A way to strengthen the earthen structures
(57) Abstract:The invention is intended to strengthen earthworks, constructed or erected on a weak Foundation, including swampy. The method involves drilling along the construction of wells using casing. For each path are drilling at least three rows of wells with the upper surface of the earthen structures with cutting through his body and the peat layer and the depth in the underlying layer of peat mineral bottom of 1.0 - 1.5 m wells consistently lower working electrode, which is connected to the electro-installation, fill well-curing electrically conductive material and produce at the level of the bottom of the well a specified number of electrical discharges. Then raise the casing with the electrode up to the top of the well and not removing the electrode, made up of solid electrically conductive material and re-produce electric discharges at the level of the top of the wells. This form combines the piles of each row of gratings, on top of which is placed a layer of substrate material. The method provides a reduction in labor and materialsfrom, improving the durability of reinforced construction and quality strengthening the relates to the field of construction, including transport, road and hydraulic engineering and can be used to reinforce earthen structures for various purposes, including embankment subgrade, dams, earthworks, intended for the construction of various structures, etc. of the objects erected on the weak, including marshy grounds.There is a method of strengthening earthworks, including mines by drilling from the surface slant wells and installing them in tether anchors with downhole locks, and wells are spirally along the axis of the glide plane, with a depth of penetration of the diameter of the helix is reduced (see SU inventor's certificate, 1717725, CL E 02 D 17/20, 1992).Closest to the invention on the task being solved and the achieved result is taken as the closest analogue is the way to strengthen the earthen structures including drilling along the construction of wells, filling wells hardening material and the formation of piles of trunks (see, for example, SU inventor's certificate, 1601286, CL E 02 D 27/36, 1990).The disadvantage of this method are large - bodied and materialsafety, long time carried a large steepness, the lack of reliability of strengthening and fragility of reinforced structures, with the known method does not lead to a significant decrease in the amplitude of elastic waves earthen structures intended for location on it ways, arising from the movement of rolling stock.The present invention is the reduction of labor and materialsfrom, reduce turnaround time, improve the reliability of strengthening and durability of the strengthened structures while ensuring the possibility of execution of works on the strengthening of earthen structures with slopes of any steepness and the construction or strengthening of earthen structures located on the weak, including marshy ground, as well as a decrease in the elastic vibrations of earth structures to a specified standard value.The problem is solved due to the fact that the way to strengthen the earthen structures including drilling along the construction of wells, filling wells hardening material and the formation of piles of trunks, while reinforcing an earthen structures erected or constructed wetlands, wells are drilled using casing not less than three rows for each path the surrounding layer of peat mineral bottom 1.0 - 1.5 m, after which the wells are consistently lower working electrode, which is connected to the electro-installation, fill well-curing electrically conductive material and produce at the level of the bottom of the well a specified number of electrical discharges, followed by the rise of the casing with the electrode up to the top of the well and not removing the electrode, made up of solid electrically conductive material and re-produce at the level of the upper part of the well-defined number of electrical discharges to the formation of the uniting piles in each row Rostvertol, on top of which is placed a layer of substrate material such as gravel or sand, or gravel.The technical result provided by the above set of features, is that there is the possibility of creating in the body of earthen buildings, constructed or erected on a weak Foundation, hard pile Foundation, the ends of the piles which are embedded in the mineral bottom, and enhance durability of the strengthened structures, reliability, strengthen, and reduced labor and material capacity, turnaround time, which is possible to do in us what I illustrated by drawings, where in Fig.1 shows a strengthening of earthen construction, the transverse section, Fig. 2 - the same, in the plan.A way to strengthen the earthen structures 1, constructed or erected on a weak peat base 2, is carried out by drilling along structure 1 of 3 wells using casing /not shown/, and for each path 4 Buryats not less than three rows of 3 wells. Well 3 Buryats from the upper surface 5 earth structures 1 with cutting through his body and the peat layer 2 and the depth in the underlying peat layer 2 mineral bottom 6 1.0 - 1.5 m wells consistently lower working electrode (not shown), which is connected to the electro-installation (not shown), then fill the wells hardening conductive material and produce at the level of the bottom of the wells specified number of electrical discharges, followed by the rise of the casing with the electrode to the upper part of the borehole, and, without removing the electrode, add-curing electrically conductive material and re-produce at the level of the upper part of the well-defined number of electrical discharges to the formation of the uniting obtained in wells piles 7 in each row of gratings 8 is b strengthening of earthen structures, it includes drilling along the construction of wells, filling wells hardening material and the formation of piles of trunks, characterized in that the strengthening of earthen structures erected or constructed wetlands, wells are drilled using casing not less than three rows under each path from the upper surface of the earthen structures with cutting through body construction and a layer of peat and depth in the underlying layer of peat mineral bottom of 1.0 - 1.5 m, then in wells consistently lower working electrode, which is connected to the electro-installation, fill well-curing electrically conductive material and produce at the level of the bottom of the well a specified number of electrical discharges, followed by the rise of the casing with the electrode up to the top of the well and not removing the electrode, made up of solid electrically conductive material and re-produce at the level of the upper part of the well-defined number of electrical discharges to the formation of the uniting piles in each row of gratings, on top of which is placed a layer of substrate material such as crushed stone, or sand, or gravel.
