Vortex unit for separation of the combustible component of the air

 

(57) Abstract:

Vortex unit is used to calculate the combustible component of air. Vortex tube is made of two separate coaxially mounted parts. Pipe connector is located on the traffic flow for the swirl flow, installed at the entrance of the vortex tube. From the outside of the tube is an annular chamber, covering the connector. The connection of the end walls of the chamber with the tube is sealed with the possibility of axial movement of one of the parts of the vortex tube relative to another part thereof, thus formed annular gap to exit the peripheral wall of the separated flow medium in the annular chamber. On the exhaust tube of the regulatory environment have a locking device. The end of the vortex tube side outlet flow from the tube is made with a sharp edge. 86 C.p. f-crystals, 47 ill.

The invention relates to a rotary apparatus for sharing media with inhomogeneous field densities and with different molecular weight components, which is carried out in accordance with the law of freely rotating vortex flow with inhomogeneous field densities and with different molecular weight components, open the her out of the air, and it is also possible to use the installation for its implementation in different variants constructive installation for the separation of environments in a vortex flow in various industries, particularly the chemical industry, thermal and nuclear power engineering, oil and gas production and processing industry and many industries.

Known vortex unit for separating environments with vortex tube containing a camera energy division with two deployme inputs on one end and a diffuser o hot thread at the other, connected through a heat exchanger to one of the nozzle inlets, the second of which is connected to a source of compressed gas, and the axial pipe of the conclusion of the cold stream, baggage energy separation from the side of nozzle inlets provided asymmetrically located pipe, and Petrovac o cold stream is located on the side of the cone and around this pipe installed tube, forming with it an annular gap, is connected to the nozzle, asymmetrically located on the side of nozzle inlets [1].

The disadvantage of this vortex is the impossibility of the separation media, t is taken after that ensures the separation of environments due to the difference in their temperatures, but rather densities. The design of this vortex unit is not adapted to separate environments with heterogeneous field densities and with different molecular weight components having the same temperature.

Closest to the claimed technical solution is swirling device for the separation of environments, which contains a swirl flow that is installed at the entrance of the vortex tube, and a peripheral channel from the ring input section for removal of the peripheral flow, and the output of the Central stream separated environments, located opposite the input section of the vortex tube side, and a peripheral channel at its initial site for removal of the peripheral flow split environment is formed by the inner surface of the vortex tube and the outer surface of the pipe section located inside the output area of the vortex tube coaxially of the latter, and the Central thread of the above environment is given at least one channel, which is at its initial site in the latter case is above the portion of the tube located inside the output area of the vortex tube [2].

The objective of the invention is the creation of a vortex unit for economical commercial production of fuel from the air.

This task is achieved by the fact that in the known vortex installation containing at least the vortex device with a swirl flow, installed at the entrance of the vortex tube, and a peripheral channel from the ring input section for removal of the peripheral flow, and the output of the Central stream separated environments, located opposite the input section of the vortex tube side, and a peripheral channel at its initial site for removal of the peripheral flow split environment is formed by the inner surface of the vortex tube and the outer surface of the pipe section located inside the output area of the vortex tube in the base position coaxially of the latter, while the main stream above environment is given at least through the military inside the output area of the vortex tube, vortex tube is made of at least two separate coaxially mounted parts, while the pipe connector is located on the flow of at least a swirl flow, installed at the entrance of the vortex tube, and the outer side of the last executed annular chamber encompassing the above connector of the vortex tube, with the outer surface of the latter plays the role of a side wall of the chamber, and a connection end walls of the latter with vortex tube is sealed with the possibility of axial movement of at least one of the parts of the vortex tube relative to another part of the latter with the formation of the annular passage (gap) between the ends of the above-mentioned parts of the vortex tube to exit from the last peripheral wall of the separated flow medium in the annular chamber, the exhaust tube of the medium from which you are regulating shut-off device, and an end face, facing towards the flow, part of the vortex tube, which is located on the outlet side of the flow from the last performed at least with a sharp entrance edge, the maximum efficiency of the separation media is achieved by adjusting at least the degree of opening of the regulating smery, covering a vortex tube, and the width of the annular gap between adjacent ends of the two coaxially mounted parts of the vortex tube to exit the peripheral wall of the separated flow environment by axial movement of at least one of the parts of the vortex tube relative to another part of the latter, allowing the change of the cross-section area for facing the peripheral wall of the flow divided environment.

Comparative analysis of the proposed technical solution with analogue and prototype allows to make a conclusion about the presence of new distinctive characteristics, therefore, the proposed solution meets the criterion of "novelty".

In known science and technology solutions, we have not identified the combination of distinctive features of the proposed solution, exhibiting similar properties and will help to achieve specified objectives of the invention result, hence, the solution meets the criteria of the invention "significant differences".

In Fig. 1 shows a vortex unit for separation of the combustible component of the air; Fig. 2 - vortex unit of Fig. 3 - vortex tube with swirl flow; Fig. 4, 5 - vortex unit of Fig. 6 - m of the stream; in Fig. 13-29 - vortex unit of Fig. 30-32 - section a-a in Fig. 2; Fig. 33,34 - section b-B in Fig. 3; Fig. 35 - output plot of the vortex device of Fig. 36, 37 - vortex unit of Fig. 38 - composite drainage of the Central flow of the vortex device of Fig. 39-41 - vortex unit of Fig. 42, 43 is a characteristic change in the peripheral speed of the flow along the radius in the output section of the blade swirl flow; Fig. 44, 45 - section b-b In Fig. 4; Fig. 46, 47 - section G-G in Fig. 4.

In the allocation method of the combustible component of the air in the vortex installation (Fig. 1), including spin passing through the swirl flow 1, flow separation medium and the removal of media through the Central 2 and 3 peripheral channels, and vortex unit to implement it contains at least the vortex device 4 with the swirl flow 1 mounted on the output section 5 of the vortex tube 6, and a peripheral channel 3 ring input section 1-1 for removal of the peripheral flow, and the output 2 of the Central stream separated environments, located on the opposite of the input section 5 of the vortex tube 6 side, moreover, the peripheral channel 3 on your initial section 7 for removal of the peripheral flow divided environment established by UNWTO section 8 of the vortex tube 6 in the base position coaxially of the latter, while the main stream above environment is given at least one channel 2, which in its initial part 7 in the latter case is the above section 7 of the pipe 2 located inside the output section 8 of the vortex tube 6, vortex tube 6 is made of at least two separate coaxially mounted parts 9, 10, with connector 11 of the pipe 6 is flow of at least one swirler flow 1 installed at the inlet of section 5 of the vortex tube 6 and the outer side of the last executed annular chamber 12, covering above the connector 11 of the vortex tube 6, while the outer surface of the last 6 performs at least the role of the side walls of the chamber 12, and a connection end walls 13, 14 of the last 12 with vortex tube 6 are sealed with the possibility of axial movement (x) of at least one 10 of parts 9, 10 of the vortex tube 6 relative to the second part 9 of the last 6 with the formation of the annular passage 15 (gap) between the end faces 16, 17 of the above parts 9, 10 of the vortex tube 6 out of the last 6 peripheral wall of the separated flow medium in the annular chamber 12, on 18 pipe tap of the environment from which 12 are installed regulating shut-off device 19, ledney 6, performed at least with a sharp entrance edge 20, the maximum efficiency of the separation media is achieved by adjusting at least the degree of opening of the regulating valves 21, 22 installed on the outlets 23, 24 separated environments from channels 2, 3 vortex device 4 and the annular chamber 12, covering a vortex tube 6, and the width (x) of the annular gap 15 between the adjacent ends 16, 17 of the two coaxially mounted parts 9, 10 of the vortex tube 6 to exit the peripheral wall of the separated flow environment by axial movement (x) at least one 10 of parts 9, 10 of the vortex tube 6 relative to the second part 9 of the last, ensuring that the change of the cross-section area for facing the peripheral wall of the flow divided environment.

Within the vortex tube 6 is installed at a distance of l1from the swirl flow 1 posted on its input section 5, may be installed in at least the second swirl flow 25 providing at least desecrate last, the maximum efficiency of the separation media is achieved by adjusting the distance l1between the output section 2-2 least every previous for the sowing direction of the vortex tube 6 subsequent swirler flow 25 (Fig. 2); the maximum efficiency of the separation media can be achieved by adjusting the angle of the output stream shared media to the axis of the vortex tube at least 6 of each of the swirl flow of 1.25 by turning the blades of the latter (Fig. 1, 2); the maximum efficiency of the separation media may be accomplished by regulating the degree of opening of the regulating shutoff device 26 installed at the entrance to the vortex tube 6 installation (Fig. 3); the maximum efficiency of the separation media can be achieved by rotating at least the vortex device 4 installed in the work of the latter and the change in the wind direction at the angle around the axis 27, providing at least match the direction of the air flow generated by the wind and is included in a vortex tube 6 of the device 4, with the axis 28 of the vortex tube 6 (Fig. 4); the maximum efficiency of the separation media can be achieved by adjusting the distance l2between the output section 2-2 of the swirl flow of 1.25 adjacent the connector 11 parts 9, 10 of the vortex tube 6 to exit the peripheral wall of the flow divided by the environment, and the connector 11, the swirl 1.25 of the flow is located in front of the above-mentioned connector 11 (Fig. 1, 2).

Max is the direction of part 10 of the vortex tube 6 around its axis 28 relative to its base position, wherein the maximum width andmaxgap 15 formed when moving in the axial direction of the one part 10 of the vortex tube 6 relative to the second part 9, is measured at least in the vertical plane of symmetry 29 of the vortex tube 6 from the bottom of the last, which is located at least horizontally, the width of the gap along the perimeter of the vortex tube 6 in the direction up the last in the above case decreases symmetrically with respect to the above-mentioned center plane 29 on both sides of the vortex tube 6 (Fig. 5); the maximum efficiency of the separation media can be achieved by adjusting the length of the vortex tube 6 due to a change in length l4at least one of the sections of the latter located between adjacent swirler flow of 1.25, by performing the above section of the vortex tube 6 "pipe in pipe" with a corresponding at least Salnikov seal movable joint axial movement of one of the parts of the vortex tube 6 relative to another part thereof, providing the change of the distance l4between adjacent swirler flow 1,25 (Fig. 6); the maximum efficiency of the separation media can access what, 1, 22, installed on the outlets 23, 24 separated environments from channels 2, 3 vortex device and the annular chamber 12, covering a vortex tube 6 (using installed at least in each of the discharge pipes successively in the direction of flow of at least the second regulating shut-off device and the suction device), Fig. 1, 2.

