(57) Abstract:Construction panel, comprising a plate made of insulating foamed material in which at least one of its longitudinal sides created the relief formed by elongated grooves which become wider as it gets deeper in the foam material, fastening elements extending into the said recess and mounted at a certain distance from each other, and the grating that is placed on these fastening elements having a main profile in the form of a trough, which enters the said recess, and in the specified fasteners with holes that go further through the said plate, and means mounting introduced into these holes for connection of the fastening elements with a stove. The invention solves the problem of preventing the occurrence of cracks in the slab or concrete by reducing stress in the past because of the massive nature of the blocks and violations of relief, put on the stove. 3 c. and 4 C.p. f-crystals, 9 Il. The present invention relates to a building panel which includes a plate made of a foamed insulating material, in which at least one is tenovate wider at their depth in the foamed material, moreover, the fastening elements are in the same excavation at a certain distance from each other, and these fastening elements superimposed grid (mesh).Such building panel is disclosed in document DOS 25 17 095. The pad is made of foam material, such as polystyrene, and a relief surface has a profile in the form of a dovetail. In some of the grooves of the relief secured blocks, which are superimposed grating to obtain a reinforced structure. This grille is made of corrosion-resistant steel wire. Construction panel is placed in a mold which is then filled with concrete for the manufacture of the segment (partition) walls. After transporting the partition wall installed at the construction site for erection of the building.The disadvantages of the known construction panels should include the fact that the lattice impose on large blocks, which are fixed in the grooves. Massive character blocks violates the relief applied on the plate causes the plate voltage, when the wall section is somewhat distorted due to thermal effects.These stresses can then lead to cracks in the slab which is to provide a construction panel, which eliminated the disadvantages indicated above.For this purpose construction panel in accordance with the present invention differs in that the fastening elements have a main profile in the shape of a trench, which comes in the specified notch, with holes made in said fastening elements and pass then through the said plate, and into these holes injected fastening means for connecting the fastening elements to the plate.Due to the fact that the fastening element has mainly grooved profile, it fits (corresponds) to the profile of the recess, so we put on our plate relief is not disturbed. In addition, the grooved profile also removes much better thermal fluctuations, so that in the construction of the panel there is significantly less tension. Due to the fact that the lattice is fixed on the fastening element, and this element through the organs of the attachment mounted on the plate thus obtained construction panel is more homogeneous, allowing you to get more robust design without sacrificing quality thermal insulation.In accordance with the first preferred embodiment of the present from what Redstone suspension, installed on the specified fastening element and which have a profile in the form of a hook. Due to this construction panel can be easily suspended, which simplifies its installation and alignment.In accordance with a second preferred embodiment of the present invention, a building panel in accordance with the present invention is characterized by the fact that these bodies fasteners made of synthetic material and includes a sleeve and dowel that can be fixed in it. The use of synthetic material increases thermal insulation.Mainly, the specified element fastening with longitudinal rims (wheels), which is provided protruding edge, and this grid is welded to the specified speaker edge. In this way receive clearly limited contact surface for welding the grates to the fastening element.The present invention has further relation to the creation of building construction, which includes construction panel and the frame. This design differs in that the frame includes vertical and transverse beams of the specified frame, and ukazaniya next will be explained in more detail with reference to the drawings.In Fig.1 shown in an expanded view of the first variant of the construction panel in accordance with the present invention.In Fig.2 shown in the expanded view of the second variant of the construction panel in accordance with the present invention.In Fig.3 and 4 show respectively the sleeve and dowel fastening.In Fig. 5 shows the fastening means, inserted in the plate, and the fastening element.In Fig.6 shows a cross-section of the fastening element.In Fig. 7 shows some details of the facilities, which include building panel in accordance with the present invention.In Fig.8 shows an example of the profile of the fastening.In Fig.9 shows a device for manufacturing a building panel in accordance with the present invention.In the drawings the same positions indicated similar elements.In Fig. 1 shows a cross-section of the disassembled components of the first variant of the construction panel in accordance with the present invention. Construction panel 1 comprises a plate 2 made of foam material, such as, for example, styrene izoljatsionnye properties; in addition, this material is cheap. The plate has at least one of its longitudinal side relief surface formed by the grooves 3, are made at the same distance from each other. The fact that the notches are made at the same distance from