The method of growing birds

 

(57) Abstract:

Usage: poultry. The inventive process management corporazioni mixed flow spray feed in the air with ozone generated from air, and maintain the given ozone concentration ratio 10000Mk/Mothe duration of the full population of low-capacity feeders, where Mto- weight of the feed, Mo- weight of ozone. When choosing a control group of birds and investigate changes of biological objects: blood, blood plasma, litter, characterized by the absorption of food in the rest of the bird, establish the correlation between the parameters of biological objects and a dose of food processing ozone, correct on the obtained dependency management options corporazioni and processing of ozone in the direction of increasing weight gain of the birds. A positive effect is to increase the efficiency of the method. 1 C.p. F. 1 Il.

The invention relates to poultry, in particular, to a method of growing birds.

There is a method of breeding birds, including development of microclimate depending on age management corporazioni in the process of consumption cool public for this kind of birds, the definition of correlation dependences between the managed parameters for Corporation and weight gain, [1 - 4] is selected as analogues.

There is a method of growing birds, consisting in the creation of a microclimate in the habitat of birds dependent on its age, management corporazioni in the process feed intake, registration, food quantity and weight gain of the birds and feeding of ozone in the habitat of the birds 5.

The disadvantages of the method chosen for the prototype, is their low efficiency associated with the following reasons:

first, the low digestibility of forages because of possible contamination of feed by bacteria, fungi;

secondly, the reduced antioxidant activity of the compounds included in the composition of the feed;

third, the slowdown of redox processes in a weakened birds due to failure of internal energy stored in the body of the bird;

fourth, the low information content of the method for determining the correlation dependences for adjustment in the direction of increasing weight gain of birds.

The aim of the invention is to increase the efficiency of the method of growing birds.

Pogo in the air feed with ozone and maintain the ozone concentration and maintain the ozone concentration in the ratio 10000Mto/Mabout100000, where Mto- weight of the feed, and Mabout- weight of ozone, to fill small feeders. And those that choose two groups of birds, one of which is fed the raw ozone foods, and other processed investigate changes of biological characteristics of the birds of these groups, characterizing the absorption of food during the rest of the bird, which establish the correlation between the parameters of these biological characteristics and dose of food processing ozone and the resulting dependencies adjust the control settings corporazioni and supply of ozone in the feed in the direction of increasing weight gain of birds.

The advantages of the proposed method are as follows:

when ozonation feed provides bactericidal activity, which is associated with damage to the membranes of bacteria, oxidation of lipids, entering into their composition, activation of free-radical oxidation. It should be emphasized bactericidal effect against anaerobes, are not sensitive to other bacteriostatic drugs [6];

ozone induces the formation of free radicals, stimulates the transport of oxygen to the sulfides, in particular, oxidizes glutathione to disulf the enzymatic activity [7];

ozone interacts with proteins, lipids, amino acids, turns them into free-radical forms that are easily enter into the metabolism, which increases their digestibility [8];

ozone interacts with the remnants of hemoglobulin, which is available in the feed, prepared from the blood, stimulates the formation of biological reagent "Fenton", which, in turn, accelerates the metabolism, in particular, the oxidation and assimilation of feed components [9];

ozone performs energy function by direct saturation of the feed oxygen needed for metabolic processes. Pre-oxidation of food components ozone accelerates the oxidation-reduction processes, which are usually spent the energy stored in the body.

Thus, the analysis of scientific-technical and patent literature [1-9] shows that the introduction of new operations in raising poultry improves the efficiency of the method due to the bactericidal action, promote metabolism, accelerate regenerative and riparazioni processes, changes in the activity of several enzymes, including those involved in antioxidant defense, education radicals aminokislota, other biologically important molecules necessary for life. The proposed interval maintain the desired concentration of ozone is the most acceptable. The operational method of the control parameters changes of biological objects: blood, blood plasma, litter allows you to more effectively adjust parameters of feeding in the direction of increasing weight gain.

The method of growing birds is as follows with the help of the device shown in the drawing.

The device includes a mesh floors 1, house 2, system climate control 3, control system quality and quantity and weight gain of birds 4, system dosed feeding birds 5 with small feeders 6, the source of ozone 7, the zone of mixing the feed stream with ozone 8, contents of the control group birds 9, system selection and study of biological objects 10.

