Management system cleaner
(57) Abstract:The system is intended for household electric vacuum control suction. The system includes a frequency Converter, the power inputs of which are connected to the outputs of the rectifier mains supply and the induction motor, the output shaft of which is mechanically interlocked with the fan of the vacuum cleaner, and startup. The frequency Converter is made in the form of self inverter power input of which is connected to the rectifier through a smoothing filter. The windings of the inverter is connected to the outputs of the system startup, the inputs of which are connected to the outputs of the smoothing filter. The device increases the reliability of the control system cleaner by eliminating the possibility of oscillatory processes in nominal and critical loads. 1 Il. The invention relates to a household electric vacuum cleaners with suction, high serviceability and maintenance.Known control system power cleaner  which includes a universal commutator motor, electronic speed controller, several permanent supletoria engines, working in vacuum cleaners at a considerable speed, due to the presence of brush-collector node, have low technical performance, which is the main factor determining the transition in the current and future systems for induction motors with squirrel-cage rotor.Known control system cleaner  contains the asynchronous motor, the sensor resistance of the air tract and adjustable according to the signal of the frequency Converter. The engine speed in this case is set lower in comparison with existing vacuum cleaners, which does not allow the user to set favorable absorption and leads to waste of energy. This management system cleaner does not respond to gradual fill the bag or smooth overlap of the openings of the suction tube, because the scheme is built on the measurement of peak loads that effectively only when driving the intake tract.The closest present invention is a control system cleaner , which contains serially connected frequency Converter, through the current sensor coupled with wypr the same speed sensor and the start button. It introduced successively United trigger, half-wave rectifier, and the power set the power, the elements of the comparison integrator and stromsoe link. Output estranho link is connected to the input of the regulation of the amplitude of the supply voltage of the frequency Converter. Connected in series functional Converter, an adder, and the scaling amplifier is connected to the input of the frequency control voltage of the frequency Converter. The system has a unit initial speed, two adder, three of the scaling amplifier and shaper reset trigger run.A large number of different electronic controls creates the possibility of misalignment of the sensor signal feedback to the control system. This leads to the emergence of oscillatory processes in the management system, which reduces the reliability of the system. In addition, the use of electronic components increases the cost of the product. The presence of secondary power sources increases the energy consumption, resulting in reduced efficiency of the system.The objective of the invention is to enhance reliability of operation of the control system due to isklucheniia the number of electronic elements, which depends on the level of the mains voltage; increasing the efficiency of the management system.The problem is solved by a control system cleaner containing serially connected frequency Converter, the power input of which is through a smoothing filter connected to the outputs of the rectifier mains supply and the induction motor, the output shaft of which is mechanically interlocked with the fan of the vacuum cleaner, and startup. Moreover, the frequency Converter is made in the form of self inverter power input of which is connected to the rectifier through a smoothing filter. The windings of the inverter is connected to the outputs of the system startup, the inputs of which are connected to the outputs of the smoothing filter.To explain the merits of the invention in Fig. 1 is a diagram of the control system.The control system includes an adjustable rectifier 1, the output of which through a smoothing filter 2 is connected to the input of the power of self inverter 3. To the output of the smoothing filter 2 connected starting system 4, the output of which is connected with the windings of disturbing the inverter 3. Induction motor 5, the output shaft of which is mechanically interlocked with the fan is the PTOP 3 through the system run 4 served the starting pulse and the inverter starts to work: open the transistors and the primary and synchronizing windings of transformers begins to leak current. The cores of transformers turn out to be in saturation mode. The switching transistor is in saturation of transformers. The switching frequency of the transistors is determined by the number of turns of the primary winding and the voltage level of power.When the load changes air suction device, for example, the clogging of the suction pipe of a vacuum cleaner, changing