each other, is preferred for operational reasons, and also improves the adhesion of the concrete slab. However, the notches may be provided at different distances from each other.The notches 3 are on the whole width of the plate and become wider at their depth in the foamed material. The notches are predominantly of a profile in the form of a dovetail. The notches, for example, have a wide base of 5 cm, the small base of 3.5 cm and a height of 1.5 cm Distance between two successive grooves is, for example, 4,5, seeYou can use other shapes (profiles) of the grooves, for example, T-shaped or stepped. Through the use of grooves with a cross-section, which in essence becomes wider as it gets deeper in the foam concrete that is sprayed on the plate during the formation of the building structure, can easily penetrate into the recess. As the base of the recess located in the back of the plate, wider, h is of the concrete slab.For connection of building panels in accordance with the present invention with each other is provided by the fastening elements 4, 5. For the construction of the panel, which has a length of, for example, 1080 mm, there are two fastening element 4, 5, entering the recess. The geometric profile of the fastening element corresponds to the profile grooves. For example, for the extraction profile in the dovetail element mounting will have a grooved profile, shown in Fig.1 and 6. The open part of the fastening element is located so that when the fastening element is installed in the plate, this open portion is located from the outer surface of the plate. Due to such arrangement of the concrete can also penetrate into the cavities formed in the fastening element. The fastening elements can be manufactured, for example, of steel, and mainly, stainless steel, or from a rigid synthetic material. Since the profile of the fastening element corresponds to the profile of the recess, it can be easily installed in the recess without the occurrence of stresses in the plate, for example, due to thermal deformation.The fastening elements 4, 5 are fixed grating 6. Lattice predominantly weld elements ceravolo. The thickness of the steel wire depends on the load applied to the construction element. As a result, the grid 6 is connected to the fastening elements, the fastening elements are connected with a stove, grill, fasteners and plate form a relatively lightweight, easy to transport and install.When the fastening element 4 and the grating 6 is made of steel, the grid is connected with the fastening element by welding, for example, by welding. In order to obtain a clear contact surface for welding, mainly provided by protruding rib 15 on each of the longitudinal ribs 16 of the fastening element 4. This protruding edge formed by the flexible operation (folding) in the manufacturing process of the fastening element. Protruding rib is made mainly in the middle of the longitudinal flange 16, as shown in Fig.6. However, the protruding rib may also be provided at the lateral edge of the longitudinal flange. The presence of the speaker of the ribs facilitates the formation of a clear connection for welding. The bars are welded to the speaker edge.In the variant shown in Fig.1, the construction panel is for the construction of external walls on the ground or on other floors, and also for the erection of the roof.In the variant shown in Fig.2, the construction panel has two longitudinal sides with notches 3; it also contains additional fastening elements 7, 8 and additional bars 9, which are fixed on the panel on the other side. Additional fastening elements 7, 8 and additional grating 9 is similar to, respectively, the fastening elements 4, 5 and # 6. It is shown in Fig.2 construction panel can be used, for example, to construct a mesh wall when the concrete is sprayed on both sides of the building panel.Connected together by the fastening elements 4, 5 and 7, 8 and grating 6 and 9 attached to the plate 2 by means of a connecting fastening means shown in Fig.3 and 4. The means of attachment includes a sleeve 12 in which is inserted the dowel 14. The sleeve 12 includes a head 13 in the form of a disk and has a serrated end 11, in which the groove 10. Sleeve operates in accordance with well-known principle similar to the principle of plastic wall plugs. To install the bushing in the plate and the fastening element to make the holes. This hole drill mainly after the installation of the fastening element in the recess, so that the hole in p which result in contact with the plate, while the serrated end 11 protrudes from the open side of the fastening element, as shown in Fig.5. Lock (fixation) of the sleeve 12 in the fastening element is carried out by means of the dowel 14. With the introduction of the dowel into the sleeve sections notched end diverge, resulting in the sleeve gets stuck (locked) in the fastening element and connects this item with the stove. In another embodiment, the serrated end is fixed in the plate.The sleeve 12 and the anchor 14 is mainly made of synthetic material or other material that conducts heat poorly, to minimize heat transfer. If the sleeve 12 and the plug 14 made of synthetic material, the heat transfer from the fastening element 4 through the sleeve 12 and the anchor 14 to the outside is bad.To ensure a good connection of two successive panels in accordance with the present invention, side walls provided additional profiles 34, 35. Mostly use a stepped profile design 34, 35 with additional cutouts.In Fig.7 shows a structure built using building panels in accordance with the present izobrel use of the building panel, are the bars 6 on one longitudinal side, in this case, on the side located on the inner side of the wall. For the construction of ceilings