FIELD: building, particularly hydraulic structure reinforcement.
SUBSTANCE: method is performed in two-stages. The first stage involves forming vertical elongated flat ground massifs secured by hardening material. Massifs are created in crest embankment area and in upper area of embankment slope so that massifs are spaced minimal available distance from crest and pass through embankment body, including land-sliding upper embankment slope area. Massifs are anchored in mineral bottom by lower edges thereof and are arranged at least in three rows and there are at least three massifs in each row. Method for massifs forming involves driving double-slotted injectors directly in embankment ground or in wells formed in embankment and having plugged wellhead; orienting injector slots perpendicular to hydraulic pressure head vector direction in embankment area to be reinforced; injecting hardening material under increased pressure across horizons from top to bottom or in reverse direction, wherein injection is initially performed under 5-15 atm pressure and at minimal rate in each second injector of one outermost row beginning from extreme ones; feeding hardening material in previously missed injectors in this row; supplying injectors of another extreme row with hardening material in the same way; feeding hardening material to ejectors of medium rows under 10-20 atm pressure; performing the second reinforcement stage as material hardens to obtain 70% strength. The second reinforcement stage involves forming vertical elongated flat massifs of secured ground anchored in mineral bottom by lower edges thereof and arranged at least in three rows, wherein each one includes at least three massifs. Massifs extend at the angle exceeding embankment slope angle to horizontal line. Massifs are formed with the use of double-slotted injectors in remainder embankment area. Injector slots are directed perpendicular to hydraulic pressure head vector direction in embankment area to be reinforced. Hardening material is ejected in above succession, wherein hardening material pressure is equal to design process pressure enough for direction of feeding hardening material through injector slots and lesser than hardening material injection pressure of the first reinforcement stage.
EFFECT: increased reliability of structure reinforcement; prevention of land-slide on structure slopes.
3 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly for slope consolidation and for stabilizing deep front landslide areas.
SUBSTANCE: structure includes foundation mat and piles formed in wells grouped in rows. Upper pile parts are embedded in foundation mat, lower one is restrained by not-sliding ground layers. Piles are composite along their lengths. Central pile parts are not filled with concrete. Heights of upper and lower pile parts decrease towards landslide head. Structure to prevent deep front land-slides comprises separate local pile groups connected by foundation mats and located within landslide body boundaries. Each foundation mat has tension bars anchored in stable slope layers and arranged under and above foundation mat along slope to retain thereof against displacement and rotation.
EFFECT: improved slope stability, increased operational reliability of structure built on wide landslides, reduced building time and material consumption.
FIELD: building, particularly bridge building.
SUBSTANCE: method involves compacting ground of embankment body and cones; forming drainage layers and water-draining chutes on coating; creating pad with variable rigidity decreasing in direction from bridge along embankment for length equal to approach slab length; arranging approach slab having upward gradient in bridge direction. Pad of embankment body is formed by creating cast-in-place piles along with surface compaction of upper cast-in-place pile parts and upper embankment layer, wherein transversal cast-in-place piles form strips having medium rigidity jointly with ground forming embankments. The medium rigidity is reduced from maximal value at bridge pier to minimal one at approach slab end opposite to bridge pier.
EFFECT: reduced embankment subsidence under approach slab due to decreased pad and draining material displacement in horizontal direction.
8 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: manufacture of plant covers used for beautification of streets, squares, construction of sportive grounds, as well as for landscape designing.
SUBSTANCE: method involves spraying organic adhesive onto fine-mesh basalt net by means of specially designed equipment for filling meshes to thereby create strong carrier base. Net is perfectly ecologically safe and allows seeds to be uniformly sown over the entire area of lawn. Adhesive used for providing lawn is functioning as nutritive compound for seeds and is used simultaneously for protecting seeds from external influence of moisture and air during prolonged periods. After drying in first drying chamber, mixture of lawn grass seeds is sown onto carrier base through dosing hopper, followed by applying onto given mixture of organic adhesive and drying in second drying chamber. After discharge from drying chamber, ready dry lawn is cut into parts of various lengths, wound into roll and hermetically packed in polyethylene film for further storage and transportation. Lawn is placed on site by unwinding roll onto preliminarily prepared ground and spilling nutrient mixture thereon, followed by heavy irrigation to provide for sprouts emergence. Nutrient mixture and lawn grass seed mixture compositions are worked out depending on climatic zone and composition of parent ground on which lawn is to be provided.
