Film shelter for plants
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to agriculture and can be used for cultivation of vegetable crops in the conditions of artificial microclimate. Shelter for plants includes a film coating, the rectangular base of the pipes that are installed on the lateral pipe couplings-tees and intermediate arched elements, the lower ends of which are placed in the holes of the coupling-tees, fastening elements. It additionally introduced end clutch, made in the form of a segment of pipe in the centre of which its surface has two mutually perpendicular to the coupling element. End pipe base skipped through the pipe segment two end couplings, and two other connecting element of each of the couplers respectively connected with the ends of the side tubes of the base and an arch member. Film coating one of its side surfaces through the sealing ring fixed on the outer end sections of the pipe end couplings, and through the sleeve in the other side surface of the film coating skipped strap. The proposed design of the film shelter and accept changes to their dimensions as plant growth. 3 C.p. f-crystals, and can be used for cultivation of vegetable crops in the conditions of artificial microclimate under the transparent film.Famous film greenhouse , comprising a frame, made of arc-shaped curved pipes with strained on them coated. The edges of the film covering each of the middle module is made sleeves for the passage of the curved pipe. Pipe adjacent modules are connected by pulling together elements of type clamp and the pipe ends are fixed in the supports retaining elements. Film coating at module made integral with the front cover and provided with a sleeve on the edge of the junction of the middle module. This greenhouse design is fixed for the whole vegetation cycle of the drive and does not allow to vary the dimensions, and, consequently, the inventory area in order to improve the microclimate inside the greenhouse in accordance with the phases of plant growth.Closest to the proposed film is a shelter for plants  , containing coating, the rectangular base of the pipes that are installed on the lateral pipes of the Foundation of the clutch-tees and arched elements, the lower part of which is placed in the holes of the coupling-tees, the fastening elements in the form embedded in the ground pins and clamps for fastening film coating.The deficiencies in the design of PNI, the absence of a more favorable agro-climatic conditions for cultivation of vegetable crops.In the proposed design of the film shelter for plants remain the main advantages and eliminates the above mentioned disadvantages, available in analog and in the prototype.Object of the invention is the design of the film shelter with changing dimensions with the growth and development of plants, providing technical result with improved structural, operational and agroclimatic indices.This is achieved by the fact that in the famous film the shelter containing film coating, the rectangular base of the pipes that are installed on the lateral pipe couplings-tees and intermediate arched elements, the lower ends of which are placed in the holes of the coupling-tees, fasteners, end and side of the pipe base and end of the arched elements are interconnected by means of mechanical couplings, made in the form of a segment of pipe in the centre of which its surface has two mutually perpendicular to the coupling element, with the end of the pipe base skipped through each pipe section of the ends of the x elements and the lateral pipes of the base, that allows you to adjust both the width and height of structures, depending on the phase of growth and development of plants, improving the agro-climatic conditions of cultivation. In addition, the film coating one of its lateral surfaces mounted on the outer end sections of the pipe end couplings, and through the sleeve of the other side surface of the film coating skipped strap.The end of the film coating is made with overlapping, on the basis of the assurance requirements as a minimum and maximum width of the shelter. The fixing film coating with one of the lateral sides enables reconfiguration of the film shelter, ventilation, irrigation and other farming activities.The fastening elements in the form locking elements, for example, cotter pins, and the aggregate end-to-end calibration of the openings located at the ends of the arched fasteners, pipe base and connecting elements of the coupling can be quickly and securely fix re-position the film shelter for plants in width, height and square.The pair formed of the ends of the arched fastening elements with internal what I load, the stability and reliability of a design film shelter.The sealing ring of elastic material ensure the reliability and uniformity of the fixing film to the base of the shelter and prolong the lifetime film coating.The technical result achieved by the implementation of the distinguishing features of the invention specified in the formula, when using the invention is expressed in the possibility of changing the overall dimensions of the design film cover with the growth and development of plants, the improvement of design and operational performance and create a more favorable agro-climatic conditions for growing plants under the transparent floor.In Fig. 1 presents the film shelter for plants; Fig. 2 - section a-a in Fig. 1, the installation location and mounting ends of the arched elements into the holes of the connecting end of the coupling; Fig. 3 - section b-B in Fig. 1, in the place of installation of the pipe ends of the base holes of the connecting