also use construction panel, which is equipped with a grill on one side. Construction panel 1 for vertical wall is attached to the vertical beams 17, which is made, for example, of steel or concrete. These beams attached to the transverse beams, for example, by screws. Construction panel, equipped with suspension means 19 (Fig.8), is suspended using them to beams 18. Mainly, tool suspension plate is additionally fixed to the beams, for example, by screws, to provide a rigid anchoring of the construction panel to the vertical beams.Beams 18 are mainly C-shaped cross-section, the open part which is pressed against the beams 17. Profile C-shaped, and has a great durability due to its geometry. Means mounting 19 is essentially Z-shaped cross-section, as shown in Fig.8. The portion 20 of the second profile mounting 19 is fixed on the bottom (base) 21 of the grooved profile of the fastening element (Fig. 6). When hanging a construction panel section 22 is partially abuts against the first profile mounting aniu such a mounting construction panels can easily be hung, in the case of the erection of the vertical walls, with the help of Z-shaped and C-shaped relief. In the construction of ceilings also use C - and Z-shaped profiles, which connect the building panel support beams. As construction panels then just hung up, then the main concerns associated with the installation of the beams 17, which must be precisely aligned to produce a straight wall. After precise alignment of the beams 17 are fixed on them beams 18 will also be precisely aligned with that also applies to fixed on them building panels. Thus, the alignment of the wall is limited to align the beams 17.After installation of construction panels produce atomization pressure of concrete on the long side or longitudinal side, which has a grating 6 (or 9). For basement walls 24 concrete is sprayed on both sides, while for the walls of the first floor 25 or to the walls of the upper floors of concrete is sprayed on the inner side of the wall. For the roof 25, which is made of structural panels in accordance with the present invention, the grating is located on the inner side of the roof. In the case when the concrete is sprayed only on one longitudinal side of the building the device, intended for the manufacture of building panels in accordance with the present invention. Plate 28 made, for example, styrene is introduced into contact with the relief surface of the cutting section 29. In this section, the plate is cut out of the surface relief 3 by means of the cutting body. Grill 6 (or 9) is welded in a section of welding 30 to the fastening elements 4, 5 (or 7, 8). After that, the oven and grill, fitted with fastening elements are transferred to the section Assembly 31 for connecting them together. In the partition Assembly includes a drilling device 33 that is designed for drilling holes in the fasteners and the plate. In addition, section assemblies include input devices fastening means with which to enter the sleeve 12 and stud 14 into the drilled holes with the purpose of obtaining a building panel 1 in accordance with the present invention. The drilling device 33 and the input device bodies fastening mainly installed on the same axis, so it is not necessary to separately install the input device 32. Instead of drilling the plate you can use fasteners with pre-made holes and put the finished sleeve and plug in the stove. 1 1. Construction panel (1), including the e longitudinal sides created relief, formed by the grooves (3), which becomes wider as it gets deeper in the foam material, the fastening elements(4, 5, 7, 8), the setting in these grooves (3) and installed at a certain distance from each other, and the bars (6, 9), which is imposed on these fastening elements(4, 5, 7, 8), characterized in that the fastening elements (4, 5, 7, 8) have the main profile in the form of a trough, which enters the said recess (3)moreover , the above-mentioned elements of the mounting holes, which go forth through the said hob (2), and (12, 14) into these holes introduced fastening means for connection of the fastening elements (4, 5, 7, 8) with stove(2). 2 2. The panel p. 1, characterized in that it provided the first means of the suspension plate (19) that are installed on the specified fastening element (4, 5, 7, 8) and have a profile in the form of a hook. 2 3. Panel under item 1 or 2, characterized in that the said fastening means (12, 14) made of synthetic material and includes a sleeve (12) and plug (14), which are fixed in the panel. 2 4. Panel according to any one of paragraphs.1 to 3, characterized in that the fastening element (4, 5, 7, 8) has a longitudinal flange (16), which made protruding rib (15) and the grid (6, 9) are welded to kasayavasthi with p. 2 and the frame, characterized in that the frame includes a vertical (17) and transverse (18) beams of the specified frame, and these funds suspension plate (19) is fixed on these transverse beams(18). 2 6. Design by p. 5, characterized in that the frame beams (17, 18) are mainly C-shaped profile. 2 7. Building structure, characterized in that it comprises a building panel according to any one of paragraphs.1 to 4.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to construction namely to erection of wall cladding of panel buildings. Set of parts for erection of wall cladding of panel buildings comprising bar beam that performs the role of above-window or above-door beam, and parts of L-shaped form, with height equal to length and corresponding to ceiling height without height of above-window or above-door bar beam. Cut in part of L-shaped form is arranged in the form of rectangle, and its height is more than half of height of L-shaped part by half of seam height.
