(57) Abstract:The invention is used in poultry and is that for operations on deuteromony birds of any age need a hole in protorazuma plate to perform in the form of a conjugate of an equilateral triangle and rectangle with rounded corners. Share the plate is installed on the U-shaped rack with continuous adjustment of the size of the hole and has a slot for the knife, and the inner side there is a tube through which is passed the coolant. The device allows to trim the beak of birds of any age. 2 Il. The invention relates to agriculture, in particular to poultry and can be used in veterinary medicine.Known debecker (patent N 2049388, 1995), containing the hot knife, a share plate in the form of a rotating disk with holes and the liquid reservoir for cooling the disk.A disadvantage of the known device is defective notching of the bill because of the impossibility of accurately capture beak into the hole of the rotating disc. In connection with the inability to completely remove moisture from the disk, it will carry the allows operation beak trim birds of a certain age, that narrows the operational capabilities of the device. (For a different age birds, you must have the disk with the other hole sizes).For the prototype selected debecker containing mobile hot knife and protivovirusnuu plate with holes for poultry (live weight "Poultry" N 7, 1967, S. 22).The disadvantage of debtera is that this debecker does not allow notching the top of the key, and the age of the birds exposed to deuteromony, limited by the size of the holes on protorazuma plate.In common with the proposed device is heated movable knife and a share plate.The technical problem of the present invention is to improve the operational characteristics of the device.The technical result is to increase operational capability (operation deuteromony can be for birds of any age without replacement snap-in device) and improving the quality of the beak trim.This object is achieved in that in the proposed debackere hole in protorazuma plate made in the form of a conjugate of an equilateral triangle and rectangle with rounded corners is, in addition, the U-shaped rack has a slot for the knife, with the knife in the process is not immediate concerns counter chop.In Fig. 1 shows a front view of debtera; Fig. 2 - side view.Debecker includes hot knife 1, a share plate 2 with hole special configuration 3, the U-shaped rack 4, which is a substrate for the bird's beak, at the opening of the beak (depending on the age of the birds) is adjustable by the screw 6. U-shaped rack is fixed on the base 5 and has a slot 8 for the passage of a knife at the full cut of the beak. In addition, the base 5 screwed the screws 7 to adjust the stroke of the knife. For cooling the substrate thereto with the inner side of the fixed tube 9, through which is passed the coolant.Debecker works as follows.Screw 6 adjust the size of the hole for the bill, depending on the age of the bird, and with the help of screws 7 set the depth of nadareski beak.The operator touches the upper part of the beak at the edge of the U-shaped rack, reveals the beak and pushes the upper part of the beak into the hole formed by the upper part of the hole 3 and cut the U-4 hours, until it stops and adreset leguminous so, that knife was held in the slot 8 on the U-shaped rack 4, with the beak, or disclose, if you removed the top part of the beak, or not disclosing, pushed into the hole until it stops at the full cut of the beak. Debecker for poultry containing molten movable knife and a share plate, characterized in that the hole in protorazuma plate made in the form of a conjugate of an equilateral triangle and rectangle with rounded corners, with a share plate mounted on U-shaped rack with continuous adjustment of the size of the hole, and the U-shaped rack has a slot for a knife.
FIELD: poultry science.
SUBSTANCE: one should irradiate eggs before incubation with the light of He-Ne laser LHN-104, wave length being 632.8 nm, power density at eggs surface being 50 mW/sq.cm/sec, with red light of fluorescent lamp DNESG-500, wave length being 630-650 nm, power at eggs surface being 23.1 erg and with ultraviolet from DRT-400 lamp at wave length being 185-400 nm, average dosage at eggs surface being 20 merg in 3-min-long exposures.
EFFECT: higher resistance to pullorosis in poultry.
4 dwg, 4 tbl
FIELD: poultry science.
SUBSTANCE: incubation eggs should be once treated with ultraviolet lamp for 20 sec or ozonized, then sprayed with 0.01-0.3%-succinic acid solution at 1.2-1.5 ml/120-150 eggs to increased the brood in chickens, decrease lethality and increase body weight in chickens.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of stimulation.
