The way the content of breeding birds
(57) Abstract:Usage: in the poultry industry for the maintenance of breeding birds, for the fastest valuable breeding lines and crosses, their perfection. Throughout the biological cycle of egg production of laying hens kept in individual cages with limited space not less than 1.5 m2with Autonomous watering and feeding, manufacturer hoisted to the layers with a periodicity for every 4 - 5 days with sexual load per manufacturer 4 to 5 hens, 1 Il. The invention relates to a process and devices for the maintenance of breeding birds.There is a method group housing of breeding birds and their selection for mating in direct and reverse combinations, the definition of General and specific combining ability and mating choices of (paternal and maternal lines), the abstraction of linear young, carrying out of selection for increased compatibility, selected as analog. .There is a method of creating breeds of poultry, consisting in an individual in vivo selection for feed conversion, containing from 1 to 21 days of the conclusion together with 21 to 49 day - in individual cages with weekly definition is Rania breeding birds using habitats in the house, including floors and deep litter, selected as a prototype. .The disadvantage of these methods [1, 2, 3] is their low efficiency because of the impossibility of predicting the compatibility of lines without experimental crosses, reducing the accuracy of the accounting productivity, high labor intensity. If this is not possible with high reliability to assess the origin of the offspring, the assessment of the compatibility of the lines requires a considerable time. The inefficiency of the method is associated with additional costs for planting birds in the nest at a certain time of day, usually at night, to determine individual egg production and productivity, but also in the DIN that the bird twice is under stress. In addition, when the coupling manufacturer with laying some specimens may show selective field capacity, which reduces oplodotvorennogo eggs, and therefore productivity.The aim of the invention is to increase the efficiency of the method of the contents of breeding birds.This objective is achieved in that in the method of maintaining breeding birds using habitats in the house, including floors and deep litter, the difference is located to the limited space of not less than 1.5 m2, self-watering and feeding, manufacturer hoisted to the layers with a periodicity for each 4 to 5 days sexual load per manufacturer 4 to 5 hens.The advantage of the proposed method of maintenance of breeding birds is as follows. Throughout the biological cycle of egg production of laying hens kept in individual sections with independent watering and feeding, which improves the accuracy of the account in selection for feed conversion in the individual control of the content and productivity of breeding birds. In addition, for an accurate assessment of egg production and productivity of laying hens, and to exclude the factor electoral capacity for it is implanted manufacturer intervals for each of not less than (4 - 5) days from the sexual load of not less than (4 - 5) hens per manufacturer restriction of space habitats not less than 1.5 m2. At the same time combines the combined conditions of habitat: breeding mating with the individual assessment of each individual. The proposed techniques allow selection with 100% accuracy to determine the origin of the seed.However, based on the foregoing, we can conclude that podsazhivanie polowy 1.5 m2and simultaneous monitoring of individual feed intake meets the criterion of "novelty", "inventive step" and "industrial applicability".The drawing shows the layout of the individual cells and nests to host hens and manufacturer.The way the content of breeding birds is as follows.The bird put 6 goals (5 hens and 1 manufacturer) each hen put in a separate cage 1 forming section 2, consisting of five cells 1. Five cells 1 or section 2 form a breeding chamber 3. Section 2 is placed in a two-row array 4. Depending on the size of the premises and of the formation of breeding nests 3 place the appropriate number of arrays 4. As the source data for the operator on the corresponding array made of two-dimensional symbol M is the sequence number of the section, N is the number of cells. The operator uses the legend, maintains records of feed intake. At the same time in each section 2 operator podzuzhivaet manufacturer to the next hen with a frequency of 4 to 5 days with sexual load per manufacturer 4 to 5 hens, in addition, maintains records of egg production by alandotu, significantly shorten the duration of the selection process, to improve the accuracy of individual metering of feed intake and productivity.The sources of information.1. The method of selection lines hens for breeding. USSR author's certificate N 655370, class A 01 K 67/00, 1979.2. The method of selection of meat chickens. USSR author's certificate N 1584857, class A 01 K 67/00, 1990.3. The way group housing of breeding birds. USSR author's certificate N 1572475, class A 01 K 31/00; 67/02, 1990. The way the content of breeding birds using habitats in the house, including floors and deep litter, characterized in that during the entire biological cycle arsenokoite laying hens are kept in individual cages with limited space not less than 1.5 m2with Autonomous watering and feeding, manufacturer hoisted to the layers with a periodicity for each of at least 4 - 5 days with sexual load per manufacturer 4 to 5 hens.
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, poultry farming.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has axial-flow draft fans arranged in longitudinal-vertical coordinate planes extending through middle portion of doubled cage batteries. Guiding screens mix air flows while hazard gasses generated by birds and released from bird dung are fully assimilated. Before being discharged from poultry house, contaminated air is disinfected with disinfecting solution sprayed by nozzles positioned above each draft fan, to thereby disinfect air delivered into ambient air.
EFFECT: improved sanitary and hygienic bird keeping conditions, reduced consumption of power, increased efficiency in ventilation of space inside cage and disinfection of contaminated air at poultry house outlet opening.
