Hydroelectric

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to hydromelioration and can be applied for the energy of the free flow of the river. Hydroelectric power plant consists of a water wheel mounted in the free stream of the river on the anvil, bellows mechanism, pressure pipes with perforations and turbine. Water wheel is supplied installed on the sides of rotating rollers arranged at equal spacing around the circumference of interoperable with the bottom plane of the bellows mechanism. Bellows mechanism communicated via an air pipe pressure pipe with the formation of airlift and provided with inlet and exhaust valves. The discharge pipe through the top hole is connected with the conduit to the turbine directly. To the turbine is connected a suction pipe. The discharge pipe may be connected with the conduit to the turbine through the discharge pool. When using only air for power generation hydroelectric power plant can be equipped with a receiver provided with an air pipe. The proposed design allows to increase the capacity of hydro power in the peak hours of electricity consumption. 2 C.p. f-crystals, 2 Il.

about the flow of the river.

Known hydroelectric power plant, in which the role of the dam plays a river, parallel to the channel which is closed by a bypass channel communicated with the river sloped transverse pipes, the water of which falls on the turbine (log "Technique of youth", N 8 1995, S. 6).

Known Bagachka free-threaded mini hydro power plants, including the generator and water wheel, running from the river (the magazine "modelist-Konstruktor", N 1, 1996, S. 6).

The closest analogue of the invention is a hydroelectric power plant, including water wheel mounted in the free flow of the river, and the discharge pipe communicated with the conduit to the turbine [1].

The disadvantages of the known device is the low power and the inability of the increase in the peak hours of electricity consumption.

The purpose of the invention to increase capacity in the peak hours of electricity consumption.

This is achieved by the fact that hydroelectric power plant, including water wheel mounted in the free flow of the river, and the discharge pipe communicated with the conduit to the turbine, equipped with a bellows mechanism of the compressor type and the air pipe and the water wheel provided with a set on his side is shimodate with the bottom plane mentioned bellows mechanism, which is communicated through an air pipe pressure pipe with the formation of the airlift.

While hydroelectric power plant can be equipped with a receiver provided with an air pipe for collecting the compressed air.

In addition, the hydroelectric power plant can be equipped with a pressure pool through which the discharge pipe communicated with the conduit to the turbine.

In Fig. 1 shows the proposed hydroelectric, side view; Fig. 2 is a view along arrow a in Fig. 1.

Hydroelectric power plant consists of a support 1 that is installed on the bottom of the river, placed on a support 1 of a water wheel 2 rotating rollers 3, the discharge pipe 4, is installed on the bottom of the river, with perforations, an air pipe 5. Bellows mechanism 6 is communicated with an intake pipe 4 via an air pipe 5 with the formation of airlift and provided with an inlet 7 and outlet 8 of the vehicle. The exhaust valve 8 is in communication with the air pipe 5. The discharge pipe 4 is connected through the top hole 9 with hydrogen 10 to the turbine 11 directly or through pressure pool (not shown). To the turbine 11 is connected a suction pipe 12.

Hydroelectric power plant can be equipped with a receiver (not shown) provided with an air pipe 5.

Hydroelectric is 3, which in turn affect the bottom plane of the bellows mechanism 6, lifting her up, while the inlet valve 7 is closed and the exhaust valve 8 is opened, the air in the air pipe 5 flows into the discharge pipe 4, is mixed with water, water-air mixture rises through the discharge pipe 4 and passes through the upper hole 9 through the conduit 10 on the blade the trubinov 11, where through the outlet pipe 12 goes into the river. When the roller 3 is held the lower plane of the bellows mechanism 6, it falls under its own weight, trying to occupy a vertical position, and the inlet valve 7 opens, letting the air in the bellows mechanism and the exhaust valve 8 is closed, preventing the ingress of air into the air pipe 5. Following the skating rink again raises the lower plane of the bellows mechanism and the process is repeated.

Water-air mixture can be supplied from the discharge pipe 4 first pressure in the pool, and then by conduit 10 to the turbine 11 through a gate valve (not shown) in the peak hours.

For electricity generation can be used only one air, while he served in the air pipe 5 into the receiver, and thence to the turbine.

For the continuous feed vodovod armatom order one bellows down, picking up the air, and the other was raised, compressing the air in the air pipe 5.

The proposed hydropower plant provides the opportunity to dramatically increase electricity generation in the peak hours, using the pressure of the basin, the compressed air tank.

1. Hydroelectric power plant, including water wheel mounted in the free flow of the river, and the discharge pipe communicated with the conduit to the turbine, characterized in that it is equipped with bellows mechanism of the compressor type and the air pipe and the water wheel is supplied installed on the sides of the rotating rollers arranged at equal spacing around the circumference and interoperable with the bottom plane mentioned bellows mechanism, which is communicated via an air pipe pressure pipe with the formation of the airlift.

2. Hydroelectric power plant under item 1, characterized in that it is equipped with a receiver provided with an air pipe.

3. Hydroelectric power plant under item 1 or 2, characterized in that it is equipped with an intake basin, through which the discharge pipe communicated with the conduit to the turbine.

 

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