The flow of water and a flow limiter for plumbing fixtures
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to the field of construction, namely, the hygiene - sanitary equipment. The invention allows to reduce consumption and to provide by regulation from outside the dosing flow in the hole to release the water during use and to guarantee the service life of the water flow limiter according to the invention for many years. In addition, no problems with maintenance and cleaning, and ensures a smooth application of the invention in the field of hygiene. In plumbing fixture and discharges water control water flow and a flow limiter device for the separation of the flow, are accommodated in the housing, characterized by the fact that a device for the separation of the flow has a throttle plate and undertakes a preliminary throttling amount of water, and more precise control through the throttle device in a perforated plate with a cylindrical part which may occur during operation. 3 S. and 8 C.p. f-crystals, 11 ill. The invention relates to a flow regulator and refers to a component part of the plumbing fixtures in the quality of the shining element.The device according to the restrictive part of paragraph 1 is known from the application Switzerland CH-A-315 823. This device relates to a nozzle for mixing flowing out of the liquid with air.Object of the invention is to optimally reduce consumption, and to provide by regulation from outside the dosing flow in the hole to release the water during use, and to guarantee the service life of the water flow limiter according to the invention for many years. In addition, it is necessary to eliminate the problems associated with maintenance and cleaning, and to ensure a smooth application of the invention in the field of hygiene.This problem is solved by the characteristics listed in paragraph 1 of the claims. A preferred form of execution contained in dependent clauses.Known regulators of water flow and the throttle device is made with one throttling device.The invention uses two independent throttle device, which reduce noise and allow you to apply a flow limiter with any amount of water, for example in the range from 0.5 to 20 l/hA throttle device with a few simple techniques can pereoborudovan requirements.As the consciousness of consumers due to rising prices for energy and water is constantly evolving in a positive direction of environmental protection, it is necessary to simplify and improve the efficiency of product use environment.The flow restrictors can be used more often if all consuming devices in industry and the household can be installed simply on the minimum consumption of water. In the known constraints of consumption has an influence only at the point of throttling and here to set the flow rate. According to the invention can be applied to various types of throttling with simple handling.In Fig. 1 shows in section a set of throttle screw 31, the throttle plate 33, a perforated plate 26 with a cylindrical part and a spiral spring 17, and Fig. 2 - in the context of a set of throttle plate 35, a perforated plate 40 with a cylindrical part and a spiral spring 17, and Fig. 3 - in the context of a set of throttle plate 35, a perforated plate 26 with a cylindrical part, throttle screw 27, a perforated plate 21 and the coil spring 17, and Fig. 4 - in the context of the set of the second spring 17; in Fig. 5 - in the context of a set of throttle plate 18, a perforated plate 26 with a cylindrical part, throttle screw 28, the throttle screw 2, a perforated plate 21 and the coil spring 17, and Fig. 6 - case; Fig 7 - in the context of a set of throttle plate 34, a perforated plate 25 with a cylindrical part, throttle screw 27, the housing 19 and the coil spring 17, and Fig. 8 - in the context of a set of throttle plate 34, a perforated plate 24 with a cylindrical part, throttle screw 30 and the coil spring 17, and Fig. 9 - in the context of a set of throttle plates 15, a perforated plate 22 to the cylindrical portion, the coil spring 17 and the housing 19 of Fig. 10 - spiral springs 17 and 7; Fig. 11 - body without slits for air suction.In Fig. 1 shown in the cross section, in particular, the throttle plate 33, the perforated plate 26 to the cylindrical portion, a spiral spring 17, that is closed upon itself the annular coil spring, and the throttle screw 31. Through the use of the throttle screw 31 with the needle tip 38 in screwed condition may limit the flow of water without reducing the diameter of the inlet. In addition, you can optionally apply a more arrowana plate 40 with a cylindrical part, a spiral spring 17 and the throttle screw 29. Preliminary throttling through the throttle plate 35 and the inlet opening 5, is selected as the diameter, and more precisely the throttling is performed with the throttle screw 29.In Fig. 3 shown in the cross section, in particular, the throttle plate 35, the perforated plate 40 to the cylindrical