Replaceable valve cylinder valve with sliding shutter disk
(57) Abstract:The inventive removable valve head tap with ceramic sliding disk shutter, mainly for water valving. The case of a valve head provided with two cantilevers of different lengths. Under the console comes up and rests them rotating ceramic disk with a channel connecting the inlet and outlet of the housing, and regulating the flow of liquid. The drive element between the consoles is included in the deepening of the rotatable ceramic disk. The rotary disc is pressed against a stationary disk with a rubber gasket that provides a tight connection of the fixed part of the shutter casing head. The rubber gasket and the fixed disk have holes to pass water. The actuator clinging to the ledge of a body, when the rotation is limited to the larger console. The valve body head tightly pressed to the valve through a rubber or plastic strip. The outlet of the exhaust channel is displayed in an annular groove housing a removable valve head. The use of such a valve head increases the reliability of the locking devices, reduces the number of parts of the head, took the S="ptx2">The invention relates to water valves used in water supply systems of buildings.Know the use of ceramics in the shut-off devices water taps  , which allows to significantly improve the reliability and service life.Known sliding disc butterfly valve with ceramic shut-off elements, performing a sliding movement along the polished saddle surfaces [2-6].The most similar in design and purpose is a valve head with sliding disk shutter. It includes a housing with inlet and outlet openings, a sliding disk shutter in the form of a rotatable ceramic disk, in which the connecting channel, the actuator interacting with a rotating disk. The stationary component of the shutter is pressed against the movable using rubber gaskets, simultaneously creating an airtight seal parts with the body of a valve head. Water located along the axis of the head housing and the inlet opening enters the channel of the rotating parts of the disk shutter. The rotation of the flywheel is connected to the shaft with a twisting detail of the shutter, causing her to turn. This channel connects the inlet with visitor through the rubber gasket is connected with the annular channel of the head housing, through which water exits the valve head in the valve. Valve head has a tight static seal in place of its connection with the body and the valve seat.The disadvantages of the designs include a large number of parts. To access the elements of the sliding disk shutter must remove valve head from the tap or faucet.The purpose of this invention was to create a valve head with a sliding disk shutter, but more simple in construction, manufacturing and repair.This objective is achieved in that the housing of a valve head provided with two consoles with going under them and stop rotating part ceramic disk shutter. The flywheel directly covers this detail, ensuring its rotation. The outlet housing of a valve head in an annular groove made in the lower part.This design of the valve head facilitates access to the elements of the disk shutter repair. The design contains fewer parts, a housing with inlet and outlet holes and the console, ceramic sliding disk shutter (two parts), flywheel, three rubber seals. The details are quite simple in projectors, the Naya head shown in Fig. 1-3. In Fig. 1 shows a General view, a longitudinal section; Fig. 2 is a side view, Fig. 3 is a top view along the section A-A. sliding disk shutter is shut-off element and consists of a ceramic rotary disk 1, is connected to the driving element 2, and presses him fixed ceramic disk 3, which is tightly connected through a rubber gasket 4 with the housing valve head 5. The body is equipped with two consoles 6 and 7. Rotating ceramic disk 1 comes under the console 6 and 7 and rests in them. Console 7 slightly longer than the console 6. The actuator 2 has a stop 8, which in turn rests on the carrier 7, which limits the angle of rotation of the drive element. Rubber gasket 4 presses the fixed ceramic disk 3 to the rotatable ceramic disk 1. The casing valve head through a rubber or plastic strip 9 and 10 is pressed against the valve tap or mixer, forming a still tight seal.In Fig. 4 gives a General view in the context of the "open" position of Fig. 5 is a General view in section in the closed position. There are two channels for water: inlet 11 and outlet 12. Rubber pad 4 and the fixed ceramic disk 3 have holes to pass water, savmgs valve head. In the rotating ceramic disk 1 has a channel 14, which during rotation of the flywheel 2 connects the inlet and outlet of the housing. At the drive element 2, made of plastic, made 4 cuts 15, allowing you to wear on its housing 5. The drive element 2 covers the case of a valve head and clings to her ledge 16. Console 67 slightly longer than the console 6. The actuator turning centers ceramic disc 1 and limits the angle of rotation, resting on a longer console 7.The use of such a valve heads will simplify their production, improve reliability, increase service life, ease of repair. Repair of the supplied valve head is facilitated by easy access to slide the disk shutter. As often found in the water systems of buildings water leakage due to wear of the pads result in large losses, replacing the existing valve heads on offer to reduce water loss and reduce repair costs that the country will lead to a great economic effect. 