Flooring or walls (options) and the method of its manufacture

 

(57) Abstract:

Pile floor made of non-woven pile fabrics, containing soil, provyazannoy thread with the formation of split loops, fixed in the ground by means of adhesive. A covering made from a pile fabric, contains postrizhenie areas of the pile surface with the same height of the pile, forming a background, higher or lower parts of the pile, forming a relief pattern, which is given depth by postrigay V-shaped recesses between the outer contours of the ornament and the background. The second version of the cover is made from multiple parts of the pile fabric, connected back to back with the first layer of adhesive applied along the lines of junction of the parts of the cover so that the adhesive partially passes through the gap between stacked parts, as well as with adhesive sectoi tape and the second adhesive layer. Along the lines of junction of the parts of the coating postriziny areas of the pile surface so that between stacked parts is formed a V-shaped profile, providing the ambience of a relief ornament. Parts of the pile postrigay and combing several times to obtain relief, suitable for jet to expand technological capabilities create a decorative effect and to improve the reliability of connection parts coatings. 3 S. and 2 C.p. f-crystals, 10 ill.

The invention relates to soft floor coverings or walls, in particular to a decorative pile coatings and method of their manufacture.

Known pile covering for walls or floors, manufactured by promazyvanija ground fabric threads with the formation of a split or uncut pile loops, fixed in the ground by means of adhesive and creates a smooth or patterned pile surface by performing loops of different heights using the pattern mechanism for creating relief (Perepelkina M. D. et al. Mechanical technology production of nonwovens,-M: Light industry, 1973, S. 402). Thanks to its high consumer properties of these coatings have been widely disseminated to vastlane floor or wall hangings in the design of residential and office space, as well as for the manufacture of various carpets.

Known decorative tufted floor coverings or walls, made crafts, such as in China or India as the whole of the pile woven fabric, and a butt joint parts woven pile fabric strips of different colors having an arbitrary shape and forming a pattern Tribunal lines of junction of the parts of the coating using special scissors, in order to more clearly differentiate the colors of the United parts, and supply the soil, mainly of jute fabric. The decorative effect produced by drawing or a certain combination of colors, but not at the expense of the surface shape of the coating.

Known-pile floor coverings consisting of a set of cloths pile fabrics, located the butt edges and attached to a fabric ground across the field of coating with adhesive. To create a decorative effect coating contains a decorative box out of the pile fabric of a different color or with different pile height and transferred to the main box cover in place of the removed parts are identical in shape. The insert is attached to the ground end-to-end with the paintings of the main field coating with adhesive deposited on the wrong side of the decorative insert or soil (U.S. patent N 2012929 class. 428-62 for the invention of "Floor covering and method of manufacture").

A common disadvantage of the above coatings is limited opportunities decorative embossed effect, which is caused by the manufacturing technology of coatings.

A known method of manufacturing a coating is ten pile fabrics and on the wrong side of the other pile fabrics, take out the part of the pile fabric of arbitrary shape from the main field coverage and identical to some of the other pile fabrics and assemble the two parts pile fabric to complete field coverage, then attach using adhesive funds raised part of the pile fabric to the ground so that the longitudinal threads of the ground fabric are coupled across the edges of the cloths pile fabrics and pasted part of the other pile fabric, thereby maintaining the parts assembled cover in position butt and preventing uneven stretching of the parts of the coating during its operation.

The disadvantage of this method is that the connection parts of the coating may not provide a strong enough connection, as in the process of operation of such coverage during the descent of the bend can be formed propaly or breaks. In addition, the use of woven material creates additional difficulties when cutting and Assembly of parts coverage for altipiani edges. The effect of relief when using a pile of cloths with different pile height is weakly pronounced.

The objective of the invention is the expansion of technological capabilities create decorationarticle pile coating with three-dimensional ornament.

Another object of the invention is to improve the reliability of the connection parts coatings collected by way of a mosaic".

To solve the problem in Varsova the coating containing the soil through which passes the thread, forming a pile surface with cutting pile loops, fixed therein with an adhesive means, in accordance with the invention is provided postrizhenie areas of the pile surface with the same height of the pile, forming a background, as well as higher and lower parts of the pile surface, forming a bulge or depression given profile, so this creates a bulk relief ornament that matches the design of the coating, while between the elevated areas of the pile surface, and areas of the pile surface, forming the background, with the same pile height provided protegendo V-shaped recess between the ornament and the background and enhances the ambience of a relief ornament.

