The method of tying rebar grids and frameworks and device for tying rebar grids and frameworks
(57) Abstract:Longitudinal and transverse reinforcing bars of nets and cages for reinforced concrete laid out in the design position and then knit manually tie-wire, pre-wound on the device for tying reinforcing mesh, made in the form of a coil with an open annular channel formed around the perimeter. The device is fitted between the thumb and index fingers, tie-wire is placed along the longitudinal rod, then at the intersection with the transverse rod bypass both rod tie wire, rolling it on the rod, then put the tie wire along the longitudinal rod to the next intersection of the rods. As a result of use of the invention is achieved technical result consists in increasing the speed knitted wire mesh and reducing the consumption of tie-wire. 2 S. and 4 C. p. F.-ly, 11 ill. The invention relates to the field of construction and can be used in the production of reinforcing mesh and frameworks in construction and factory conditions.Known latch for connecting rebar in a grid made of cut spring p is alinia valve in grids is the need to use spring steel for the manufacture of clamps.There is also known a method of connecting terminals of the wire mesh using a springy wire having the shape of a snake, the middle part of which covers one of the rods, and the ends make for located perpendicular to the first rod, the second rod  . For fixing described in the release project position on overlapping grids developed a special device  . However, as described in the analogues of the latch and the device does not allow you to securely without slipping to connect rods mesh with each other, and the device is, moreover, can only be applied in the factory.Described in the analog  the latch for connecting intersecting reinforcing bars made of elastic plastic material and contains an inter-connector, parallel branches coupled openings and bearings with ribs. The middle part of the openings formed elastic arcs. The drawback of this release is its high consumption.The closest analogue, taken as a prototype of the claimed method is a method of tying wire mesh wire twisting using a special reinforcing hooks: double folded annealed rebar wire is m, and then, taking them hook, fold in the harness, at the same time pulling from the cross rods . The disadvantage of this method is the relatively low speed coupling frame and high flow tie-wire.For the prototype device for tying rebar grids and frameworks adopted the device for connection of rebar, including bending facets connected with racks in which a toothed wheel associated with bending disks and on disks attached additional bending elements for the final fastening of the ends of the wire . This analog is characterized by the complexity of its organization and the inability to apply it in construction conditions.The task of the invention is to increase the speed of knitted wire mesh and reducing the consumption of tie-wire.This task is solved in that in the beginning laid the longitudinal and transverse reinforcing bars in the design position, and then skip the tie wire along one of the longitudinal rebar and the point of intersection with the transverse rod bypass its both terminals, rolling the wire to the rods, after which the stack of binding wire VD is Esna relative to the point of contact between the rod side of the transverse rod, then to round its longitudinal rod, positioning along the transverse rod, and cover again with the outer side of the transverse rod, obviative around him 360o. Tie-wire may skip external relative to the point of contact between the rod side of the transverse rod, and then to round it cross the longitudinal and transverse rods, again to cover the transverse rod on the outer side and guide along the longitudinal rod to the next intersection of the rods. In addition, the tie-wire may pass from the inner to the point of contact between the rod side of the transverse rod, then wrap it on 360othis rod, around the longitudinal rod, to pass with external relative to the point of contact between the rod side of the transverse rod on the other side of the longitudinal rod, and then again around the longitudinal rod and the cross rods and, again rounded transverse rod on the inner side, to guide it along the longitudinal rod to the next intersection of the rods. The connection reinforcing bars at their intersections reinforcing wire can be placed through one intersection in a checkerboard pattern. the grounds to each other, forming the perimeter of an open annular channel.Comparative analysis of the claimed method and device prototyping shows that they have the following differences: in the process of knitting the wire is laid along one of the longitudinal rebar, then at the intersection of the longitudinal and transverse rebar both rod gebaude wire, this wire is coming out of the stem, and then laid along the longitudinal rod to the next intersection of the rods. Differences are also found in variants of the method knitted mesh; in the first case, the tie-wire is passed from the outer side of the transverse rod, then it bends around the longitudinal rod and cover again poperechnyy rod, obviative around him 360o. In the second case, the wire is passed from the outer side of the transverse rod, then around the cross bars and is directed along the longitudinal rod to the next intersection of the rods. In the third case, the wire is