1. Removable valve head crane with a sliding disk shutter, comprising a housing with inlet and outlet holes, the sliding disk is NT interacting with rotary drive elements for sealing contact of the head housing and the valve, wherein the valve body head equipped with two cantilevers of different lengths, a rotary disk located under the console and the drive element is made the focus, interacting with a longer console in the extreme positions of the rotary disk.2. The head of the crane under item 1, characterized in that the casing is made with the tabs with their coverage of the driving element.3. The head of the crane under item 1 and 2, characterized in that the casing of the valve head and the actuator is made of a polymer, ceramic, glass, glass-ceramic.
FIELD: technical means of water supply.
SUBSTANCE: the invention presents a water-mixing tap with contactless remote control and is pertinent to the technical means of water supply. The water-mixing tap with contactless remote control contains a body with a chamber for mixing of water and the tap-changer, feeding pipes, a discharge pipe with an outlet nozzle and an inlet-outlet head, an autonomous control-and- measuring block electrically connected with a source and a receiver of optical rays and with electromagnetic valves of water delivery. The outlet nozzle is made in the form of a centrifugal spraying injector forming a cone of finely dispersed uniformly sprayed water. The discharge pipe is made with a capability to accommodate a fiber-optical transducer with an external modulation, an outlet optical butt of which is placed in the inlet-outlet head of the discharge pipe and the opposite butt of the transducer is optically connected to the source and the receiver of the optical emission located in the autonomous control and measuring block electrically connected with the electromagnetic valves of water feeding. At that the electrical circuit of the block is made on the basis of the integrating circuit of accumulation of the signals of the measuring information. The technical result is a decrease of consumption of water and thermal energy used for its heating up, provision of the switch-on state of the tap only by availability of an object of treatment within the zone of control and at achievement of a combination of contactless of on-off turnings of the water feeding with electric passivity of the tap, its stability against action of electromagnetic interferences and origination of the false on /off switching, protection of sensing optical elements of the contactless drive of the tap against actions of vandals (versions).
EFFECT: the invention ensures a decrease of consumption of water and thermal energy used in the process, provision of the switch-on state of the tap just by availability of an object of treatment in the zone of control, protection against different types of interferences.
FIELD: sanitary facilities.
SUBSTANCE: device is designed to control water tap by pressing on pedal in public service and industry. Proposed device contains pedal and water tap body with shutoff member. Shutoff member of tap and pedal are furnished with bellows, or diaphragm, or plunger chambers. Said chambers are filled with liquid and are interconnected by flexible pipeline.
EFFECT: improved reliability of device, reduced cost of manufacture.
2 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: heating systems; liquid heating systems.
SUBSTANCE: under-ceiling non-evaporating widening tank of heating system has solid casing in form of a canister with level-metering pipe, widening space communicating with heating system and air space separated hermetically from widening space by soft membrane. Air space communicates with environmental air. Membrane is made inform of air bag. Neck of bag is withdrawn out of neck of casing and is connected hermetically with the neck. Plug provided with air hole is tightly inserted into neck of casing. Plug is fastened by screwed cap provided with air hole which is not aligned with hole in plug. Method of detecting of slow leaking of water from heating system is based upon the fact that temperature graph of the system is built in summer without heating. For the purpose values of water level in level-metering pipe of the tank at steady temperature are put along abscissa and values room temperature are put along ordinate; received calibrated curve is subject to calibration. The graph is taken as averaged temperature calibration graph and steady values of outside temperature are drawn above corresponding values of level. When taking subsequent measurements, the averaged temperature is determined again and if the value of level get lower it is assumed that water loss takes place because of leakage or evaporation of water caused by disturbance in leak-proofness of the air bag.