end of the coupling; Fig. 4 - scheme of cutting a film coating.Film cover has a rectangular base made of end-1 and side 2 tubes, interconnected and end is to pipe 5 two end couplings 4, and the ends of the arched end elements 3 and the side tube 2 base is connected with the corresponding connecting elements 6 and 7 end clutch 4 (Fig. 2 and 3). Intermediate arched elements 8 their lower ends placed in the appropriate couplings-tees 9 installed on the lateral pipes 2 reasons. Arched elements 3 and 8, the tubes 1 and 2 base mounted in the respective couplings 4 and 9 by means of locking elements 10 through the gauge holes 11 (Fig. 2, 3). Film coating 12 (Fig. 4) one of the side surfaces mounted on the outer end of the pipe segments 5 end of the clutch 4 through the sealing ring 13, and through the sleeve 14 and the other side surface of the cover omitted strap 15. In the end parts of the axis of symmetry film coating 12 has a slit 16, which is determined by the maximum height of the shelter for plants than is provided by the overlapping end parts when changing its configuration. Film coating 12 on its perimeter has a supply of tape on the edges 17 for uniform tension and mounting to the Foundation (soil or timber) by prisypanija its lower edges of the earth or pressing any other external load (Fig. 4, the shaded part).The Assembly of the film shelter for roseninsel elements 6 and 7 end-sleeves 4 and the bore of the coupling-tees 9 inserting the ends of the side tubes 2, end 3 and the intermediate 8 arched elements, while their attachment locking elements 10 through the combined calibration holes 11.Film coating 12 is put on the arched elements 3 and 8 through the sealing ring 13 on the outer end of the pipe segment 5 of the corresponding end of the coupling 4. In the sleeve 14 film coating 12 miss retainer plate 15 and if necessary, carry the powder edges of the cloth around the perimeter of the base film shelter.At the initial stage of film shelter for plants, for example, when warming up the soil and create conditions for earlier sowing seeds or transplanting its dimensions are selected based on the capabilities of obtaining the maximum inventory space. This requirement will correspond to the maximal width of the shelter and, therefore, the minimum height. In the daytime due to solar radiation will be accumulated heat inside the shelter and warm up the soil, not just those selected for the garden, and around it. The accumulation of heat by the soil throughout the inventory area in comparison with a usable area equivalent to an additional heat source for the races the cold weather 2-5oC higher than the temperature at fixed its design.At subsequent stages in accordance with the phases of growth and development of plants (botanicare, flowering, ripening and fruition) is changed and the height (width) of the shelter by moving the end-sleeves 4 end pipes 1 Foundation. Having first removed the locking elements 10 from the calibration hole end 11 of the pipe 1 and the pipe piece 5 end of the coupling 4. Then set the desired height, width, combine the appropriate calibration holes 11 and insert the retaining elements 10, locking the new configuration the position of the film shelter.To give the structure additional rigidity may be used, for example, ridged strap, which are mounted arched elements 3, 8 and supports driven into the ground in the center of the outer sides of the ends of the shelter. When agrotechnical measures free leeward side and half of the end parts of the film coating 12 is coiled relative to the retainer plate 15 and fixed on the outer end of the ridge strips (Fig. 1 is not shown).The proposed design of the film shelter for plants with laid sweaty and purpose: to provide a more favorable agro-climatic conditions for plants during the vegetation period, to protect them from the return of frost in the spring and summer, to get early crops ahead of time in 1-2 weeks and to increase the yield of vegetable crops by 10-15%, extend the cycle of rotation due to the autumn season after planting host crops (tomato, cucumber) green with simultaneous reconfiguration shelter. 1. Film shelter for plants containing coating, the rectangular base of the pipes that are installed on the lateral pipe couplings-tees and intermediate arched elements, the lower ends of which are placed in the holes of the coupling-tees, fasteners, characterized in that the end and side of the pipe base and end of the arched elements are interconnected by means of mechanical couplings, made in the form of a segment of pipe in the centre of which its surface has two mutually perpendicular to the coupling element, with the end of the pipe base skipped through each pipe section two end couplings, and the other two of the connecting element of each of the couplers respectively connected with the ends of the side tubes of the base and arched element, in addition, the film coating one of its lateral surfaces mounted on the outer end of the pipe segments tartarate part of the film coating is performed with an overlap in the specified regulation range of the width of the shelter.2. Shelter under item 1, characterized in that the arched elements and pipe base secured respectively to the end couplers and coupling-tees by means of locking elements and through the gauge hole.3. Shelter under item 1, characterized in that the formed ends of the arched elements associated with the inner surface of the corresponding connecting elements of the coupling.4. Shelter under item 1, wherein the film coating secured to the outer end sections of the pipe end couplings through the sealing ring.