In the vortex installation for separation of the combustible component of air, containing at least the vortex device 4 with the swirl flow 1, installed at the entrance 5 of the vortex tube 6, and a peripheral channel 3 ring input section 1-1 for removal of the peripheral flow and the output 2 of the Central stream separated environments, located on the opposite of the input section 5 of the vortex tube 6 side, and a peripheral channel 3 on your initial section 7 for removal of the peripheral flow split environment is formed by the inner surface of the vortex tube 6 and the outer surface 7 of the pipe 2, located inside the output section 8 of the vortex tube 6 in the base position coaxially of the latter, and the Central thread of the above environment is given at least one channel 2, which in its initial part 7 in By 6, vortex tube 6 is made of at least two separate coaxially mounted parts 9, 10, with connector 11 of the pipe 6 is flow of at least one swirler flow 1, installed at the entrance 5 of the vortex tube 6 and the outer side of the last executed annular chamber 12, covering the above-mentioned connector 11 of the vortex tube 6, while the outer surface of the last 6 performs a role of at least the side walls of the chamber 12, and a connection end walls 13, 14 of the last 12 with vortex tube 6 are sealed with the possibility of axial movement (x) at least one 10 of parts 9, 10 of the vortex tube 6 relative to the second part 9 of the last 6 with the formation of the annular passage 15 (gap) between the end faces 16, 17 of the above parts 9, 10 of the vortex tube 6 to exit from the last 6 peripheral wall of the separated flow medium in the annular chamber 12, 18 pipe tap of the environment from which 12 are installed regulating shut-off device 19 and the end face 17 facing towards the flow, part 10 of the vortex tube 6 located on the outlet side of the flow of the last 6, performed at least with a sharp entrance edge 20, and each of the outlets 23, 24 separated environments from channels 2, 3 Viby 6 installation at a distance of l1from the swirler 1 posted on its input section 5, may be installed in at least the second swirl flow 25 providing during operation of at least desecrate last, with the at least one subsequent in the direction of flow swirl flow 25 is installed at least with the possibility of displacement (x) in the axial direction of the vortex tube 6 (Fig. 2); at least one blade swirl flow 1,25 installed in the vortex tube 6 installation, can be installed at least with the possibility of rotation of the blades to change the angle of the output stream shared media from above the swirl flow of 1.25 to the axis 28 of the vortex tube 6 (Fig. 1, 2); at the entrance to the vortex tube 6 installation can be installed regulating shutoff device 26 (Fig. 3); at least vortex device 4 of the installation can be installed with the possibility of performing the rotation angle around the axis 27 to ensure that at least matches the direction of the air flow generated by the wind and is included in a vortex tube 6 of the device 4, with the axis 28 of the vortex tube 6 when the installation (Fig. 4); the swirl flow 25 adjacent the connector 11 parts 9, 10 of the vortex troubeshooting connector 11, can be installed with the possibility of displacement x in the axial direction of the vortex tube 6 to change the distance l3between the output section 2 - 2 above the swirl flow 25 and the connector 11 (Fig. 2); moves in the axial direction of the part 10 of the vortex tube 6 may be made with the possibility of rotation angle around its axis 28 relative to the base position, in which the maximum width of the gap amaxformed when moving x in the axial direction of the one part 10 of the vortex tube 6 relative to the second part 9, is measured at least in the vertical plane of symmetry 29 of the vortex tube 6 from the bottom of the last, which is located at least horizontally, the width of a gap around the perimeter of the vortex tube 6 in the direction up the last 6 in the above case decreases symmetrically with respect to the above-mentioned center plane 29 on both sides of the vortex tube 6 located between adjacent swirler flow of 1.25, can be made according to the type of "pipe" with a corresponding at least Salnikov seal flexible connection, enabling axial displacement x of one of the parts 31, 32 of the vortex tube 6 relative to another 32 it is I'm coming out of the vortex device 4 peripheral wall of the separated flow environment at least one vortex device 4 can be connected to an exhaust tube medium 18 has mounted on regulating shut-off device 19 with an airtight container 33, connected by a pipe 34 with the suction device 35 (Fig. 7); on the pipe 34 connecting the sealed container 33 with the suction device 35 may be mounted at least regulating shut-off device 36 (Fig. 7); the annular chamber 12 for coming out of the vortex device 4 peripheral wall of the separated flow environment at least one vortex device 4 can be connected to an exhaust tube medium 18 has mounted on regulating shut-off device 19 to the input sequentially installed vortex device 37 (Fig. 8); the annular chamber 12 for coming out of the vortex device 4 peripheral wall of the separated flow environment at least one vortex device 4 can be connected to an exhaust tube medium 18 has mounted on regulating shut-off device 19 with an airtight container 33, which is connected by a pipe 38 to the input of at least one vortex device 39 (Fig. 9).

The pipe 38 connecting the sealed container 33 to the input of the vortex device 39 may be established governing the locking device 40 (Fig. 9); the input section 4 - 4 swirl flow 1, located on the input section 5 is aricela flow 1, located at the entrance 5 of the vortex tube 6 of the device 4 can be shifted (b) in the direction of the flow relative to the input section 5 - 5 of the last 6 (Fig. 11); part 41 of the inlet pipe 5 of the vortex tube 6 of the device 4 that is located at least between the input section 5 - 5 of the last 6 and the input section 4 - 4 swirl flow 1, located at the entrance 5 of the vortex tube 6, in the direction of air flow may be in the form of a confusor 42 (Fig. 12); on the inner surface 43 of the confused plot 42 of the vortex tube 6 of the device 4 can accommodate blades 44, providing a twist in the incoming stream of air when the direction of the above twist may coincide with the direction of the swirl flow in the swirl flow 1, installed at the entrance 5 of the vortex tube 6 (Fig. 12); at least on both sides of the vortex tube 6 of the device 4 at least symmetrically to its center plane, which is located in the working status of the installation at least vertically, can be performed longitudinal ribs 45 in the form of wings with sleek lines and, respectively, the ends 46, facing the entrance of air into the jet pipe 6 (Fig. 13); at least od the side of air flow wing, located at least symmetrically with respect to the median plane of the vortex device 4, in this case, in the operating condition setting input end 48 of the container 47, facing towards the air flow, is at least an upright position and has at least one hole 49, indicating the internal space of the reservoir 47 to the outside (atmosphere), and the inlet of the vortex tube 6 of the device 4 is in communication with the inner space above the tank 47, thus United at least vortex device 4 and the tank 47 is installed with possibility of rotation on the angle around the axis 50 (Fig. 14).

Two at least of the vortex device 4 can be connected in parallel with a capacity of 47, executed at least in the form of streamlined side of air flow wing, with the inlet of each vortex tube 6 of the device 4 is in communication with the inner space above the tank 47 (Fig. 14); the input end 51 of each vortex device 4 can be tightly connected at least with a stern face 52 of the container 47, executed at least in the form of streamlined with side flow in the inside of the vessel 47, executed at least in the form of streamlined side of air flow wing, and a tight connection with the tank 47 is made in his 4 outer surface (Fig. 14); at least every vortex device 4 can be connected with a capacity of 47 at least through pipe 53 (Fig. 15); on each pipe 53 connecting at least every vortex device 4 with a capacity of 47, can be set by regulating shut-off device 54 (Fig. 15); at least advanced between the tank 47 and each vortex device 4 can be installed pumping device 55, United with the first 47 and 4 with sections 56, 57 input into pumping device and output it bypass pipe 58 and allow the supply of air from the tank 47 on Obvodny pipe 58 into the corresponding vortex device 4, between the tank 47 and each of the pumping device 55, and between the last 55 and each vortex device 4 is installed regulating shut-off devices 59, 60 (Fig. 16); at least advanced between the tank 47 and at least every two parallel vortex devices 4 can be set to one of the pumping device is lelno branching in accordance with the above for the last 55 at least two sections, the bypass pipe 58, between the tank 47 and each of the pumping device 55, and between the last 55 on the portion of the branching pipe 58 in the direction of flow and at least every two parallel vortex devices 4 mounted regulating shut-off devices 59, 60 (Fig. 17).

At least advanced between the tank 47 and at least every two parallel vortex devices 4 can be set to one of the pumping device 55, United with the last 4 plots the input 56 to a pressure device 55 and the output 57, parallel branching in accordance with the above for the last at least two sections, a bypass pipe 58, between the tank 47 and each of the pumping device 55, and between the last 55 and each vortex device 4 is installed regulating shut-off devices 59, 61 (Fig. 18); at least advanced between the tank 47 and at least every two parallel vortex devices 4 can be set to one of the pumping device 55, United with the latter by using plots of the input 56 to a pressure device 55 and via plot the bypass pipe 58, between the tank 47 and each of the pumping device 55, between the last 55 on section 57 of the bypass pipe 58 to its ramifications in the direction of flow and at least every two parallel vortex devices 4, and at the entrance to each vortex device 4 is installed regulating shut-off devices 59 and 61 (Fig. 19); capacity 47 at least advanced sequentially in the direction of flow may be combined with sections 56, 57 of the bypass pipe 58 with the pumping device 55, which is connected with a sealed intermediate container 62, and the last 62 is connected to the input of at least one vortex device 4 individual for the last 4 section 63 of the bypass pipe 58, between the tank 47 and delivery device 55, between 55 and last sealed intermediate container 62, and between the last 62 and each vortex device 4 is installed regulating shut-off devices 59, 64, 65 (Fig. 20); capacity 47 at least advanced sequentially in the direction of flow may be combined with sections 56, 57 of the bypass pipe 58 with the pumping device 55, which is installed on vortex devices 4 through section 63 of the bypass pipe 58, branching in accordance with the above mentioned two branches.

