(57) Abstract:The invention relates to refrigeration and can be used for storing food and kimchi. Refrigerating device comprises situated between the cooling compartment and the vegetable compartment compartment for fermenting kimchi in a lower or higher temperature. There is a hole for supplying cold air in the cooling Department. Next to it there is a hole for introducing air from the Department for vegetables in the cooling Department. This embodiment provides a more active flow of air through the vegetable compartment, a satisfactory condition to store food for a long time due to mixing in the cooling compartment warm air is relatively cold. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 2 Il. The invention relates to a refrigeration device with a compartment for kimchi, which provides the opening for cold air, through which cold air from the Department for vegetables is actively sent to the cooling unit in accordance with the pressure difference between the cold air is directly supplied into the cooling compartment and the cold air introduced into ohladaiushe food either frozen, or in a cooled state to the degree of freshness of food stored in the compartment. This device is one of two types of cooling, one of which is a direct cooling method, i.e. the evaporator in the cooling loop installed in place of food storage and reach of direct heat exchange. Another type of cooling indirect cooling, that is, the evaporator is mounted in the passage, which is separated from the place of storage of food products and with the help of the evaporator is the heat exchange of the air, and then through the fan air that has undergone heat exchange, is passed to the place of storage of food.The above-described cooling device typically includes a freezing compartment and a cooling compartment, one of which is located above the other. In addition, the cooling Department provide a private place, with a temperature different from the temperature of the cooling compartment, known Paul called "the vegetable compartment" or "Department for chilled products, stores meat and so forth, at room temperature -1oC. Food products can be stored separately in accordance with the required conditions. On the first the slight pressure from the beginning the average lateral axis of the door, to ensure access to food in their respective Department.In the above conventional refrigeration device storage space for food individually confined within the freezer compartment and the cooling compartment. The place is so small that the user's request, the following modern trends related to storing food in a fresh condition cannot be satisfied. To solve this problem currently developed refrigeration device that includes several different temperature compartments cooled by the evaporator of the refrigerating unit and is known from US patent 5048306, F 25 D 17/06, 17.09.91, S. 1, Fig.1, US patent 4741175, F 25 D 11/02, 3.5.88, S. 1, column 3, Fig.1.According to the applicant, one of the above refrigerating devices can be selected as the closest analogue - US patent 4741175, because it contains a cooling compartment, a freezer compartment located separately and above the cooling branch of the main duct with a hole located in the rear wall of the refrigerating compartment intended for the introduction of cooling air generated by the evaporator in the cooling Department.the new products, for example, kimchi can be stored together with other food products in one place.Kimchi is a dish from selected mixed vegetables, mixed with various seasonings. Kimchi is usually stored in a box and ferment at room temperature for full flavor of kimchi. Prepared kimchi are then stored in a refrigeration device. Because kimchi is usually made in large volume and quantity, for its storage requires a lot of space. When the seizure or holding of food that is stored about a container of kimchi, a container of kimchi prevents the placement of food. In particular, the fermentation of kimchi, it creates a special smell, which is contained in the cold air circulating in the Department.The problem is that the smell is often affected by damage to other food projects.In addition, when the door is open for the insertion or removal of the food from the branches spreading the odor, causing the dissatisfaction of the user. In addition, to remove the relatively small amount of food, you need to open the big door, and thus to produce large quantities of cold air, therefore decreasing the efficiency of the re is th defect. This is achieved by the fact that, according to the invention, the refrigeration device is provided with a storage compartment located separately and below the cooling compartment, the first subchannel connected to the main duct and intended for the introduction part of the cold air in the storage compartment, the second subchannel connected to the storage compartment and having a hole intended for the introduction of cold air from the storage compartment to the cooling compartment, and the opening of the second subchannel is located near the opening of the main duct, providing active air flow on the second subchannel in the cooling compartment with the speed of air passing through the opening in the main duct.It is desirable that the storage compartment used to store vegetables.In Fig. 1 shows a front view of a variant of implementation of the present invention; Fig. 2 is a view in transverse section corresponding to the present invention embodiment of the refrigeration device.Refrigerating device comprises a freezing compartment 1, the cooling compartment 2 compartment kimchi 3 and the vegetable compartment 4, which are placed one on the wifi parts of wards 1 and 2, respectively. Each door 1A, 2A hang on the vertical axis on the sides of each Department. On the front part of the Department for kimchi 3 has A door, which hung on the lower horizontal edge of the door 3A. The vegetable compartment 4 has a door 4A located on the front of the compartment for vegetables 4, which is made in one piece with the box for vegetables 41, so that it is part of this box and is designed to move forward and backward.In addition, forming the first partition wall 5 between the freezing compartment 1 and the refrigerating compartment 2, the second partition 6 between the cooling compartment 2 and the Department for kimchi 3, the third partition 7 between the Department for kimchi 3 and the vegetable compartment 4. This design is intended to reduce heat transfer between branches 1, 2, 3 and 4. In the rear wall of the freezer compartment 1 provide a compartment for a heat transfer 8, which includes the evaporator 81 and the fan 62. The cold air after the heat exchange at the evaporator 81 circulates in