To solve the problem in Varsova the flooring or walls, comprising at least two parts of the pile fabric of arbitrary shape, supported in position back to back with the adhesive, according to the lines of junction of the parts of the coating and in the gap between them, mesh tape is located on top of the first adhesive layer and second adhesive layer located over the mesh tape. While the length of the mesh tape more than the length of the first adhesive layer, the length of the second adhesive layer means more length mesh tape, net tape on one side has adhesive properties. In addition, the coverage provided by postrizhenie areas of the pile surface, along the lines of junction of the parts of the coating. Pile height on postriziny areas of the pile surface gradually decreases in the direction of the lines of juncture of the parts of the coating, forming a V-shaped profile between stacked parts, so this creates a bulk relief ornament that matches the design of the coating. Mostly floor made of non-woven pile fabric, in which a soil passes the thread, forming a pile surface with cutting pile loops, fixed therein with an adhesive means.

Finally, the task is solved by the fact that in the known method of manufacturing a pile of coatings, including coating of adhesive on the wrong side of the parts in the position butt for picking, field coverage, according to the invention, applied the first layer of adhesive along the lines of junction of the parts of the coating, and then shift the part of the cover relative to each other vertically until the completion of the adhesive into the gap between stacked parts to a depth not exceeding the thickness of the ground of the pile fabric, then apply mesh tape sticky side down on the line of junction of the parts of the cover overlapping areas of the coating with a layer of adhesive, is applied on the mesh belt of the second layer of adhesive, overlapping areas coated with mesh ribbon then alternately combing and postrigay areas of the pile surface along the lines of junction of the parts covering at least three times to obtain a V-shaped profile between the stacked parts of the coating. As the adhesive used with hot-melt adhesive properties.

The above-described variants pile coatings and technology of their production, allowing to give a soft pile surface texture and volume of the bas-relief, create a new class of carpets with three-dimensional or sculptural ornament, expanding the assortment of the goods for the house of this kind. The invention opens up unlimited possibilities for disincline the needs and tastes of consumers in the design of the interior of residential and office space. The described technology connection parts of the pile fabric in a single product allows to obtain coatings, wear resistance which is no worse the wear resistance of the source of the pile fabric.

In Fig. 1 presents a fragment of the whole NAP coverage with ornaments made by postrigay "by way of relief" in section (a) and (b) of Fig. 2 - part coating postriziny V-shaped recess between the ornament and the background of Fig.3 - the plan prepared for the Assembly portion of the pile fabric of arbitrary shape and different colors; Fig.4 is a cross-section of the place of junction of the two parts of the cover, assembled "in the way mosaic of parts of the pile fabric of different colors; Fig. 5 - options profile postriziny plots pile surface at the place of junction of the parts of the cover; Fig. 6 is a schematically a device for fixing cars for prostrike plots pile surface with the same height of the pile of Fig. 7 and 8 variants pile wall coverings made from a pile fabric of Fig. 9 and 10 options for floor coverings, collected from parts of the pile fabric in different colors.

As can be seen from Fig.1, pile coating, made from a pile fabric, sodern in the ground 1 by using adhesives. The coating contains postrizhenie sections 3 pile surface with the same height of the pile, forming a background, elevated areas 4 and a lower section 5 pile surface, forming a relief pattern. Elevated areas 4 pile surface is separated from sections 3 pile surface, forming the background, the V-shaped recess 6, the reinforcing relief ornament and give it a surround effect. Profile of bumps and hollows, creating a relief pattern, and depth prostrike is set by the design of the concrete cover and the parameters of the pile fabric. For the manufacture of coatings take a pile fabric with pile density from 150 000 to 300 000 units/m2and pile height of from 8 to 20 mm is shown in Fig.1 ornament depicts harness located on the periphery of the cover.

Another version of the cover, a fragment of which is shown in Fig.3, consists of four parts of the pile fabric, prepared for the Assembly by way of a mosaic" of which the part 7 forms the main (background) field coverage, and part 8, 9 and 10 removed from the pile fabrics of other colors and are designed for insertion into the main field coverage. The shape of the parts 8, 9 and 10 coincides with the shape and size of the holes provided in the main field In the fragment coverage, presented on Fig.3, part 8, 9 and 10 constitute a picture of a flower with a leaf, and the flower consists of two parts, so that part of the smaller size is inserted into a portion of a larger size.

