Drainage device

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to protective devices from groundwater, in particular drainage devices. To reduce the labor required for the construction of drainage device wall it is formed of Spontin, the upper and lower parts are made of thick concrete, and the average of the porous concrete. Between the lower and middle parts is a horizontal groove formed in the wall of the through-discharging channel. Reduces the complexity of construction. 2 Il.

The invention relates to a protective walls, in particular drainage devices.

Known protective wall consisting of rows of piles; between the rows of piles placed drainage trench, the edges of which abut drainage wells [1] .

The disadvantage of this wall is the complexity and mnogodelnosti design, including drainage trench.

Also known drainage device containing the draining wall of the plates in the system, diverting drainage, adopted for the prototype [2].

A disadvantage of the known device is the complexity of its construction, as required hotcopy trench with fastening walls and dewatering.

the device, includes composite drainage wall system and the drainage outlet, a wall formed of Spontin, the upper and lower parts are made of thick concrete, and the middle - of draining porous concrete, between the middle and lower parts is a horizontal groove formed in the wall of the through-discharging channel.

The novelty of the claimed proposal due to the fact that due to the design features of the drainage wall is formed by immersion of the sheet than can be achieved reducing the complexity of the device horizontal drains, expansion opportunities draining relatively deep levels without the use of underground ways of laying drainage adits and galleries, eliminating the need for costly works on securing the walls of the trenches and dewatering.

According to the patent and technical literature is not detected by the claimed combination of features that allows us to judge the materiality of the claimed features.

In Fig. 1 shows a portion of the drainage device of Fig. 2 - projection of Spontini, including upper and lower part, made of thick concrete and the middle part of the porous concrete.

Drainage device PE 2 and lower part 3 of Spontin made of dense concrete, while the average 4 - from draining porous concrete. Between the bottom 3 and secondary 4 parts is a horizontal groove 5, formed in the wall of the through-discharging channel.

The drainage device is constructed and operates as follows.

On the site where you want to hold water or to intercept and divert groundwater flow in conditions, when the passage of the trench is connected with the necessity of fastening, and the drainage device is possible only under condition of preliminary dewatering, since the terrain or from the recipient device, and submerged piling or vibration each other of spuntini 1, forming a drainage wall, controlling the matching slots 5 and providing the slope of the end-to-end discharging channel that goes to the recipient. The lower part 3 of Spontin deepened in the confining bed and the average offer in the aquifer. Due to the difference of the conductivity in the draining part of the wall having a line of depression and dewatering.

Drainage device comprising a composite drainage wall system and diverting drainage, characterized in that the wall consists of Spontin, the upper and lower parts are made of thick concrete, and the middle - of pores is in the wall through horizontal discharging channel.

 

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