Method and device for converting motion
(57) Abstract:Method and device for converting movement are designed for the mutual transformation of uniform and non-uniform movements and are used in mechanisms with variable gear ratio, for example internal combustion engines, compressors, pumps, etc., the Transformation of the movement carried out by entering into an interaction of one body with another surface, the part (s) which is formed by a cylinder and/or cone having points with different distances from the axis of rotation. Rotating one of the bodies, motion of another body, while providing the possibility of a reflexive movements connected with it body or its parts. This invention improves the efficiency and reliability of the device and to reduce the complexity of manufacturing. 2 C. and 16 h.p. f-crystals, 2 Il. The invention relates to the field of engineering, to methods and structures of the conversion or transfer of motion, and also to obtain the necessary movements in various hydraulic devices, pneumatic motors, internal combustion engines (ice), pumps, flow meters of different types: with swinging blades, pistons, etc., in h the belt ratio , involving the use of non-circular gears.A known mechanism design with variable gear ratio , which contains two non-circular bevel gears, interacting with each other.The disadvantage of this effect and structures is the application complicated to manufacture gears.Prototype
It is known device for converting motion , containing the compound at least two phoneCriticism prototype
A disadvantage of the known construction is that the top gear ratio is changed stepwise, and the manufacturing sector of the wheels, compared to conventional round wheels, is more time consuming. The disadvantage is that you cannot use wheels of this form in the chain, belt or other gear.The purpose of the invention
The aim of the invention is to improve the efficiency and reliability of transmission, as well as reducing the complexity of the manufacturing process. The efficiency lies in the possibility of using wheels different from each other in size, including sizes that will allow you to raise or lower gear ratio. The possibility of transmission of motion reliability will be ensured by the absence of abrupt change of gear ratio, that will eliminate the overload mechanism.The invention
The method of transformation of the motion, is that the round body (gear, sprocket, pulley, etc.,) is fixed on the shaft eccentric and enter into interaction with another body. The interaction can be performed directly, for example, the gear with the gear, and through the intermediate element or elements, such as the asterisk with asterisk in the chain passing through the circuit.For example, when the rotation of the eccentrically mounted on the gear shaft to its various points of the radial surface will describe a trajectory in the form of circles of different diameters, corresponding to the removal of data points from the axis or point of rotation of this gear. If you connect with this surface of the other gear and to ensure constant interaction, thus creating conditions for return (forward, swinging, pivoting) of the movement of this gear, the eccentric gear together and raced to the second, will be to move it from its center of rotation, and then down, pull her to him. Thus, the second gear is transmitted to the motion, without breaking the flow of power from different places of the first gear, which have razlichnyye radii of rotation about an axis fixed on the first gear. Receiving motion from the viewpoints of the first gear, which pass different path (length) for one of its turnover, the second gear will spin it faster, some slower, proportional to the path that passes the point of the first gear, which interacts at the moment the second gear. Eventually, with a uniform rotation of the eccentric gear and the other interacting with it will spin unevenly and Vice versa, if evenly rotate the second gear, unevenly will rotate the eccentric is fixed.Gear, pulley, sprocket, or other body may have an axial surface (pitch, surface vertices, surface depressions, radial, and others), different or needlecases from the surface of the circular shapes (cylinder, cone and others).If you want to get traffic with a certain law changes speed, it is possible to apply one non-circular and one round element. Non-circular gear may be coaxially surface differing from the surface of a circular cylinder that can be made in the form of surfaces forming which can be an ellipse or a shape different forms, which will be achieved is necessary is possible to obtain a lower or higher gear ratio with a simultaneous change in the law of motion. In essence, this design can be made in the form of a crank gear, crank-chain or crank-belt mechanism.In the end, using a round wheel with an offset center (axis) of rotation or pivot point, different parts of the working part (surface) will be held about a fixed point with a different speed, while being moved away from her, approaching her. If fixed eccentric wheel (gear) to enter into interaction (engagement) another body (gear), keeping their relationship and giving the possibility to return (reciprocating, oscillating) movement of an attached gear, the latter will rotate with variable speed, while the eccentric gear will have a constant speed. The transfer can be carried out by raising and lowering the gear ratio, i.e., the wheels can have different sizes.To change the eccentricity of any wheel at the right time, it is performed by covering the Cam, rotating which change the eccentricity.In Fig. 1 shows a device for converting motion.In Fig. 2 depicts a side view of OA consists of a wheel 1, an eccentric mounted on the shaft 2, and interacts with gears 3. The gear 4 is rigidly fixed on the same shaft 5 with the gear 3. The shaft 5 with gears 3, 4 communicates through the bearing 6 with the tab 7 disk 8, which is fixed through a bearing 9 on the wheel 1. At the same time, the shaft 5 is connected via bearings 10, 11 link 12 with the shaft 13, which is fixed to the gear 14.Work designs
With a uniform rotation of the wheel 1 is constantly interacting with the gear 3 will rotate unevenly, with a smoothly changing speed, doing a backward movement. Located on the same shaft 5, the gear 4 will transmit uneven movement of the gear 14.Advantages of the invention
The application of this method and device will allow you to convert uniform motion in non-uniform or Vice versa, by applying ordinary round wheels, gears and other parts, easy to manufacture, and to avoid overloading mechanism, which will increase its reliability. The efficiency will be achieved by the transmission of motion over large distances by applying the chain or belt transmission, as well as the ability to increase or decrease transmit what the mechanisms". M., engineering, 1987, S. 238.2. II Artobolevsky And. And. "Mechanisms in modern engineering", vol. 3, M, "Science", 1973, S. 145, Fig. 166. 1. The method of converting motion, which consists in the transformation of the uniform and/or irregular movements by the interaction of two or more bodies, wherein at least one of the bodies enter into interaction with another (other) surface (surfaces), the part (s) which is formed using at least one cylinder and/or cone having points with different distances from the axis (center) of its rotation (turn), rotating (turning) at least one of which transmit the movement of the other, while the possibility of a reflexive movements connected to at least one of the body or its parts.2. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that at least one of the bodies perform round, having an axis of rotation (pivot point) that does not coincide with its geometrical center.3. The method according to p. 1 or 2, characterized in that in the interaction introducing at least one non-circular and round bodies.4. The method according to p. 1 or 2, characterized in that the interaction is administered at least two round body.
FIELD: mechanical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: gear ratio converter comprises planet differential provided with the driving carrier and central gear wheels of different diameters. One of the gear wheels is secured to the output shaft for permitting power transmission to the output shaft. The second gear wheel loads the friction device with a given sliding force. The driven part of the friction device is rigidly connected with the third central gear wheel that freely rotates on the output shaft and transmits rotation to the fourth central gear wheel through the reduction gear. The fourth central gear wheel is rigidly connected with the output shaft.
EFFECT: simplified design.
FIELD: engines and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to pulsed drives designed to vary output shaft r.p.m. and can be used in various machinery. The drive incorporates a post, a motor, a driving shaft with a cam, a driven ratchet wheel with a pawl provided with a tooth to interact with the said ratchet wheel and a hole to interact with the cam. Note that the drive is furnished with the pawl position control system. The control system consists of an electrical magnet mounted onto the post nearby the pawl tooth and designed to hold out of contact with the ratchet wheel, and another electrical magnet arranged opposite the pawl medium part and designed to press it against the ratchet wheel.
EFFECT: automatically controlled gear ratio.
SUBSTANCE: device for spatial control comprises disc element, which is installed inside and in the same plane with internal frame element and is connected movably to its pair of opposite sides by two axes. The first actuator located under disc element is immovably fixed on internal frame element and via hollow axis it is connected to the second actuator. The second pair of opposite sides of internal frame element is movably fixed by two axes with external frame element, which is movably fixed by hollow axis to electric drive installed on base. On specified base bellows bottom is immovably fixed, and outlet of it is immovably fixed on the second actuator. Hollow central axis with its direct section passes inside hollow axis along normal line to base and provides for movable connection of disc element to base and electric drive, and from the side of local bend it passes through center of disc element along normal to its plane.