As can be seen from Fig.4, showing the joint of the United parts of the coating portion of the pile fabric bonded on the reverse side of the first adhesive layer 11, which is located at the lines of junction and partially in the gap between stacked parts at a depth not exceeding the thickness of the substrate and has a T-shaped, mesh tape 12, the length of which is greater than the length of the first adhesive layer and the second layer of adhesive 13, the length greater than the length of the mesh belt 12. Bonded part of the pile fabric covered ancillary tissue ground 14, the length of which is equal to the length of the field coverage. The front side coating is postrizhenie along the lines of juncture of the sections 15 and 16 of the pile surface, forming a V-shaped profile.

In Fig. 5 shows the variations of V-shaped profile prostrike pile surface with different density of the pile. Preferably straight profile 15 prostrike is used for the pile fabric with high density in the lower density of the pile (below 200 000 units/m3) when the volumetric effect of a relief to get harder.

Pile surface postrigay manually using a tool made according to the type known clippers sheep with interchangeable blades. For prostrike plots pile surface having the same height of the pile, machine for prostrike pile is fixed, as shown in Fig.6, the base plate 17 with the possibility of moving the cutting element 18 vertically relative to the surface of the pile, so that the cutting surface is below the plane of the support plate.

Example 1. Making a preferential option coverage from a NAP cloth.

In an advantageous embodiment for the manufacture of coatings using non-woven pile fabric in which the pile surface is formed of nylon filament provyazannoy in the ground from nylon jute and fixed therein with an adhesive means. The pile density is 250 000 units/m2the pile height 15 mm, template, custom design coatings on the pile surface put the outline of the desired pattern. First postrigay V-shaped recess 6 on the lines separating the pattern from the background area 3 pile powerproject postrizhenie areas, removing vacuum sheared pile and again postrigay and combing the same sites of the pile is not less than 3 times for the deepening of the required dimensions. Then postrigay background areas 3, lowering the height of the pile to the required level. To fix this machine for prostrike pile on the support plate 17, press it to the pile surface and move the pile. This machine removes the pile to a predetermined depth determined by the angle at which the machine is fixed on a support plate relative to the level of the pile surface. Last postrigay and combing the higher and lower parts 4 and 5, forming the ornament, to obtain the desired elevation profile.

Example 2. The production of coatings from parts of the pile fabric in different colors.

In an advantageous embodiment for the manufacture of coatings used pile fabric in which the pile surface is formed of nylon filament provyazannoy in the ground from nylon jute and fixed therein with an adhesive means. Pile density on the main field of coatings that mimic grass cover and forming the background (part 7) is 180 000 units/m2the pile height is 12 mm, the Density of the pile floor is 2 pile height - 20 mm using a pattern template, custom design coatings, and consisting of three elements that form a flower with a leaf, put the contours of the pattern on the wrong side of the pile fabric that serves as the main field coverage (part 7) and cut out holes designed to accommodate parts of NAP complete different color components of the ornament. By the same token from the pile fabric of another color cut out parts 8, 9 and 10 of NAP coverage, the components of the ornament and insert them in the main field of coverage. Push the fiber filaments stranded on the wrong side, on the front side of the cover and put the first layer of adhesive width of 7-10 mm along the lines of intersection of each side of the ornament and the main field for the primary fixation of the collected parts of the coating. For use with hot-melt adhesive properties, melted in a special device for applying glue known as glutinous Thermopylae (Glue-Gun), for example company Black and Decker, in which the adhesive is heated to a temperature at which partial melting of ground of the connected parts of the coating, providing a more reliable connection of the coating material with glue. As application of the Ali to the flow of the adhesive into the gap between the fastened parts of the deep, not exceeding the thickness of the soil, which also provides a more reliable bond structure. To speed up the process of hardening the adhesive is applied to the seams chilled block of metal having high thermal conductivity.

After all the design of the cover is fixed on top of the first layer of hardened adhesive impose durable nylon mesh tape 12 7 mm wide, facing adhesive side down, so that it overlaps the areas of the coating with the first adhesive layer 11. Finally, over the mesh tape 12 with glue termoizolata with a nozzle corresponding to the width of the mesh belt, and the rapid leakage of glue, put the second layer 13 of adhesive so that it overlaps the mesh tape 12 and, after drying, cover the wrong side of the ornament and the edge parts of the main field coverage. All field coating close woven ground, which performs a decorative function, and, if necessary, treat the edges of the finished coating. Then turn the floor on the front side and combing the seams, straightening crumpled and removing uncommitted fiber filaments with a vacuum cleaner. Produce the first prostrike pile at the line of junction of the parts of the coating, directing the machine DSA and combing the pile. First prostrike operator to obtain a clear separation of colors of parts of the coating is achieved if the seam line interface) passes exactly between colors.

