Greenhouse

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to agricultural construction, in particular for the construction of greenhouses heated by warm water. The inventive greenhouse contains an arched frame 1 with longitudinal and transverse 2 spacer elements, film coating 3 and the heating system warm water, which includes pipe sprinklers 10 with the spray nozzles and two longitudinal sagging of the cloth 4. Panel 4 is suspended to the frame of the greenhouse with the bottom 5, a deflector 6 and ridge 8 runs, and cross strings 9. The greenhouse is equipped with 7 runs. Transverse spacer elements 2 made in the form of rigidly mounted on the arches of the greenhouse rods on the height of the trellises. Each panel 4 is composed of two longitudinal parts. The bottom 5 and the ridge 8 runs rigidly attached to the frame of the greenhouse. Deflector 6 and more 7 runs hanging from the cross strings 9 can move along them. The ends of the upper portions of the panels 4 are attached to the ridge 8 and the deflecting 6 runs, and the ends of the lower parts of the panels 4 are attached to an additional 7 and the bottom 5 runs. Pipe sprinklers 10 mounted on a transverse spacer element is actually, in particular for the construction of greenhouses heated by warm water.

Known greenhouse adopted by us for the prototype, containing an arched frame with longitudinal and transverse spacer elements, film coating and heating system warm water, including pipes-sprinklers with spray fortunati and two longitudinal sagging of the cloth hanging from a greenhouse frame using the lower deflecting and ridge purlins and cross strings [1].

On panels through pipe sprinklers serves warm water, which, flowing down, gives off heat, going in the crease of the tray formed by the panel and removed from the greenhouse. Using ridge runs installed so that they can move along the transverse strings, carry out the transformation of the panels, which increases the ability to control light and temperature conditions in the greenhouse.

For mounting the deflecting runs (in the middle part of panels) used cross spacer elements, each of which has only one point of attachment to the frame of the greenhouse. Such unstable design of the transverse element makes it virtually impossible for him to be used for any purpose other than securing deviant prolingo way. The transverse elements can serve as supports for trellises, as the inevitable load variation causes them to warp. In addition, as the growth of crops and the increased weight of the plants, the load transmitted through the mounting of the transverse elements to the arches of the greenhouse, which is not fortified in the middle through puffs, may exceed the permissible limits, which will cause the destruction of the structure. Thus, in the greenhouse, we have chosen as a prototype, it is impossible to grow tapestry of culture.

The aim of the invention is to expand the functionality of the greenhouse through the use of cross-section elements as supports for tapestries. This goal is achieved by the fact that greenhouse, unlike the prototype, further provided with a purlin, a transverse spacer elements made in the form of rigidly mounted on the arches of the greenhouse rods for mounting on the height of the trellises, and each panel consists of two longitudinal parts, the lower and ridge beams rigidly attached to the greenhouse frame, deflecting the runs associated with free style upper ends, and additional runs associated with the lower ends of the lower parts of the panels, thus deflecting and Supplement operacnym spacer elements over the lower parts of each of the panels.

Execution of the transverse elements in the form of rods fixed on the arches of the greenhouse and have thus three points of attachment to the arch, you can use them at the same time as tightening the greenhouse and supports for trellises, thus extending the functionality considered a greenhouse.

The separation of the longitudinal sagging of the panels into two parts together with the rigid mounting and ridge runs to the greenhouse frame, deflecting and additional runs to cross the strings can move along them, as well as the fastening of the pipe sprinklers to transverse spacer elements over the lower parts of each of the panels allows for new design transverse spacer element to maintain the dignity of the greenhouses of the prototype, in particular the possibility of heating greenhouses with warm water applied to the cloth, and transformation of panels, which allows the regulation of light and temperature and humidity in the greenhouse.

In addition, pipe sprinklers located at the level of the transverse spacer elements can be used for watering plants. Comparative analysis of the proposed solutions with the prototype shows that suplicy, longitudinal sagging of the cloth is divided into two parts each, and their ends are rigidly fixed to the longitudinal girders and pipes sprinklers mounted on a transverse spacer elements. Thus, the claimed solution meets the criterion of "novelty."

It should be noted that the execution of the transverse elements in the form of rods fixed on the arches of the greenhouse at the height of the trellis is known technical solution [2]. However, in the research process of the proposed object of the patent documents and scientific-technical literature, the applicant found no technical solutions, the set of features which would be in the greenhouse with heating system warm water and effective regulation of light and temperature and humidity profiles the possibility of growing vegetables trellis way. This allows to make a conclusion on the conformity of the proposed technical solution the criterion of "inventive step".

Implementation of the proposed greenhouse will allow you to get a positive effect in terms of increased yields of crops through the use of more productive trellis method of growing, allowing maximum use of the volume of arachnia spacers 2, in the aggregate the frame of the greenhouse, film coating, consisting of 3 external and internal layers, with the inner layer of the base coating is made in the form of sagging of the panels 4, is suspended to the frame of the greenhouse with the bottom 5, the yoke 6, an additional 7 and ridge 8 runs and cross strings 9. The transverse elements 2 fixed on the arches 1, panel 4 is divided lengthwise into two parts. Deflecting 6 runs and more runs 7 hanging from a string 9 can move along them. The ridge 8 and the bottom 5 runs rigidly attached to the frame of the greenhouse. The ends of the upper portions of the panels 4 are attached to the ridge 8 and the deflecting 6 runs, and the ends of the lower parts of the panels 4 are attached to an additional 7 and the bottom 5 runs. Pipe sprinklers 10 is attached to the transverse elements 2 on the lower part of the panels 4, which form at the bottom of the fold tray 11. On top of the transverse elements 2 are stacked wire trellis 12, to which is bound twines 13.

A greenhouse works as follows. Warm water enters the pipe sprinklers 1 and evenly sprayed on the bottom of the panels 4. Water flowing down it releases its heat and accumulates in the folds of the trays 11, where Ammodytes between panels 4 and an outer coating layer 3, thereby creating an additional layer of insulation of the greenhouse.

In the absence of the need to heat the greenhouse, the supply of warm water is terminated and the panel 4 is collected by moving along the transverse strings deflecting 9 runs 6 attached to them the ends of the upper parts of the panels, and additional runs 7 attached to them the ends of the lower parts of panels 4 - down. When this pipe sprinklers 10 can be used for watering plants. When growing in a greenhouse crops trellis way is tying the plants to the twines 13 hanging from a trellis 12, which are placed on the transverse elements 2.

The proposed greenhouse gives you the opportunity to grow vegetable crops trellis way, which allows to increase the yield of vegetables, not less than 30% through better use of the volume of the greenhouse.

Sources of information

1. A. S. N 1155196, class A 01 G 9/24 (prototype).

Typical project 810-1-21.87 "the Film rassada-vegetable greenhouse with an area of 1 ha"d

Greenhouse, containing an arched frame with transverse spacer elements, film coating and heating system warm water, including pipes-sprinklers with spray nozzles and ukreplennyj to the frame, and ridge purlins and cross strings, characterized in that it further provided with a purlin, a transverse spacer elements rigidly mounted on the arches of the greenhouse at the height of the trellises, and each panel consists of two longitudinal parts, while the ridge beams rigidly attached to the frame of the greenhouse, in addition, the ends of the upper parts of Platis attached to the deflecting ridge purlins, and the ends of the lower parts of panels attached to additional and lower runs, while deflecting and additional runs are suspended from the transverse strings can move along them, and pipe sprinklers attached to a transverse spacer elements over the lower parts of each of the panels.

 

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