portion, a spiral spring 17, the perforated plate 21 and the throttle screw 29. Preliminary throttling is carried out using a throttle plate 35 and are selected based on the diameter of the intake hole 5, and more accurate throttling is performed with the throttle screw 27, which when screwing moves vertically perforated plate.In Fig. 4 shows in section, in particular, the throttle plate 15, the perforated plate 26 to the cylindrical portion, a spiral spring 17 and the throttle screw 28. Preliminary throttling through the throttle plate 15 and selected as the diameter of the inlet opening 12, and more accurate throttling is performed with the throttle screw 28.In Fig. 5 shown in the cross section, in particular, the throttle plate 18, performtowin Pre-throttling is carried out using a throttle plate 18 and the throttle screw 2, and more accurate throttling is performed with the throttle screw 27, which when screwing moves vertically perforated plate.In Fig. 7 shows a flow limiter and control water flow in a schematic representation. In Fig. 7 shows the housing 19, a spiral spring 17, the throttle plate 34, the perforated plate 25 with the cylindrical part and the throttle screw 27 in the assembled state. Water supply is carried out through the opening 5 and 36 into the distribution cavity 3 and flows through the holes of a perforated plate with a cylindrical part, and thanks to the housing 19 vozduhoobrabatyvayuschih slots 11, there is a leak in the cavity of the coil spring, and the water-enriched air exits the coil spring 17. Preliminary throttling through the throttle plate 34 and choose the diameter of the inlet opening 5, and more accurate throttling is performed with the throttle screw 27.In Fig. 8 shown in the cross section, in particular, the throttle plate 34, the perforated plate 24 with the cylindrical part of the casing 19 and a spiral spring 17. Preliminary throttling through is with the throttle screw 30.In Fig. 9 shown in the cross section, in particular, the throttle plate 15, the perforated plate 22 with a cylindrical portion, a spiral spring 17, a spiral spring 7, the housing 19 and the throttle screw 28. Throttling is accomplished using a throttle plate 15 and selected as the diameter of the inlet.For the formation of jets of water are different throttle screws or spiral springs (closed annular coil springs). Enter the second coil springs 7 a helical spring 17 reduces the flow velocity. With shaking perforated plate 21 into the distribution cavity 3 with the throttle screw 27, 28 and 29 of the perforated plate is constantly moving under the action of a stream and supports thereby the distribution cavity clean, without dirt and lime deposits.The following notation: 1 - the shank of the throttle; 2 - screw on the shank of the throttle; 3 - distribution cavity; 4 - the reference edge; 5 - inlet; 6 - hole; 7 - coiled spring nested within helical spring 17; 8 - intermediate cavity underneath the perforated plate in the raised condition; 9 - groove; 10 - Board; 11 - air suction slot; 12 - inlet Naya plate without the throttle shaft; 16 - throttle screw; 17 - coiled spring; 18 - throttle plate with throttle screw; 19 - body; 20 - cylinder, throttle screw 30; 21 - perforated plate; 22 - perforated plate with a cylindrical part (step); 23 - perforated plate with a cylindrical part, manual, with internal thread; 24 - perforated plate with a cylindrical part with a recess for the head 20; screw 30; 25 - perforated plate with a cylindrical part with an internal thread; 26 - perforated plate with a cylindrical part with an internal thread with the slots; 27 - rounding the throttle screw; 28 - throttle screw tip 37; 29 - throttle screw flat; 30 - throttle screw head; 31 - throttle screw needle tip; 32 is a spiral spring located inside; 33 - throttle plate with a side opening 36; 34 - throttle plate through a side opening 36; 35 - throttle plate without lateral holes; 36 - hole side of the throttle plate 33; 37 - pin the edge of the throttle screw 31; 38 - the edge of the throttle screw 31; 39 - holes of the perforated plate 21; 40 is a perforated plate with a cylindrical part with an internal thread: 41 - case. 1. all 19 of the separator jet of water, which has a throttle plate 15, 33, 35, 18, 34 with at least one through hole 5, 36 for supplying a pre-throttling the flow of water into the distribution cavity 3, which is formed between the throttle plate 15, 33, 35, 18, 34 and the perforated plate 24, 25, 26, 40 with a cylindrical part, which has at least one through hole 6 for removal of pre-drosselweg amount of water from the distribution cavity 3, characterized in that the perforated plate 24, 25, 26, 40 has the additional throttling device 27, 28, 29, 31 for a more accurate throttling amount of water.2. The device under item 1, characterized in that the throttle plate 33 has a side opening 36 that communicates with a through hole 5.3. The device under item 1 or 2, characterized in that