However, capacity 47 and delivery device 55, between 55 and last sealed intermediate container 62, and between the last 62 on the site prior to the branching of the bypass pipe 58 in the direction of flow and at least every two parallel vortex devices 4 mounted regulating shut-off devices 59, 64, 65 (Fig. 21); capacity 47 at least advanced sequentially in the direction of flow may be combined with sections 56, 57 of the bypass pipe 58 with the pumping device 55, which is connected with a sealed intermediate container 62, and the last 62 are connected by at least two parallel installed vortex devices 4 through section 63 of the bypass pipe 58, branching in accordance with the above mentioned two branches, between the tank 47 and delivery device 55, between 55 and last sealed intermediate container 62, and between the last 62 and each vortex device 4 is installed regulating shut-off devices 59, 64, 66 (Fig. 22); capacity 47 at least advanced sequentially in the direction DBL 55, which is connected with a sealed intermediate container 62, and the last 62 are connected by at least two parallel installed vortex devices 4 through section 63 of the bypass pipe 58, branching in accordance with the above mentioned two branches, between the tank 47 and delivery device 55, between 55 and last sealed intermediate container 62, between the last 62 on the site of the bypass pipe 58 to its ramifications in the direction of flow and at least every two parallel vortex devices 4, and at the entrance to each vortex device 4 is installed regulating shut-off devices 59, 64, 65, 66 (Fig. 23).

In section 57 of the pipe 58, which connects the regulating shutoff device 59, which is located on the entrance side to a pressure device 55, with the last 55 can be embedded pipe section 67, telling the suction cavity of the pumping device 55 with the environment (atmosphere) through regulating the closure device 68 (Fig. 16 - 23); to the edge 69, located on the perimeter of at least each of the inlet 49, performed in the input end 48 of the container 47 can join input for air, posturology with its outer side (Fig. 24); at least in each inlet opening 49, is made in the input end 48 of the container 47, at least part of its length (partially) can enter the last 47 and tightly connected with the above-mentioned butt-48 capacity 47 input to the air entering into the vessel 47, confused plot 70 (Fig. 25); to the edge 69, located on the perimeter of at least each of the inlet 49, performed in the input end 48 of the container 47 may adjoin the inlet air flowing into the vessel 47, diffuser section 71, which is tightly connected with the above-mentioned butt-48 tanks 47 and located with its outer side (Fig. 26); at least in each inlet opening 49, is made in the input end 48 of the container 47, at least part of its length (partially) can enter the last 47 and tightly connected with the above-mentioned butt-48 capacity 47 input to the air entering into the vessel 47, diffuser section 71 (Fig. 27); the output end face 72 at least every confused plot 70 may abut diffuser section 71 (Fig. 28); the input end face 73 at least each of the diffuser section 71 (Fig. 28); the input end face 73 at least each of the diffuser section 71 may the Yong with a sharp entrance edge 75, facing towards the flow of air (Fig. 10, 11); the input end 76 confused plot 70 tank 47 can be done with a sharp entrance edge turned toward the movement of the air flow (Fig. 24); the input end face 77 of the diffuser section 71 of the container 47 can be done with a sharp entrance edge turned toward the movement of the air flow (Fig. 26); at least every hole 49, performed in the input end 48 of the container 47 may be provided with a shutoff at least automatically trigger the device (Fig. 14); at least at the entrance to each confused plot 70 tank 47 can be set to stop automatically trigger the device (Fig. 24, 25, 28, 29); at least at the entrance to each diffuser section 71 of the container 47 can be set to stop at least automatically trigger the device (Fig. 26, 27); at least one in each blade swirl flow of 1.25 established in the vortex tube vortex 6 device 4 at least every channel 78 formed by two adjacent blades 79, can be divided into at least two channels 80, 81 lateral section 82 in accordance with the above-mentioned at least one cylindrical hollow body rotation system-easy installation is installed in the vortex tube vortex 6 of the device 4.

Each peripheral channel 81 located between at least every two adjacent blades 79, may be divided by at least one partition 84, located in the latter case, between the sides of two adjacent vanes 79 (Fig. 30); each end 85, 86, facing towards the flow, each of the walls 82, 84 formed in each channel 78, 81 blade swirl flow of 1.25 formed by two adjacent blades 79, can be performed acuminate (Fig. 30); each blade swirl flow of 1.25 can be performed with the Central at least a cylindrical free from blade passage 87 and 88, coaxial vortex tube vortex 6 of the device 4 for passage of part of the flow (Fig. 31); at least one blade swirl flow of 1.25 can be performed with a Central cylindrical and coaxial vortex tube vortex 6 device 4 hole 89 at least for passage of part of the stream, and the blades 87 thus placed outside the annular element 90, the inner surface of which forms the above-mentioned hole 89, and the end face 91 of the above element 90, facing towards the flow, made a pointed (Fig. 32); the inner surface of the vortex tube 6 vortex device is ravago device 4, located at least on the inlet side of the flow in the last 6 can be performed peripheral channels 92 in the wall of her reported in each section throughout their length with the inner space of the vortex tube 6 that create resistance to rotational movement of the flow (Fig. 33,34).

The output 24 of the peripheral flow from the vortex tube vortex 6 device 4 when the installation can be communicated with the atmosphere through regulating shut-off device (Fig. 1); an inlet pipe 7 pipe 2 to exit the Central stream separated from the vortex tube vortex 6 of the device 4 may be provided with a set of interchangeable diaphragms 93 at least with a cylindrical bore 94, coaxial vortex tube 6, which differ from each other by at least the size of bore holes 94 to exit Central flow (Fig. 35); the input to the Central flow end 95 of each replaceable diaphragm 93 can be done with a sharp entrance edge 96, at least coincident with the surface 97, described by a radius r1holes 94 of the diaphragm 93 (Fig. 35); the input section of the outlet 3 of the peripheral stream, located behind the exit cross-section 6-6 of the vortex tube vortex 6 of the device 4 can be performed in the form of the wires of the outlet 2 of the Central flow split air coming into the last 2 of section 7 of the pipe 2, which is located inside the output section 8 of the vortex tube 6, and the output of the above exhaust tube 2 to the outside of the chamber 98 is made at least through the packing 99 in the wall of the last 98 (Fig. 1); chamber 98 through which extends a peripheral flow from the vortex tube 6, at least notified individually by the exhaust tube 100 with the atmosphere, the output of which is equipped with a regulating gate device 101 (Fig. 1); chamber 98 at least one vortex device 4, into which extends a peripheral flow from the vortex tube 6, at least can be connected to an exhaust tube 24 above flow with suction device 102 (Fig. 1); chamber 98 at least one vortex device 4, into which extends a peripheral flow from the vortex tube 6 may be connected to an exhaust tube 24 above flow pressure tank 103, and the last 103 are connected by a pipe 104 with suction device 105, while the pipe 104 between the hermetic container 103 and the suction unit 105 is installed regulating shut-off device 106 (Fig. 36); at least on each individual section of the outlet 24 periphery capacity 103, can be installed regulating shut-off device 22, 107 (Fig. 37).

The exhaust tube 23 of the Central stream separated from the vortex tube vortex 6 of the device 4 can be reported at least branches off section 108 of the pipe 23 with the atmosphere (Fig. 36); at least leaf area 108 of the drain line 23 of the Central stream separated from the vortex tube vortex 6 of the device 4 can be installed regulating shutoff device 109 (Fig. 36); in the vortex tube vortex 6 of the device 4 with the connector 11 of the first 6 in the direction of flow, covered on the outside of the vortex tube 6 annular chamber 12 may be installed in at least one swirl flow 110, providing desecrate stream shared media (Fig. 2); the Central challenge 2 separated from the vortex tube vortex 6 of the device 4 can be made of a composite consisting of two coaxial parts 111, 112, while the inside part 111 of allotment 2, located on the side of the exit stream from the vortex tube 6, has at least one swirl flow 113, providing at least the spin included in the above part 111 of allotment 2 of flow, and the second part 112 of the outlet 2 Central is erway part 111 of allotment 2, passing in (through) the throttle body 115 that is installed at the outlet of the first part 111 of allotment 2 (Fig. 38); line 23 of the outlet 2 of the Central stream separated from the vortex tube 6 at least one vortex device 4 can be connected to consistently set suction device 116 (Fig.1); line 23 of the outlet 2 of the Central stream separated from the vortex tube 6 at least one vortex device 4 can be connected to the hermetic container 117, and the last 117 are connected by a pipe 118 with suction device 119, the pipeline 118 between the airtight container 117 and suction device 119 is installed regulating shutoff device 120 (Fig. 37); at least on each individual section 23, 121 allotment 2 of the Central thread of each vortex device 4 connecting the latter with pressurized tank 117 may be installed regulating shut-off device 21, 122 (Fig.39); specially made turning device 123 may be connected directly to at least one rotary device 4, a vortex tube 6 which when the installation is served by the air, to ensure rotation () poslednee wind direction with the axis 28 of the vortex tube 6 (Fig. 13); specially made turning device 123 may be connected directly to at least one rotary device 4, a vortex tube 6 which when the installation is served by the air, and is driven while changing the direction of the wind using a mechanical actuator (Fig. 4).

