The design of the strengthening of slopes
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to road construction. The design of the strengthening of slopes includes a flat product with parallel regularly spaced overlapping along its axis slits. The intervals between selected from the condition of education is space between the curved pieces of flat products after exposure to flat products tensile forces. The slots have extensions on their ends. Flat product may be in the form of paintings of the geosynthetic material. The free space between the vias may be filled with vegetable soil or concrete. Increases the reliability of the design. 3 C.p. f-crystals, 4 Il. The invention relates to road construction, in particular to strengthen the slope of the subgrade of roads, dams and similar constructions, which require filtering of surface water and protection from opolzaniya soil slope.Known filtering mattress  to strengthen the banks of navigable canals, rivers and reservoirs, which prior to installation on the slope, rolled-up and secured on the slope of the pins. A disadvantage of this device strengthening Odesa of several layers of synthetic fabric, for example, from fishing nets.A known design of strengthening of slopes of embankments , in which in order to reduce consumption used geotextile material the coating is performed with periodic cuts, however, in this case a large surface slope remains unprotected from the weather and possible sliding of soil with grass for the locations of the cutouts.A device of the strengthening of slopes , made in the form of bonded between a curved ridges, forming a free space for filling with soil. This design requires a minimum amount of material for its manufacture, holds the soil and water filters, however, difficult to manufacture due to the large number of fasteners and not high-tech during storage and transportation, so as not rolled into a roll.The closest analogue of essential features is the design of the strengthening of slopes  - prototype, including flat products with parallel regularly spaced overlapping along its length slits, the spaces between which are selected from the condition of education is space between the curved ParameterName vegetable soil. The disadvantage of the prototype is the poor reliability due to the pouring of the ground through the upper edges of the plates, on which are formed longitudinal folds and banners, and also because of the gaps flat products due to uneven loading bridges or under the action of tensile forces when laying on a slope or under the influence uploaded into the free space between the jumpers ground, or after precipitation as the result of opolzaniya ground.To address these shortcomings and improve the reliability of the proposed design of the strengthening of slopes, in which the jumper from a flat material, in contrast to prototype a self-made thanks to the extensions of the slots at the ends. Under the influence of the loaded soil in the free space between the curved lintels each jumper has the ability to samoustraniajutsia, for example, as a rectangular canopy by means of straps under the influence of air, i.e. additionally to bend and turn so that the soil is not poured over the top edge of the jumpers and uniformly loaded material jumper.The purpose of the invention is the increase nade is diversified slots "A", have the extensions "B" at the ends, used in the construction of fortifications slopes of Fig. 2 - flat product with a transverse perforation, in a rolled form; Fig. 3 - flat product with a longitudinal perforation, in a rolled form; Fig. 4 - copy geomoto obtained by extruding flat items on the slope or the slope.The design of the strengthening of slopes is arranged as follows. Geosynthetic material is perforated as shown in Fig. 1, and through the slots have their ends extend and are arranged in parallel rows so that along its length, the slots of adjacent rows overlap in length to each other, forming a jumper geosynthetic material vigibase from the plane of the geosynthetic material in the tensile force vector which is perpendicular to the parallel rows of slits.The design of the strengthening of the slopes of the flat product is made in the form of paintings of the geosynthetic material.Geosynthetic material for easy transportation and installation on the slope can be rolled up into a roll, the direction of the slits can be made across the length of the flat material on the roll, as pok is EfE geosynthetic material, subjected to the stretching force perpendicular to the direction of the slots, takes the form of geomoto 1, as shown in Fig. 4. In the upper part of the slope 2 geocity 1 are fastened by wedges 3 for initial fixation and prevent opolzaniya of geomoto down the slope. Formed by the space between the ridges flat geosynthetic material is filled in vegetative soil, where the roots of vegetation in addition fix the soil in Geostar and prevent it from sliding and erosion of surface waters.The reliability of the design of the strengthening of slopes, made in the form of geomoto of geosynthetic material extensions of the slots, substantially higher than in similar without expansion slots, as in the proposed design each jumper has great mobility and can individually, therefore better able to adapt to the effects of soil and better protects it from erosion surface waters.As a variant may be constructed strengthening of slopes in which the free space between the ridges flat products filled with concrete. When this expansion at the ends of the slots function as technological overuse.The reliability of the design of the strengthening of slopes, made in the form of concrete slabs separated geosynthetic material and bonded monolithic concrete lintels, significantly higher than in normal concrete slabs on the slope, as provided by the joint work of the concrete slabs between themselves and together with geobotany of geosynthetic material. This saves bandwidth for filtration of surface water through the gaps between the concrete slabs, filled permeable geosynthetic material.The design of the strengthening of the slopes is as follows. Geocity, being laid on a slope, filled with vegetable soil and overgrown with vegetation, forming a twisted roots and sealed with a ground slope sod layer, which is well water filters and protects the slope from erosion and opolzaniya ground.Sources of information:
1). Patent Germany N 1915523, E 02 D 17/20, 1969 prototype.2). Patent Germany N 2546430, E 02 D 17/20, 1975.3). SA SU N 1051160, E 02 D 17/20 1982.4). SA SU N 1214823, E 02 D 17/20 1986. 1. The design of the strengthening of slopes, including flat products with parallel regularly location is free space between the curved pieces of flat products after exposure to a flat product tensile forces, characterized in that the slots have extensions on their ends.2. The design of the strengthening of slopes under item 1, characterized in that the flat product is made in the form of paintings of the geosynthetic material.3. The design of the strengthening of slopes under item 1 or 2, characterized in that the free space between the ridges filled with vegetable soil.4. The design of the strengthening of slopes under item 1 or 2, characterized in that the free space between the ridges filled with concrete.