EFFECT: simplified design of tank; better degree of protection of membrane.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: domestic plumbing installations, methods for disinfection thereof, particularly for large reservoirs.
SUBSTANCE: method involves applying disinfectant on installation surface and flushing installation with fresh water after disinfection operation finishing. Disinfection is performed by aerosol treatment carried out by accelerating anolyte particles up to speed of not less than 100 m/c. Anolyte with active chlorine concentration of not less than 100 mg/dm3 taken in amount of not less than 200 ml per 1 m2 of installation surface area is used as the disinfectant. Anolyte is used as aerosol with dispersity up to 100 microns and residence time of disinfectant on installation surfaces is not less than 30 min at positive temperature. Anolyte is sprayed by nozzle, centrifugal aerosol generator or high-pressure pump.
EFFECT: increased disinfection quality along with keeping ecological rules related to installation treatment and staff safety, increased depth of disinfectant penetration in installation surface and prevention of installation damage.
4 cl, 3 ex
FIELD: water facilities, particularly water delivery devices.
SUBSTANCE: delivery device in accordance with the first embodiment comprises body, unfiltered liquid receiver, flexible pipeline, filtered liquid outlet, shuttle valve arranged inside the body, executive tool mechanically connected to shuttle valve and providing switching from unfiltered liquid distribution to filtered liquid distribution from delivery device, as well as filter arranged in the body. Device in accordance with the second embodiment comprises body, unfiltered liquid receiver, flexible pipeline, filtered liquid outlet, unfiltered liquid outlet and shuttle valve arranged inside the body. The shuttle valve provides choice of liquid flow through filtered liquid outlet or unfiltered liquid outlet. Delivery device also has executive tool mechanically connected to the shuttle valve and providing switching from unfiltered liquid distribution to filtered liquid distribution from delivery device. Arranged in the body is filter. Device in accordance with the third embodiment comprises body, unfiltered liquid receiver, filtered liquid outlet, unfiltered liquid outlet and one shuttle valve arranged inside the body. The shuttle valve provides choice of liquid flow through filtered liquid outlet or unfiltered liquid outlet. Delivery device also has the first executive tool mechanically connected to the shuttle valve and the second executive tool mechanically linked with the valve. Device includes filter arranged in the body.
EFFECT: possibility to create water facilities adapted to be used in living or office spaces to selective serve filtered or unfiltered water to consumer, reduced occupied space when used with water tap connected to conventional water basin.
32 cl, 15 dwg
FIELD: water supply, particularly sanitary repair-and-operational means thereof.
SUBSTANCE: leakage elimination method involves removing valve from threaded seat made in tap body; replacing sealing packing; securing guiding pipe in above seat of tap body; installing metal-cutting tool inside the guiding pipe, wherein metal-cutting tool is spindle having cylindrical part, metal-cutting head to remove defective metal layer from annular shoulder end, end part, along with movable limiter, which prevents axial movement of spindle and shank providing connection with drive means; removing defective metal layers so that newly formed end surface of annular shoulder brought into contact with sealing packing of shutoff valve is oriented transversely to inner cylindrical surface of guiding pipe; separating the guiding pipe from above tap body seat; connecting the valve to the tap; pressing sealing packing to end of annular shoulder enclosing water inlet orifice. Device for leakage elimination comprises tap body with threaded seat for valve connection and with annular shoulder enclosing water inlet orifice. Tap body also has water outlet channel. Threaded tap body seat is coaxial to annular shoulder. Guiding pipe is temporary secured to tap body seat having flat outer end surface transversal to inner cylindrical surface thereof. Spindle is arranged inside the guiding pipe and may perform predetermined axial movement and reversible rotation. Cylindrical surfaces of spindle and guiding pipe brought into contact are coaxial to threaded seat and annular shoulder. Metal-cutting head diameter exceeds outer diameter of annular shoulder. End surface of metal-cutting surface extends transversely to cylindrical spindle part.
