Line molding concrete sleepers

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to the production of concrete sleepers and can be used in lines for the manufacture of concrete sleepers. The purpose of the invention is the increased efficiency and improved quality sleepers. Line molding concrete sleepers contains the main plot 2 stacking in multiple form 3 concrete mixture and simultaneous compaction by rotary paver 5. The main plot 2 comes with a number of stationary manipulators 3 and 10 for the formation of cone-shaped holes in the workpieces sleepers. The line is supplied with successive principal 2 additional plot of forming hollow channels embedded bolts using the compound of the hole-forming cores and install cage washers. Additional area fitted with a range of stationary manipulators. Multi-form 3 comes with previous manufacturing area of tension reinforcement at the roller 7 of the main section 2 and stops limiting stop 8. Then all the manipulators 10 vidvigayt conical hole-forming cores in the holes of the bottom of the form 3, and the side arms 9 vidvigayt aperture 17 in sootvetstvuyushie of paver 5. After that, the conical hole-forming cores and the diaphragm 17 is removed from the mold 3. In form 3 remains compacted concrete mix with moulded conical holes. After that, the form 3 with a concrete workpiece is moved on the roller conveyor additional plot and stops focusing. In form 3 at the same time slide the diaphragm 17 and the lower part of the hole-forming cores. Then shopping with horizontal power cylinder into the working area of the upper parts of the compound of the hole-forming cores gates served cage washers. Then turn on the vibrator, and the upper part of the hole-forming cores with embedded washers under the vibration introduced into the concrete mixture, forming a hollow ropes embedded bolts. 3 C.p. f-crystals, 11 ill.

The invention relates to the production of concrete sleepers and can be used in lines for the manufacture of concrete sleepers using rotational laying and compaction of concrete.

Known production line for wooden sleepers, including a download site sleepers, the autoclave discharge Assembly, fixture drawing on the sides of the sleepers thermoplastic plates and the actuator [1].

The disadvantages known is isobutane.

Famous line for molding concrete sleepers, containing the site of placement of concrete mixture in multiple form and simultaneously sealing the mixture in the form [2].

A disadvantage of the known line is low productivity due to the lack of mechanization of works on installation in the form and then retrieve from it the hole-forming cores and diaphragms, as well as installation in the form of embedded fasteners (for example, cage washers, etc).

In addition, the use during manual work when extracted from the form of a removable snap-in tools such as "Dergach", etc. often leads to the destruction of concrete structures sleepers.

The purpose of the invention - improving line efficiency and quality sleepers.

This objective is achieved in that the line forming concrete sleepers, containing of land laying in multi-form concrete mixture and simultaneous compaction supplied sequentially located behind the main - equipped with a range of stationary manipulators - additional parcel of forming hollow channels embedded bolts and install the cage washers, while the main plot is equipped with a near stationary manipulators of the Institute is made in the form situated on the side of the bottom forms a vertically movable beam, on the upper surface of which is fixed a conical hole-forming cores: each medium manipulators additional plot lines are made in the form of a frame with mounted it vertically movable arms, the lower of which has a lower limb of a compound of the hole-forming cores, on average traverse mounted stores for embedded washers and horizontal power cylinders with slide valves, and the vibrator with the electromagnets and the upper part of the hole-forming cores, on the upper cross beam of fixed guide rods, and the extreme behaviors of the principal and additional plots are made in the form situated on the side of the bottom forms a vertically movable traverse, on the upper surfaces of which set the aperture.

The invention has the following differences from the prototype:

the line is supplied with consistently located behind the main - equipped with a range of stationary manipulators - additional parcel of forming hollow channels embedded bolts and install the cage washers, while the main plot is equipped with a near stationary manipulators for the formation of cone-shaped holes in the workpieces sleepers;

each of the secondary manipulator, on the upper surface of which is fixed a conical hole-forming cores;

each of the secondary manipulators additional plot lines are made in the form of a frame with mounted it vertically movable arms, the lower of which has a bottom part of the hole-forming cores, on average traverse mounted stores for embedded washers and horizontal power cylinders with slide valves, and the vibrator with the electromagnets and the upper part of the hole-forming cores, and the upper cross beam of the fixed guide rods;

extreme behaviors the primary and secondary sites is made in the form situated on the side of the bottom forms a vertically movable traverse, on the upper surfaces of which set the aperture.