each Department through the use of ducts. The location of the channel for air circulation is explained below.The main channel 9 on the back 9W cooling compartment 2 is connected with a t is more in the rear cooling chamber 21 of the cooling compartment 2. To create the master channel 9W front of the rear wall mount cover 9C channel. On the lid 9C channel provide the opening 22 of the main channel 9, which allows cold air to enter the cooling compartment 2. In the upper part of the first partition 5 next to the freezer compartment 1 provide air duct 11, through which the air through the freezer compartment 1 goes back into the compartment heat exchanger 8. The main channel 9 hold down and connect to the vegetable compartment 4, so create the first additional channel 91.The second additional channel 92 is placed in a third partition wall 7 located above the vegetable compartment 4 to connect with the vegetable compartment 4 and a cooling compartment 2.Not far from the hole 22 of the main duct 9 has a hole 92A of the second subchannel 92. In the lower part of the first partition 5 next to the cooling compartment 2 has a duct 20 through which the air through the cooling compartment 2 passes back to the Department of heat transfer 8. Circulation of cold air indirect method of cooling is achieved by forced convection by the fan 82.The Department for kimchi 3 come with the inner surface of the rear vertical wall and the two lateral vertical walls. The Department for kimchi 3 further comprises a heater 32, which is located on the outer surfaces of the upper and lower plates. In the evaporator 31 receives the refrigerant from the second compressor 102, which is specially adapted for the Department for kimchi 3. Thus, the air in the compartment for kimchi carries out heat exchange with the evaporator 31. Kimchi is fermented by the heater 32 and ready kimchi is stored at a lower temperature.To circulate cold air in the freezer compartment 1, the cooling compartment 2 and the vegetable compartment refrigerant compressed by the first compressor 101, which is installed in the compartment 10 to accommodate the motor. Deflated the refrigerant passes through the evaporator and capillary tube (not shown) and converted into a refrigerant of low pressure and low temperature. Through the evaporator 81 refrigerant passes back to the first compressor 101.In this series of air from each division takes place in teploobmennye office 8, to ensure heat transfer. Then the air from teploobmennogo branch 8 by means of the fan 82 is sent to the freezer compartment 1. The air OHL is ASS="ptx2">When thermoclean 9A feel that the temperature of the cooling compartment 2 has reached a certain size, it opens, and the air from teploobmennogo branch 8 is held in the main channel 9, and then sent to the cooling compartment 2 in the direction indicated by the arrow. At the same time another part of the air on the first subchannel 91 is held in the vegetable compartment 4. From the Department for vegetables 4 air on the second subchannel 92 is held in the cooling compartment 2. From the second subchannel 92 air is mixed with the air coming directly from the main channel 9, the mixed air duct 20 passes to Teploobmennik Department 8.Below is a detailed description of the process of circulation of air in the cooling compartment 2 through the branch 4.Held on the first subchannel 91 in the vegetable compartment 4, the air enters the second subchannel 92. Then the air is directed into the cooling compartment 2 through the hole 92A, which is located not far from the hole 22. Through the hole 92A air in the cooling compartment 2 is routed under the action of the pressure difference between the air that goes directly to the cooling compartment 2, and the air that goes through OTDELA 4 on the first subchannel 91, becoming warmer, then on the second subchannel 92 he goes to the hole 92A. With the passage of the air through the channel, it goes slower. However, the flow rate of air flowing directly into the cooling compartment 2, to some extent greater than the speed of the air passing through the vegetable compartment 4. Therefore, the pressure of the air that passes through the hole 22, the relatively lower pressure of air passing through the hole 92A.When the air passing through the vegetable compartment 4, is directed through the hole 92A, it is mixed with air passing through the opening 22, which has a relatively lower temperature. For cooling food air in the cooling compartment 2 circulates with a uniform temperature. Then the air duct 20 is to Teploobmennik ward 8, to continue the cycle.Now below is the explanation of the method of fermentation and storage of kimchi in accordance with the present invention.Kimchi is a vegetable drug, which includes a variety of seasonings and stored in the Department for kimchi 3. When closing the door 3A, the user clicks either high temperature control (not shown) the signal fermentation. In response to a command from the site control to the heating element 32 are powered on within a predetermined period of time.After cycle is finished fermenting kimchi, operate the second compressor 102. The refrigerant from the second compressor 102 passes to a vaporizing tube 31. Through a vaporizing tube 31 there is a heat exchange of the air in the compartment for kimchi. Thus prepared kimchi is stored at the required temperature cooling.Hence it is clear that the above described invention provides a more agile air flow through the vegetable compartment, because the air goes directly into the cooling compartment having a high rate of production, and this thread contains the air passing through the vegetable compartment.Additionally, it becomes apparent that the above described invention provides a satisfactory condition to store food for a long period of time, because of the relatively warm air passing through the vegetable compartment to the cooling compartment is mixed with the relatively cool air that flows directly into the cooling compartment. 2. The device under item 1, characterized in that the storage compartment is used to store vegetables.
FIELD: cooling, particularly self-contained movable devices, domestic refrigerators with several compartments.
SUBSTANCE: method involves successive pumping cooling agent in condenser; throttling thereof; moving cooling agent to cooling chamber evaporator; additionally throttling thereof and feeding cooling agent to freezing chamber evaporator with following sucking cooling agent off; drying vapor-and-liquid mixture in cooing chamber evaporator under temperature of 0 … - 5oC; boiling vapor-and-liquid mixture in freezing chamber evaporator under temperature of -20 … -30oC.
EFFECT: reduced energy losses.