passed from the inner side of the transverse rod, then obviative 360othis pivot around the longitudinal rod, again passed under peperangan, is directed along the longitudinal rod to the next intersection of the rods. Connection intersecting rebar described techniques may be arranged in a checkerboard pattern. A difference device for coupling the valve from the prototype is performed by bending disks telcobridges form, rigidly connected to each other by their bases, forming the perimeter of an open annular channel. This analysis allows us to conclude about the presence of novelty in the claimed method and device.Comparing the claimed invention with other known technical solutions of the same problem shows that by using the described techniques knitted mesh and frames it is possible, firstly, to reduce the consumption of tie-wire, secondly, to accelerate the process of tying nets and cages and, thirdly, located along the rods, tie-wire serves as an additional reinforcement of the product. All of these effects can be achieved by known processing methods, which confirms the feasibility of the method and of the device and the possibility of obtaining them using the new positive effect.The invention is illustrated by the examples of execution. In the drawings shown: in Fig. 1 - 7 - various the device for mating nets, in Fig. 10 - the device is in operation, Fig. 11 is an embodiment of the device.In the process of knitting the wire 1 is placed along one of the longitudinal 2 rebar, pre-laid out in the design position. At the intersection of the rods wire is passed under the cross rod 3 site 4, as shown in Fig. 3 and 4, then around the top longitudinal rod 2 in section 5, under the covers 360othe transverse rod 3 section 6, but with opposite relative phase 4 of the longitudinal rod 2 and is then routed along podernovo rod 2 to the next intersection of the rods. Unlike the prototype in the present invention binding wire used notarianni. Before to use when tying reinforcing mesh 7 it is wound on the device 8 for mating fittings, representing all the bending disc, made in the form of rigidly United by their bases 9 plates, the perimeter of which is formed an open annular channel 10. In this annular channel 10 stacked binding wire. When binding the grid device 8 is taken between the thumb and forefinger of the hand and passed through the mesh 11 grid, trying his development is not just around the rod, and rolled on him, and the rolling force is subjectively adjusted, the clamping fingers of the device 8. Thanks to some of elasticity notarianni tie-wire they are more tightly presses the rods securely locking them in place of the crossing relative to each other.Reinforcing bars can fit in the other versions: binding wire 1 is placed along the longitudinal rod 2, at the intersection of the rods they are around in the area 13 of the transverse rod 3 from the outer side of the rod relative to the point of contact of the rods (in the drawings are not specified), then the covers on the section 14 of the cross rods, again around on a plot of 15 transverse rod 3 and is directed along the longitudinal rod 2 to the next the intersection.More complex but more reliable is fixing rebar, is shown in Fig. 7: in this case, binding wire 1, arranged along the longitudinal rod 2, skipped on the section 16 with the inner relative to the point of contact between the rod side of the transverse rod 3, then obviative it on 360oon a plot of 17 this rod, round in section 18 of the longitudinal rod 2, pass with the outside relative to the point SLE then again turn on the portion 20 of the longitudinal rod 2 and the cross rods at site 21 and again, rounding on section 22 of the transverse rod 3, is directed along its longitudinal rod to the next intersection of the rods. As can be seen from the description of the drawing, in this case, the rods are attracted to each other in many points, ensuring the best fit.In cases where no strict requirements to the fixing rods of the grid relative to each other, their possible ligation at the intersection in a checkerboard pattern, as shown in Fig. 8, or by the location of the tie-wire in the cells to the diagonal. However, in the latter case, consumption, tie-wire increases.Device for tying reinforcing mesh may be made integral from a single piece of material: metal, wood, plastic, etc. It may have on the ends of the freely seated on the axis 23 of the cushion 24. In this case, when knitted mesh device, you can slow down with your fingers to ensure proper tension of the wire. The dimensions of the device are selected based on the minimum size of the cell or mesh reinforcement frame.The described method and apparatus can also knit and three-dimensional reinforcing cages.Sources of information:
1. Germany, patent KI E 04 C 21/12.4. The USSR, ed.St. 1486581 from 1989 MCI E 04 C 5/16.5. P. Jormalainen "Building the wooden house, Moscow, stroiizdat, 1992 S. 73, Fig. 81 - prototype method.6. The USSR, ed. St. 1395784 from 1988, MKI E 04 C 5/16 - prototype device. 1. The method of tying rebar grids and frameworks involved in the layout of the longitudinal and transverse rebar in the design position and the subsequent connecting them to each other by fastening wire manually at the intersection, wherein the tie-wire is placed along one of the rods, such as longitudinal, then at the intersection with the transverse rod bypass both rod tie wire, rolling it on the rod, then put the tie wire along the longitudinal rod to the next intersection of the rods.2. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the tie-wire is passed from the external relative to the point of contact between the rod side of the transverse rod, then bend around its longitudinal rod, positioning along the transverse rod, and cover again with the outer side of the transverse rod, obviative around him 360o.3. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the tie-wire PR is th crosshair longitudinal and transverse rod, again cover the transverse rod on the outer side and is directed along the longitudinal rod to the next intersection of the rods.4. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the tie-wire is passed from the inner side relative to the point of contact between the rod side of the transverse rod, then obvolakivajut it on 360othis rod, bypass the longitudinal rod, pass with the outside relative to the point of contact between the rod side of the transverse rod on the other side of the longitudinal rod, then bend around the longitudinal rod and the cross rods and, again rounded transverse rod on the inside, send it along the longitudinal rod to the next intersection of the rods.5. The method according to any of paragraphs.1 to 4, characterized in that the connection reinforcing bars at their intersections knitting wire come through one intersection in a checkerboard pattern.6. Device for tying rebar grids and frameworks, including bending disks, characterized in that the bending disks have trelkovsky form and rigidly connected by their bases to each other, forming the perimeter of an open annular channel.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of construction and may be used for guarding of different objects. Fencing net comprises joined threads of armoured prick tape made of galvanised high-carbon steel wire with tape fixed on it by means of clamping from galvanised steel with sharp diametrically located piercing-cutting tenons. Threads of armoured prick tape are connected with an overlap by brackets from galvanised steel with creation of cells in the form of rhombuses with size of diagonals equal to (230±25) mm and (375±25) mm.
EFFECT: net reliability is increased.
FIELD: textiles, paper.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mechanical engineering and can be used in automatic lines for production of mesh of rods, which can be used as a reinforcing mesh for concrete, coil mesh, fencing mesh etc. The automatic line comprises drums with longitudinal rods, the longitudinal rods feeding mechanism, at least one feeding mechanism of transverse rods, a connecting device of longitudinal and transverse rods, and a step movement mechanism of the mesh. At least one connecting device of longitudinal and transverse rods is made in the form of injection joint with a form consisting of two parts and a mechanism of their closing.
EFFECT: ability is provided to manufacture the mesh with improved strength of connecting the points of intersection of the longitudinal and transverse rods.
9 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to manufacturing of protective perimeters of objects against unauthorised penetration of physical persons, equipment and animals into their territory. The method includes winding of a continuous reinforced razor-wire of a necessary length onto a drum practically without gaps between turns and connection of parallel adjacent neighbouring turns of the wire by a mechanical method along the coil between each other by means of metal brackets in a staggered order and with a set pitch. At the same time the drum is turned into the position required for the installation of the brackets. After the installation of the brackets along the entire diameter of the coil it is cut in a longitudinal direction, straightened into the plane and the turns are stretched to produce a razor-cut barrier.
EFFECT: increased efficiency, simplified technology of manufacturing, provides for the possibility of full automation of the process.
FIELD: apparatuses for fastening reinforcing parts, for example mutually crossed reinforcing rods.
SUBSTANCE: drum around which wire for fastening reinforcing rods is wound is mounted in shaft arranged in housing. Annular recess is formed along edge of opening of housing. Diameter of said recess exceeds that of lower part of housing. At side of opening of housing drum has flange arranged in said annular recess. On inner peripheral surface of opening of drum boss there is dent for preventing drum separation from its mounting shaft. On outer edge surface of shaft there is mounting recess for engaging dent.
EFFECT: improved design preventing wire penetration into gap between housing and drum, enhanced operational reliability of drum and machine for binding reinforcing rods.
4 cl, 27 dwg
FIELD: preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ, mounting and prestressing of reinforcing inserts.
SUBSTANCE: reinforcing bar binder feeds wire while rotating a wire reel installed in chamber and binds reinforcing bars. The chamber comprises the first detecting means to detect wire reel rotation and the second detecting means to detect number of second wire reel parts to be detected during reel rotation by the first detecting means. Binder body is provided with control means to control the amount of fed wire or wire torque depending on the number of second parts detected by the second detecting means.