This allows you to increase line capacity and quality sleepers.

Viewed in patent information the Fund has not found similar technical solutions, and solutions with these distinctive features.

The invention is applicable and will be used in the industry in 1996 - 1997

In Fig. 1 shows a diagram of the basic plot line: laying of concrete mix in forming plot line, front view;

in Fig.4 - the same, lateral view;

in Fig.5 - the same, top view;

in Fig.6 - shows a fragment of the multiple forms in the working position on the main plot line;

in Fig.7 is the same in working position on the secondary site;

in Fig.8 is the same, the section a-a in Fig.7;

in Fig.9 is the same, the section b-B in Fig.7;

in Fig. 10 is a diagram of the average stationary manipulator additional plot lines;

in Fig.11 is a fragment formed ties with hollow channels under mortgage bolts and installed it embedded washers.

Line molding concrete sleepers 1 contains the main plot 2 stacking in multiple form 3 concrete mix 4 and concurrent compaction by rotary paver 5 moving along the rails 6. To move multiple forms 3 has a roller 7 at the end of which has a restrictive emphasis 8 with a limit switch (not shown) of the drive roller 7. The main plot 2 comes with a number of stationary manipulators 9 and 10 for the formation of cone-shaped holes 11 in the blanks sleepers, each middle arm 10 of this series is made in the form situated on the side of the bottom 12 of form 3 vertically movable travel the 3 holes 15 and grooves 16, respectively, for conical hole-forming cores 14 and the diaphragm 17.

The line is supplied with consistently located behind the main 2 extra section 18 of forming hollow channels 19 under mortgage bolts (not shown) with a compound of the hole-forming cores 20 and installation of embedded washers 21. Additional section 18 is equipped with a range of stationary manipulators 22 and 23.

To move multiple forms 3 additional section 18 has a roller 24 at the end of which has a restrictive emphasis 25 with a limit switch (not shown) of the drive roller 24. Each of the stationary medium manipulators 23 additional section 18 is made in the form of a frame 26 with mounted therein a vertically movable cross beams 27 - 29. On the lower cross beam 29 is set lower portion 30 of the composite of the hole-forming cores 20. On average traverse 28 mounted stores 31 embedded washers 21 and horizontal power cylinders 32 and gates 33 and the vibrator 34 with the electromagnets 35 and the upper part 36 of the compound of the hole-forming cores 20. On the upper cross beam 27 is fixed guide rods 37. Beam 27 to 29 are moved along the guides 38. Moving the top of the bar 27 is provided with a power cylinder 39, the average 28 - power cylinder 40, and the bottom 29 - power lincrusta 43 are attached to the power cylinders 39, to the brackets 42 to the power cylinders 40 and 41.

The lower part 30 of the compound of the hole-forming cores 20 are made on a cone and have a complex outer surface (Fig.7), each part of which performs specific functions: the lower chamfer 44 is used to seal the gap between the bottom 12 of form 3 and pustotoobrazovatel 20; the next section has a rectangular cross-section and is designed for education in spała 1 channel 19, is necessary for the passage of mounting bolts in the rails (not shown). The rectangular part ends beveled surface 45 defining the position of the mortgage loan washers 21 in the sleeper 1. Ends of the lower part 30 of the compound pustotoobrazovatel 20 cylindrical pin 46, protruding above the concrete surface and serving as a guide for the sliding of the hollow rod 37 of the upper part 36 of the compound pustotoobrazovatel 20, thus ensuring their axial movement. The lower part 30 of the compound pustotoobrazovatel 20 is attached to the lower cross beam 29 through swivel 47. The upper part 36 of the compound pustotoobrazovatel 20 is made in the form of a truncated cone with a complex outer surface (Fig.8) and has a rectangular through hole, through which passes a hollow ..... what s in the form situated on the side of the bottom 12 of form 3 vertically movable traverse 48, on the upper surfaces of which has a diaphragm 17.

The hotline is as follows.