1 dwg, 3 tbl
SUBSTANCE: method involves growing quails in cage batteries with differentiated setting density and providing local heating in each of the cages; providing setting density per 1 head: from 1 day to 14 days - 40 cm2, from 15 days to 21 days - 60 cm2; from 22 days to 49 days 100 cm2; keeping intermittent heating mode by means of infrared lamps with power of 300 W according to following pattern: from 1 day to 21 days - 30 min heating, 15 min switching off, from 22 days to 49 days - switching off heaters, with temperature in poultry house being maintained at 20-22°C level.
EFFECT: increased retention and productivity of poultry and reduced consumption of power.
SUBSTANCE: emitter has illumination fittings incorporating infrared radiation source and ultraviolet lamp. Ultraviolet emitter is formed as ring, within the cavity of which round-symmetric infrared radiation source is located. Infrared radiation source is equipped with hood having half-moon shaped channels and is positioned for displacement along vertical axis by means of bimetallic plates. Bimetallic plates are arranged above each of said channels and are immovably secured with their one end to case and with their other end to hood outer surface. Emitter case is made in the form of hemi-sphere with round base.
EFFECT: increased efficiency in irradiating of animals.
2 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: housing birds.
SUBSTANCE: bird cage comprises back wall, sides, and front wall, door made in the front wall, feeder, floor mounted with an inclination to the front wall, and egg-collecting chute. The floor is made of interconnected parallel racks. The cage is provided with the baffle secured to the floor that can move over the transverse racks of the frame. One side of the egg-collecting chute is pivotally connected with the floor. The second side of the chute is connected with the cage frame via a spring. The feeder is mounted with a spaced relation to the floor.
EFFECT: improved design and enhanced convenience of servicing.
FIELD: housing birds.
SUBSTANCE: bird cage set comprises collector for dung, passage diverging downward and defined by cages, ventilation passages provided with ports, and fan connected with the distributing air ducts. The front grid and bottoms of the cages as well as the bearing stiffening ribs are made of dielectric materials. The ports in the passages are overlapped with grids made of conducting materials, and their mesh size do not exceed the mesh size of the cages. The grids are connected with the negative poles of the air ionizers.
EFFECT: improved bird housing.
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, poultry farming.
SUBSTANCE: method involves keeping cocks from 17-week age to the end of utilization time in cages under intermittent illumination conditions with triple alternation of light and darkness periods; setting first light period of from 5 hours to 6 hours, second period of 8 hours to 12 hours and third period of from 13 hours to 17 hours.
EFFECT: reduced live weight, improved quality of sperm production, increased impregnation capacity of eggs and reduced feed consumption.
FIELD: poultry farming.
SUBSTANCE: method involves exposing chickens having age of several days to low-intensity laser radiation; exposing broiler chickens of 1-day age to 10-min aeroionization procedure, followed by low-intensity laser radiation through information biologically-active matrix.
EFFECT: increased live weight of broiler chickens reached during short period of time.
1 dwg, 4 tbl
FIELD: electric heat recovering equipment.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has inlet air fan and waste air fan, small-sized heat-exchanger made from polymeric materials, air feeding branch pipe, air discharge duct and air inlet duct. Apparatus is further provided with electric inlet air heater positioned between inlet air fan and air feeding branch pipe, and recirculation channel for connecting waste air duct to inlet air duct through gate.
EFFECT: reduced consumption of power and enhanced reliability in operation of apparatus.
SUBSTANCE: complex includes chicken house with successive boxes, feeding, feed dispensers, drinking pans, lighting devices, and heaters. The boxes are made of different size in accordance with the age of poultry. The boxes have sliding screenings for alternate pass-by of broilers from the previous box to the following. The complex is equipped with the open space ground run for different birds of different ages. The last box is located adjacent to the first ground run. The ground runs have fencing with sheds, nets, feeding, feed dispensers, drinking pans, lighting devices, and heaters. The ground runs have sliding screenings for alternate pass-by of broilers from the previous box to the following. The base of each ground run is made in the form of sloping ground, which contains draining layer, and at the top - the soil with grass.
EFFECT: increase in the number of products while reducing its cost.
SUBSTANCE: brooder is a rigid heat-insulating element construction with heating sources installed under the heat-insulating element. At the perimeter of the brooder construction the vertical heat-insulating blinds are placed there covered with beam reflecting material in the range of emitters' work, the height of which is sufficient for touching by its bottom edge the heating zone and it is installed to the heat-insulating element construction. The blinds from its lower edge have the vertical sections. At the perimeter of the brooder construction the additional clamps have the vertical support block. Brooder construction has the displacement ability at the height along the vertical support blocks. There are the additional openings for animals and poultry and also for ventilation improvement of the heating zones through the blades. In the heating zone the brooder has roosts for birds of different height, and in blinds at the brooder perimeter there are the transparent windows made of the heat-insulating material for better observation by the staff of the animals and poultry life in the heating zone of the brooder.
EFFECT: brooder service is simplified while providing the better function capabilities.