EFFECT: simplification of manufacture, erection and provision of different types of facade.
2 ck, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: dry-mix method of wall construction of blocks involves block laying with open joints made by laying pads of calibrated thickness at inner and outer brickwork part, filling space between blocks by dispersed material, filling outer and inner edges of wall surface by solidifying composition, such as mortar. Area of open joint filling is limited by pads of calibrated thickness with predetermined parametres.
EFFECT: reduced heat conductivity and vapour permeability of walls, unified technological process, enhanced labour efficiency and construction material saving.
3 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method presupposes basement floors decking, making external walls from building blocks with bearing and facing layer with installed in between discrete couplings in the form of glass-reinforced plastic or metallic reinforcement, insulator. Thereat discrete couplings in the form of composite of one-piece T-shaped rods are arranged in the masonwork of the bearing layer; then internal walls of reinforced concrete slabs are built-up at the level of installation of couplings, rods are joined to the embedded parts whereof, thereat at first, external wall of the building is built-up along the perimetre up to the one floor height, thereafter internal wall reinforced concrete slabs are assembled, then internal partition walls are assembled, thereafter seams in the joint connections of reinforced concrete slabs and internal partition walls with external walls are sealed with expended clay-concrete and/or concrete, and in the couplings of wall reinforced concrete slabs with internal partition walls and between each other with expended clay-concrete or concrete or with construction mortar. Building-up method is implemented by means of devices for check out and temporal fastening of wall reinforced concrete slabs and for assembly of internal partition walls of the building. Description of devices for check out and temporal fastening of wall slabs during assembly and of the device for the assembly of internal partition walls is provided.
EFFECT: construction reliability and high constructability in general.
10 cl, 8 dwg
SUBSTANCE: prefabricated building comprises transverse frames of the carcass from pillars, which are hingedly connected to the foundation, and crossbars made of welded double tees of alternating cross section, combined during assembly by means of flange joints, stands of framed structures and multilayer barrier wall and roof structures of the roof. The surface of the barrier structures that are inverted inside the building is formed by walls of cassettes fixed to the elements of the carcass and the stands of the framed structure and made of the metal sheet with L-shaped ribs bent at longer sides to form a cavity filled by heat insulation. The external surfaces of wall and roof structures are fixed to the ribs of the cassettes via an additional layer of heat insulation. The building is equipped with channel-like stiffening elements installed inside cassettes and connected with their walls to the walls of L-shaped stiffening ribs. In the roof structure the stiffening elements rest against the frame crossbars, and in the wall structure they are installed in cassettes adjacent to the framing of window and door openings and in the cassettes that form the pedimental part of the wall.
EFFECT: increasing bearing capacity of the building.
9 cl, 9 dwg
SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to methods and ways to erect and construct cast-in-place concrete frame buildings with different number of floors with multilayer walls that do not require insulation, additional treatment and finishing of internal and external surfaces, from multi-layer panels with longitudinal internal cavities, and also to equipment for production of construction materials, to large-panel folding formworks. In the method to manufacture multi-layer panels, the decorative layer is applied by the method of concrete guniting, and longitudinal through channels are formed in a heat insulation layer. In the multilayer panel they arrange a strengthened layer between the decorative layer and the heat insulation layer, and the heat insulation layer is equipped with through longitudinal channels. In the folding formwork they arrange additional end boards with folding, non-folding and collapsible boards, and upper end boards are equipped with fixators for longitudinal pipes. In the process line for manufacturing of multi-layer panels they use a multi-stream section for filling of formworks, comprising several lines with tilters for reloading and distribution of formworks along the lines in the inlet zone and for step feed of filled formworks from the outlet zone into the stacking zone, and the section of drying of finished panels in formworks is equipped with chambers of heat treatment and a stacking crane, besides, the process line is equipped with facilities for unloading of panels from formworks with subsequent tilting of panels with a decorative layer upwards, their washing and drying. In the method to erect a cast-in-place concrete frame building with decorative external finishing they use multi-layer panels with a strengthened layer, arranged between the decorative and heat insulation layers, in which cavities for pouring concrete are made in the form of vertical channels arranged in the heat insulation layer.
