Device for creating a safe environment for the movement of vehicles

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to the field of creating a secure environment for the movement of vehicles on the concrete surface when the snowfall, icing and fog. Device for creating a safe environment for the movement of the vehicle includes left and right over the concrete surface movement of the duct with outlet openings connected to a source of compressed air and regulating the temperature of the device. On each side of the duct is made in the form of one, two or more reservoirs located in the middle of the length of each manifold cover exhaust holes placed , for example, in three rows in staggered intervals, for example ,50 mm, and the total for collectors one side of the slit nozzle with cross bars at the ends, and each collector is connected to the open end with compressor and heater with providing compressed hot air education and hovering over the surface movement of the cushion of heated air. This collector can be made of heat resistant plastic. The mode of the device determines its efficiency. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 3 ill.

Invention of safe conditions for the movement of vehicles in the winter time. Still the bottleneck are such problems as zasnezhivanie and formation of ice and fog in winter, the slope of roads, railway crossings, airports, runways.

A device for creating a safe environment for the movement of vehicles, including the left and right over the concrete surface movement of the duct with outlet openings connected to a source of compressed air and regulating the temperature of the device (US patent 3598313 A I, class E 01 C 11/24, 1971).

The present invention is to improve the reliability of creating a safe environment for the movement of vehicles in the presence of snow cover area, education of icing, fog in winter, the slope of roads, railway crossings, airports, runways.

The problem is solved due to the fact that the device for creating a safe environment for the movement of vehicles, including the left and right over the concrete surface movement of the duct with outlet openings connected to a source of compressed air and regulating the temperature of the lighting is in the middle of the length of each manifold cover outlet holes, placed in three rows in staggered intervals, for example, 50 mm, and the total for collectors one side of the slit nozzle with cross bars at the ends, and each collector is connected to the open end with compressor and heater with providing compressed hot air education and hovering over the surface movement of the cushion of heated air.

This collector can be made of heat resistant plastic.

This embodiment of the device provides the technical result, which consists in creating a stable, secure environment for the movement of vehicles on the concrete surface motion in the presence of snow, of ice-crust formation, and fogs in winter, the slope of roads, railway crossings, airports, runways.

In Fig. 1 shows in plan a concrete runway with on her device to create a safe environment for the movement of vehicles; Fig. 2 is a section along A-A in Fig. 1; Fig. 3 is a fragment of the cross section along A-A in Fig. 2 is a perspective view.

Device for creating a safe environment for the movement of the part 1 of the motion of the air ducts in the form of one, two or more collectors 2 located at the mid-length of each manifold cover 3 and the discharge holes 4, placed, for example, in three staggered rows each, for example, 50 mm, and the total for collectors one side of the slit nozzle 5 with two non-parallel walls and the spacers 6 on the ends.

Each collector 2 is connected to the open side of the compressor 7 and the coil 8 with the provision of the compressed hot air education and hovering above the surface of the 1 movement of the cushion 9 of the heated air. The reservoir 2 may be made of heat resistant plastic.

The spacer 6 is performed, for example, in the form of rods, which are installed at a distance from each other, for example 200-300 mm, which ensures the creation of the nozzle 5 with fixed size slots for output of compressed air.

The compressor 7 and the coils 8 are selected for the required power for the formation of a stream of heated air such force to each side of the surface 1 was thrown at her stream of heated air reaching the estimated half-width R of the surface 1, such as a runway, and forming a hot air cushion 9, hovering above the concrete surface 1.

1. Device for creating a safe environment for the movement of vehicles, including the left and right over the concrete surface movement of the duct with outlet openings connected to a source of compressed air and regulating the temperature of the device, characterized in that on each side of the duct is made in the form of one, two or more reservoirs located in the middle of the length of each manifold cover exhaust holes placed, for example, in three rows in staggered intervals, for example, 50 mm, and the total for collectors one side of the slit nozzle with cross bars at the ends, each collector is connected to the open end with compressor and heater with providing compressed hot air education and hovering over the surface movement of the cushion of heated air.

2. The device under item 1, characterized in that the collector is made of heat resistant plastic.

 

Same patents:

The invention relates to airfield equipment and can be used in the operation of aircraft

The invention relates to the field of construction and maintenance of roads

The invention relates to the construction, and in particular to methods of treatment coverage of roads, airfields, grounds and sidewalks

The invention relates to fillers for ways traffic, in particular, to powdery fillers for biomateriaux ways traffic

The invention relates to the field of transportation infrastructure: bridges, embankments, viaducts and roads, airfields, laid in close proximity to large bodies of water (oceans, seas, bays, lakes and watercourses (rivers, canals), and can be used to protect their surfaces from freezing, and preserving their hardness in the warmer months