FIELD: building, particularly hydraulic structure reinforcement.
SUBSTANCE: method is performed in two-stages. The first stage involves forming vertical elongated flat ground massifs secured by hardening material. Massifs are created in crest embankment area and in upper area of embankment slope so that massifs are spaced minimal available distance from crest and pass through embankment body, including land-sliding upper embankment slope area. Massifs are anchored in mineral bottom by lower edges thereof and are arranged at least in three rows and there are at least three massifs in each row. Method for massifs forming involves driving double-slotted injectors directly in embankment ground or in wells formed in embankment and having plugged wellhead; orienting injector slots perpendicular to hydraulic pressure head vector direction in embankment area to be reinforced; injecting hardening material under increased pressure across horizons from top to bottom or in reverse direction, wherein injection is initially performed under 5-15 atm pressure and at minimal rate in each second injector of one outermost row beginning from extreme ones; feeding hardening material in previously missed injectors in this row; supplying injectors of another extreme row with hardening material in the same way; feeding hardening material to ejectors of medium rows under 10-20 atm pressure; performing the second reinforcement stage as material hardens to obtain 70% strength. The second reinforcement stage involves forming vertical elongated flat massifs of secured ground anchored in mineral bottom by lower edges thereof and arranged at least in three rows, wherein each one includes at least three massifs. Massifs extend at the angle exceeding embankment slope angle to horizontal line. Massifs are formed with the use of double-slotted injectors in remainder embankment area. Injector slots are directed perpendicular to hydraulic pressure head vector direction in embankment area to be reinforced. Hardening material is ejected in above succession, wherein hardening material pressure is equal to design process pressure enough for direction of feeding hardening material through injector slots and lesser than hardening material injection pressure of the first reinforcement stage.
EFFECT: increased reliability of structure reinforcement; prevention of land-slide on structure slopes.
3 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly for slope consolidation and for stabilizing deep front landslide areas.
SUBSTANCE: structure includes foundation mat and piles formed in wells grouped in rows. Upper pile parts are embedded in foundation mat, lower one is restrained by not-sliding ground layers. Piles are composite along their lengths. Central pile parts are not filled with concrete. Heights of upper and lower pile parts decrease towards landslide head. Structure to prevent deep front land-slides comprises separate local pile groups connected by foundation mats and located within landslide body boundaries. Each foundation mat has tension bars anchored in stable slope layers and arranged under and above foundation mat along slope to retain thereof against displacement and rotation.
EFFECT: improved slope stability, increased operational reliability of structure built on wide landslides, reduced building time and material consumption.
FIELD: building, particularly bridge building.
SUBSTANCE: method involves compacting ground of embankment body and cones; forming drainage layers and water-draining chutes on coating; creating pad with variable rigidity decreasing in direction from bridge along embankment for length equal to approach slab length; arranging approach slab having upward gradient in bridge direction. Pad of embankment body is formed by creating cast-in-place piles along with surface compaction of upper cast-in-place pile parts and upper embankment layer, wherein transversal cast-in-place piles form strips having medium rigidity jointly with ground forming embankments. The medium rigidity is reduced from maximal value at bridge pier to minimal one at approach slab end opposite to bridge pier.
EFFECT: reduced embankment subsidence under approach slab due to decreased pad and draining material displacement in horizontal direction.
8 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: manufacture of plant covers used for beautification of streets, squares, construction of sportive grounds, as well as for landscape designing.