Capacity 47, executed at least in the form of streamlined side of air flow wing can be mounted on the rotary platform 124, provided with a turning device 123, enabling rotation of the platform 124 () with the above capacity 47 changing the direction of the wind under power effects last for at least match the wind direction with the axis 125 of symmetry of the cross section of the vessel 47 (Fig. 14,15); capacity 47, executed at least in the form of streamlined side of air flow wing can be mounted on the rotary platform 124, provided with a turning device 123 actuated when changing the direction of the wind using a mechanical actuator (Fig.14); hermetically United at least one vortex device 4 and the tank 47, executed at least in the form obaka the Noah turning device 123, providing turn () platform 124 above the vortex device 4 and a capacity of 47 changing the direction of the wind under power effects last for at least match the wind direction from the symmetry axis 125 of the cross-section of the tank 47, which coincides at least with the axis 28 of the vortex device 4 (Fig. 14); hermetically United at least one vortex device 4 and the tank 47, executed at least in the form of streamlined side of air flow wing, can be installed on the rotary platform 124, provided with a turning device 123 actuated when changing the direction of the wind using a mechanical actuator (Fig. 14); vortex unit may include a platform 126 placed on the elements of the latter, and the platform 126 to be supplied with a swivel device 127, ensuring its rotation angle around an axis in the direction of wind movement under the force of the latter (Fig. 40); vortex unit may include a platform 126 placed on the elements of the latter, and the platform 126 to be supplied with a swivel device 127, ensuring its rotation angle around the axis 128 when changing direction is stenno created a wind tunnel 129, being "trapped wind", inside which are the constituent elements of the vortex unit (Fig. 41); artificially created wind tunnel 129 can be mounted on a specially made rotary device 130, providing turn it on an angle to the axis 131 in the direction of wind movement under the force of the latter (Fig. 41); artificially created wind tunnel 129 can be mounted on a specially made rotary device 130 is actuated when changing the direction of the wind using a mechanical actuator (Fig. 41); at least every rotator 123, 127, 130 can be equipped with limit switches angle, providing at least the regulation of the latter (Fig. 4, 13, 14, 40, 41); the unit may include devices that provide smooth rotation at least every rotator 123, 127, 130 (Fig. 4, 13, 14, 40, 41); the installation may contain at least the vortex beam device 4 located at its mounting location at least koridoram order and United at least for parallel operation (Fig. 1,2); set can contain at least the vortex beam device 4, the size of the second operation (Fig. 1, 2).

The unit may include a movable object, on which are its constituent elements, and in which motion is generated velocity head of the air supplying it to each vortex device 4 and its spin when moving inside the vortex tube 6 corresponding device 4 (Fig. 1,2); all points of the edges 132 of the end face 16 of part 9 of the vortex tube 6 located on the entrance side in the last 6 obtained by intersecting the surface of the above-mentioned end face 16 with the inner surface of the above part 9 of the vortex tube 6 may be located at a distance c measured from the axis 28 of the vortex tube 6 in the radial direction greater than the distance d that contains all points of the edge 133 of the end face 17 adjacent the above-mentioned end face 16, the other part 10 of the vortex tube 6 located on the exit side of the last 6, the latter edge 133 of the end face 17 is obtained similar to the above, through, and above the adjacent ends 16, 17 parts 9, 10 of the vortex tube 6 to form an annular passage 15 to exit peripheral wall of the flow split environment (Fig. 2); all points of the edges 132 of the end face 16 of part 9 of the vortex tube 6 located on the entrance side in the last 6 obtained from the intersection of the surface is to legalise at a distance of c, measured from the axis of the vortex tube 6 in the radial direction, the smaller the distance d that contains all points of the edge 133 of the end face 17 adjacent the above-mentioned end face 16, the other part 10 of the vortex tube 6 located on the exit side of the last 6, with the last edge 133 of the end face 17 is obtained similar to the above, through, and above the adjacent ends 16, 17 of the vortex tube 6 to form an annular passage 15 to exit peripheral wall of the flow split environment (Fig. 2); edges 132, 133 adjacent the ends 16,17 of parts 9, 10 of the vortex tube 6, obtained from the intersection of the inner surfaces of the above parts 9, 10 of the vortex tube 6 with the surfaces of the respective ends 16, 17 can be located on the same cylindrical surface c=d (Fig. 2).

The annular chamber 12, at least each vortex device 4 can be provided with an individual pipe 134 is installed on it at least regulating shut-off device 135 for selection of parts coming in above the camera 12 and the peripheral wall of the flow split of the environment to control its composition (Fig. 1, 2); the maximum efficiency of the separation media can be achieved by varying the speed CLASS="ptx2">

The allocation method of the combustible component of the air in the vortex installation (Fig. 1) consists in the following. At least one, and there may be several or even thousands, a vortex tube vortex 6 device 4 included in the installation, at least one swirler flow 1, is placed in the specified case, i.e. if one of the swirl flow at the entrance 5 of the vortex tube 6, the air is supplied, in which the swirl flow 1 acquires a rotary motion, moving at the same time in the axial direction of the vortex device 4 in the direction of allotment divided environments through Central 2 and 3 peripheral channels, located opposite the input section 5 of the vortex tube 6 side. Due to the presence of rotational motion of the air flow in the vortex tube 6 when it is moved to the output end of the latter, it is the process of vortex separation of components contained in the composition of the air and differ in molecular mass.

Separated peripheral part of the air flow exits the vortex tube vortex 6 of the device 4 through the peripheral channel 3, which at its initial site for removal of the peripheral flow divided environment obra output section 8 of the vortex tube 6 in the base position coaxially of the last 6, while the main thread is assigned at least one channel 2, which is at its initial site in the latter case is the above section 7 of the pipe 2 which is located inside the output section 8 of the vortex tube 6.

Wall peripheral flow divided environment, the thickness of which at the inner surface of the vortex tube 6 when the selection of the combustible component of air is very small, goes through the annular passage 15 formed by moving one 10 of parts 9, 10 of the vortex tube 6 relative to the second part 9 of the last 56 with the formation of the above passage 15 in the annular chamber 12, covering a vortex tube 6 in the connector 11, i.e. in the annular passage 15.

The allocation process of the combustible component of the air in the vortex installation shall be in accordance with the law, open by the author in 1994, which States: "In a freely rotating vortex flow of the medium (gas, liquid, mixtures thereof, dispersed, two-phase, dust and other environments with heterogeneous field densities (including with different molecular weight components) in the process of damping the rotational motion of the flow over the cross-section along its length, in which the maximum value of the peripheral speed of DOS is e thread occurs a continuous process of substitution less heavy particle environment heavy in the direction of the axis of rotation of the stream, continuing to the cross section in which the environment in a rotating flow is annular layers in order of increasing its density at each of them in the direction of the axis of rotation of a vortex flow.

When the maximum value of the peripheral speed greater than the critical value, the continuous process of substitution less heavy particles of the medium heavy flows in reverse to the above direction, i.e. in the direction towards the periphery of the stream.

Thus, the basis of allocation method of the combustible component of the air laid previously unknown phenomenon.

Air is a mixture of gases, the main components are nitrogen and oxygen. Volume and mass content (%) in air, respectively 78,1 (N2); 21,0 (O2) and 75.5 (N2); 23,1 (O2). Along with other gases in the air are hydrogen, helium and methane, volume and mass, the content of which (in %) can be adapted 510-5(H2); 510-4(He); 210-4(CH4) and 310-6(H2); 7,210-5(He); 810-5(CH4) [3]. Molecule are 2,02 (H2); 4 (He) and 16 (CH4), i.e., the molecular mass of hydrogen, helium and methane is less than the average molecular weight members of the air gases, respectively 14.7 and 2 times that to achieve a significant effect in the selection of the combustible component (hydrogen and methane) is especially important because of the small percentage of hydrogen and methane in the air and, where appropriate, to allocate them with small percentages of other gases.

When selected construction characteristics of the vortex installation and known parameters of the air entering the vortex tube vortex 6 of the device 4 and maximum efficiency in the separation of environments, namely in the selection of the combustible component of air, is achieved by adjusting at least the degree of opening of the regulating valves 21, 22 installed on the outlets 23, 24 separated environments from channels 2, 3 vortex device 4 and the annular chamber 12, covering a vortex tube 6, and the width (x) of the annular gap 15 between the adjacent ends 16, 17 of the two coaxially mounted parts 9, 10 vortex tube 6 to exit the peripheral wall of the flow of the separation medium by axial movement (x) of at least one 10 of parts 9, 10 of the vortex tubes is his peripheral wall of the flow split environment (Fig. 1). In addition, to improve the efficiency of vortex unit and separation media can be used other designs and regulating activities that will be discussed below. The annular passage 15 between the adjacent ends 16, 17 parts 8, 10 of the vortex tube 6 can be structurally designed in a different way.

The maximum value of the peripheral speed of the swirling flow in the outlet section 2-2 (Fig. 1, 2) swirl flow 1 may not exceed the critical valuekr, which is continuously rotated, the most severe (highest density and highest molecular weight) of the particles of the medium in the peripheral zone of the stream, and may exceed the above critical environmental speedkr. Depending on the above-mentioned maximum value of the peripheral speed of a vortex flow at the exit of the swirl flow 1 process of continuous substitution of less heavy particles of the medium heavy (greater density or molecular weight) when the damping rotational motion of the flow occurs in the direction of the axis of rotation of the flow or in the direction from the above-mentioned axis, i.e. to the periphery of the stream. In the latter case the process continues until the maximum value , which is continuously rotated, the most severe (highest density and highest molecular weight) of the particles of the medium in the peripheral zone 136 of the flow (Fig. 42, 43).

With a further reduction of the maximum value of the peripheral speedmax(max<krin sections of the stream in the direction of its movement direction of substitution less heavy particles of the medium heavy reverses, i.e., the above substitution occurs in the direction of the axis of rotation of the stream.

Therefore, in the latter case, when installing only one swirl flow 1 at the entrance 5 of the vortex tube vortex 6 of the device 4, the maximum efficiency of separation of the components of air (environment) is achieved when the maximum value of the peripheral speedmaxrotating flow is reduced to its critical valuekrin section 1-1 at the entrance into the Central channel 2 to output the Central flow split environment (Fig. 1).

In the case of the output air flow from the output section 2-2 (Fig. 1) swirl flow 1 with a maximum value of the peripheral speedmaxnot exceeding its critical valuekrthe maximum efficiency is divided is of air flow occurs in cross-section, passing through the annular passage (gap) 15 between the ends 16, 17 parts 9, 10 of the vortex tube 6, or for the specified section in the direction of flow. The implementation of the latter is suitable for the case where the air separation with the separation of the combustible component ends earlier full damping rotational motion of the flow, resulting in a slightly reduced length of the vortex tube 6, and consequently, the dimensions of the vortex unit. It should be noted that the latter is only possible when using the vortex unit to perform one function, namely the selection of the combustible component of the air or the separation of environments with a low content of a component having a low density or low molecular weight.

Moving heavy particles 137 air closer to the axis of rotation of the flow in the case where the maximum value of the peripheral speedmaxthe last in the output section 2-2 of the swirl flow 1 (Fig. 1) does not exceed its critical valuekr(maxkr) , is a spiral trajectory with reduced radius of rotation (Fig. 44). When moving to a smaller radius of rotation of the heavy particles 137 having a higher peripheral velocity of the optical energy to other particles, less severe. The lightest particles, molecules of hydrogen (helium) 138 rotates in the stream and at the same time moving in the axial direction of the vortex tube 6, are removed from the axis of rotation with increasing radius of rotation along a spiral trajectory (Fig. 44).