EFFECT: simplified erection of a cast-in-place concrete frame building with increased strength characteristics of a building frame with prefabricated monolithic walls that do not require additional finish and repair of inner and outer surfaces, simplified process of pouring a concrete mix into longitudinal cavities of multi-layer panels during erection of building walls regardless of weather conditions, higher reliability, strength and aseismic stability of a structure, facilitated manufacturing, tilting and transportation of panels.
23 cl, 119 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ground construction, and namely to enclosing structures of buildings and structures, and namely to wall panels, panels of coatings, floors, and can be used at erection of multi-storey buildings with a load-carrying reinforced-concrete, metal and wooden frame for large-scale and individual development, at reconstruction of buildings and secondary structures. An element of a multilayer light-weight construction panel includes an internal frame made in the form of a detachable steel frame containing perforated horizontal lower and upper guide elements, between which perforated vertical post elements are installed, which are located in a row in a longitudinal direction of guide elements and rigidly attached to them by means of fasteners and nodal connections, as well as an internal heat insulating layer and external and internal linings; with that, horizontal and vertical elements are made in the form of steel profiles, and profiles of vertical elements have a C-shaped section. Elements of the skeleton frame represent finished parts; with that, horizontal parts are made in the form of profiles of C-shaped section and also include horizontal connection straps; vertical and horizontal parts are connected and have additional bends of flanges of a trapezoid shape at connection points; perforation of parts is made in the form of transverse and longitudinal cut-outs for shaped metal, plate or wooden reinforcement elements of the framing, as well as in the form of process through cuts and guide drawn ends of holes for reinforcement of a connection node with additional stiffeners. The internal heat insulating layer is three-layered and made in the form of two layers of cellulose warmth-keeping material, between which an internal temperature and moisture control insert with internal vertical air chambers, drain channels and condensate collecting channels, which are connected to each other into a common system, is located; inner and outer linings are composite and made in the form of parts with internal fish joints and structural attachment nodes; to outer surface of the outer lining there attached are external fish joints and horizontal U-shaped profiles, which are covered with an external heat insulating layer. Besides, a manufacturing method of such an element is described.
EFFECT: reduction of labour intensity and power consumption for manufacture and erection owing to reducing the number of process operations related to humid processes, machines and mechanisms, which provides the possibility of reducing design and construction limits, with increased fire resistance, sound insulation and heat insulation indices; reduction of material consumption and power consumption for construction.
31 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: wall panels and flooring panels are made at factory completely out of unified waterproof oriented strand boards or waterproof plywood interconnected by glue and bolt screws, and polyurethane or polystyrene foam, preferably placed into the panel cavities by spraying, thus ensuring strong connection of panels with filler and high heat insulation characteristics in the joints between panels as well. Panels are attached to each other along profiled butts by glue and bolt screws as well, thus providing strength to the building structure. Building construction involves flooring and wall assembly from indexed panels stage by stage in design mode.
EFFECT: installation of metal sleeves with padding discs on screw piles allows for highly precise levelling of basement surface.
3 cl, 11 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, namely to construction of buildings of multilayer panels, and can be used in panel building construction. Proposed method presupposes that wall panels and floor panels are made in factory conditions of unified waterproof oriented strand boards or waterproof laminboard, timber and boards with rectangular section, interconnected by glue and bolt screws, and of polyurethane or polystyrene, preferably placed inside by spraying, that creates a strong connection of panels with filler and high heat protection, including joints between panels. Panels are attached to each other along profiled butts by glue and bolt screws as well, thus providing strength to the building structure. Installation on screw piles of metal sleeves with padding washers allows to accurately level the surface of the foundation.
EFFECT: construction of the building consists in step-by-step assembly of floors and walls of numbered panels in a construction-kit mode.
1 cl, 9 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, specifically to a method for construction of energy-efficient, environmentally safe structures. Task is solved by construction of energy-efficient, environmentally safe structures of prefabricated structures in form of modular assembly elements, through which structures are mounted on a base, prefabricated panels are used to build wall structures, floors, covers and attached to each other, and modular prefabricated elements are made from light steel components and panel sheet, frame structure of light steel components is made of C-shaped profile and on each modular collecting element sheet material is fixed on both sides, with symmetric shift outward by no more than ½ width of C-shaped profile.
EFFECT: technical task of present invention is a method for construction of an environmentally friendly structure, which would allow reducing range of manufactured and components, create a unified modular elements, due to application of which reduce consumption of sheet material wastes and increases labour efficiency, specifically creating unified modular elements for walls, floors, covers, roof, from which would be possible construction of different buildings and structures, both low-rise and high-rise residential and industrial buildings.
5 cl, 9 dwg