A drain valve
(57) Abstract:A drain valve relates to sanitary devices, in particular used in flush tanks. The device includes a valve in the form of an open bellows, a rod with a shutter button, located above the bellows bracket for stem and seat flush tube. The bracket is connected with the rod threaded mount for height adjustment of the upper edge of the bellows relative to the liquid level in the tank, and a bellows made of metal, rubber or plastic. The technical result from the use of the device is the elimination of leakage and increased durability. 2 Il. The invention relates to hydraulic devices and is mainly used in sanitary appliances.Known self-latching valve flush tank with direct Association to the toilet ("CD"), comprising: a housing, a rubber drain valve (pear), overflow pipe, a lever and shutter release button. (See Fomin, B. Fomin and Y. Plumbing in your apartment. M:Mark, 1994, S. 60-67).However, the rubber drain valve does not provide a tight seal after discharge due to ingress of rust, postero what causes them.The closest known analogue, Toilet flush tank (CH, patent N 397552, class E 03 D 1/30, 1996), which has the following characteristics: the valve is in an open bellows, a rod with a shutter button which is located above the bellows bracket for the rod, and saddle flush tube.However, in a decision there was no adjustment of the upper edge of the bellows relative to the liquid level in the vessel, as well as the implementation of the bellows was only made of plastic or rubber, which did not ensure the integrity and reduced service life of the valve.The objective of the claimed invention was to increase the durability of the drain valve.The essential features of the invention are: the bracket is connected with the rod threaded mount; for use of the bellows, metal, or rubber or plastic.The technical result from the use of the device is as follows: the height adjustment of the upper edge of the bellows relative to the liquid level in the tank; except for leakage through the valve during normal filling tank; the improvement of the durability of the discharge valve; a spring properties of the metal bellows are used to return drain valve.In Fig. 1 shows susno the definition bellows and flange mounted to the vessel.A drain valve (Fig. 1) consists of a container 1 and cover 2, which are interconnected by the fastener 3. In the lower part of the vessel 1 is fixed saddle flush tube 4, which is tightly worn corrugated rubber tube (bellows) 5 thickness of 2-4 mmThe bellows may have a cylindrical or conical shape and works in compression. The corrugations of the bellows can be horizontal or screw. Rubber corrugated tube (bellows) may have an internal skeleton of the cord, which creates sufficient resistance to lateral bending under compression.In the upper part of the outdoor bellows 5 is fixed to the pipe 6 and the bracket 7 on it. Reliability hermetic mounting can be improved by using HomeDialog mounting on both nipples. The upper part of the bracket 7 includes a threaded hole which is screwed the stem 8 and the position it is secured by a nut 9. The threaded portion of the rod 8 serves to adjust the height of the upper edge of the bellows 5 relative to the height level of the liquid in the tank 1.To limit the movement of the rod 8 upwards, the rod 8 has a stepped shape, and to mitigate the shock rod 8 carries the pad 10. In the upper part of the shaft 8 is mounted a spring 11, running on with the cuttings (bellows) 5 stainless steel brass or bronze, so here applied flange fastening 13 of the bellows 5 to the tank 1, and in the upper part of the bellows 5 is welded to the bracket 7.The principle of operation of a discharge valve is as follows. The tank 1 is filled with liquid (water), for example from the float valve to the staffing level at which the liquid can flow into the bellows 5 and the seat is flush tube 4.To drain the fluid you need to press the hand on the shutter button 12, which acts on the rod 8, which compresses the spring 11 (or corrugations 5) moves the bracket 7 and compresses the corrugations of the bellows 5. Formed in the cavity between the bracket 7 and the top slice of the bellows 5 directs the fluid that passes through the cavity of the bellows 5 and out of the saddle flush tube 4. If you change the height of the level in the tank, and is regulated by the height of the upper edge of the bellows 5 by a nut 9.After removing the load from the shutter-release button 12, the spring 11 (or metal bellows 5) returns the rod 8, the bracket 7 and the bellows 5 in the original upper position, when the upper edge of the bellows 5 stops the flow of fluid. To soften the hard blow of the rod 8 when lifting upward on the rod and a rubber gasket 10.When there is a malfunction in the float bone 1 and the emergency exit of liquid through the internal cavity of the bellows 5 and the seat is flush tube 4. A drain valve including a valve in the form of an open bellows, a rod with a shutter button which is located above the bellows bracket for stem and seat flush tube, characterized in that the bracket is connected with the rod threaded mount for height adjustment of the upper edge of the bellows relative to the liquid level in the tank, and a bellows made of metal, or rubber, or plastic.