EFFECT: improved efficiency of device, possibility to transform circular rotation of axis into angular motion in single plane.
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: converter of gear ratio of transmission consists of planetary differential with driving carrier (2) and two central gears (5, 6) different in diametre. One of central gears (5) transfers rotation to output shaft (7). Second central gear (6) transfers rotation via reducer (8) shifting direction of rotation and friction clutch (9), driven disk of which is rigidly coupled with the output shaft, also to output shaft (7). Both central gears rotate the output shaft in one direction, but have different speed of rotation. Difference of rotation speed is compensated with the friction clutch also distributing load between arms of the differential.
EFFECT: decreased losses and simplification of design.
3 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention may be used in trackless vehicles with engine (automobiles). Proposed transmission gear has at least one spur gear 1, 2 and at least toothed device to be engaged with said spur gear 1, 2. Spur gear 1, 2 has teeth 11 arranged along a curve. Said curve feature curvature radius increasing monotonically in angular range of said curve above 90°. Spiral, particularly logarithmic spiral, is a preferable shape of said curve.
EFFECT: compact and simple design, smooth run.
32 cl, 24 dwg
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: gear transmission includes gear wheels installed so that they are engaged with each other and have the possibility of being rotated about their axes rigidly fixed in the space. Gear wheels have cylindrical shape and varying offset providing a variable radius of an initial curve calculated as per the formula.
EFFECT: invention allows enlarging kinematic capabilities of gear transmission.
2 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building, particularly, to electromechanical amplifiers for brake actuator. The electromechanical amplifier of brake actuator intended to transfer muscular force applied by driver and its own additional force as driving force to main brake cylinder piston has electric motor and transmission gear actuated by it. The transmission gear is intended to transform rotational movement into reciprocating movement, namely to transform driving rotational movement of electric motor shaft into reciprocating movement of output link to actuate main brake cylinder of hydraulic brake actuator. Transmission gear has distributing gear which distributes action of input link over two kinematic chains and consolidating gear which consolidates actions in kinematic chains into action on output link.
EFFECT: lower load on kinematic chains, as well as possibility of symmetrical transfer execution and possibility of symmetrical action on output link of brake actuator amplifier to make this output link to execute reciprocating movement.
8 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: engines and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to control over variator pulley axial force. Proposed device comprises torque transfer endless element wound around two pulleys, transmission working mode selector and programmable controller. The latter defines stretching of said endless element proceeding from transmission working mode and axial force for limitation of slippage in compliance with the magnitude of stretching. Besides, this controller controls axial force for one of said pulleys for limitation of slippage in compliance with the magnitude of stretching. Besides, this invention relates to control over gear ration of above described transmission.
EFFECT: adequate control at stretching of endless drive.
6 cl, 12 dwg
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building, particularly, to drives of machines with rotary working member. Pulse rotator of machine working member drive at outlet has two shafts: one performs uniform rotation of the shaft, second shaft is rotated synchronously with first and has overlapping torsion oscillations. Device comprises drive shaft, sun gear, satellite gears, pinion carrier, torsional oscillation drive shaft, shaft uniform rotation, elastic element.
EFFECT: higher efficiency, reliability and durability is achieved.
1 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building. Rotation from drive shaft is transferred via differential gearbox rotating around its axis, and dividing engine energy to two outputs. One part via the first output enters directly the driven shaft, and from the second output to device able to slip transferring rotation also to the driven shaft bypassing gearbox. The energy it transferred via both channels, partially via the gearbox, and partially via the gearbox rotation around its axis. At that total gearing ratio from drive shaft to the driven shaft depends on the rotation speed of the differential gearbox around its axis and on the gearing ratio of the gearbox elements. Power link during slippage between the second output of the gearbox and drive shaft determines the torque and total gearing ratio.
EFFECT: invention simplifies the design.