Vacuum-aerodynamic actuator arutua k. i. "chapoton"
(57) Abstract:Vacuum-aerodynamic actuator relates to devices for actuators motorized vehicles and is designed to make full use of the functionality of the vehicle. The purpose of the invention is to reduce the physical cost of the driver. This is achieved through the application of the drive closed loop filled with air at a gauge pressure formed by two or more pneumatic cylinders, indicated by a channel, and their pistons, the connecting rods are pivotally connected with a drive pedal axle drive vehicles. The technical result of the invention is achieved in that the drive excessive pressure is converted to a torque of the drive axis of the vehicle while driving. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 1 Il. The invention relates to devices for non-motorized actuators (muscular) vehicles, and is intended for their recruitment can be used in actuators rental, wheelchairs, mobiles for various purposes.Known pedal actuators do not provide a complete functioning (non-motorized) transport muscular the other indicators. For example, the famous pedal drive (ed. St. N 975485, class B 62 M 11/14, 1977) increases torque by increasing the muscular effort of the legs of the cyclist, and the other known actuator (ed. St. N 1369979, class B 62 M 1/00, 1986) allows you to increase the speed when the same takes work, but more difficult to control the bike.The proposed actuator can reduce the physical effort of the driver to increase speed and more efficient use of inertial forces driving the vehicle, to increase efficiency and other indicators.The increase of these indicators and the functionality of the present invention is achieved through the use of a closed loop filled with air at a gauge pressure and formed by two or more pneumatic cylinders provided between the channel (pipe) and their pistons, the connecting rods are pivotally connected with the drive axle drive vehicles, made in the form of a crankshaft with connecting rod necks, arranged at an angle of 180oor less.New features of the present invention allow:
to create a system of reciprocating movement of the pistons and continuous vacuum-AIA motor (pedal) axle drive vehicles;
to regulate the force of the air on the drive pedal axle drive vehicle due to a change in the excess air pressure in the closed circuit at the discretion of the driver and his physical capabilities.
it is more efficient to use the functionality of the vehicle to increase the efficiency, speed; reduce costs physical effort of the driver (rider); to overcome more steep climbs and long distances; to improve consumer quality;
used as a stand alone drive unit for non-motorized (muscular) vehicles.Significant new features achieve a positive result.The drawing shows a General view of the vacuum-aerodynamic actuator (view in plan).The drive contains a closed loop 1, filled with air at a gauge pressure formed by two or more pneumatic cylinders 2 provided between a channel 4 (pipe), and placed in them by the piston 3, the connecting rods 5 which are pivotally connected with the pedal axle drive vehicle.A closed circuit is equipped with a valve-nipple for discharge regularspode funds (in the drawing, the frame 8 is shown conventionally) and has a collapsible casing 9, connected around the perimeter of the cylinders 2 and supported on the frame 8 for the drive pedal axis 6 of the drive of the vehicle.The actuator is manufactured using mostly standard parts, components and devices of the serial and non-serial production.The drive works as follows.First closed-loop circuit 1 generates excess pressure which is supplied through the valve-nipple 7 spare hand pump at the discretion of the driver. At the same time from the piston 3, is placed in the cylinders 2, and connecting rods 5 on the drive pedal axle 6 applies a constant force equal to the product of the area of the piston head 3 excess air pressure in the closed circuit 1, which during the rotation of the drive pedal axis 6 and during movement of the vehicle is converted into a torque axis 6.Achieving a positive result effect is made possible due to the hermetically sealed closed-loop and vacuum aerodynamic move in the air at a gauge pressure, the conversion constant force acting on the drive axle torque, and the regulation of size and time change excess air pressure in the closed Comte is (bikes for different purposes, individual strollers, mobiles and many others), has a high durability and simple design. 1. Vacuum-aerodynamic actuator for non-motorized (muscular) vehicles, characterized in that it contains a closed loop filled with air at a gauge pressure formed by two or more pneumatic cylinders provided between a channel coupling, and their pistons, the connecting rods are pivotally connected with a drive pedal axle of the vehicle, made in the form of a crankshaft with connecting rod necks, arranged at an angle of 180oor less.2. Drive under item 1, characterized in that is carried out with a collapsible casing connected at the perimeter pnevmotsitami and support on the frame for driving the axis motorized (muscle) of the vehicle.
FIELD: machine engineering.
SUBSTANCE: telescopic suspension device is made with the possibility of connection with the hub of the wheel, containing the first tube, second tube moving sliding on the first tube, and a spring located inside these tubes, and optionally contains the cap regulation prestressing of the main spring. The control plug of the prestressing pretension of the main spring contains the pre-stressing system of the main spring in accordance with the user's weight. The bicycle frame contains a suspension device.
EFFECT: increase the accuracy of suspension adjustment by the user.
9 cl, 20 dwg