The movement of medium gravity particles (methane) 139, i.e., the density value (molecular weight) which is between the values of the densities of the above particles 137 and 138, is a more complex trajectory. These particles 139, making a rotational movement in the air stream and moving in the axial direction of the vortex tube 6, at the same time and make your own spiral circular rotation decreasing radius of proper rotation in the direction of flow while moving in the direction of the axis of rotation of the air flow or to its periphery that is defined by the values of their densities (molecular mass), the percentage in the air stream and their location in the radial direction in the past, however, they flow are suspended, i.e. rotate within the stream. Explains the above as follows. Due to the additional kinetic energy from the heavy costincozianu direction is limited purchased energy which is not to further move in a spiral path to the inner surface of the vortex tube 6, and because of the rapid decay of the rotational motion of the flow of these particles 139 start your own circle rotation in the vortex flow in the direction of the axis of rotation of the thread, as the acquisition of additional kinetic energy and so on, as described above, continues until, while in the process of their own spiral rotation radius of the spiral is equal to zero, which corresponds to the full completion of the process of separating particles of air (gas and others) in a certain section of the flow along the length of the vortex tube 6, when the particles are circular layers in ascending order of their density in each subsequent layer in the direction of the axis of rotation of a vortex flow (Fig. 5, 44). In Fig. 5, 44 trajectory moderate particles 139 shown conventionally as particle 139, moving in the stream in its trajectory (shown in Fig. 5, 44), while moving together with the rotating flow. The specified trajectory of a particle can be thought of as would be selected and only rotating together with the gas flow volume element of the latter, in which samarias pipe 6.

When the maximum value of the peripheral speedkrthe swirling air flow in the outlet section 2-2 of the swirl flow 1 is greater than its critical valuekr(max>kr), the physical picture of the process of substitution of less heavy particles 138 air heavy particles 137 similar process as described above, only the substitution process occurs in the opposite direction, namely toward the periphery of the flow, i.e. from the axis of rotation (Fig. 45). When this process ends in the cross sections of flow, when the gas particles in a rotating flow are annular layers in ascending order of their density (molecular weight) in each subsequent layer in the direction towards the periphery of the stream. The process of mutual replacement particle air (gas and others) in a vortex flow having a different density (molecular weight), followed by the cost of replacement work, which is confirmed by the research.

When the maximum value of the peripheral speedmaxin the output section 2-2 of the swirl flow 1 does not exceed its critical value max(maxkr) , the work of the vortex unit is thus expended less energy in the EC. However, the use of the second case, when the maximum value of the peripheral speedmaxin the output section 2-2 of the swirl flow 1 exceeds its critical valuekr(max>kr), to highlight the combustible component of the air most effectively, as the percentage of the combustible component in the air is very small, and in this process the selection of the combustible component of the air in the vortex setting the above environment is concentrated near the axis of rotation of the flow, and hence the thickness (diameter) of the cross section of flow of the combustible component is greatest, than if it is concentrated on the periphery of the separated flow of air. In the latter case, due to the small thickness of the combustible component at the outlet of the vortex tube 6 it much more difficult to qualitatively separate from the other components of air with a much higher percentage in the latter.

However, given the significant advantages of the latter case, suitable is its use during the rotation of the tasks of separation and output in minimum quantities peripheral flow divided environment. Methods selection of the combustible component of wasda control a width of the annular passage 15 (gap) between adjacent ends 16, 17 coaxially mounted parts 9, 10 of the vortex tube 6 to exit the peripheral wall of the flow split environment is an opportunity to ensure the exit of the combustible component with a minimum percentage of other gases in the latter, i.e. impurities. Optimal conditions output peripheral wall of the flow is achieved by the implementation of the end face 17 facing towards the flow, part 10 of the vortex tube 6 located on the outlet side of the flow of the last 6 at least, with a sharp entrance edge 20.

The possibility of axial movement of one 10 of parts 9, 10 of the vortex tube 6 relative to the other part 9 for the formation of the annular passage 15 (gap) is achieved by a sealed connection of the end walls 13, 14 of the annular chamber 12, covering the connector 11 of the vortex tube 6, the outer surface of which performs at least the role of the side walls of the chamber 12, with vortex tube 6 with the provision of the above-mentioned axial movement of one part of the last 6 (Fig. 1). Due to the fact that the allocation of the combustible component of the air axial displacement is small, so the selection of the means for connecting the side walls of the chamber 12 with vortex tube 6 can be varied.

1between the output section 2-2 at least one swirl flow 1 and the input section 3-3 related subsequent swirl flow by 25 displacement (x) in the axial direction of the vortex tube 6 subsequent swirler flow 25 (Fig. 2).

To achieve maximum efficiency of separation media can also be achieved by adjusting the angle of the output stream shared media to the axis of the vortex tube 6 is ment with possibility of rotation (Fig. 1, 2).

When the flow in a vortex tube vortex 6 device 4 installation compressed to a pressure device air maximum efficiency of the separation media can be achieved by regulating the degree of opening of the regulating shutoff device 26 installed at the entrance in a swirling device 4 (Fig. 3). The increase in the degree of opening, and reducing the latter regulating shutoff device 26, leads to a change in the speed of axial movement and angular rotation speed of the flow, which under other equal conditions may affect the separation process environments in the absence of optimal values maximum ambient flow velocity in the relevant sections of the vortex tube 6 or the lack of length of the latter for the implementation of the separation process, as well as other stemming reasons.

When applying the vortex device 4 installation of air due to the energy of the high-speed wind pressure maximum efficiency of the separation media is achieved by rotating at least the vortex device 4 installation when the wind direction changes on the angle around the axis 27, while providing at least the coincidence of the direction of air flow generated by the wind, with the axis of the STU perform a rotation by angle around the above axis 27.

Ensuring optimal maximum value of the peripheral speedmaxin the cross-section of the vortex tube 6 passing through the connector 11 parts 9, 10 past 6, is achieved by regulating the distance l2between the output section 2-2 of the swirl flow of 1.25 adjacent the connector 11 parts 9, 10 of the vortex tube 6 to exit the peripheral wall of the flow divided by the environment, and the connector 11, the swirl flow 1.25 traffic flow is placed before the above-mentioned connector 11 (Fig. 1, 2).

At the entrance of the air flow in the vortex device 4 at an angle to the axis 28 of the vortex tube 6 there is a negative phenomenon connected with the eccentric offset of the output flow of the swirl 1 center 0 (zero) in sections of the stream, around which revolve the air molecules that are in the paraxial zone of the vortex tube 6, and in which the gas pressure is minimal relative to the axis 28 of the vortex tube 6 (Fig. 5, 46, 47), and he (0) together with the vortex flow performs a circular motion around the axis 28 of the last 6 (Fig. 47). The "zero point" 0 each subsequent section of the stream in the direction of its movement is rotated at an angle relative to each other around the axis 28 of the vortex tube 6. Confirmation e which would be 6 and is fixed in the sliding bearing, in the opposite direction to the rotation of the flow [4], than there is no error, this is confirmed by the research of the author.

Therefore, with regard to changes in the structure of a vortex flow at asymmetric entrance of air into the jet pipe 6, the efficiency of the vortex separation latter can be reduced, and when the peripheral output the near-wall layer, i.e., separated environment with a small percentage, due to the deterioration of the organization of the output of the specified environment of the vortex tube 6 of the device 4. To eliminate the above drawback associated with the organization of the output environment of the vortex tube 6, the maximum efficiency of the separation media can be achieved by adjusting the angle moved in the axial direction of the part 10 of the vortex tube 6 around its axis 28 with respect to its basic position, in which the maximum width of amaxgap 15 (pass) from moving in the axial direction of the one part 10 of the vortex tube 6 relative to the second part 9, is measured at least in the vertical plane of symmetry 29 of the vortex tube 6 from the bottom of the last, which is located at least horizontally, the width of a gap around the perimeter of the vortex tube 6 in the direction of the up p and 29 on both sides of the vortex tube 6 (Fig. 5). For the implementation of the above regulation are moved in the axial direction of the part 10 of the vortex tube 6 is performed with a rotation angle around the axis 28 relative to its base position.

Regulation of the length of the vortex tube 6 due to a change in length l4at least one of its last 6 plots (Fig. 1, 2, 6) located between adjacent swirler flow 1, 25, by performing the above section of the vortex tube 6 "pipe in pipe" with a corresponding at least Salnikov seal movable joint axial movement of one of the parts of the vortex tube 6 relative to another part thereof, providing the change of the distance l4between adjacent swirler flow 1, 25, allows to achieve the optimal value of the maximum value of the peripheral speed in the relevant sections of the vortex tube 6, for example, in the inlet section 3-3 subsequent swirl flow 25 adjacent the previous 1 (Fig. 2). The latter is achieved by the execution of the vortex tube 6 with the possibility of axial movement ( x) one 31 of the parts 31, 32 last 32 relative to another part thereof for changing the spacing l4x between adjacent swirl is by regulation of the pressure at least every regulating shut-off device 19, 21, 22, installed on the outlets 23, 24 shared environments from channels 2, 3 vortex device 4 and the annular chamber 12, covering a vortex tube 6, by using the installed at least in each of the discharge pipes successively in the direction of flow of at least the second regulating shut-off device and the suction device (Fig. 1, 2).

The composition of the vortex unit may include a movable object, on which are its constituent elements. In this case, the maximum efficiency of the installation can be carried out by regulation of the speed of movement of the aforementioned movable object, ensuring the achievement of the required velocity head is included in a vortex tube vortex 6 device 4 installation of air (Fig. 1, 2).

When considering the allocation method of the combustible component of the air and vortex unit was considered and the system itself. Therefore, below we will consider other features of the device installation is not included in the way it works.

It should be noted that the displacement is 0 (zero) in the cross sections of the flow relative to the axis 28 of the vortex tube 6 can occur because of technologiestichting and installation in a vortex tube vane swirler flow for the symmetric input air (other media) in a vortex tube 6, also, the output of the partial air (environment) of each subsequent swirl flow that is installed in the vortex tube vortex 6 device 4 (Fig. 1, 2, 5).