6 ex, 6 tbl
FIELD: poultry industry.
SUBSTANCE: claimed method includes treatment of incubating egg shell with mitomin in concentration of 0.3-0.5 % and in amount of 2.2-2.5 ml/120-150 eggs.
EFFECT: increased egg hatching, decreased mortality; daily chickens with improved biochemical blood characteristics.
5 ex, 5 tbl
FIELD: poultry farming.
SUBSTANCE: method involves withdrawing material from multiplicity of live eggs; analyzing withdrawn material for identifying of eggs having predetermined characteristic; treating in proper manner.
EFFECT: increased efficiency by providing the possibility of analyzing withdrawn material and performing proper treatment.
58 cl, 54 dwg
FIELD: poultry farming.
SUBSTANCE: incubation eggs are treated with aqueous solution of edible salt, with sea salt being additionally introduced, said components being used in the following ratio, g/l: NaCl 2.5-3.5; sea salt 0.3-0.5. Method involves preparing aqueous solution of edible salt by double distillation of sodium chloride solution and adding sea salt during repeated distillation procedure; treating incubation eggs by aerosol applying process, with following exposing for 30-60 min.
EFFECT: increased efficiency in treatment of eggs.
3 cl, 1 tbl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: scanner has mirrors. Ten mirrors are mounted onto truncated cone of scanner at different angles to light source for scanning laser beams at direction of lightening chamber and for increase in exposure of processing.
EFFECT: reduced electric energy consumption.
FIELD: radiation technology.
SUBSTANCE: unit has gas-discharge lamp ДНЕСГ-500, helium-neon laser ЛГН-104, ultraviolet lamp ДРТ-400, germicidal lamps БУВ-15. Germicidal lamps БУВ-30 are placed in cassette of optical filter of gas-discharge lamp ДНЕСГ-500 and under transporting mechanism for irradiation of total surfaces of incubation eggs to improve germicidal effect.
EFFECT: improved quality of disinfection; improved farming-biological efficiency.
FIELD: optics; laser engineering.
SUBSTANCE: assembly has gas-discharge lamp ДНЕСГ-500, helium-neon laser ЛГН-104, mercury-quartz lamp ДРТ-400 and germicidal lamps БУВ-15 as well as cassettes of optical filters of lamps ДНЕСГ--500, ДРТ-400, БУВ-15. There are also three germicidal lamps БУВ-30 disposed at angle of 120° to incubation eggs and IR laser "Uzor" of cassette of optical filter of lamp БУВ-30. Cassettes of optical filters of lamps ДНЕСГ-500, БУВ-30, ДРТ-400, БУВ-15 are decompressed at the direction of radiant chamber for complex influence onto incubation eggs with laser beams, ozone and ionized air and for disinfecting eggs at all the sides.
EFFECT: reduced energy consumption; improved productivity; higher vital capacity.
FIELD: agricultural engineering.
SUBSTANCE: installation has gas discharge lamp, mercury-quartz lamp, germicidal lamps, and helium-neon laser. Installation is furnished with infrared laser for deep heating of incubation eggs by way of multiple-mode pulsed laser radiation of proximate infrared spectral region.
EFFECT: increased vitality and productivity of birds.
FIELD: agricultural engineering.
SUBSTANCE: irradiation apparatus has start regulating device with contact mains wires, gas discharge lamp chuck, and reflector attachment device. Apparatus is further equipped with two photo-resistors connected to inductance coil and located on reflector internal surface. Inductance coil with winding and core is positioned centrally on casing. Isolating insert is located between casing and core. Receptacle surface of photo-resistors is turned to internal surface of reflector and is made in the form of wavy strip extending through the entire length of reflector at its both sides, symmetrically to edge of emitter. Casing is connected to attachment device through vibration isolators.
EFFECT: increased efficiency in protecting of lightening equipment from settling of dust thereon and reduced consumption of power.