Device for supplying water from the well
(57) Abstract:Device for supplying water from wells relates to a device and a mechanism for exploitation of groundwater and water intake structures, in particular for pumping of artesian water in the main line of urban water systems. The device includes a pump, discharge pipe and the device hydroplane in the composition of the housing and the inflatable chamber, the cavity of which is connected with the pressure pipe through the first drainage, provided with a second drain. The case of the adaptation of hydroplane made in the form of lower and upper limits, and in the cavity of the inflatable chamber, provided with a nipple, a hose of rubberized material, with one end through the lower limiter is connected to the first drain, the other through the top qualifier from the second drain. This eliminates the possibility of contamination and deposition of fine sand in the cavity devices hydroplane during device operation. 2 Il. The invention relates to devices and mechanisms for exploitation of groundwater sources and intakes, in particular for pumping artesians the s from the well, containing the discharge pipe and the pump with the transmission shaft (Shabalin, A. F. Operation of industrial pipelines. Ed. "Metallurgy", 1972, S. 143).However, the presence of the gear transmission in the known devices leads to a large volume loss, reduced feed pressure and efficiency of the pump.Closest to the proposed to the technical essence and the achieved effect is a device for supplying water from the well containing the pump, the pressure line and the device hydroplane in the composition of the housing and the inflatable chamber, the cavity of which is connected with the pressure pipe through the drain (SU auth. St. N 1044741, class E 03 B 3/08, 1983).In the known device the available devices hydroplane allows to increase the production of the well. However, during operation of the device in the cavity of the inflatable chamber there are deposits of fine sand (the "pestovania" wells) and dirt falling into the well during installation and maintenance works, and in the cavity of the inflatable chamber is at the next turning on the pump. This can lead to what is generated when you turn off the pump the gap between the walls adfilternone the device from the well.An object of the invention is the elimination of the possibility of contamination of the cavity of the inflatable chamber devices hydroplane.This task is solved in that known device has a second drain, the case of the adaptation of hydroplane made in the form of lower and upper limits, and in the cavity of the inflatable chamber with nephalem posted hose of rubberized material, with one end through the lower limiter is connected to the first drain, the other through the top qualifier from the second drain.In Fig. 1 shows the device when installed in the borehole of Fig. 2 - the device is in working condition.The device is located in the casing pipe 1 artesian well and contains a pump 2, section 3 the discharge pipe 4, on which is mounted the device hydroplane comprising an inflatable chamber 5, provided with a nipple 6, and the body in the form of lower and upper limits of 7 and 8. In the cavity of the inflatable chamber hose 9 of rubberized material, one end of which is connected to the first drain 10, the other with the second drain 11.The device operates as follows. Before installing the device on which achene P0where the walls of the chamber 5 reaches the generatrix of the cylinder, is conventionally formed by upper and lower limiters 10 and 11. When this is placed in the cavity of the chamber 5 hose 9 of rubberized material (such as canvas) under the action of high pressure P0is compressed to a minimum volume (Fig. 1).One end of the hose 9 is connected to the first drain 10, the other with the second drain 11. Therefore, after you install the device in the hole and turn on the pump volume 2 hose 9 under the action of the water entering the drainage system 10 under a pressure equal to the pressure in section 3 the discharge pipe 4, reaches the maximum value. Extending the hose 9 increases the pressure P0in the cavity of the inflatable chamber 5 to a value of Px, under which the walls of the chamber 5 will cover the gap with casing pipe 1 (Fig. 2).After a moment of overlap of the specified gap further the balance between the volume of pumped water and the volume of water flowing into the casing 1 from the aquifer will occur under reduced compared with the atmospheric pressure on the surface of the water in the well. This causes an additional inflow of water, i.e., increases flow rate route 4 under the action of pressure Pxin the inflatable chamber 5 volume hose 9 begins to decrease and reaches a minimum value when reaching the Pxthe original values of P0at which excludes the presence of water in the hose 9 after recovery in the well static water level. If stop devices are not connected with his dismantling of the casing 1, the sand deposited in the drainage systems 10 and 11 after turning off the pump 2, washed away the next time it is turned off.Thus, the advantage of the proposed device is that due to the presence of the second drain 11 in the process of pumping water from wells in the hose 9 is continuously updated water. This helps to wash away dirt trapped in the hose 9 when turning on the electric pump 2, and also completely eliminates the deposition in the cavity of the sand.Sources of information
1. Shabalin, A. F. Operation of industrial pipelines.- M.: metallurgy, 1972, S. 143.2. SU, ed. St. N 1044741, class E 03 B 3/08, 1983. Device for supplying water from the well containing the pump, the pressure line and the device hydroplane in the composition of the housing and the inflatable chamber, the cavity which is connected with the pressure Truboprovodnaya made in the form of lower and upper limits, and in the cavity of the inflatable chamber, provided with a nipple, a hose of rubberized material, with one end through the lower limiter is connected to the first drain, the other, through the top qualifier from the second drain.