Depending on the operating conditions of the installation, the performance of its individual vortex devices and other factors in some cases for removal of the peripheral wall of the flow divided by the environment, i.e., the combustible component of the vortex device 4 is appropriate exhaust tube medium 18 has mounted on regulating shut-off device 19 to connect the annular chamber 12 sealed container 33, connected by a pipe 34 with the suction device 35 (Fig. 7). This allows the selected fuel component accumulated in the above capacity 33. This pipe 34 between the airtight container 33 and the suction device 35 is installed at least regulating shut-off device 36 (Fig. 7) that allows to keep in a sealed container 33 the necessary pressure, which is optimal for the corresponding mode of operation.

Depending on quality requirements allocated to the combustible component in the vortex installing the exhaust tube peripheral wall of stream 18 is pushed by the device 19 may be connected to the input sequentially installed vortex device 37 (Fig. 8). This connection is most appropriate pre-separated environment for re-separation of several previous vortex device 4 in one follow-up device 37. For the accumulation of pre-shared environment in the previous vortex device (devices) exhaust tube environment 18 peripheral wall flow with the installed regulating shut-off device 19 at least one vortex device 4 connected to the airtight container 33, sequentially connected by pipe 38 to the input of at least one vortex device 39 (Fig. 9). While on the connecting pipe 38 is advisable to install the control lock device 40 (Fig. 9).

The resulting combustible component of the air in the vortex system can be used directly at the point of receipt as fuel for energy and other facilities, but the quality (impurities) obtained flammable component may fluctuate for various reasons, so to ensure the quality of the combustion of fuel instead of air from the atmosphere into energy the plant can be used simultaneously received by the him, and separated oxygen and nitrogen, it is possible in this vortex installation due to the presence of the Central 2 and the peripheral 3 output channels separated environments, shared between a section 7 of the pipe 2 (Fig. 1) located inside the output section 8 of the vortex tube 6, to exit the Central stream. When using the vortex unit with a single purpose, namely to obtain the combustible component of the air, the feasibility of installing the above section 7 of the pipe 2 is eliminated. At the output of the vortex tube 6 of the device 4 can be mounted throttle. Thus, the proposed vortex unit is versatile and provides its multifunctional use.

The input section 4-4 of the swirl flow 1, located at the entrance 5 of the vortex tube 6 of the device 4 is identical with the input section 5-5 of the latter (Fig. 10), as well as the above section 4-4 of the swirl flow 1 may be offset by the value of b in the direction of the flow relative to the input section 5-5 of the vortex tube 6 (Fig. 11), which is determined by the conditions of operation of vortex unit, including the organization of air flow in a vortex tube 6, and the other takeaway pipe 6 part 41 of the inlet pipe 5 of the last 6 of the device 4, located at least between the input section 5-5 of the vortex tube 6 and the input section 4-4 of the swirl flow 1, located at the entrance 5 of the vortex tube 6 in the direction of the air flow is in the form of a confusor 42 (Fig. 12). On the inner surface 43 of the confused plot 42 of the vortex tube 6 can accommodate blades 44, providing a twist in the incoming stream of air, thus increasing efficiency in the use of wind energy. The direction of the above twist the air flow coincides with the direction of the swirl flow in the swirl flow 1, installed at the entrance 5 of the vortex tube 6 (Fig. 12).

For effecting rotation of the vortex tube 6 in accordance with the change in the wind direction under the influence of the latter on at least both sides of the vortex tube 6 at least symmetrically to its center plane, which is located in the working status of the installation at least vertically running longitudinal ribs 45 in the form of wings with sleek lines and, respectively, the ends 46, facing the entrance of air into the jet pipe 6 (Fig. 13). Ensuring the rotation of the vortex tube 6 can be achieved, and other ways in which s can be achieved, however, that at least one vortex device 4 is connected with a capacity of 47, executed at least in the form of streamlined side of air flow wing, located at least symmetrically with respect to the median plane of the vortex device 4, in this case, and operating condition setting input end 48 of the container 47, facing towards the flow of air is at least an upright position and there is at least one hole 49 through which the inner space of the vessel 47 is communicated with the external environment (atmosphere). Through the inlet of the vortex tube vortex 6 device 4 communicates with the internal space above the vessel (Fig. 14). Thanks to the vertical position of the input end 48 of the container 47 when the latter is located on a rotating support, allows the exercise of its rotation angle around axis 50 under the influence of rolling capacity air flow generated by the wind.

To increase the performance of vortex unit at least two vortex device 4 can be connected in parallel with a capacity of 47, i.e., for parallel operation (Fig. 14). Connection eddy STS 4 can be tightly connected at least with a stern face 52 of the container 47 (Fig. 14); at least part of the vortex device 4 from the side of the entrance can be placed inside the tank 47, and a tight connection with the tank 47 is performed in this case on the outer surface of the device 4 (Fig. 14); at least every vortex device 4 can be connected with a capacity of 47 at least through pipe 53 (Fig. 15).

In the General case, the tank 47 may be of various shapes, which is determined, primarily, by way of ensuring the rotation of the vortex device 4 when the wind direction changes, with whom turns and capacity of 47, as above, the rotation of the vortex device 4 together with the container 47 may be under the influence of wind power on the streamlined body ( in our case, the capacity of the swirl pipe), and also provides a mechanical drive. The dimensions of the container 47 is dependent upon the performance of vortex unit and are selected from the condition of ensuring the stable and reliable operation.

Installation on each pipe 53 connecting at least every vortex device 4 with a capacity of 47 regulating shut-off device 54 (Fig. 15) allows to achieve the most stable operation of the vortex installation compared the necks least part of the vortex device 4 from the side of the entrance inside the tank 47 can reduce the dimensions of the vortex unit and to some extent to improve the efficiency of wind energy for its operation.

With insufficient velocity pressure of the wind, not ensuring the normal operation of vortex unit, the air supply from the tank 47 in each vortex device 4, which operates in parallel, may be forcing device 55 connected to the first 47 and 4 with the input of section 56 and the output of section 57 of the bypass pipe 58. However, capacity 47 and each of the pumping device 4 are regulating shut-off devices 59, 60 (Fig. 16). The operation of the pumping device 55 is in a closed regulating shut-off device 54 (devices) installed on the pipe 53 that provide direct air supply from the tank 47 vortex device 4. Using regulating valves 59, 60 by regulation to ensure the optimum mode of operation of vortex unit, and is achieved when sufficient wind strength for normal operation shutdown of the pumping device 55.

In the above case, i.e. when there is insufficient high-speed wind pressure between the tank 47 and vortex devices 4 can be installed pumping device 55, which provides supply air at least for every two of paralleltest by increasing the number of vortex devices 4. However, capacity 47 and each of the pumping device 55, and between the last 55 at site 57 to the branching pipe 58 in the direction of flow and at least every two parallel vortex devices 4 are regulating shut-off devices 59, 60 (Fig. 17).

In the latter case, instead of installing one regulating shut-off device 60 between the pumping device 55 and at least every two parallel vortex devices 4 on the site before branching pipe 58 in the direction of flow can be established governing the locking device 61 between the pumping device 55 and each vortex device 4 (Fig. 18), as well as the aforementioned regulating shut-off devices 60, 61 can be installed both on the section 57 of the bypass pipe 58 to its ramifications in the direction of flow and at least every two parallel vortex devices 4, and at the entrance to each vortex device 4 (Fig. 19), which increases the possibility of optimal working conditions of each vortex device 4 separately.

Further expansion is possible what about the capacity 47 at least advanced sequentially in the direction of flow can connect with sections 56, 57 free pipe 58 with the pumping device 55, which is connected with a sealed intermediate container 62, and the latter in turn is connected with the input of at least one vortex device 4 individual for the last 4 section 63 of the bypass pipe 58, between the tank 47 and delivery device 55, between 55 and last sealed intermediate container 62, and between the last 62 and each vortex device 4 are regulating shut-off devices 59, 64, 65 (Fig. 20).

In order to achieve compactness of vortex unit by increasing its productivity and preserve the advantages of the above-described installation instead of installing a separate sealed intermediate tank 62 can be installed one sealed intermediate tank 62 is connected to at least two parallel installed (working) vortex devices 4 through section 63 of the bypass pipe 58, branching in accordance with the above mentioned two branches, between the tank 47 and delivery device 55, between 55 and last sealed intermediate container 62, and between the last 62 on the site prior to the branching of the bypass, battery, speaker, buzzer is in question 4 are regulating shut-off devices 59, 64, 65 (Fig. 21).

Instead of setting regulatory locking device 65 sealed between the intermediate container 62 and at least every two parallel vortex devices 4 on the site prior to the branching of the bypass pipe 58 and the direction of flow (Fig. 21) regulating the locking device 66 may be installed between the sealed intermediate container 62 and each vortex device 4 (Fig. 22), as well as the aforementioned regulating shut-off devices 65, 66 can be installed both on the section 63 of the bypass pipe 58 to its ramifications in the direction of the flow path between the sealed intermediate container 62 and at least every two installed (working) vortex devices 4, and at the entrance to each vortex device 4 (Fig. 23) that extends the capabilities to achieve optimal working conditions of each vortex device 4 separately in the installation.

In addition to the above schematics connect the individual elements of the vortex unit can be used by other circuitry of their connection.

To enable operation of the vortex installation, regardless nalbone the entrance to the pumping device 55, with the last 55 hits the pipe section 67, telling the suction cavity of the pumping device 55 with the environment (atmosphere) through regulating the closure device 68 (Fig. 16-23), which, with the use of wind energy for vortex unit is in the closed state. The admission of air to a pressure device 55 through the pipe 67 regulating shut-off device 54, 59 are closed.

Improvement of conditions for the entry of air under the pressure of the wind is achieved by the installation of a sign at least each of the inlet 49 in the end face 48 of the container 47 confused plot 70, hermetically connected along the perimeter of the above-mentioned holes 49 with the butt-end 48 of the container 47, while the confused plot 70 is located on the outer side of the container 47 (Fig. 24). For compactness installed the confused plot 70 may be at least part of its length (in part), and in some cases entirely inside the tank 47 (Fig. 25).