FIELD: hydraulic power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hydraulic intake valves designed for metered delivery of liquid into reservoir to be filled. Proposed filling float valve contains housing with vertical inlet branch pipe, outlet hole and cone-like seat inside housing. Shutoff member arranged opposite to seat is made in form of elastic diaphragm with thickening in zone of interaction with seat. Axially movable rod of shutoff member is arranged in bracket. The latter is fixed relative to housing by means of union nut. Rod of shutoff member is mechanically connected with float through lever. Float is installed for vertical displacement in cup installed for vertical adjustment relative to housing. Hole is made in bottom of cup. Float valve fitted in said hole serves to communicate inner space of cup with reservoir under filling when liquid is being drained from the latter. Float is installed for displacement relative to lever by means of adjusting screw. Adapter bracket is found on head of adjusting screw. Post with projections on its side surface is secured on bracket of valve housing. Projections are pointed to side of cup. Shaped projection is made in the latter. Cup is fixed relative to post by means of projection and fitted-on detachable clamp. Diaphragm is hermetically secured over perimeter on housing by means of bracket with union nut to form space in housing from side of seat. Said space communicates with outlet hole and, through seat, with vertical inlet branch pipe. Shaped axle is made on one end of lever. Cylindrical sections of said axle are arranged in coaxial holes of housing bracket. Section in form of sector of circumference in cross section of axle is made between cylindrical section of axle. U-shaped recess is made in rod in its middle part. Said recess accommodates section of lever axle made in form of sector in cross section. Maximum width of said section of axle is from 0.8 to 0.85 of width of U-shaped recess of rod. Wide side of sector is pointed to side of base of U-shaped recess for interaction with sides of U-shaped recess of rod. Center of rotation of sector relative to rod is arranged at distance from rod axis equal to 0.27-0.29of width of U-shaped recess. Hole is made on other end of lever. End of tie-rod mechanically coupled with lever is arranged in said hole of lever. Other end of tie-rod is secured in adapter bracket for adjustment of length of tie-rod.
EFFECT: enlarged functional capabilities of filling float valve, improved reliability in operation.
FIELD: hydraulic power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hydraulic intake valves designed for metered delivery of liquid into reservoir to be filled. Proposed filling float valve contains housing with horizontal inlet branch pipe, side outlet branch pipe and cone-like seat inside housing and shut off member arranged opposite to seat. Axially movable rod of shutoff member is mechanically connected with float by means of two levers. Float is installed for vertical displacement in cup. Hole is made in cup bottom. Float valve installed in said hole communicates inner space of cup with filled reservoir when liquid is being drained from the latter. Cup is installed for vertical adjustment relative to housing. Float is installed for displacement relative to lever by means of adjusting screw. Bracket with axle is secured in screw head. Post with projections on side surface pointed to side of cup is secured on valve housing. Shaped projection is made on cup. Cup is fixed relative to post by means of said projection and fitted-in detachable clamp. Shutoff member is made in form of elastic diaphragm with thickening in zone of interaction with seat. Diaphragm is hermetically secured on housing over perimeter by means of bracket with union nut to form space in housing from side of seat. Said space communicates with side outlet branch pipe and, through seat, with horizontal inlet branch pipe. Rod is arranged in bracket. One of levers is made stepped. One of steps of said lever is secured on housing bracket by means of hinge joint. Fork-like hole is made in second step of said lever. Axle of bracket fitted in said hole is installed for displacement along hole. Axle is secured on head of adjusting bolt. Oblong hole is made in first step of lever connected with housing bracket. Axle is fitted in hole for displacement hole. Axle is cantilever mounted on end of second lever. Shaped axle is made on other end of said lever. Cylindrical sections of said axle are arranged in coaxial holes of housing bracket. Section in form of sector in cross section of axle is made between cylindrical sections on axle. U-shaped recess is made in middle part of rod. Said recess accommodates section of axle of second lever made in form of sector in cross section. Maximum width of said section of axle is from 0.8 to 0.85 of width of rod U-shaped recess. Wide side of sector is pointed to said of base of U-shaped recess engagement with sides of rod U shaped recess. Center of rotation of sector relative to rod is arranged at distance from rod axis equal to 0.27-0.29 of width of U0-shaped recess. Oblong and fork-like holes of stepped lever are parallel to each other. Distance between longitudinal axes of said holes is form 1.25 to 1.35 of hole width.