the dust of the workpiece and so on, changes the power consumption of a drive motor 5 and the current in the power circuit. In this regard, changes the voltage drop on the upstream circuits (controlled rectifier 1, a smoothing filter 2), which leads to a change in the constant voltage at the input of the self-excited inverter 3. The frequency of the inverter circuit is directly proportional to the level of DC voltage at its input. Thus, during the driving of the suction pipe reduces the load of the motor 5, decreases the current in the power circuit unit and decreases the voltage drop across the controlled rectifier 1. Increasing the voltage at the input of the self-excited inverter 3, and the frequency of the circuit. Increasing the rotational speed of the engine 5 and the suction power of the unit that allows list and capacity) are selected in such a way to provide sufficient amount of increase in the suction power of the unit. When smooth load changes at the inlet of the suction unit, the compensation process of its change proceeds similarly, and excessive energy consumption and noise level of the unit in this case is minimal. In the whole range of load change ratio of the magnitude of the voltage on the engine 1 to the generation frequency of the inverter 3 is constantly (U/f= const), the current and the torque on the motor shaft are almost unchanged. No special sensors and feedback circuit simplifies the structure of the device and eliminates the possibility of oscillatory processes in the control system of the frequency Converter, which increases the reliability of the device. Management system cleaner containing serially connected frequency Converter, the power input of which is through a smoothing filter connected to the rectifier output, and induction motor, the shaft of which is mechanically interlocked with the fan of the vacuum cleaner, as well as system startup, characterized in that the frequency Converter is made in the form of self inverter windings of which are connected to the outputs of the system startup and inputs systems
FIELD: detection of marks for determining position of robot-vacuum cleaner operating with use of wireless communication with outer apparatus.
SUBSTANCE: robot-vacuum cleaner includes drive unit for rotating a large number of wheels; turned upwards camera for registering over zone subjected to vacuum cleaning ceiling on which said marks are arranged; control unit for detecting marks in ceiling in order to determine robot position in image received by means of camera at relating to shape of stored reference marks for determining position, distance between them and image around them for detecting current position of robot-vacuum cleaner. Control unit may control drive unit using information related to current position of robot in order to perform operation instruction. Method according to invention comprises steps of forming from image objective marks; comparing their shape with that of stored reference marks in order to determine position of robot; comparing distance between marks with distance between stored reference marks if mark shapes are similar; comparing image around marks with image around stored reference marks if distances between marks are similar; identifying objective marks as position marks if compared images are similar.
EFFECT: possibility for accurate determination of position of robot-vacuum cleaner even if on ceiling there is working zone with structural members similar to marks.
13 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: vacuum cleaning.
SUBSTANCE: robot vacuum cleaner can be used for cleaning surfaces from dirt and dust while automatic moving without using hands of user to give the direction of motion. Robot vacuum cleaner has case provided with sucking-in hole for pulling dirt and dust from surface to be cleaned in, wheel disposed at lower part of case, air circulation mechanism intended for filtering pollution from air which brings the pollution inside sucking-in hole to provide subsequent feeding of air jet being free from dirt and dust to the holes made close to sucking-in holes. Rotating brush is mounted close to suck-in hole which brush is made for wipe dirt and dust to help the pollution to be separated from the surface to be cleaned. To isolate area between surface to be cleaned and case of vacuum cleaner there is a sealing member provided which member protrudes from lower surface of case to make contact with surface to be cleaned. The member is made in form of skirt to embrace holes for jets and suck-in hole to prevent dissipation of pollution out which pollutions are separated by pressure of air jets from holes and brush. Air circulation mechanism has circulation pump disposed inside case of vacuum cleaner, tube for sucking air in which connects circulation pump with suck-in hole, filter disposed inside tube for sucking air in and tube for air jet which tube connects circulation pump with holes for air jets.
EFFECT: improved efficiency.
4 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: household appliances.