The bird is placed on mesh floors 1 in the housing 2. Using the climate control system 3 set the specified parameters: temperature, humidity, depending on species and age. The frequency of feeding birds perform using the system dosed feeding birds 5 in accordance with the duration of the of Nirosta the birds establish correlation, and adjust obselescence results.

The control group of birds placed in similar conditions. The resulting ozone from the source 7 to sanopoulou served in zone 8 mixing during system operation dosed feeding 5 and filling low-capacity feeders 6 accounting ratios. The amount of ozone supplied to the mixing zone 8, is approximately Mabout=Mto/10000, ... , Mto/100000. In the process of ozonation feed is bactericidal effect, the formation of radicals of amino acids, the saturated feed active oxygen. In the process of feed intake and rest periods poultry shall take of the blood, blood plasma, litter (biological objects) in birds the first and second groups. Birds of the first group were fed raw ozone feed. Birds of the second group, the control group was fed with ozonated feed. Using system content control group 9 and the system of selection and study of biological objects 10 establish the correlation between the parameters characterizing the digestibility of feed, and a dose of food processing ozone. Compare the correlation obtained in the study of the first and second groups of birds. Correct pair is ideological objects (materials) used chemiluminometer PI-002, designed for automatic measurement and registration of the chemiluminescent emission.

For the study of biological materials using chemiluminometer PI-002 applied appropriate methods. The study of the biological material in the stages of spontaneous and induced radiation increases informative way at the expense of more accurate parameters, promptly characterize the digestibility of forages. As parameters, allowing to judge the productivity and biological condition of the birds used: value of sutasoma is an integral indicator of free - radical oxidation; spontaneous luminosity - velocity free-radical oxidation, with no outside influence, the maximum luminosity is the greatest opportunity intense free radical oxidation; the time to reach the maximum is characterized by antioxidant activity.

Example. At the poultry farm "Blagovarsky" RB experiments were carried out. In the first group and the control party, there were 10,000 ducks, of which 0.3 percent were in serious condition, 30%-weakened bird. The application of the proposed method allowed to transfer the weakened bird and the main part II when processing results.

Literature

1. USSR author's certificate N 1355196, class A 01 K 31/20, 1987.

2. USSR author's certificate N 1313403, class A 01 K 31/00, 1987.

3. USSR author's certificate N 1389733, class A 01 K 39/06, 1988.

4. USSR author's certificate N 1588343, class A 01 K 39/00, 1990.

5. Strochevoi C. F. Aeropsace and elektrozondirovanii atmosphere in cages for laying hens. The dissertation on competition of a scientific degree K. T. H. M.: MSAU, 1994, S. 4, 5, 19, 20.

6. Emanuel M. Biophysical aspects of the action of physical and chemical factors on living organisms.- Biophysics. 1984, 29,4, 706-719.

7. Kodayashi S., Nakano M., Coto T. An evideme of the peroxidedependent orujgen transfer from hydro gen perixide to sulfides. Biochem. Sionhys. Res, 1986, 135, 1, p. 166-171.

8. Prior U. the Role of free radical reactions in biological systems. Free radicals in biology. -M.: Mir, 1979, S. 302.

9. Watkius J. A. Lu toxidation reachtions of hemoglobin a hee fumother red cell components: a multi mal mechanisru, Biochem and Biophijs. Res. Commun. 1985, 132, 2, p. 742-748.

1. Method of breeding birds, including the creation of a microclimate depending on the age of the birds, the management corporazioni in the process feed intake, registration, food quantity and weight gain of the birds and the flow of ozone, wherein the ozone is fed into the stream p>The100000,

where Mto- weight of the feed;

Mabout- weight of ozone to fill small feeders.

2. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that select two groups of birds, one of which is fed the raw ozone foods, and other processed investigate changes of biological characteristics of the birds of these groups, characterizing the absorption of food during the rest of the bird, which establish the correlation between the parameters of these biological characteristics and dose of food processing ozone and the resulting dependencies adjust the control settings corporazioni and supply of ozone in the feed in the direction of increasing weight gain of the birds.

 

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