After prostrike first side produce prostrike oncoming lane, forming a V-shaped profile, and combing postrizhenie areas, removing the sheared pile.

The operation of the combing-prostrike" is repeated at least 3 times, gradually lowering the height of the pile to the lines of junction of the parts of the coating to obtain a clear profile defined by the design of the coating and the parameters of the pile fabric. When prostrike provide continuous suction sheared pile by connecting to the clippers pile pilotscale device. Multiple prostrike and combing allow to obtain monolithic relief structure of the pile, which during operation of the coating retains high durability and gives the finished product volume and a finished look.

1. Flooring or walls, including the soil, through which passes the thread, forming a high surface cutting pile loops, fixed in the ground by means of adhesive, characterized in that it is the low areas of the pile surface, forming a bulk relief ornament that matches the design of the coating, while between the elevated areas of the pile surface, and areas of the pile surface, forming the background provided by the V-shaped recess between the ornament and the background.

2. Flooring or walls, including at least two parts of the pile fabric of arbitrary shape, supported in position back to back with the adhesive, characterized in that it has a first layer of adhesive located along lines of juncture of the parts of the coating and in the gap between them and the mesh tape located on top of the first layer of adhesive, a second adhesive layer located on top of the mesh tape and postrizhenie areas of the pile surface, along the lines of junction of the parts of the coating, the height of the pile on postriziny areas of the pile surface gradually decreases to the lines of junction of the parts of the coating, forming a V-shaped profile between stacked parts coverage, so this creates a bulk relief ornament that matches the design of the coating.

3. The floor under item 2, characterized in that it is predominantly made of non-woven is burnt pile loops, fixed in the ground by means of adhesive.

4. A method of making floor coverings or walls, including the application of adhesive on the wrong side parts of the pile fabric and the Assembly of at least two parts pile fabric strips of different colors of arbitrary shape in position butt for picking a floor covering, wherein the applied first layer of adhesive along the lines of junction of the parts of the coating, and then shift the part of the cover relative to each other vertically to passing the adhesive means in the gap between the stacked parts to a depth not exceeding the thickness of the soil, put the mesh tape on the line of the joint, overlapping areas of the coating with a layer of adhesive, put on the mesh belt of the second layer of adhesive, overlapping areas coated mesh tape, then alternately combing and postrigay areas of the pile surface along the lines of junction of the parts covering at least three times to obtain a V-shaped profile between stacked parts coverage.

5. The method according to p. 4, characterized in that the predominantly as adhesive use adhesive hot-melt properties.

 

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FIELD: equipment used for attachment of fastening sheets to one another and to floor.

SUBSTANCE: blind floor designed for forming of surface for laying of detachable decorative floor covering has plurality of fastening sheets, each comprising first upper surface substantially covered with detachable attachment means, plurality of fastening sheets arranged so as to substantially cover floor for forming of blind floor with upper surface. Blind floor has plurality of passages defined completely or partly in at least one sheet and oriented from blind floor upper surface to floor, passages having part made flush with blind floor upper surface and defining first supporting surface arranged lower than blind floor surface, plurality of fastening devices, each comprising second upper surface substantially covered with devices for detachable attachment means. Blind floor has plurality of fastening devices shaped to conform to passages for introducing into passages. Fastening devices have wider upper part for defining second supporting surface, plurality of fastening parts for insertion into passages so that second supporting surface faces first supporting surface, and at least several fastening devices attached to floor. Various versions of fastening sheets, assembly methods and construction of fastening devices are described. Fastening devices, which may be inserted into fastening sheet portion of reduced thickness are preferably used, said portion surrounding slot in fastening sheet.

EFFECT: increased efficiency by providing laying of fastening sheets for loose movement with respect to one another and, as a result, free expansion and shrinkage of modular sheets.

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FIELD: equipment used for attachment of fastening sheets to one another and to floor.