For the best use of the velocity head created by the wind to the edge 69, located on the perimeter of at least each of the inlet 49, performed in the input end 48 of the container 47 can join vgnim face 48 of the container 47 and placed with its outer side (Fig. 26). The presence of the said diffuser section 71 at the entrance to each inlet capacity 47 allows you to maintain inside the higher pressure compared to the absence of such a plot 71 ceteris paribus. In order to achieve compactness of the installation of the diffuser section 71 at least part of its length (in part), and in some cases, entirely able to log into the vessel 47 (Fig. 27).

Efficient use of wind energy for vortex unit is achieved by combining confused 70 and diffuser 71 plots tank 47, while the output end face 72 at least every confused plot 70 may abut diffuser section 71 (Fig. 28), or to the input end face 73 at least each of the diffuser section 71 may be confused abut the block 70 (Fig. 29). The choice of compounds of the above sections 70, 71 is determined by the requirements of the vortex installation and manufacturability, as well as other possible conditions.

To reduce entrance losses of the wind energy input end 74 to the input edge 75 of the vortex tube 6 (Fig. 10, 11); the input end 76 confused plot 70 capacity 47 (Fig. 24), and vhodnopgo, facing towards the flow of air. Depending on the speed of the wind, the required performance of vortex unit, and in other cases it is appropriate to establish, as appropriate, shut-at least automatically trigger the device at least every hole 49, performed in the input end 48 of the container 47 (Fig. 14); at least at the entrance to each confused plot 70 capacity 47 (Fig. 24, 25, 28, 29), and at least at the entrance to each diffuser section 71 of the container 47 (Fig. 26, 27).

To use the vortex installation in a wider range of input parameters of air, which is determined by the force of the wind, barometric pressure, time of year (temperature) and other factors, each swirl flow 1, 25 vortex tube vortex 6 of the device 4 may be removable (Fig. 1, 2), which allows you to make changes in the number of employees of swirler flow. When this vortex tube 6 (tube) can be supplied at least several interchangeable sets of swirler flow 1, 25, differing characteristics of swirler flow, and at marrab 6 to prevent the possibility of mixing subjected to separation of the components of the air or other media, depending on the purpose of the facility, in the previous section of the vortex tube 6 before entering the next swirl flow 25 (Fig. 2) at least one in each blade swirl flow 1, 25, established in the vortex tube vortex 6 device 4 at least every channel 78 formed by two adjacent blades 79, can be divided into at least two channels 80, 81 lateral section 82 in accordance with the above-mentioned at least one cylindrical hollow body of rotation 83 (Fig. 30), coaxial vortex tube vortex 6 device 4, and at least one peripheral channel 81 located between at least every two adjacent blades 79, may be divided by at least one partition 84, located in the latter case, between the lateral sides (surfaces) of two adjacent vanes 79 (Fig. 30). The geometric shape of the partitions dividing interscapular channels 78, the number in each interscapular channel 78 and other characteristics are determined by the above conditions and may be different. In addition, the principle of separation channels interscapular space may be different.

The improvement of the conditions of the inlet air flow in the swirl flow 1, 25 house channel 78, 81 blade swirl flow 1, 25, formed by two adjacent blades 79, is pointed (Fig. 30). The number of partitions between every two adjacent blades 79 swirl flow 1, 25 is determined to achieve the result on the basis of the experimental data.

In some cases, in particular when large geometric dimensions of the vortex tube 6, it can be appropriate to use a variant of execution of the shoulder of the swirler flow 1, 25, when at least one of them is Central, at least the cylindrical and coaxial vortex tube 6 hole (passage) 88 at least for passage of part of the flow (Fig. 31). Depending on the functions performed vortex installation, Central passage (channel 2) can be used for placement of swirler flow for his input section according to the traffic flow. This blade 87 can be placed outside the annular element 90, the inner surface of which forms a hole 89 at least for passage of part of the stream, and the end face 91 of the element 90, facing towards the flow, is pointed (Fig. 32). While the swirler flow with a Central hole can be interleaved with the previously rassmatrivaniya flow at each subsequent swirl flow. Other variants of execution and installation of swirler flow with a Central hole in the vortex tube 6.

The inner surface of the vortex tube vortex 6 device 4 can run at least a cylindrical shape (Fig. 1, 2). However, in some cases, depending on various factors, it may be performed in separate areas of different forms.

Mounting and installation of swirler flow in the vortex tube 6 can be done in different ways to the implementation of the fixation of swirler flow from turning around the axis of the vortex tube 6 under the influence of air flow. And in a sequential vortex tubes fastening of swirler flow can be performed in different ways, as is the degree of separation of air in the corresponding vortex device will have its own.

For intensification of the process of selection of the combustible component of the air, and when the multifunctional use of vortex unit, the intensification of the process of separating nitrogen from oxygen necessary for combustion of the fuel in the energy and other plants occurring at the maximum value of the peripheral speed in the cross sections of flow,trojstva 4, located on the entrance side of the air flow in the last 6 to perform peripheral channels 92 in the wall of her reported in each section throughout their length with the inner space of the vortex tube 6 that create resistance to rotational movement of the flow (Fig. 33, 34). Such channels 92 accelerate the process of substitution of less heavy particles of air or other environment heavy in the direction of the axis of rotation of the stream.

The shape of the cross section of the channels 92 may be different, including it can be cylindrical (Fig. 33); may be rectangular in shape (Fig. 34) and other forms. The axis of each channel may coincide with the plane of the longitudinal section of the vortex tube 6, the channels 92 are arranged symmetrically relative to the axis of the latter 6 (Fig. 3, 33, 34), and each channel 92 may be screw (Fig. 3, 33, 34). In the latter case, the direction of twist of each helical channel 92 may coincide with the direction of rotation of the air flow, and may be opposite to the direction of rotation of the air stream. The choice of method of braking a rotating stream, allowing the heavier particles of air due to the loss of peripheral speed accelerate its movement to the axis of rotation of the thread is made on the basis of experimentia and composition of its constituent elements, to improve the adjustment of characteristics of the first, and for sampling the environment and other conditions, the output 24 of the peripheral flow from the vortex tube with a vortex device 4 when the installation may be in communication with the atmosphere through regulating shut-off device (Fig. 1).

To allow reconfiguration of the vortex device 4 to another mode of separation media, which is determined by many factors, including the percentage of shared environments in the stream, suitable inlet pipe 7 pipe 2 to exit the Central stream separated from the vortex tube 6 to provide a set of interchangeable diaphragms 93 with at least a cylindrical bore 94, coaxial vortex tube 6, which differ from each other by at least the size of bore holes 94 to exit Central flow (Fig. 35). Outlet end 95 of each replaceable diaphragm 93 is performed with a sharp entrance edge 96 at least coincident with the surface 97, described by a radius r1holes 94 of the diaphragm 93 (Fig. 35). With a view to expanding the range of use of the vortex unit sharp inlet edge 96 of the end face 95 of the diaphragm 93 may be located at a radius that is different from the above-mentioned radius r1.

Depending on the purpose of the vortex installation, design execution and composition of its constituent elements, for sampling the environment, improving the regulating characteristics and other conditions of the chamber 98 may be communicated to the individual exhaust tube 100 with the atmosphere, the output of which is installed adjustable lighting angle is istwa 4 on peripheral channel 3 at least individual pipeline 100 may also communicate with the atmosphere, in doing so, it establishes a regulatory closure device 101 (Fig. 1).

To ensure the universality of the vortex unit and its work in optimal conditions when changing the parameters of the incoming vortex tube 6 of the device 4 of the air and other media to improve its regulating qualities is achieved in that at least the chamber 98 at least one vortex device 4, in which there are peripheral flow, at least connects the exhaust tube 24 with the suction device 102 (Fig. 1). When using wind power for operation of the vortex installation and maintenance in the chamber 98 (chambers) pressure below atmospheric to create a vacuum in the last 98 as a suction device can be used at least one (depends on capacity) is specially designed air ejector using for their work kinetic energy of the wind.

In some cases, and especially when a large capacity, it is advisable at least to the chamber 98 at least one vortex device 4 to connect the exhaust tube 24 with a hermetic container 103, and the last 103 to connect the pipe 104 with tandom case it is also advisable to improve the possibilities for adjustment of the vortex set at least at each individual section of the outlet 24 of the peripheral flow of each vortex device 4, the connecting device 4 sealed container 103, to install the control lock device 22, 107 (Fig. 37).

When connecting exhaust tube 23 of the Central stream separated from the vortex tube vortex 6 of the device 4 with a number of series-connected elements suitable above the exhaust tube 23 to be informed at least branches off section 108 of the pipe 23 with the atmosphere (Fig. 36). On leaf area 108 of the exhaust tube 23 of the Central stream from the vortex tube 6 is installed regulating shutoff device 109 (Fig. 36).

When the multifunctional use of vortex unit, and in particular for the separation of nitrogen and oxygen, which molecular weight differ slightly, it is after the selection of the combustible component of the air to continue the separation of the components of air, which for the connector 11 of the vortex tube 6 in the direction of flow is set at least one swirl flow 110, providing desecrate stream shared media (Fig. 2). The amount of the above components, the internal diameter of the vortex tube 6 and a number of other factors and is determined on snowed 2 environment subject to further division in the installation, it is advisable to ensure its efficient operation and compactness of the Central drainage 2 separated from the vortex tube vortex 6 device 4 to perform a composite consisting of two coaxial parts 111, 112, while the inside part 111 of allotment 2, located on the side of the exit stream from the vortex tube 6, is installed at least one swirl flow 113, providing at least the spin included in the above part 111 of allotment 2 of flow, and the second part 112 of the outlet 2 of the Central stream is in the form of a pipe 114, outer radius r2which is less than the inner radius r3the first part 111 of allotment 2, passing in (through) the throttle body 115 that is installed at the outlet of the first part 111 of allotment 2 (Fig. 38).