FIELD: obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water, particularly to wash artesian wells along with flow rate and specific flow rate determination.
SUBSTANCE: method involves supplying compressed air in water lifting pipes of airlift with mixers arranged at different levels; blocking water flow in hoses and feeding compressed air to mixers through separate hoses. At the beginning of above operation compressed air is supplied to upper mixer and then in water lifting pipes. Airlift is brought into stable operational mode. Compressed air is fed in downstream mixer and operation is provided by two mixers. Then upper mixer is switched off or kept in operational state.
EFFECT: increased efficiency and extended range of technology methods.
2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: water intake structures, particularly obtaining and confining water by means of pit wells.
SUBSTANCE: water production device comprises casing pipe provided with disc valve and with perforated filter arranged in lower part thereof. Upper casing pipe part has steel bottom with pressure relief valve adapted to reduce pressure inside casing pipe and compressed air inlet pipe having valve. The valve is connected with receiver and with air compressor. Connected to disc valve is air-tight removable plug having cable fastened to the disc valve to provide manual valve opening in the case of valve seizure. Pipe with water displacement valve is installed in the casing pipe and extends for the full casing pipe length. The pipe has check valve and shutoff valve located at well outlet. Method for water production from artesian well with the use of above device involves filling casing pipe with water portion under dynamic artesian horizon level pressure; activating compressor; filling the receiver with compressed air; supplying compressed air into casing pipe under pressure corresponding to summary height of well and water tower; displacing water from casing pipe into water tower; closing compressed air inlet valve; venting air from casing pipe through pressure relief valve, which is closed after air discharge operation termination and continuing above filling-displacement operations.
EFFECT: increased reliability and pressure without the use of submersible pump provided with electric motor.
2 cl, 1 ex, 1 dwg
FIELD: engines and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: proposed pump unit is additionally provided with the device for fastening cables to motor, cable locking disk, tripping-safety and operating cables, and collar. Said collar consists of base disk and rubber-metal skirt. Base disk has four holes for attachment to pump and cutout to receive power supply cable. Rubber-metal skirt consists of moving reinforcing carcass with rings and rubber element. Besides, pump unit incorporates head cap communicating well via flange joint with pressure pipeline.
EFFECT: simplified and accelerated mounting/dismantling.
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to water supply and can be used in outfitting of artesian wells with hydraulic accumulators and concrete water storage tanks. Besides, it can be used at artesian wells with sealed water towers and metal tanks. Method of prevention of the occurrence of ferrous and ferric iron oxides in artesian well water consists in fitting the sealed head wall to seal the casing against the air oxygen ingress therein. Besides, the cable and water lift pipe are sealed at the sealed head wall inlet.
EFFECT: decreased content of total iron in walls encased by metal pipes to less than 0,3 mg/l to comply with the requirements of the State Standard GOST "Drinking Water".
SUBSTANCE: water-intake tubular well comprises a perforated casing pipe in soil arranged with its perforated section in a water-bearing layer of rocks, and a water-lifting device in it. At the upper end the casing pipe is equipped with a cover with a collar installed on it, on the cord of which there is a water-lifting pipe suspended. The water-lifting pipe has an injection valve at the lower input and a circular body along the casing pipe diameter with a suction valve and elements of hydraulic seal along the external diameter in the form of circular grooves. To drill a water-intake tubular well, a device is used, which comprises drilling pipes and a cutting drilling bit. The drilling bit is equipped with a container with a valve made of light material, for instance, plastic, to stock damaged rock. Drilling pipes are lighter pipes, for instance, water-gas pipes. On the upper end of drilling pipes there is a transverse lever of rotation. In case of high drilling depth a device is used for lowering and raising operations, including a clamp of drilling pipes and a support for clamp placement. The support is made in the form of a well head with openings of trapezoidal shape on the upper end. The clamp is made of one movable and one fixed halves with a tightening bolt and radial levers laid into openings of the well head.
EFFECT: increased height of water raising from a water-intake tubular well.
4 cl, 5 dwg