The method of operation in a greenhouse with translucent fence installations for growing plants

 

(57) Abstract:

Use: method of operation in a greenhouse with translucent fence installations for growing plants is applicable in the greenhouse with hydroponic equipment. The method involves the adjustment of the angle between the hinge connected to the upper part of the inclined beams (4) frames of data units (3) placed on them germinators (6). The regulatory process is as follows: before the onset of increased intensity of natural radiation put the crossbars (4) each installation (3), and then connect the upper parts of two adjacent units (3), having their lower part on the distance (1-2)L, where L is the distance between the lower portions of the crossbars (4) related installations (3) before folding and after the end of the specified period, the crossbars (4) units return to its original position. The use of the invention allows more efficient use of natural radiation and increase 8-11% yield of cultivated plants. 2 Il.

The invention relates to agriculture, in particular the production of vegetables in greenhouses, greenhouses, hydroponic plants.

The known method eromania angle between the hinge connected to the upper part of the inclined bars of the frames of data units placed on them germinators.

The disadvantage of this method is low efficiency of use of natural radiation due to shading of the plants and consequently low productivity of cultivated vegetables.

The task was to create a method in the greenhouse, which increases the efficiency of use of natural radiation is the possibility of using greenhouses due to the effective alternating lighting that affects the vegetation period of plants and their productivity.

The invention solved the task. In the method of operation in a greenhouse with translucent fence installations for growing plants, including the regulation of the angle between the hinge connected to the upper part of the inclined bars of the frames of data units placed on them germinators, according to the invention, before the onset of increased intensity of natural radiation put crossbars each installation and then connect the upper parts of two adjacent units, positioning of the lower part at a distance equal to or not exceeding twice the distance between the lower parts of the spandrel units before folding, and after a specified period of crossbar units are placed in and is Estonia and access to natural radiation (in winter) the main sources of irradiation plants are mercury discharge lamps. With intensive flow of natural irradiation plants in the growth chamber, placed on the opposite sources of natural light sides of hydroponic plants, there is a lack of exposure due to heavy shading.

Changing the angle between the beams installations by folding them and connecting the upper parts of two adjacent units, the location of their lower parts at a specified distance between them increases the angle between the beams and, consequently, reduced the opacity of the plants and increases the efficiency of use of natural radiation. The alternation of this operation depending on the intensity of natural radiation allows to extend the possibility of using greenhouses.

The proposed method of operation in a greenhouse with translucent fence installations for growing plants, including the regulation of the angle between the hinge connected to the upper part of the inclined bars of the frames of data units placed on them germinators differs from the known, taken as a prototype, before the onset of increased intensity of natural radiation put the crossbars of each facility, and then soedinenie the distance between the parts of the spandrel units before folding, and after the specified period of the spandrel units are placed in the original position.

Comparative analysis of the proposed solutions with known allows us to conclude that the proposed technical solution meets the patentability criteria of "novelty."

Of patent and technical literature for professionals is not known a method of operating a greenhouse hydroponic plant, which provides, depending on the intensity of natural radiation changes the angle between the hinge connected to the inclined bars of the frames installations. Thus, the proposed technical solution meets the patentability criteria of "inventive step".

The inventive solution can be used in agriculture, it allows to increase the efficiency of the greenhouse, to increase the yield of 8 - 11%. Thus, the proposed solution meets the patentability criteria of "industrial applicability".

In Fig. 1 shows schematically a greenhouse with plants for the growing plants prior to their fold; Fig. 2 - the greenhouse with folded hydroponic plants.

openie 3 setup for growing plants, containing frame, made in the form of pivotally United at the top of the crossbars 4. On the brackets 5 attached to the crossbars 4, set germinator 6 pots for plants (in the drawing is shown). The frames in the lower part is equipped with rollers 7. To change the angle between crossbars 4 last supplied screws 8 and nuts 9. The greenhouse is equipped with a system of artificial irradiation plants mercury discharge lamp 10 with reflectors 11. Arrow 12 shows the course of the rays of natural light source - the Sun.

The method of operation is as follows. Before the onset of increased intensity of natural radiation - spring, summer put the crossbars 4 all installations 3 greenhouses in the lower part by means of screws 8 and nuts 9, and then connect the upper parts of two adjacent units 3 (Fig. 2). Their lower end located at a distance equal to or not exceeding twice the distance between the lower portions of the crossbars 4 units 3 before folding. In this case, the beams of natural light to illuminate only the outer side of each of two adjacent units 3. In growth chamber 6, is placed on the inner sides of 3 units, grown Metallurgie, for example green, culture.

During this period the prevailing radiation sources are sources of artificial light - mercury discharge lamp 10, which is irradiated from above the plants, covering the entire surface of deciduous cover. Rays of natural light 12 cover only the outer direction of installation 3.

After a period of low natural radiation installation placed in the original position.

The application of the proposed method of operation in a greenhouse allows you to increase the efficiency of use of natural radiation, to increase the capacity of the greenhouse due to the effective alternating lighting, to increase the yield of 8 - 11%.

The method of operation in a greenhouse with translucent fence installations for growing plants, including the regulation of the angle between the hinge connected to the upper part of the inclined bars of the frames of data units placed on them germinators, characterized in that before the onset of increased intensity of natural radiation put crossbars each installation and then connect the upper parts of two adjacent units, having their lower end at a distance equal or not prego period crossbars plants placed in the original position.

 

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