SUBSTANCE: proposed vacuum cleaner contain motor supplied from external voltage source and furnished with inlet voltage level indicator, and light-radiating unit on outer part of vacuum cleaner housing with great number of light-emitting diodes corresponding to inlet voltage level for radiation of light in accordance with level of inlet voltage. Control unit is provided to compare great number of preset check voltage values with inlet voltage and switch on light-emitting diode corresponding to level of inlet voltage. Vacuum cleaner is furnished with display indicating level of inlet voltage and sound-signaling device to energize alarm when voltage is too high. Control unit switches off motor at supply of voltage considerably exceeding preset level, and it contains two comparators, one of which has check voltage of 180V, and the other, 250V. Said comparator determines whether inlet voltage level is below 180V, higher than 250V or is within 180 and 250V.
EFFECT: protection of motor from damage caused by supply of voltage exceeding preset level.
2 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: equipment for cleaning apparatuses such as robot-vacuum cleaner.
SUBSTANCE: brush has rotating spindle placed in the vicinity of case lower part, brush hub attached to rotating spindle, and brush bristles secured on outer circumferential surface of brush hub and adapted for sweeping dust and contaminant from floor. Brush bristles are arranged in first row divided into first part of bristles which are out of contact with floor, and second part of bristles, which come into contact with floor, said second row being arranged sequentially with respect to first row and being divided into first part of bristles coming into contact with floor and facing toward first part of bristles of first row, and second part of bristles, which are not brought into contact with floor and are facing toward second part of bristles of first row. Brush is used in cleaning apparatus such as robot-vacuum cleaner having suction opening provided in central part of case lower surface and adapted for performing cleaning operations upon automatic displacement and automatic charging of accumulator battery.
EFFECT: reduced loading during rotation and increased cleaning efficiency owing to dividing brush bristles into part contacting with floor and part out of contact with floor to thereby reduce area of brush surface contacting with floor.
16 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: method and equipment for automatic recharging of self-moving cleaner, in particular, for quick and unobstructed approaching thereof to charging device for recharging of cleaner.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has charging device equipped with power source terminal, contact sensor mounted on self-moving cleaner for contacting with power source terminal, movable charging terminal positioned on self-moving cleaner for local contacting with power source terminal, and charging terminal drive for extending and retracting thereof through aperture provided in mid portion of contact sensor. Power source terminal is made in the form of arc of a circle on outer cylindrical surface of charging device. Contact sensor is also formed as arc of arc of circle on outer cylindrical surface of self-moving cleaner to comply with power source terminal. Method involves first process wherein approaching of movable cleaner to charging device is provided; second process including extension of charging terminal when forwardly arranged object is in contact with contact sensor; third process of determining whether or not forwardly arranged object is charging device; fourth process of identifying forwardly arranged object as charging device, if there is electric connection between charging terminal and forwardly arranged object, and providing recharging of movable cleaner; fifth process including identification of forwardly arranged object as obstacle, when there is no electric connection between charging terminal and forwardly arranged object, moving charging terminal to initial position and again providing approaching of self-moving cleaner to charging device so as to bypass forwardly arranged obstacle.
EFFECT: increased efficiency by providing quick and unobstructed approaching of self-moving cleaner to charging device.
10 cl, 11 dwg
FIELD: domestic washing or cleaning.
SUBSTANCE: automatic vacuum cleaner comprises drive for actuating a number of wheels, chamber mounted inside the housing, and control device for determining the location of the drive using the information on its position obtained from the identification mark on the floor of the working zone which is photographed by the camera. The identification mark has a number of sections that indicate the direction of movement. The remote control system is made for permitting the control of the direction of working movement of the automatic vacuum cleaner.
EFFECT: improved design.
3 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: domestic cleaning and washing.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises main housing, driving motors mounted in the main housing for transmitting power to the driving wheels, and casings of the driving members pivotally connected with the main housing and used for receiving the driving motors. Each of the casings of the driving motors has top casing and bottom casing. The members for pressing the casings of the driving motors are interposed between the main housing and casings. The main housing has bottom housing member that defines the bottom section of the device and supporting cantilevers connected with the bottom housing member.
EFFECT: improved design.
9 cl, 7 dwg