EFFECT: increased structural simplicity and provision of automatic regulation of fed wire amount and torque thereof.
12 cl, 19 dwg
FIELD: equipment designed for fastening reinforcement by means of wire, for example for fastening mutually crossing reinforcing rods, possibly in building.
SUBSTANCE: machine includes housing; rotating drum carrying wire for fastening reinforcing rods; unit for controlling drum rotation; one or more detected objects. Detected object may be placed on lateral surface of drum. At controlling rotation of drum, said object is detected through opening of lid providing light reflection from light irradiator. Light reflected from detected object and light reflected from lid is received for determining difference between their intensity values.
EFFECT: enhanced operational reliability of machine, elimination of errors at monitoring wire consumption.
12 cl, 40 dwg
SUBSTANCE: armature guy is carried out at first in angular cells on construction contour, then in central cell, after in cells adjoining to central cell on all central axis across construction, then on cells of layer adjoining to central layer of cells in direction to external contour and at the end cells located on construction perimeter. In angular cells an armature guy is made in spans between a corner pillar and the first from it in two axes on construction location. In cells adjoining to central cell, on all central axis a guy is made on longitudinal spans on construction location, on cells of a layer adjoining to central layer of cells, guy is made in two mutually perpendicular spans, beginning from central axes concerning central cell, thus guy on different parts is carried out by different devices.
EFFECT: increase of load-carrying capacity of construction floorings and reliability of devices for armature guy.
7 cl, 8 dwg, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention is attributed to construction engineering and can be used for binding of reinforcement cages of concrete products. Reinforcement hook contains shaft on one end of which handle is installed which can be rotated, and the second end of the shaft is tapered and bended as hook. Lever is hinged on the handle. The lever is capable to change position relative to handle. Two more levers are installed on shaft of reinforcement hook which levers can travel along hook and relative to each other and they are interconnected by elastic element. As a result due to simple fastening elements using, binding with wire pieces without loop is provided and production is cheapened.
EFFECT: cheapening of construction.
FIELD: construction industry.
SUBSTANCE: mechanism is intended for attaching extended elements to each other, and especially such elements as reinforced bars and electric cables by means of at least one wire. Mechanism consists of two jaws (6, 7) moved down on the elements to be connected (8). There are provisions made for means (20) of supplying wire (12) along guide surface (10) of the first jaw (6) to guide surface of (11) the second jaw (7), thus forming a wire loop which envelopes the above elements on three sides, and in this case ends of this loop can be twisted on the fourth side of elements (8). Twisting means consist of device (14) rotating relative to jaws (6, 7) and guiding the wire (12) at its supply to jaw and removal from jaw.
EFFECT: providing possibility of wire straightening with overcoming the resistance by the value required for twisting the wire loop ends.
25 cl,13 dwg
FIELD: engines and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: reinforcing bar wire-tying machine incorporates wire drum with data detection and wire identification device designed to detect and identify wire on the drum flange side surface and allows wire twist force or feed amount control proceeding from the wire identification data detected in starting wire-tying with the help of the rotation detection lever. The drum comprises cylindrical bush with a pair of flanges on its sides and has an extending section on the outer side surface with a reflecting symbol on the bush outer side surface. The type of wire coiled around the said drum is determined from the number of disclosed reflecting symbols when the detection signal is input from the aforesaid lever. The wire data is detected at the drum high-rotation wire-tying speed, not in coiling the wire on the drum.
EFFECT: reliable wire-type data detection.
21 cl, 9 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method includes use of a piece of the wire as fastening element which part is bent with formation of the lug for grasp with reinforcement cage, fastening element supply under flooring of reinforcing bars, lug grasp with reinforcement cage, throwing of fastening element through it from condition of an arrangement of flooring of reinforcing bars in wire loop and a tightening of a loop several turns of the reinforcement cage at deduction of a tail of the fastening element. For this purpose use the manual delivery unit; the container with a holder for placing of the fastening elements is established in its case, submitting gear and a clip. The manual delivery unit is brought to flooring of reinforcing bars, the fastening element is taken from the container, and the fastening element supply under flooring of reinforcing bars is carried out by its telescopings by means of the delivery unit. Holding of a tail of the fastening element at tightening of a loop by turns of the reinforcement cage is performed by means of a clip of the mentioned device which sizes allow to carry out joining in close places.
EFFECT: labour productivity increases.