the perforated plate 26, 40, 24 and 25 to the cylindrical portion has a Central threaded hole, which is made vertically to the throttle plate 33, 35, 15, 18 and 34.4. Device according to one of paragraphs.1 to 3, characterized in that the screw hole includes a throttle screw 31, which is provided by passing, preferably in the direction of the through-hole needle 5 th to the through hole 5, made flat, rounded or pointed.6. The device according to p. 4, characterized in that the throttle screw 30 molded head 20, the diameter of which is greater than the cylinder, throttle screw 30.7. The device according to p. 6, characterized in that the cylinder 20 is installed with the possibility of lowering when turning in a perforated plate 24 with a cylindrical part.8. Device according to one of paragraphs.1 to 9, characterized in that in the distribution cavity has an additional perforated plate 21, which is installed with the possibility centered rise in the distribution cavity 3 by screwing the throttle screw 21, 29 and 28, resulting in choked flow through the through hole 5.9. Device according to one of the preceding paragraphs, characterized in that around the neck of a perforated plate 19, 24, 25 with the cylindrical portion is at least one closed annular coiled spring 17 for the supply of water flowing through the through hole 6.10. Device according to one of paragraphs.1 to 8, characterized in that a helical spring 17 is pushed for more coiled spring 7.11. Device according to one of the previous who do.
FIELD: oil and gas industry.
SUBSTANCE: in end piece, flow conic slit-like channel of variable section is made screwed with rotation of longitudinal axis for angle 20-60°. Section at output is decreased in comparison to input in 1.5-3 times.
EFFECT: higher efficiency.
FIELD: sanitary equipment, particularly for domestic, medical and transport use.
SUBSTANCE: device includes lavatory pan with hinged seat, flushing tank, composite tube with operating handle to supply water from water source to pouring head, namely to shower head. Operating handle includes L-shaped connection pipe arranged in depression formed in seat and having short and long parts. L-shaped connection pipe rotates around long part axis during water pouring out process and may be longitudinally displaced. L-shaped connection pipe is freely arranged on lavatory pan and freely detached from it. Connection pipe is secured to pouring head. Short part of connection pipe is attached from below with water source by means of flexible hose. Short part axis is always parallel to pouring direction of pouring head. Operating handle includes two mutually perpendicular arms provided with seating areas for L-shaped connection pipe installation in different positions is socket of wall holder. Shower head made in accordance with the first embodiment comprises hollow body with outlet cavity, outlet net for water pouring and inlet L-shaped connection pipe. Connection pipe includes seating areas for shower head installation in wall holder socket formed in transition area between short and long parts of connection pipe. Shower head may perform mechanical rotation inside wall holder socket. Shower head made in accordance with the second embodiment comprises body with outlet cavity, outlet net for water pouring and handle. Arranged inside body are relief valve, shutoff member and operating lever connected to relief valve by the first lever arm and kinematically linked with control member of shower head handle by another, free, end. L-shaped connection pipe is used as shower head handle. Shower head handle has inner water hose. Connection pipe includes seating areas for shower head installation in wall holder socket formed in transition area between short and long parts of connection pipe. Shower head may perform mechanical rotation inside wall holder socket.
EFFECT: simplified structure, reduced number of supply pipeline branches, elimination of hinge and sealing connections usage, improved ability of device detachment.
3 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: nozzles, particularly for cleaning reservoir bottom from residual viscous, high-viscous and hardening liquids and for removing deposits near connection pipes of fire-extinguishing systems adapted for extinguishing fire in reservoirs.
SUBSTANCE: device bottom is provided with radial eccentrically located distributors formed as plates having chamfers on the first plate sides. Plate length is less than device bottom radius. Plate height exceeds width of gap defined by device body and bottom.
EFFECT: increased efficiency along with maintaining design effective volume of the reservoir, reduced reservoir damage due to corrosive action.
FIELD: heat-and-power engineering, particularly for medium and deep water spraying in cooling towers, scrubbers, gas and steam condensing plants, gas-cleaning systems, for spraying high-viscous liquids or liquids with considerable content of impurities.