EFFECT: enlarged functional capabilities of filling float valve, improved reliability of hydraulic delivery valve, reduced noise in operation.
FIELD: water power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: valve comprises housing with inlet and outlet branch pipes and cylindrical seat, closure member that cooperates with the seat, and sleeve mounted in the tank filled with fluid. The bottom of the sleeve is provided with the opening that receives the floating valve for communication of the inner space of the sleeve with the tank when fluid is discharged from the tank. The float is mounted for permitting vertical movement inside the sleeve. The inlet branch pipe of the housing is connected with the inlet connecting pipe of the tank through a flexible pipe. The cylindrical seat is made in the housing for defining a ring space around it. The space is in communication with the inlet branch pipe. The closure member is made of a flexible flat diaphragm whose diameter is equal to the diameter of the greater step of the ring collar. The flexible diaphragm is tightly pressed to the step of greater diameter of the housing by means lid and nut.
EFFECT: enhanced reliability.
FIELD: water power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: filling valve comprises housing with inlet and outlet branch pipes and cylindrical seat, flexible valving member that cooperates with the seat, lid, lever, tie, and float. The cylindrical seat is made in the housing to define the ring space around it. The space is in communication with the inlet branch pipe. The lid is set in the housing and its bottom is provided with the nozzle projecting outward. The outer side of the lid is provided with the cylindrical flange. The flexible valving member is clamped inside the housing over periphery by means of the lid. The space of the lid is separated from the ring space of the housing by means of the the flexible valving member and is in communication with the space around the through nozzle and to the ring space of the housing through the orifice. The lever is mounted for permitting rotation with respect to the lid by means of the cantilever. One of the ends of the lever is provided with the gate. The other end is kinematically connected with the tie. The tie is provided with a float for permitting movement with respect to the ring. The tank filled with fluid receives the sleeve. The bottom of the sleeve is provided with the opening that receives the floating valve for communication of the inner space of the sleeve with the tank when the fluid is discharged from the tanks. The float is mounted inside the sleeve for permitting vertical motion. The housing is provided with two-step ring collar. The collar is located at the level of the cylindrical seat. The L-shaped pillar is secured to the lid. The vertical large side of the pillar is provided with the sleeve. The sleeve has rectangular passage arranged along its side. The pillar passes through the passage for permitting the sleeve to move with respect to the second cantilever of the housing. The seats of their pillars are mutually perpendicular and provided with the long side along or counter to the inlet branch pipe of the housing.
EFFECT: enhanced reliability.
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: present invention pertains to hydro-automation, particularly to hydraulic inlet valves with dosed supply of liquid into a filling tank, and is meant for use in systems for filling different types of reservoir with water. The filling float-valve has housing with an inlet, an outlet opening and a seat inside the housing in form of a nozzle, a gate opposite the seat, in form of an elastic membrane with thickening in the area where it is in contact with the seat. The axially moveable coupling of the gate is on an arm support. The arm support is fixed against the housing using a cap nut and is kinematically linked to the float through a lever and a tie-rod. The float is fitted with provision for vertical displacement. The perimeter of the membrane is pressed into the housing by the arm support with a cap nut, forming a cavity in the housing on the side of the seat. The cavity is linked to the outlet opening and, through the nozzle, to the inlet. There is a cavity on the arm support above the membrane. This cavity is linked to the cavity in the housing through at least one opening on the membrane. The coupling rod is pressed against the arm support using stocking type sealing rings. Inside the cavity in the housing, on the side of the seat, an encircling seat is fitted, forming an annular gap, as well as a throttle insertion which is in form of a cup. A bypass hole is made at the bottom of the latter. The perimeter of the membrane is pressed between the bottom of the cup and the arm support. An outlet opening is made in the side wall of the cup. On the inner wall of the cup and the outer side surface of the seat there are radial ribs with formation by the latter in the annular gap, a labyrinth in the cross-section of the throttling channel.