SUBSTANCE: blind floor designed for forming of surface for laying of detachable decorative floor covering has plurality of fastening sheets, each comprising first upper surface substantially covered with detachable attachment means, plurality of fastening sheets arranged so as to substantially cover floor for forming of blind floor with upper surface. Blind floor has plurality of passages defined completely or partly in at least one sheet and oriented from blind floor upper surface to floor, passages having part made flush with blind floor upper surface and defining first supporting surface arranged lower than blind floor surface, plurality of fastening devices, each comprising second upper surface substantially covered with devices for detachable attachment means. Blind floor has plurality of fastening devices shaped to conform to passages for introducing into passages. Fastening devices have wider upper part for defining second supporting surface, plurality of fastening parts for insertion into passages so that second supporting surface faces first supporting surface, and at least several fastening devices attached to floor. Various versions of fastening sheets, assembly methods and construction of fastening devices are described. Fastening devices, which may be inserted into fastening sheet portion of reduced thickness are preferably used, said portion surrounding slot in fastening sheet.

EFFECT: increased efficiency by providing laying of fastening sheets for loose movement with respect to one another and, as a result, free expansion and shrinkage of modular sheets.

39 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: floor coating production.

SUBSTANCE: fastening sheet, carpet and lining assembly for laying carpet on floor includes fastening sheet having upper layer of thin flexible rigid material and lower layer of elastic resilient substrate arranged along periphery of area to be covered and defining above area. The assembly comprises contact band with hooks connected to the sheet along perimeter thereof and elastic lining with height corresponding to that of fastening sheet. Fastening sheet dimensions correspond to area defined by the sheet. The assembly also includes carpet with backing surface covered with loops to provide detachable carpet connection to the band having hooks. The carpet is located above fastening sheet and lining. Modular frame for carpet, process of fastening sheet and decorative coating assembling, fastening sheet and unfinished floor structure for base substrate covering are also disclosed. Method of modular frame laying involves laying frame of predetermined size on surface to be covered, laying coating modules mating each other along frame perimeter, removing frame and laying decorative coating on area from which frame was removed. Sheet may be cut and laid within a room. Sheet has rigidity and mass enough to maintain its shape without bends and buckling formation after carpet laying on floor by freely floating method without connection to floor.

EFFECT: improved ability to floor coating arrangement and replacement.

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FIELD: floor coating production.

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EFFECT: improved ability to floor coating arrangement and replacement.

29 cl, 15 dwg

FIELD: carpet securing facilities.

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EFFECT: simplified method for operation of repositionable carpet holding apparatus, reduced production costs and increased efficiency in preventing carpet from sliding relative to floor.

6 cl, 5 dwg

Mat (versions) // 2295906

FIELD: sanitary and hygienic facilities for dwelling, equipment for sportive and sanitation complexes, household articles such as things for bathrooms, or floor mat-like articles for swimming pools.

SUBSTANCE: mat has at least two modules formed as sheets of cellular structure connected with one another through retaining members positioned in openings provided on at least one outer side of each sheet. Sheets and retaining members are made from resilient plastic polymer and retaining members are formed as webs made from tape or strip. Width of web exceeds diameter of opening. Web has two-beveled wedge-shaped ends and thinned portion provided at the side of base of each wedge-shaped end for arranging thereof in cell opening and providing adhering of base and web to cell. According to another version, mat has at least two modules formed as sheets consisting of cells connected with one another by ribs, and retaining members positioned within openings provided on at least one outer side of each sheet free of ribs. Sheets and retaining members are made from resilient plastic polymer. Retaining members are formed as webs of tape or strip having width exceeding diameter of opening, with tips formed as equilateral trapezium and thinned regions provided at the side of larger base of each tip being adapted for locating it in cell opening and for providing adherence of base and web to tip. Length of web positioned between thinned portions corresponds to length of ribs. Mats may be of any sizes.

EFFECT: light-weight and simplified construction, convenient usage, and reduced labor intensity for manufacture and retention of pattern structure.

9 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: personal demand items.

SUBSTANCE: intended for use in production of carpets. Polyurethane bases of carpet coatings are produced with application of polyurethane-forming composition, where polyurethane is a product of interaction of polyisocyanate component and polyol component, containing mixture of isocyanate reaction materials, from which one or more of unnecessarily alkoxylated hydroxymethyl-containing (polyester) polyols make 25-90 wt %.

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40 cl, 4 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: construction.

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EFFECT: improved operational characteristics of detachable flooring.

15 cl, 10 dwg

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