EFFECT: increased quality of acting water tap usage and repair, elimination of water leakage and increased service life of the tap.
9 cl, 10 dwg
FIELD: sanitary equipment, particularly adapted for domestic or public use, as well as for railroad transport, production departments and service rooms as well as for hospitals.
SUBSTANCE: water is supplied through head having rod-provided reciprocal valve mechanism, body and return spring installed in inner cavity coaxially to the body, wherein the spring cooperates with water dose. Method involves lifting the rod, opening orifice providing water discharge during valve opening; accumulating water dose in the head; lowering the rod; closing orifice adapted for water discharge during valve closing and blocking water dose discharge. Constant magnet field is created inside the head with the use of annular magnet along with silver ionization, magnetization and charging of each water dose. The rod is produced of magnetic material including silver or silver coating. The rod may cooperate with conical normally partly compressed spring. Each water dose inside the head is magnetized and electrically charged by applying constant magnetic and alternate current fields thereto.
EFFECT: extended functional capabilities and increased operational reliability.
2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: sanitary equipment, particularly water supply systems, namely mixing taps.
SUBSTANCE: mixer comprises tank formed as a fixture connected to horizontal part of drainage pipe. The tank comprises body with seat. The mixer also has drainage system formed as isolated air cavity, which communicates upper part of tank interior with ambient space surrounding water flow at tank outlet area. The mixer is provided with valve having head, which has positive floatability in summary with the valve. The mixer has vessel made as horizontal connection pipe adapted to connect horizontal drainage pipe part with the tank. Connection pipe interior communicates with tank interior. Lower end thereof is located above contact area between the valve and the tank body seat. Upper part of connection pipe interior does not project over upper tank body edge. Cross-section of connection pipe interior is not less than that of drainage tank orifice. Connection pipe length is selected to provide summary volume of water accumulated inside the tank and inside the connection pipe, which is 1.5-2 times as much as that of water accumulated in the tank.
EFFECT: improved service performance and reduced water consumption.
3 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: sanitary equipment, particularly domestic plumbing installations for fresh water or waste water.
SUBSTANCE: method involves using water tap with valve heads, discharge jet and nozzle connected to outlet end of discharge jet. The nozzle includes removable cylindrical body of non-magnetic material, namely bronze or brass, and disc with through orifices coaxially fixedly secured to lower body part. Hollow magnetic bush is arranged on the disc so that the bush is coaxial to the body. Conical spiral normally released spring is inserted in the bush and cooperates with water. The spring is made of silver or magnetic material covered with silver.
EFFECT: simplified structure, extended field of application, increased uniformity of water supply and enhanced water cleaning.
FIELD: water supply systems.
SUBSTANCE: hydrant comprises housing with inlet passage and at least one outlet passage, valving member mounted in the outlet passage and provided with the through passage, and rod for control of the valving member outside of the housing. The valving member is made of a rotation body. The hydrant is additionally provided with the normally closed valve. The inlet passage is inclined to at least one outlet passages in the housing at an angle greater than 0° and smaller than 180°. The through passage in the valving member is curved. The valving member is provided with at least one additional through passage for permitting coincidence of its inlet port with the inlet passage of the housing and its outlet port with at least one output passage of the housing. One part of the cut-off control member of the valve is set into the through passage of the housing, and the other part is set in the outlet passage of the housing.
EFFECT: expanded functional capabilities.
6 cl, 12 dwg