SUBSTANCE: method involves spraying organic adhesive onto fine-mesh basalt net by means of specially designed equipment for filling meshes to thereby create strong carrier base. Net is perfectly ecologically safe and allows seeds to be uniformly sown over the entire area of lawn. Adhesive used for providing lawn is functioning as nutritive compound for seeds and is used simultaneously for protecting seeds from external influence of moisture and air during prolonged periods. After drying in first drying chamber, mixture of lawn grass seeds is sown onto carrier base through dosing hopper, followed by applying onto given mixture of organic adhesive and drying in second drying chamber. After discharge from drying chamber, ready dry lawn is cut into parts of various lengths, wound into roll and hermetically packed in polyethylene film for further storage and transportation. Lawn is placed on site by unwinding roll onto preliminarily prepared ground and spilling nutrient mixture thereon, followed by heavy irrigation to provide for sprouts emergence. Nutrient mixture and lawn grass seed mixture compositions are worked out depending on climatic zone and composition of parent ground on which lawn is to be provided.
EFFECT: increased efficiency by providing uniform sowing of seeds over the entire lawn area, and damage-free transportation and handling of grown lawn.
FIELD: securing of slopes or inclines, particularly for ground slopes and water pool banks stabilization, for artificial water pool building and reconstruction, for minor river recovery and erosive slope consolidation.
SUBSTANCE: method involves performing masonry works of building members by laying building member layers in alternation with fabric layers. The building members are rough stones, which are connected one to another by fabric impregnated with binding material to provide elastic connection areas between stone layers. Ground stabilization device comprises masonry formed of building members alternated with fabric layers. The building members are rough stones, which are connected one to another by fabric to form elastic connection areas between stone layers.
EFFECT: increased environmental safety, improved appearance and technological effectiveness, increased elasticity of stone connection.
16 cl, 3 dwg, 2 ex
FIELD: building, particularly to erect ground structures, namely to consolidate slopes, to reinforce banks of motor roads and railroads, dams, irrigation channels and river banks.
SUBSTANCE: method for slope reinforcing with members arranged in slope body involves preparing ground surface by terracing disturbed layers thereof in accordance with geological structure thereof along with substituting ground in unstable areas for draining material; compacting the draining material and reinforcing thereof with grids of polymeric material having openings of not more than 1 m; arranging zinc-coated steel mesh formed by two-for-one twisting method and having hexahedral openings; connecting the steel mesh with above grids; dividing prepared slope surface into sections with pitch not exceeding 3 m by installing the partitions of zinc-coated steel mesh formed by two-for-one twisting method having height of not more than 0.3 m; scattering loamy ground to form loamy layer having 0.1 m thickness; compacting the loamy ground; scattering vegetable soil; laying bio-textile on vegetable soil and planting greenery.
EFFECT: increased flexibility of protective coating and improved environment protection.
FIELD: agriculture, particularly steep slope terracing to adapt the slope for fruit trees and other crops growth.
SUBSTANCE: method for terracing slopes having steepness equal to or exceeding natural soil slip angle involves forming step-shaped ledges having depressions; scattering soil excavated from the slope over the ledges; stabilizing the soil with reusable rectangular netted retaining walls. The retaining wall has frame-like wall base created of welded angular or channel bars or bars of another cross-section. The wall bases are installed on the slope along lower ledge bounds and inclined at 60° angle with respect to horizon line. The wall bases are fixed by support and bearing wedges for a time equal to soil conglomeration time, wherein liquid or granular fertilizer is preliminarily introduced in soil and soil is laid down with perennial grass before ledge hardening.
EFFECT: increased slope use factor.
FIELD: building, particularly to stabilize slope landslides.
SUBSTANCE: landslide control structure comprises vertical walls built in base formed under the landslide and located along the landslide so that distance between adjacent walls decreases towards lower landslide end. Vertical walls are made of pile rows defining pleat-like system having pitch preventing ground punching between the piles. The pleats are directed so that corner apexes thereof face sliding ground and grillages of adjacent pleat flanges are connected by transversal beams.
EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity and increased technological efficiency of structure erection.
FIELD: building, particularly to reinforce landslide slopes, particularly extensive landslides.
SUBSTANCE: landslide control structure comprises bored piles fixed in stable slope ground layers and retained by anchoring means. To provide stability of lower landslide part inclined bars of anchor means are connected to bored pile heads. The anchor means are drilled down the slope and have fan-like structure. The anchor means are located at different levels in landslide body.
EFFECT: reduced labor inputs and material consumption for landslide control structure erection and increased stability of landslide massif.
2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: mining, particularly to consolidate or to protect pit sides against landslide during pit operation.
SUBSTANCE: method involves laying transversal members connected to ropes along slope, wherein the ropes are fixedly secured to anchors located in upper bench berm; drilling inclined wells extending to bench slope; installing next anchor along lower edge of upper berm and drilling next inclined well cluster. Suspending net to bench slope and pulling down ropes from upper berm through drilled inclined wells so that the first rope ends extend from bench slope; lowering the rope ends to lower berm and securing thereof to transversal members arranged above the net, wherein the transversal members are installed beginning from lower berm; tightening the ropes and fastening the second rope ends to anchors.
EFFECT: increased operational safety and decreased labor inputs for bench slope consolidation.
1 ex, 2 dwg