Negotialbe // 2023786
The invention relates to a device for removing snow and ice from the road surface, and had to szigethalom
The invention relates to methods for producing fine-grained mixtures with water-repellent properties and can be used for the device layers of the road pavement of bituminous mixtures

FIELD: road servicing industry.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is dealt with the road servicing industry, in particular with the methods of extirpation of ice covering on motorways, bridges, flyovers, and also aerodromes. The method of the roadway covering slipperiness prevention provides for application of a roadway ice covering suppressing reactant based on acetate, in the capacity of which use a solution with pH=7-9.5, containing components in the following ratio (in mass %): magnesium acetate 13-17, potassium acetate 8-16, potassium hydrocarbonate 5-8, potassium carbonate 2-6, water-insoluble impurities 0-6, water - the rest. The roadway ice covering suppressing reactant may additionally contain a fired limestone in amount of 3-5 mass % in terms of calcium oxide. The method of production a roadway ice cover suppressing reactant for a roadway covering slipperiness prevention provides for mixing of a component containing a magnesium compound, iced acetic acid and water, in the capacity of the component containing the magnesium compound is used brucite, the stirring is exercised in two stages: first they continuously agitate brucite with water and a part of iced acetic acid in a stoichiometric ratio at the temperature of 50-70°C within 50-80 minutes, then, not terminating mixing at the same temperature in the produced mix with pH=5-6 add the rest of ice acetic acid and then add potash in amount exceeding by 0.1 - 6 % the stoichiometric ratio and continue agitation till production of the roadway ice cover suppressing reactant - a solution with pH = 7-9.5 with the above indicated composition. The used roadway ice cover suppressing reactant has composition mentioned above. The technical result consists in - maintenance of the low temperature at the reactant usage, ensuring the passing ice covered roadways motor vehicles metal corrosion protection and at use as the airfield runways coatings - the corrosion protection of metals used in aircraft designs as well. The roadway coating treated with the reactant has a high coefficient of adhesion, that reduces the accident rate on the roadways.

EFFECT: the invention ensures, that the roadway coating treated with the reactant decreases the accident rate on the roadways.

6 cl, 2 tbl, 4 ex

FIELD: building industry in particular composition for reducing of acid rain, CO2-containing atmosphere, exhaust gas, etc. attack on architectural objects.

SUBSTANCE: claimed composition contains (mass %) potassium carbonate 5-90, potassium silicate 0.05-20, potassium phosphate 0.05-5, potassium fluoride 0-0.05 and balance: potassium carboxylate (acetate or formate). Additionally it may contain surfactant and/or antiseptic agent, and/or antistatic agent, and/or antiozonization agent, and/or antipyren.

EFFECT: environmentally friendly composition with decreased cost, and increased effectiveness.

4 cl, 2 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: road building, particularly methods or arrangements for preventing slipperiness or protecting against influences of the weather.

SUBSTANCE: deicing grid comprises base having cellular structure and made of non-conductive material and heating members connected to the base and forming electrical circuit connected to power source. Heating members may conduct current and are arranged in each stiffening rib of cellular structure so that heating members and stiffening ribs create thermal grid. Road structure has ground base and deicing paving located on the base. The deicing paving is provided with load-bearing coating of bituminous concrete, concrete and/or asphalt.

EFFECT: reduced power inputs due to direct paving surface heating.

5 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: road usage, particularly methods or arrangements for preventing slipperiness of motor roads, bridges, overpasses, aerodromes, as well as deicing agents.

SUBSTANCE: method for pavement slipperiness prevention involves applying deicing agent on pavement. Deicing agent comprises mixture of sodium acetate and magnesium acetate taken in mass ratio of 3:1-1:3 correspondingly. The mixture is obtained by stirring of gaseous chlorine production by-product at 20-80°C temperature. The by-product contains aqueous solution of sodium hydroxide, acetic acid and brucite. Method for deicing reagent production involves mixing aqueous solution of sodium hydroxide, acetic acid and alkaline earth metal compound. The aqueous solution of sodium hydroxide is gaseous chlorine production by-product including aqueous solution of sodium hydroxide. The alkaline earth metal compound is brucite. The mixing operation is carried out at 20-80°C. Deicing agent obtained by above method contains mixture of sodium acetate and magnesium acetate taken in 3:1-1:3 mass ratio correspondingly. The deicing agent may be obtained at first by separately mixing of gaseous chlorine production by-product with acetic acid and then by mixing of obtained sodium acetate and magnesium acetate or gaseous chlorine production by-product is simultaneously mixed with acetic acid and brucite taken in stoichiometric ratio. The deicing composition comprises magnesium acetate as the alkaline earth metal acetate, wherein sodium acetate and magnesium acetate are taken in mass ratio of 3:1-1:3 correspondingly.

EFFECT: increased deicing properties, ecological safety and economy.