SUBSTANCE: nozzle comprises connection pipe and deflecting members formed so that cone angle of each next deflecting member is less than that of previous one. Nozzle has conical body. Deflecting members made as deflecting washers are arranged along vertical axis between at least two fixing posts. Deflecting washers have inner orifices decreasing in direction away from inlet connection pipe. Each deflecting washer is made as truncated cone. Outermost deflecting washer is of hemispheric shape and adapted for water spraying into area located under nozzle connected with pipeline by straight and adapter couplings. To increase hydraulic capacity and system flexibility cascade nozzles with lesser inlet connection pipe diameters are substituted for ones with greater diameters.
EFFECT: increased cooling efficiency, simplified structure, improved flexibility, minimizing of nozzle clogging.
FIELD: environmental protection.
SUBSTANCE: furnace comprises combustion chamber whose bottom section is provided with the igniter and branch pipe for supplying fuel, intermediate section is provided with the branch pipe for supplying waste, and top section is provided with the exhaust branch pipe connected with the duct for discharging flue gases. The casing is mounted around the chamber to define the air passage between the casing and outer side of the chamber. The passage is in communication with the bottom section of the combustion chamber and branch pipe for supplying fuel. The casing is provided with the air supply branch pipe. The branch pipe for supplying fuel receives at least one pair of vortex cyclonic chambers whose openings for air supply are made in opposite tangential directions.
EFFECT: enhanced environmental safety.
4 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: irrigation equipment, in particular, fine-dispersion or drop sprinkling equipment used in mobile and stationary sprinkler units for producing of sprays with droplet sizes admissible for irrigation of wide range of farm crops.
SUBSTANCE: sprinkler unit has hollow cylindrical casing with partition wall, wherein guiding rod is rigidly fixed centrally of partition wall. Conical deflector with curved grooves is fixed on guiding rod for displacement along it. Location of conical deflector in predetermined position on guiding rod is provided by means of adjustment nut which may is fixed by lock nut. In order to form uniform liquid film around perimeter of conical deflector, grooves are provided in such a manner that they do not reach edge by distance equal to width of casing outlet opening ring, when conical deflector is lifted to maximal extent. Fluoroplastic layer is built in friction surface of conical deflector.
EFFECT: increased efficiency in producing of finely dispersed uniform spray, simplified construction and enhanced reliability in operation.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to equipment for carrying out health-improving and curing hydrothermal treatment. Proposed contrast sprays set has sprays panel made of two non-communicating tubular systems consisting of collecting and operating pipes installed parallel to each other at preset angle to sides of sprays panel. Operating pipes are provided with great number of holes pointed to side of operating zone. Panel is installed on supports for reciprocating in plane of panel under action of drive.
EFFECT: provision of convenience in treatment of patient, and accurately checking of main parameters.
4 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: spraying equipment, particularly hydrodynamics of delivery pipeline adapted to be used in different industries.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises pump, liquid vessel, barrel with control arm and flexible hoses. Barrel includes valve with grooves to provide working liquid jet bypass in reverse direction to pump inlet. Device also has means aimed at reduction of losses and minimization of force to be applied to valve control arm. More particularly, valve grooves are inclined at 60° angle one to another, device comprises collars for valve securing having outer and inner packing members with seats and providing free valve rotation about valve axis. The rotation is performed around pin with packing member. Pin diameter is considerably lesser than valve diameter.
EFFECT: simplified structure, improved performance and increased safety.
4 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: liquid spraying equipment, particularly used in fire-fighting, sanitary and watering facilities, for liquid fuel combustion, etc.
SUBSTANCE: sprayer has body with channels for liquid jets forming and liquid supply nipple. The channels are directed so that axes thereof cross beyond channel outlets in sprayed liquid flow generation space. Minimal distance between crossing axes does not exceed hydraulic channel radius Rh value. Distance between outlet channel sections and sprayed liquid flow generation space defined by plane with minimal distance between crossing channel axes preferably does not exceed 80Rh. Sprayer body may be provided with chamber shaped as solid of revolution and installed beyond outlet channel sections. Axial channel may be formed in the sprayer body. Channels may have equal cross-sections. Sprayer in accordance with the second embodiment has one channel with cross-sectional area, which is not more than 2 times greater than that of another one.
EFFECT: increased uniformity of droplet intensity and dispersion over flow section, reduced energy consumption.
1 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: spraying or atomizing.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises housing with the lid provided with even number of nozzles and disk deflector provided with odd number of ring recesses. Each ring recess has central corner that overlaps the outlet openings of adjacent nozzles.
EFFECT: improved design.
5 cl, 8 dwg