EFFECT: increased reliability and easier operation of a filling float-valve.
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: stop water-supply valve comprises body, which contains the following components that are coaxially installed and tightly pressed one into another - threaded insert, couplings of various diametre and valve tube. The latter comprises a through hole with valve stem and thrust tube installed in it with the possibility of axial displacement. Thrust tube is spring-loaded with standpipe stem on one side and is fixed by a thrust ring at the other side. Valve stem is made in the form of hollow tube with plug at the end, is limited with a collar and connected to disk by means of thrust. Disk is a stop-relief valve of hydraulic chamber. This chamber is formed by coupling of smaller diametre, threaded insert and coupling of larger diametre. One or several openings are located in lower part of valve stem and thrust tube above collar. Centre of thrust tube openings is coaxially installed above centre of openings of valve stem.
EFFECT: protection against valve freezing at low temperatures.
4 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: support structure passes along the axis and includes a vessel. The valve body has a gate interacting with a moistureproof seat, and is arranged with the possibility of displacement around the axis. The upper and lower floats are arranged at various heights along the axis and interact with the valve body. The floats are arranged as movable independently on each other relative to the valve body together with variations of water level inside the vessel for selective and independent engagement with the valve body at various heights along the axis. The first and second control buttons impact a control lever. The control lever is attached to the valve body to lift the valve body along the axis. The buttons are arranged with the possibility of displacement at according various lengths along the axis, in order to lift the valve body at according various heights and to drain according amounts of water. The first button is arranged with the possibility of displacement to the first specified length in order to lift the valve body into the position of a partial drain. In position of the partial drain the valve body is only engaged with the upper float, besides, the lower float is not engaged with the valve body. The second button is arranged with the possibility of displacement to the second specified length, which is more than the first length, in order to lift the valve body in position of a full drain, where the valve body is engaged with the lower float.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of device operation.
12 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: hydraulic actuating device (1) for actuating discharge mechanism (2) consists of driven device (4) with plunger(s) (9, 80), of control unit (5), of at least one hydraulic T-valve (6) and of at least one hydraulic cylinder (3) of simple action with one hydraulic T-valve (6). Control unit (5) can be united with driven device (4). Water from a water main comes into hydraulic T-valve (6). Control valve (5) hydraulically operates hydraulic T-valve (6). Hydraulic cylinder (3) of simple action with one hydraulic T-valve (6) actuates the said discharge mechanism by lifting a shut off valve. Each plunger (9, 80) interacting with one hydraulic T-valve (6) also interacts with one hydro-cylinder (3) of simple action.
EFFECT: reduction of pressure applied to plunger for discharge by user.
9 cl, 12 dwg
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: float fill valve with bottom water supply contains body with seat in form of nozzle and external securing cylinder, post with bracket and guide, installed in cavity of the post, stock and elastic membrane connected with stock. The stock is connected via the lever and tie-rod with float that moves along the guide. The bracket is made with internal and external sleeves, at that the membrane is secured in the internal sleeve of the bracket. The internal sleeve of the bracket has slots, and in closed position of the fitting interacts with the ring shoulder made on the body around the seat.
EFFECT: invention reduces uncontrolled leaks and increases operation efficiency of the valve.
2 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method involves setting up public bathrooms, wash basins and toilets with flush tanks. Each bathroom contains at least one toilet with a flush tank, which is connected through a duct with drain holes of the sink and contains a device whereby flush tanks of at least some other toilets are connected to a supply duct with drain holes of the sinks, which opens the feed line when the flush tank is full and closes it when it is empty. Flush tanks of toilets or some of the toilets are connected to the water supply system through a supply line.
EFFECT: reduced consumption of clean water, improved hygiene, reduced incidence of infectious diseases, a more comfortable environment for users.
2 cl, 2 dwg