The method of conversion of the kinetic energy of the high-speed wind pressure and wind


(57) Abstract:

Usage: in the wind industry. The essence of the invention: method of conversion of kinetic energy to the speed of the wind acting on the tethered flying machine, which performs reciprocating motion in a vertical plane on seerah bridle attached to the connecting rod ring crank. The wind turbine includes a tethered flying machine, Reitern support 9, the worm shaft 10, Reitern lever 20, the crank 3. 2 C.p. f-crystals, 4 Il.

The invention is used to convert the kinetic energy of the velocity of the wind acting on the tethered flying machine (PLA), mechanical work, with the downlink transmission of mechanical power to exclude capital expenditure on the construction resistant to wind loads of a high tower, Foundation, improve ROI installation.

In the first half turn of the crank (arc c-d-a, Fig. 4) around its axis, due to inertia forces, when shortened size bridle PLA lUSD1(Fig. 4), with a smaller angle of attack (Fig. 4) the crowding of the wind flow on the PLA, which corresponds to the mode of preparation (steaming), force the windshield soprotivlenie finger crank (point "P", Fig. 4). The result is committed rotational motion of the crank 3 (Fig. 2 and 4) PLA moves learni towards wind flow W (Fig. 4) to complete this half rotation of the turnover of the crank, while the Cam mechanism, organized by the Cam pair 4 and 5 (Fig. 2 and 3) (shaped Cam which is mounted on the shaft of the crank), at the end of this half turn (arc c-d-a, Fig. 4) acts through the clutch Cam 5 (Fig. 2) on the lower shoulder Reitern lever 20 (Fig. 2 and 3), which leads through the cable 16 (Fig. 2) the angular displacement of the pumping unit 15 (Fig. 2) installed on it by the roller 8 (Fig. 2) managing size bridle PLA, resulting PLA mode with a longer bridle lUSD2(Fig. 4), which corresponds to the mode of the stroke arc a-b-c (Fig. 4), and traction of lierow 1 and 2 (Fig. 1 and 2) attached to the connecting rod finger crank (point "P", Fig. 4), on the radius of the installation rod finger creates a torque on the crank shaft (axle shaft O-O Fig. 2 and 3) a larger value than in the first half of the turnover of the crank shaft. Upon further rotation of the shaft, at the end of the second half of the turnover of the crank Cam mechanism again in Reitern lever system moves the ice rink 8 (Fig. 2), operated the Fig. 1 and 4). The combination and sequence of activities used funds for one full turn of the crank creates a different amount of torque, the difference of which is useful work (power) on the crank shaft (axle shaft O-O Fig. 2 and 3).

Device description wind turbines under item 1 to specify the length difference bridle PLA mode sweating and mode of the stroke to regulate power.

Switching PLA from mode I to mode II (Fig. 1) is controlled by the position of the profiled Cam 4 (Fig. 2), the profile of which corresponds to these modes. Bearing slave Cam 5 (Fig. 2 and 3) made integral with the plunger pump 22 (Fig. 3) depending on the angle of rotation of the male performs a linear reciprocating motion along the axis of the plunger pump 22 (Fig. 3) and leads via a lever-cable system 16, 15, 2 (Fig. 2), 20 (Fig. 3) change the size of the bridle Uz 1 size Uz 2 (Fig. 1), which determines the acting force of the wind on the PLA due to the aerodynamic resistance of the PLAN and, therefore, the capacity of wind turbines. Linear position supports Reitern lever 9 (Fig. 2 and 3) along the length of the worm drive shaft 11 (Fig. 2; 3) specifies the ratio of the shoulders Reitern arm B1:B2 (Fig. 2) and sets the difference is CA of these points generates a current speed of the crank shaft power output of the wind turbine. The change in the ratio shoulders B1:B2 depending on the speed of the wind flow W (Fig. 1) leads to a change in output power installation.

Device description wind turbines under item 1 to specify the external length of the Leer bridle to compensate for exhaust Leonov during operation of the wind turbine.

Ropes (cables) 1 and 2 (Fig. 1 and 2) during operation, due to the different levels of tractive effort, pulled from the size of the initial lengths vary and, as a result, changing the difference of the lengths of the bridle Us - Us (Fig. 1) in the operating mode II and mode of soaring I.

The device allows you to change the initial external length Leer bridle 2 (Fig. 1 and 2) from the rink 7 (Fig. 2) to the opposite node sealing Leer bridle on PLA by reducing (increasing) center-to-center distance between the roller 7 (Fig. 2) guy wire bridle and profile of the Cam 6. Bearing rink delays 7 pivotally connected to the end of the worm shaft 10 mechanism of delays, the rotations of the worm shaft 10 clockwise (or counterclockwise) change the center distance rollers 7 and 6, and this is achieved by changing the specified external length Leer bridle.

Confirmation of the availability of the invention.

In the present invention, prgnam object in the necessary volume for the object of the invention.

In Fig. 1 shows a kinematic diagram of the PLA of Fig. 2 - the same, the ground portion of the installation of Fig. 3 is a General view of Fig. 4 - an explanation of the operating principle.

The sources of information.

1. The engineering. Encyclopedic reference. Volume 2. M: 1948 Mechanisms with higher pairs, S. 21; 32 - 40; Kinematic scheme of the mechanism, C. 5.

2. Shifter J. N. The inventor of the wind turbines and wind turbines. ): Symptoms, 1957, S. 98.

3. USSR author's certificate N 853148, CL F 03 D 5/06.

1. The way to convert the kinematic energy of the speed of the wind acting on the tethered flying machine with the transfer of mechanical power to the ground, eliminating the need for sustainable buildings to wind loads high-rise towers, characterized in that the kinematic connection of a Cam mechanism, the rocking roller, control the size of the Leer bridle, apparatus held in the flight modes power guard rails and guard rails bridle, change in each half-turn of the crank external length Leer bridle compared with the length of the power rail, thereby changing the length of the frenulum of the apparatus, to form the total difference tractive effort of lierow, form consistently in the th finger of the crank (the leash), create on the shaft of the crank torque with a smaller value in the cycle of sweating during movement of the device towards the wind flow under the action of inertia forces of the rotating masses (articulated with the shaft of the crank) through lierow with less frontal resistance of the device than in the working cycle, which takes place during the second half rotation of the crank shaft with a larger frontal resistance of the device because of the larger size bridle, while the torques acting on the shaft of the crank, in each half of the shaft revolution different level values and the direction of rotation and the difference of the torque and the rotational speed of shaft (rpm) generate useful mechanical power on the shaft of the crank used on Earth.

2. Wind turbine with variable length bridle tethered flying machine modes steaming and stroke, allowing the power regulation of wind speed, characterized in that the linear position retornou support along the length of the worm shaft Reitern drive defines the relationship shoulders Reitern lever sets the difference of angles of attack a tethered flying machine for different torque on the shaft of the crank both modes, the difference between these momentoes Reitern lever and the flow velocity of the wind, than achieving the goal of the regulation.

3. Wind turbine under item 2 to specify the external length of the Leer bridle providing compensation for exhaust Leonov during operation of the wind turbine, characterized in that the bearing rink delays pivotally connected with the end of the worm shaft mechanism of a delay and when the worm shaft turns clockwise (or counterclockwise) change the center distance of the rink guy wire bridle and prior rink Leer bridle, than is achieved by changing the external length of the Leer bridle.


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