5 cl, 3 ex, 1 tbl

FIELD: improving gripping of ice-bound or other slippery traffic surfaces, for example using gritting or thawing materials to remove ice and snow from paving in municipal engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method involves dispersing antislip material on paving surface. The material is ridding obtained by dry corundum variety treatment of aluminum dross and has aluminum oxide in amount of more than 50%.

EFFECT: extended range of technical means adapted to remove ice and snow from road paving.

2 cl

FIELD: road cleaning of ice and snow.

SUBSTANCE: method involves applying deicing composition on road paving. The deicing composition comprises binding agent compatible with motor road paving. The binding agent includes encapsulated cold-crisped deicing reagent and may additionally have fillers and admixes. Deicing reagent without capsules has particle dimensions of 0.125-0.7 mm.

EFFECT: increased efficiency and time of reagent action.

13 cl

FIELD: road building, particularly methods or arrangements for preventing slipperiness or protecting against influences of the weather.

SUBSTANCE: method involves providing double surface treatment, including treating ballast with bitumen, dispersing treated ballast in two layers over road and compacting thereof along with bitumen pouring over each ballast layer. Ballast made of main rock or slag ballast is used. Before ballast treatment with bitumen limestone or slag screenings in amount of 30-40% of ballast mass are added to the ballast. The obtained bitumen-mineral mix is dispersed in hot state and compacted.

EFFECT: improved quality and service life of pavement coating and simplified protective coating forming technology.

1 cl, 4 ex, 2 tbl

FIELD: construction, road works.

SUBSTANCE: invention is attributed to method of road surface slipperiness prevention, to method of manufacturing of deicing agent for road surface slipperiness prevention and to deicing agent for road surface slipperiness prevention. Deicing agent in the form of solid bulk material includes in mass % on unhydrous salts basis: sodium acetate 37.0÷68.8, magnesium acetate 6.2÷30.6, crystallisation water 15.0÷35.0. Also, method of specified agent manufacturing and method of road surface slipperiness prevention using the said agent are described. Invention is developed in subclaims of formula of invention.

EFFECT: improving environmental safety, reducing time of ice and/or snow melting, improving corrosive safety, and providing resistibility to caking of product during it's production and service thereof.

7 cl, 22 ex, 3 tbl

FIELD: transport, construction.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method is implemented by applying anti-black ice agent comprising, wt %, i.e. calcium chloride of 20 to 30 (on the dry road surface), corrosion inhibitor solution (on the dry road surface) of 1 to 2. Note that the aforesaid agent comprises also, wt %, the following components, i.e. carbamide of 21.5 to 23.0, diazotising salt of 45.78 to 51.85, sodium hexametaphosphate of 0.65 to 0.82, levenol "Ц-201" of 13.0 to 15.2, tetranilum 511K of 13.0 to 15.2 and water making the rest. The proposed method of preparing the liquid anti-black ice agent comprises force-feeding the corrosion inhibitor solution into the mixer at a pressure 1.8 to 2.2 times higher than that of feeding the calcium chloride solution. The resultant reagent is pumped over into storage tank. The process line to produce liquid anti-black ice agent comprises vessels to prepare, store and discharge water solutions of calcium chloride along with the corrosion inhibitor, the said vessels communicating via pipelines with the reagent tank.

EFFECT: expanded temperature range of reagent applications not affecting environments, nor road surface and reducing metal corrosion, easier road surface cleaning.

4 cl, 2 tbl, 1 dwg

FIELD: construction, road engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machines for application of loose materials, such as sand, salt, chemical reagents onto road surface. Distributor comprises hopper (2) with back wall (3), in which unloading hole (4) is arranged. In hopper conveyor is installed, having flexible continuous belt (12). Behind unloading hole there is a gate (14) installed, having front element (15), with the possibility of rotation in vertical plane from control mechanism (17). Front element is made of flexible material and is inclined to the belt of conveyor at the sharp angle (a) with top facing the side opposite to back wall of hopper. Height of gap is established precisely according to scale (26) with the help of control mechanism.

EFFECT: invention provides for high reliability of operation, even supply and accurate control of deicing materials amount.

4 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: road building, particularly methods or arrangements for preventing slipperiness or protecting against influences of the weather.

SUBSTANCE: deicing grid comprises base having cellular structure and made of non-conductive material and heating members connected to the base and forming electrical circuit connected to power source. Heating members may conduct current and are arranged in each stiffening rib of cellular structure so that heating members and stiffening ribs create thermal grid. Road structure has ground base and deicing paving located on the base. The deicing paving is provided with load-bearing coating of bituminous concrete, concrete and/or asphalt.

EFFECT: reduced power inputs due to direct paving surface heating.

5 cl, 8 dwg

Up!