Vacuum construction building and structures made it mainly for permafrost zones and earthquakes

 

(57) Abstract:

The building, mainly for animals, including the Foundation, wall fencing and concrete slabs, snabzhennoe protective device from melting permafrost, made in the form prescribed in forever-frozen soil under termoelektronnoi stove vacuum boxes-blocks, with termobahia mixture prepared with vysokoteploprovodnyh filler, for example, ceramic or scrap scrap glass, and in the body of the concrete, are, for example, aluminum pipe, through which passes the winter - warm water, and in summer the refrigerant in the form of chilled water, and as a reflector under the pipes are lined with double-sided foil, with wall fencing is made, for example, the arch of the compartments in the form of a cube with walls of the same material, the cavity of each of which vacuumized and sealed, and design structures, such as a heated runway with vacuum wall around the circuit construction of its height to the depth of freezing and protective device from melting permafrost, made in the form installed on frozen ground under termoelektronnoi stove vacuum boxes-block or scrap glass, and in the body of concrete are, for example, aluminum pipe, through which passes the winter - warm water, and in summer the refrigerant in the form of chilled water, and as a reflector under the pipes are lined with double-sided foil. 2 S. p. f-crystals, 1 Il.

The invention relates to the improvement of construction machinery, mainly for special contrasting conditions, including conditions of permafrost.

The prior art known to the building, mainly for animals, including the Foundation, wall fencing and concrete slabs (ed. St. N 883297, class E 04 H, 5/08, 1981). Also known construction of the runway, including concrete slabs (ed. St. N 905347, class E 04 C 5/06, 1982). However, the design of data structures does not give the possibility of erecting them in the permafrost.

The objective of the invention is a significant improvement in the living conditions of people and animals in the buildings in permafrost conditions, and the creation of structures, for example, heated up the runway of the aerodrome with the ability to operate the airfield without interruption for cleaning snow and ice.

The problem is solved technically new media - creating a protective mouth is ethnoi stove vacuum boxes, blocks, this termobahia mixture prepared with vysokoteploprovodnyh filler, for example, ceramic or scrap scrap glass, and in the body of concrete are, for example, aluminum pipe, through which passes the winter - warm water and in the summer the refrigerant in the form of chilled water, and as a reflector under the pipes are lined with double-sided foil, with wall fencing is made, for example, the arch of the compartments in the form of a cube with walls of the same material, the cavity of each of which vacuumized and sealed, as for the runway of the airfield - vacuum wall around the circuit construction of its height to the depth of freezing. The drawing shows the axonometric image structure.

The installation of protective devices is performed in the following sequence: removed the soil to a depth of summer thaw and Foundation blocks 2, made with conventional concrete, mounted directly on the surface of the permafrost soil 1 under termoelektronnoi plate 9 between them are evacuated hollow box-3 blocks. On top of boxes arranged waterproofing 4 in the form of a film or roofing material and is lined 2-storsta foil 5, as Provodnik material, for example, a ceramic scrap or scrap glass. In the body of the concrete are aluminum or galvanized pipe 6 to the heat carrier in the form of hot water in winter and cold water in summer, which is welded combs 7 of the same material, in the role of a secondary heating elements together with the armature. Work to be completed is the flooring on thermometer elastic, thickened, non-flammable and grisostomo carpet 10, having a good thermal conductivity. The purpose of this carpet - creating comfort and sanitary conditions, such as animals, creating a warm surface in winter and cool the surface in summer, by passing through a pipe 6 that is heated, cooled water. Thus the carpet 10, washable: all sewage and waste products are washed down through the chute transported in the tanks into a dry organic fertilizer, it also produces hygienic conditions to protect the hooves of animals from penetrating cracks pathogenic and infectious microbes that cause various infectious diseases. Wall enclosure of the building is made, for example, in the form of an arched structure 11 with compartments in the form of a cube with walls of the same material, the cavity of each of which vacuumized is Denmark, reduce material consumption, and through svetopropusknuyu vacuum design freely pass the heat and light rays, and also solves the problem of damping of sound waves.

For construction of the runway, made according to this invention, is arranged around the contour of the vacuum wall 12 of its height to the depth of freezing and protective device from melting permafrost, made in the form prescribed by the eternally frozen ground 1 under termoelektronnoi plate 9 vacuum boxes-3 blocks, while termobahia mixture prepared with vysokoteploprovodnyh filler, for example, ceramic scrap and scrap glass, and in the body of concrete are, for example aluminum pipe 5, through which passes the winter - warm water, and in summer the refrigerant in the form of chilled water, and as a reflector under the pipes are lined with double-sided foil 5.

1. Building mainly for animals, including the Foundation, wall fencing and concrete slabs, characterized in that it is provided with a protective device from melting permafrost, made in the form installed on frozen ground under termoelektronnoi stove vacuum boxes-blocks, while the m glass, and in the body of concrete are, for example, aluminum tube, through which passes the hot water in winter, and in summer the refrigerant in the form of chilled water, and as a reflector under the pipes are lined with double-sided foil, with wall fencing is made, for example, the arch of the compartments in the form of a cube with walls of the same material, the cavity of each of which vacuumized and sealed.

2. Design structures, such as a heated runway, including concrete slabs, characterized in that it has a vacuum wall around the circuit construction of its height to the depth of freezing and protective device from melting permafrost, made in the form installed on frozen ground under termoelektronnoi stove vacuum boxes-blocks, with termobahia mixture prepared with vysokoteploprovodnyh filler, such as a ceramic or scrap scrap glass, and in the body of concrete are, for example, aluminum pipe, through which passes hot water in winter, and in summer the refrigerant in the form of chilled water, and as a reflector under the pipes are lined with double-sided foil.

 

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