channel of any compression stage and a low-pressure pipeline. The novelty is the fact that in order to ensure autonomous mode of throttle microrefrigerator operation, it is connected to a circulating circuit by means of quick-acting pneumatic slots, and its inlet is pneumatically connected to a reservoir filled with a high-pressure cryoagent. A cylinder with a cryoagent is connected to the forced start-up device, which makes it possible to repeatedly make up the circulating circuit.
EFFECT: improved functional capabilities of closed throttle microcryogenic systems.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: method of operating a throttling microcryogenic system includes a forced start-up mode. The novelty is availability of the autonomous mode of operation of a throttling microrefrigerator, which comprises processes of pneumatic disconnection of the microrefrigerator from the circulation circuit and attachment of a reservoir with a compressed cryoagent to its inlet. In order to ensure the rated duration of the forced operation mode, the circuit is additionally made up from the balloon with the storage of the cryoagent.
EFFECT: start-up of the compressor with simultaneous increase of cryoagent quantity in the circulating circuit, the transition mode providing for reduction of cryoagent quantity in the circulation circuit and reduced temperature of cryostatting to the rated value, the stationary mode providing for cryostatting at the rated temperature level.
2 cl, 1 dwg