SUBSTANCE: block is composed of transparent cylindrical cups produced by cutting off of throats from used plastic bottles. Columns of cups are positioned tightly one aside the other into frame equipped with device for attachment to other similar frame. Frame has plates arranged in lower and upper part of frame and provided with beads. Restricting plates are arranged at both sides of frame. One of plates is made movable and connected by side couplers to immovable plate.
EFFECT: simplified building of hothouses and greenhouses of different shape and sizes.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, constructions for protected ground.
SUBSTANCE: greenhouse has carcass for longitudinal walls, end panels and roof, light-transparent material for covering carcass openings, with part of carcass openings being adapted for closing and opening to provide for ventilation of green house interior, and drive for unit adapted to provide for automatic ventilation. Carcass openings are made in the form of air vents. Drive for automatic ventilation unit is equipped with system of levers pivotally secured to one another and to air vent flaps and rigidly fixed on member for securing of vacuum pipe with counterweight.
EFFECT: simplified construction and increased efficiency in creating of advantageous conditions.
SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in greenhouses and other sheltered ground constructions. Proposed guard for greenhouse containing multiple-layer guard with air spacer and glass roof, light transparent polymeric air bottles are placed between layers. Edges of film panels are fixed in detachable semirigid combination cords and are secured in sockets found on roof of greenhouse. Thanks to it control of heat protective characteristics of roof depending on weather conditions is provided.
EFFECT: reduced labor input when mounting film coating on roof of greenhouse.
5 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: covering and packaging materials.
SUBSTANCE: covering synthetic material is three-layer polyethylene film. Two layers define hermetically sealed cylindrical cavities secured with each other along generatrix lines. Third flat layer is attached to cylinders along tangent generatrix lines. Return valve is built into each of said cylinders for filling, retaining and relieving of air. On maximal filling of cylinders with air, material obtains constructional properties helpful in constructing of flat and three-dimensional temporary sheds providing "hot-house" effect. Upon complete relieving of air from cylinders, material is wound into compact roll.
EFFECT: improved heat-insulating and physical properties of material without affecting solar radiation permeability.
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, plant growing in protected ground.
SUBSTANCE: greenhouse has at least one greenhouse unit equipped with irrigation device. Greenhouse unit has ventilation device and soil heating device. Automatic control system for controlling said devices has at least one temperature sensor and at least one moisture content sensor, whose outputs are connected through amplifiers-converters to part of inputs of arithmetic-logic device adapted for receiving signals generated by said sensors, comparing resulting data with control data and generating control signals for switching-on said devices. Other part of arithmetic-logic device inputs is connected to outputs of replaceable permanent memory unit wherein program for selected climatic zone and program for growing of selected plant of this climatic zone are recorded. Third part of inputs is connected to position outputs for members of said devices, whose inputs are connected through control unit and amplifiers-converters to outputs of arithmetic-logic device and to inputs of indication unit. Voltage of 12 V is supplied to automatic control unit.
EFFECT: increased efficiency in growing wide range of plants of any climatic zone with automatic system for controlling of irrigation, ventilation and heating procedures.
5 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: agriculture; protection of plants against unfavorable weather.
SUBSTANCE: load-bearing members of greenhouse roof are made in form of flexible cords fastened with film guard and suspended in taut state between end uprights on which they may be moved, freely fitted and taken off. Film guard is provided with drain recesses having semispherical holes in lower part. Some recesses are provided with drain valves made in form of two rings inserted one into other and section of film sleeve laid in between rings.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency; reduction of labor consumption; possibility of mounting temporary multi-layer guard in case of light frost.
4 cl, 7 dwg