The way the animals

 

(57) Abstract:

The method is intended for the prevention of infectious diseases of farm animals, mainly cattle, on farms and complexes on an industrial basis. Animals kept in individual pens with slatted bottom, at a distance from the floor. Disinfection, disinsection and deratization is carried out in the presence of animals. To do this, use the substance, not poison the air. The impact of these substances on the object disinfection carried out during the whole time of animals in individual stalls. The method allows to eliminate the accumulation and increased virulence of pathogenic microflora in the room when the content of the animals.

Unsuccessful attempts to prevent illness and death of newborn calves with application of methods of specific prophylaxis and disinfection led to the development of antimicrobial mode of the animals.

In modern animal husbandry periodic disinfection carried out in the stalls and the premises after the release of their animals and mechanical cleaning of the manure (Veterinary legislation. M.: Kolos, 1981, T. 3, 435 S. [1] , has a number of things and cleaning contaminated manure happen contamination and the migration of the pathogen from the stables and premises in the environment.

Contamination - contamination of the surface of the body of the animal products, soil, water, feedstuffs, biological products and other objects pathogens - microbes that can cause infection, evolutionary adapted to parasitizing in the animal body (see the Glossary of epidemiological terms. Rosselchozizdat, 1975).

A known technique current disinfection in the insulator when the content in the stall of a horse, the patient anthrax (A. A. Polyakov. Veterinary disinfection. M., 1975, S. 132 - 133) [II]. However, in the insulator contain contagious-infected animals, but not proyektiruemy animals.

The room, where they remained healthy and conditionally healthy animals, disinfected by the conventional technology I. In the known technical solution II with a daily application of disinfectants (the"10% solution zerokarmaleft mixture or caustic soda") does not exclude a toxic effect on the animal in the stall, especially when manure cleaning the machine and pass again copiously irrigated with disinfectant, and the animal continues to contain on the floor in the stall, this procedure is repeated daily, which is not precluded by the contact of the animal manure and disinfectant, destructive de the variables in the stalls. Method II is not working.

The purpose of the invention is to eliminate the contamination and the migration of pathogenic organisms out of the stall.

The chosen method of solving the set goal is the observation and finding ways of prevention of infectious diseases in animals living in natural conditions. Then the analysis and reproduction of these signs in terms of artificially created environment, life for animals - industrial production.

For a better understanding of the material application requires knowledge of signs of life, both General and inherent only proyektiruemy or only pathogeny organisms, knowledge of the environment of their lives. What is life?

Life is a chain of interrelated phenomena in nature, consisting of a variety of plant and animal organisms; life in General is characterized by continuity in time and mobility, in addition, the lives of individual organisms characterized by a limited period of time and death; survival of individual organisms and life in General is possible only when the contact of the organism with the environment of life and the transition of the organism or information about it in the new environment of life.

At the stall maintenance animals and pathogenic orgasmagoria for life pathogenic organisms, 2 - dung-humid, with an ambiguous value for pathogenic organisms, but not favorable for animals, 3 - the environment, animals, natural in the period of embryonic development of the animal and the optimum environment for pathogenic organisms.

The large concentration of animals in limited areas in natural conditions is excluded three phenomena: 1 - hunger, 2 - behavior of animals and 3 disease.

To increase the concentration of animals in industrial production should adverse natural phenomena to exclude and reproducing conditions corresponding to the behavior of animals in nature.

Hunger is eliminated artificial feeding of animals from liners waterers or feeders.

Another characteristic is the behavior of animals in natural conditions of the female before childbirth from a flock or herd withdraws, for example, the lioness, and returns to the fold with a strong cubs. The cow before calving from the edge withdraws. People say: "Cow hides calf".

The first 6 to 7 days, the period of adaptation to the new environment of life - air, the calf is born. For the next feeding cow comes to the calf, and not Vice versa. In PNCA - the stall.

In the environment the animals are in the air and the air-dry condition, the condition to achieve this is animal behavior and anatomy.

Examples: 1 - the pig does not defecate in hayna, this behavior provides the piglets stay in air-dry condition, 2 - the Fox and rabbit litter in burrows, but at the expense of litter from down is also in the air, not on earth, 3 - in goose and duck through the feathers at the moment stay in the water the skin is dry, and others In the industrial production of the characteristic animals in the environment with regard to the species and age of animals" is solved constructively. For example, the device mesh metal floor in cages for chickens and animals, wooden slatted floor in the cells for calves, providing the maximum opportunity of passing through the bars of urine and faeces and holding the animal in the air cage or stall. In terms of the nature of light, drying, temperature changes and other adverse factors influence the pathogenic organisms continuously.