Multi-form 3 comes from the previous processing area, namely the area of tension reinforcement (not shown), the roller 7 of the main section 2 and moves them to the limit stop 8, at the moment of contact which actuates limit switch (not shown) and switches off the drive of the conveyor 7. This multi-form 3 is stopped at the position at which the conical hole-forming cores 14 medium of the handles 10 are located opposite the openings 15, and the diaphragm 17 extreme manipulators 9 - opposite slots 16 in the base 12 forms 3.

Then all the manipulators 10 vidvigayt conical hole-forming cores 14 in the holes 15 of the bottom 12 of form 3 to the position at which the cones are densely lie down their outer surfaces to the bottom 12 of form 3, and the side arms 9 vidvigayt aperture 17 in the respective grooves 16 form 3. In this situation conical hole-forming cores 14 and apertures 17 are concrete mixture 4 in the form of 3 and simultaneously its seal with the rotor paver 5. After that, the conical hole-forming cores 14, Defrag

In form 3 remains compacted concrete mix with moulded conical holes 11.

After that, the form 3 with a concrete workpiece is moved on the roller conveyor 24 additional section 18 and is stopped by the limit switch stops 25. In form 3 at the same time slide the aperture 17 when moving traverse 48 extreme manipulators 22 and the lower part 30 of the compound of the hole-forming cores 20 by moving the bottom of the bar 29 by means of a power cylinder 41.

Then from 31 stores using horizontal power cylinder 32 into the working area of the upper part 36 of the compound of the hole-forming cores 20 gates 33 serves fitting washer 21. At this point, the power cylinder 39 is lowered the upper yoke 27, which the rod 37 passes through the holes of the cage washers 21, located at the gates 33. Yoke 27 is lowered until it touches the conical chamfer rod 37 with a conical chamfer 45 of the lower parts 30 a compound of the hole-forming cores 20. After passage of the rods 37 holes embedded washers 21 the latter is attracted by the electromagnets 35 to the surfaces of the upper portions 36 a compound of the hole-forming cores 20, the power cylinder 39 is returned to its original position and the fun is.

All these operations occur without touching the parts of the lower portions 30 of the hole-forming cores 20 and rods 37 compacted concrete.

Then turn on the vibrator 34, and the upper part 36 of the hole-forming cores 20 with embedded washers 21 under vibration when moving traverse 28 embedded in the concrete mixture 4, a heaping edge of the existing cone-shaped holes into the gaps between the lower portions 30 of the hole-forming cores 20 and the walls of the tapered hole 11. After you complete these volumes upon further movement of the upper part 36 of the hole-forming cores 20 with embedded washers 21 to their seats on the lower parts 30 of the hole-forming cores 20 concrete mix 4 will move up and fill the space above the packing washers 21.

When fitting washer 21 will occupy the desired position, turn off the vibrator 34 and the electromagnet 35, the retaining fitting washer 21 on the upper portions 36 of the hole-forming cores 20 and the top 36 and the bottom 30 of the part of the hole-forming cores 20 are displayed by moving the traverse 27 - 29 form 3, which is then moved by the crane to the next technological area steaming (not shown). The cycle is repeated.

Form hollow channels 19 in gotovit also installed concrete tube 49, preventing overshoot of the bolts when installing them.

The invention improves the performance of the line and quality of the moulded sleepers.

1. Line molding concrete sleepers, containing of land laying in multi-form concrete mixture and simultaneous compaction, characterized in that the line is supplied with consistently located behind the main feature near stationary manipulators additional plot of forming hollow channels embedded bolts and install the cage washers, while the main plot is equipped with a near stationary manipulators for the formation of cone-shaped holes in the workpieces sleepers.

2. Line p. 1, characterized in that each of the secondary manipulators of the main plot lines are made in the form situated on the side of the bottom forms a vertically movable beam, the upper surface of which is fixed a conical hole-forming cores.

3. Line p. 1, characterized in that each of the secondary manipulators additional plot lines are made in the form of a frame with mounted it vertically movable arms, the lower of which has a bottom part of postato the market with gates, and the vibrator with the electromagnets and the upper part of the hole-forming cores, and the upper cross beam of the fixed guide rods.

4. Line p. 1, characterized in that the extreme behaviors of the principal and additional plots are made in the form situated on the side of the bottom forms a vertically movable traverse, on the upper surfaces of which has a diaphragm.

 

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