The method of thermal insulation and cladding surfaces of walls tiles


(57) Abstract:

The method is designed for insulation and cladding surfaces of walls tiles and can be used in the manufacture of construction works. The details of the mounting of tiles set on the mesh, mounted on a wall surface. The insulation is carried out by filling the space between the wall surface and tiles, insulating material, such as foam, having a composition that protect steel reinforcement from corrosion. Vents make using plastic tubes slide them up as setting thermal insulating foam. Is provided by the combination of operations architectural facing surfaces of walls tiles with effective insulation and ventilation channels. 1 Il., table 1.

The invention relates to the production of construction works, in particular, for the reconstruction or rehabilitation of buildings and structures with simultaneous thermal insulation and architectural cladding.

There is a method of cladding the surface of the tiles by laying deposited on the coated surface of the mortar with the formation in it of ventilation ducts [1].

the eat them laying on printed on the coated surface of the mortar with the formation of the ventilation channel by setting in mortar casing [2].

The disadvantages of these methods are, first, a complex arrangement of ventilation ducts and, secondly, the methods do not provide effective thermal insulation of walls, be facing.

The purpose of the invention is to combine the operation of the architectural facing surfaces of walls tiles with effective insulation and ventilation channels to protect against corrosion of metal parts fixing of tiles to a wall surface.

This is achieved by the fact that the tiles are on the inner side of the mounting lug in the dovetail. The tiles are mounted on fasteners that are installed on the mesh, which is mounted on a revetted surface of the wall. Further, the space between the wall and the inner surface of the installed tiles is filled with the plastic (rascacielos) insulating mass, for example, foamed silicate-based. The composition of weight picked so that it was corrosion environment for reinforcing steel (mesh and fastening details).

Before the filling of the insulating mass to fill the space installing plastic pipes in the process of zaila.

In Fig. 1 shows a scheme of the walls (1) tiles (2), fasteners (3) tiles, insulating layer (4), the air channel (5) and moving the pipe (6) which defines the shape of the duct and mesh reinforcement (7).

The proposed method is carried out in the following sequence: on a wall surface fixed grid of ordinary reinforcing steel. The size of the rectangular cells of the wire mesh is commensurate with the size of the tiles. The mesh is fixed to the wall by any known method, for example, by means of anchors that perestrelivayutsya to the wall of the building with a gun. For steel mesh fix curly mountings tiles, on which hung tiles. Tiles on the inner side have a special ledge, made in the dovetail. Due to the flexible mounting of parts and tiles created conditions adjust the location of the tile on a wall surface and keeping the horizontal position and alignment of the tiles and their faces.

After hanging a few rows of tiles in the space between the wall and the inner surface of the tiles fill plastic (rastekaetsya) foam solution with low density and high teploizolirovat pipe foam density of 80 kg/m3and accordingly the conductivity from 0.035 W/MK. In the process of pouring concrete in the layer of insulation creates vents, which removes excess moisture from the plastic foam (when doing work in the summer) or heated foam when working in sub-zero temperatures (in winter), through the application of heat.

Ventilation channels created by plastic tubes, which are mounted vertically in the bottom layer of foam, and at least fill overlying layers and stiffening of concrete pipe is lifted up by the method of sliding. As vertical movement of the pipe in the concrete remains of the canal, the size of which repeats the outer profile of the tube. Given that the polymeric material is hydrophobic and has no adhesion with the concrete, slide the pipe up occurs without significant mechanical effort.

The effectiveness of the invention was experimentally verified. In a plastic form with a size of 400 x 400 x 100 mm poured concrete mass density of 150 kg/m3and a thermal conductivity of 0.05 W/MK. The initial moisture content of the mass is equal to 42%. In one form established two symmetrically perchlorovinyl pipe (PVC) with a diameter of 60 mm After the o in the sample with venting channels, there was intense drying of the concrete, and in the form of channels without the humidity has changed slightly.

It is obvious that the greater the height of the channel, the more intense will be the drying of concrete (due to pressure drop in the height of the channel). The experiment showed that the proposed solution is effective and feasible in practice.

Sources of information:

1. French patent N 1599609, class E 04 F, 1970.

2. USSR author's certificate N 608901, class E 04 F 21/00, published 30.05.1978. Bulletin No. 20.

The method of thermal insulation and cladding surfaces of walls tiles by laying on fasteners made from reinforcing steel with subsequent insulation of the walls and protect the reinforcement from corrosion by filling the space between the surfaces of walls and tiles plastic rastucem effective insulating silicate material, such as foam, creating in the process of filling insulation ventilation vertical channels, wherein the fasteners are installed on a conventional reinforcing mesh fixed on the surface of the wall and hold a tile to a ledge on its inner surface, and ensures the layered structure, consisting of the cladding, insulation and walls in the whole, firmly linking the facing surface of the wall, vertical ducts are made using plastic pipes, which are in the process of lining and insulation are moved upwards, leaving in seizing the layer of foam channel corresponding to the outer perimeter of the pipe.


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