In industrial production with the release of animals from the dung of the environment in the air stalls are excluded CC continuous detrimental effect on the pathogen in manure. Another condition for achieving continuous action of the disinfectant on the object disinfection is the repeated application of the disinfectant at the end of time action and intrusion of the object.

For disinfection use substances that are not toxic air: potassium permanganate, dismal, hydrated lime (oxide and calcium hydroxide), copper sulfate, etc.

In the room with antimicrobial mode of the animals insects and rodents deprived of water, food and brood. Freely moving in space, in contact with the disinfectant, the proboscis and tarsi are cleared from it, this is even more handle themselves and die. The effect of continuous disinfection and continuous deratization, optionally excluding the mechanisms of transfer of infections and infestations. Excluded accumulation; contamination and increase the virulence of pathogenic microflora of the premises, excluding the migration of pathogenic organisms into the environment.

Example produce antimicrobial regime for the prevention of acute disorders of newborn calves.

A newborn calf (better after the joint maintenance of the cow in the delivery box for the STV floor in the cage provides maximum passing manure under the cage, and calf holds in the air, no contact with manure from other animals. Lime-pushonkoj by sanding to obtain a continuous coating process the entire surface of the floor space. Three days later (this time, the active action of lime) processing is repeated. The active action of lime is determined experimentally, by a devastating effect on flies. The surface of faeces and moisture also sprinkled with lime, treating them 2 - 3 times a day, i.e. during periods of regular care and feeding calves. After feeding the calf utensils are disinfected with 0.5% aqueous solution of desola. Manure is removed after disinfection him on the spot selection, no significant difference: daily or at the end profilaktornoe period (10 to 15 days) and free cells. Cell disinfected with the use of aqueous solutions of Deseret or a blowtorch, then mechanically cleaned from the remnants of manure, slatted floor sprinkle with lime, after which the cell is ready for placement in her new calf.

In the period of keeping of calves water when cleaning the cage and the room is not used, because it leads to increased humidity and increased object disinfection of manure. Manure, processing what Prikosnovenie with lime. In the summer when there in the room flies lime additionally sprinkle the window sills and sashes of the window frames. Flies die after a few minutes, the rat, after a few days. The death of the flies is an indicator of high quality lime.

Working in the Shoe, people, and calves are in the air environment of the room. This also excludes contact with manure and toxic effect of the disinfectant on people. The example shows one possibility of the same content in antimicrobial mode other breakout groups and species of animals is obvious.

Received technical and economic efficiency

1. At the same time with keeping animals indoors occur continuous disinfection, disinsection and deratization.

2. Reduced morbidity and mortality of calves is reduced from 10 to 12% up to 1 - 3% when the content of the antimicrobial mode.

3. Without changing animal feeding increased fatness and weight gain.

4. Reduced labor and material costs for treatment.

5. Facilitated work on animal care.

6. Reduced manure smell in the room and the surrounding area.

7. Lime mixed with manure is recycled beats the animals in individual pens with slatted bottom, located at a distance from the floor, including disinfectio, disinsection, and deratization characterized in that the disinfection, disinsection and deratization is carried out in the presence of animal substances are not poisonous air, by continuous exposure to the object disinfection during the whole time of animals in individual stalls.

 

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FIELD: medical equipment, in particular, devices for biomedical examinations.

SUBSTANCE: the stand has a cage for the rat, electrode device, auxiliary component fixed on the rat at the output outside of electrode device electric wires, reader electrode and a registering device. The auxiliary component is made in the form of a bush with flanges at the end fixed on the tail piece. The bush is installed for free rotation about the axis in a slot in the cage wall. The electrode device electric wires are passed through the bush-strap, and outside the cage their ends are fixed on a support located opposite the bush-strap and at a certain distance from it. The electric wires of the electrode device and the reader electrode sag in the section between the bush and the support. The reader electrode is connected to the strap bush.

EFFECT: simplified manufacture and use, provided more physiological conditions for the respective examinations.

2 cl, 9 dwg

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