EFFECT: increased efficiency by providing uniform sowing of seeds over the entire lawn area, and damage-free transportation and handling of grown lawn.
FIELD: securing of slopes or inclines, particularly for ground slopes and water pool banks stabilization, for artificial water pool building and reconstruction, for minor river recovery and erosive slope consolidation.
SUBSTANCE: method involves performing masonry works of building members by laying building member layers in alternation with fabric layers. The building members are rough stones, which are connected one to another by fabric impregnated with binding material to provide elastic connection areas between stone layers. Ground stabilization device comprises masonry formed of building members alternated with fabric layers. The building members are rough stones, which are connected one to another by fabric to form elastic connection areas between stone layers.
EFFECT: increased environmental safety, improved appearance and technological effectiveness, increased elasticity of stone connection.
16 cl, 3 dwg, 2 ex
FIELD: building, particularly to erect ground structures, namely to consolidate slopes, to reinforce banks of motor roads and railroads, dams, irrigation channels and river banks.
SUBSTANCE: method for slope reinforcing with members arranged in slope body involves preparing ground surface by terracing disturbed layers thereof in accordance with geological structure thereof along with substituting ground in unstable areas for draining material; compacting the draining material and reinforcing thereof with grids of polymeric material having openings of not more than 1 m; arranging zinc-coated steel mesh formed by two-for-one twisting method and having hexahedral openings; connecting the steel mesh with above grids; dividing prepared slope surface into sections with pitch not exceeding 3 m by installing the partitions of zinc-coated steel mesh formed by two-for-one twisting method having height of not more than 0.3 m; scattering loamy ground to form loamy layer having 0.1 m thickness; compacting the loamy ground; scattering vegetable soil; laying bio-textile on vegetable soil and planting greenery.
EFFECT: increased flexibility of protective coating and improved environment protection.
FIELD: agriculture, particularly steep slope terracing to adapt the slope for fruit trees and other crops growth.
SUBSTANCE: method for terracing slopes having steepness equal to or exceeding natural soil slip angle involves forming step-shaped ledges having depressions; scattering soil excavated from the slope over the ledges; stabilizing the soil with reusable rectangular netted retaining walls. The retaining wall has frame-like wall base created of welded angular or channel bars or bars of another cross-section. The wall bases are installed on the slope along lower ledge bounds and inclined at 60° angle with respect to horizon line. The wall bases are fixed by support and bearing wedges for a time equal to soil conglomeration time, wherein liquid or granular fertilizer is preliminarily introduced in soil and soil is laid down with perennial grass before ledge hardening.
EFFECT: increased slope use factor.
FIELD: building, particularly to stabilize slope landslides.
SUBSTANCE: landslide control structure comprises vertical walls built in base formed under the landslide and located along the landslide so that distance between adjacent walls decreases towards lower landslide end. Vertical walls are made of pile rows defining pleat-like system having pitch preventing ground punching between the piles. The pleats are directed so that corner apexes thereof face sliding ground and grillages of adjacent pleat flanges are connected by transversal beams.
EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity and increased technological efficiency of structure erection.
FIELD: building, particularly to reinforce landslide slopes, particularly extensive landslides.
SUBSTANCE: landslide control structure comprises bored piles fixed in stable slope ground layers and retained by anchoring means. To provide stability of lower landslide part inclined bars of anchor means are connected to bored pile heads. The anchor means are drilled down the slope and have fan-like structure. The anchor means are located at different levels in landslide body.
EFFECT: reduced labor inputs and material consumption for landslide control structure erection and increased stability of landslide massif.
2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: mining, particularly to consolidate or to protect pit sides against landslide during pit operation.
SUBSTANCE: method involves laying transversal members connected to ropes along slope, wherein the ropes are fixedly secured to anchors located in upper bench berm; drilling inclined wells extending to bench slope; installing next anchor along lower edge of upper berm and drilling next inclined well cluster. Suspending net to bench slope and pulling down ropes from upper berm through drilled inclined wells so that the first rope ends extend from bench slope; lowering the rope ends to lower berm and securing thereof to transversal members arranged above the net, wherein the transversal members are installed beginning from lower berm; tightening the ropes and fastening the second rope ends to anchors.
EFFECT: increased operational safety and decreased labor inputs for bench slope consolidation.
1 ex, 2 dwg