As noted above, to ensure the universality of installation and the possibility of its work in optimal conditions when changing the parameters of the incoming vortex tube 6 of the device 4 of the air and other media to improve its regulating qualities is achieved by the fact that the pipe 23 of the outlet 2 of the Central stream separated from the vortex tube 6 at least one vortex device 4 may soedinyatsya versatility and improve operational and adjusting qualities install the drain line 23 2 Central flow separated from the vortex tube 6 at least one vortex device 4 can connect with sealed with a capacity of 117, and the last 117 is connected by a pipe 118 with suction device 119, and the pipe 118 between the airtight container 117 and suction device 119 establishes a regulatory closure device 120 (Fig. 37). For the optimization of each individual vortex device 4 at least on each individual section 23, 121 allotment 2 of the Central thread of each vortex device 4 connecting the latter with the airtight container 117, establishes a regulatory shut-off device 21, 122 (Fig. 39).

Installing at least one vortex device 4 installed with the possibility of rotation (around the axis with the help of specially made rotator 123 allows changing the direction of wind movement under the force of the latter to rotate vortex device 4, ensuring maximum efficiency in the use of the kinetic energy of the wind entering the vortex tube 6 above device 4, by at least achieve the coincidence of the wind direction with the axis 28 of the vortex tube 6 of the device 4 (Fig. 13).

In this case, rotation of the above specially made turning device 123 can carry the wind direction with the axis 28 of the vortex tube vortex 6 device 4 (Fig. 4).

In addition, if necessary, vortex installation can be performed with the possibility of providing the above-mentioned rotation () vortex device 4 as one of the methods above, and others, by turning off the mechanical drive while ensuring its rotation under the force of the wind.

The admission of air into the jet device 4 from the tank 47, which is located before the entrance to the vortex device, the above tank 47 may be mounted on the rotary platform 124, provided with a turning device 123, enabling rotation of the platform 124 () with the above capacity 47 when the direction of wind movement under the force of the latter, which is, the capacity of 47 runs at least in the form of streamlined side of air flow wing, in other words, is streamlined, providing symmetric her the runaround by the airstream (Fig. 14, 15), and when the direction of wind movement provides at least match the wind direction with the axis 125 of symmetry of the cross section of the vessel 47.

The above capacity 47 mounted on the rotary platform 124, provided with a rotary device. is also the rotation capacity 47 platform 124 from the rotary device 123 may be carried out depending on the conditions of operation of vortex unit under power by the wind, and with the help of a mechanical drive, for which the mechanical actuator is supplied rassoedinenie from the rotator mechanism to turn it off if necessary. When the above-considered cases in certain areas for removal of the combustible component or mixture of components of air, etc., as the pipes are flexible hoses, providing the freedom to perform the necessary rotation of the respective rotary device installation on the corner .

On a turning platform 124 can be mounted hermetically United at least one vortex device 4 and the tank 47, made as above, with the rotation of the platform 124, provided with a turning device 123, the angle around the axis with the above rotary device 4 and a capacity of 47 changing the direction of the wind can be carried out under force last at least to match the wind direction with the axis 23 of the vortex device (Fig. 14), as well as the rotator 123 LASS="ptx2">

The elements of the vortex unit can be placed on a rotary platform 126, providing its compactness, the platform 126 thus provided with a turning device 127, ensuring its rotation angle around the axis 128 in the direction of wind movement under the force of the latter (Fig. 40), and the rotary device 127 may operate using a mechanical actuator (Fig. 40). In addition, both methods provide rotation of the platform 126 may optionally be used for the same vortex unit.

To increase the velocity head of the air entering the vortex device 4 device, vortex unit may include artificially created wind tunnel 129, which is "trapped wind", inside which are the constituent elements of the vortex unit (Fig. 41). When this artificially created wind tunnel 129 is mounted on a specially made rotary device 130, providing its rotation angle around the axis 131 in the direction of wind movement under the force of the latter (Fig. 41), and the rotation of the wind tunnel 129 on the rotary device 130 when changing napravlennosti use one or another way depending on the wind, what mechanical drive is provided which disables a device.

To avoid breakage of the vortex unit and for other reasons at least every rotator 123, 127, 130 may be equipped with a rotation stops, providing the possibility of turning the device on a certain fixed maximum angle in either side of the middle base of the installation position (Fig. 4, 13, 14, 40, 41). If necessary, the maximum angle of rotation can be changed, and the rotation stops are supplied with a special adjusting device. To improve the reliability and stability of vortex unit in its structure can include devices that provide smooth rotation at least every rotator.

Due to the small percentage of the combustible component in the air for industrial production of the first vortex device 4 can at least be arranged in bundles and placed at the place of installation of at least koridoram order to connect at least for parallel operation (Fig. 1, 2), and can accommodate at least in a staggered manner and to connect at least for parallel operation (Fig. 1, 2), sostavlyajushie vortex device in the installation can be connected for parallel operation, and consistent work, with the aim of improving the quality of the combustible component obtained in the vortex installation.

The composition of the vortex unit may include a movable object, on which are its constituent elements, and in which motion is generated velocity head of the air supplying it to each vortex device 4 and its spin when moving inside the vortex tube 6 corresponding device 4 (Fig. 1, 2). The presence of such a movable object in the installation considerably extends the range of use, including transport.

Depending on the performance of the vortex device 4 installed, and thus the hermetic size of the vortex tube 6, the quantity allocated with a small percentage in the environment component, and other factors constructive execution of the passage 15 between the adjacent ends 16, 17 parts 9, 19 of the vortex tube 6 may be different. Thus, all points of the edges 132 of the end face 16 of part 9 of the vortex tube 6 located on the entrance side in the last 6 obtained by intersecting the surface of the above-mentioned end face 16 with the inner surface of the above 9 parts of the vortex tube 6 may be located at a distance c measured from the axis 28 in the 17, related to the above end face 16, the other part 10 of the vortex tube 6 located on the exit side of the last 6, with the last edge 133 of the end face 17 is obtained similar to the above, through, and above the ends 16, 17 parts 9, 10 of the vortex tube 6 to form an annular passage 15 to exit peripheral wall of the flow split environment (Fig. 2); all points above the edge 132 of the end face 16 of part 9 of the vortex tube 6 may be located at a distance of c, the smaller the distance d that contains all points of the edge 133 of the end face 17 of the part 10 of the vortex tube 6 (Fig. 2), and the edges 132, 133 adjacent the ends 16, 17 parts 9, 10 of the vortex tube 6, obtained from the intersection of the inner surfaces of the above parts 9, 10 of the vortex tube 6 with the surfaces of the respective ends 16, 17 can be located on the same cylindrical surface c=d (Fig. 2).

In the first case (c>d) protruding lip 133 of the end face 17 of the part 10 of the vortex tube 6 facing towards the flow, removes a thin peripheral wall layer separated environment, moving from the surface of the part 9 of the vortex tube 6, and the width of the passage 15 for shared environment between adjacent ends 16, 17 is minimal in comparison with other valerina passage 15 is maximized. While this increases the number of impurities from the separated medium in the annular chamber 12 to exit the peripheral wall of the flow. The third case (c=d) occupies an intermediate position between the two above.

The choice of geometric characteristics, the shape of the surfaces of parts 9, 10 of the vortex tube 6 is achieved on the basis of pilot studies. And constructive techniques to ensure the fulfilment of the above variants of parts 9, 10 of the vortex tube with the corresponding edges 132, 133 of the ends 16, 17 of the above parts of the vortex tube can be different, i.e., be achieved in different ways.

In order to ensure control of vortex unit for selection of the combustible component of the air in the annular chamber 12, at least each vortex device 4 can be supplied with individual pipe 134 is installed on it at least regulating shut-off device 135 for selection of parts coming in above the camera 12 and the peripheral wall of the flow split environment (Fig. 1).

To allow the use of vortex unit in various conditions and modes of operation of the latter may be fitted with a set of their characteristics. Parallel (installed) vortex tubes in this case, typically performed with the same characteristics.

The proposed vortex unit can be widely used for separation of hydrogen from the air and helium, but due to the very small percentage of the latter in the air you have received in a number of parallel vortex tubes Wednesday to send in sequential vortex device for further separation with separation of pure hydrogen and helium.

Constructive perform consistently with the first set of vortex devices in the installation, which in turn can be connected in parallel, is similar to the first vortex device, i.e. all the features of its meaningful implementation is used for the subsequent vortex devices.

Vortex unit can be used for the separation of air, other gases, in addition to the above components. In this regard, the output part of the vortex device installation, i.e. adjacent to the output section of the vortex tube device, can be performed in other embodiments, providing a separate output to razdelatsya throttle.

To optimize the mode of operation of vortex unit and the possibilities for research in the vortex tubes along their length can be special channels (drilling) for sampling for analysis to determine the composition of the components of the partial air (a mixture of gases and others) in a particular section of the vortex device, and can also provide a special place of sampling on pipelines and other elements of the installation.

Vortex unit is supplied with the necessary instrumentation to monitor its work and change agents for the study of the processes occurring in it at work.

Installation can be fully automated with the management of her work from the Central control console.

To improve the technical performance and the other to lengthen the service life, reduce the mass of installation, reduce the cost of its production and other, some of its elements, including the vortex tube may be made of materials that substitute metals, for example of plastics.

Thus, the basis of allocation method of the combustible component of the air and the device installation lies atcri molecular weight components. A method of separation and vortex unit for its implementation can be used both for the selection of the combustible component of the air and its other components, including a first selection can be carried out simultaneously separation of nitrogen and oxygen. The method and installation can be widely used in General in the proposed installation in a dedicated part of ensuring the process of separation of different environments in a vortex flow in various industries, particularly the chemical industry, thermal and nuclear power engineering, transport, oil and gas production and processing industry and many other industries.

1. Vortex unit for separation of the combustible component of air, containing at least the vortex device with a swirl flow, installed at the entrance of the vortex tube, and a peripheral channel from the ring input section for removal of the peripheral flow and the output of the Central stream separated environments, located opposite the input section of the vortex tube side, and a peripheral channel at its initial site for removal of the peripheral flow divided environment established internal poverkhnostnoi in the base position coaxially of the latter, while the main stream above environment is given at least one channel, which is at its initial site in the latter case is above the portion of the tube located inside the output area of the vortex tube, wherein the vortex tube is made of at least two separate coaxially mounted parts, while the pipe connector is located on the flow of at least a swirl flow that is installed on the input Ustka of the vortex tube, and with nauenoj the latter made the annular chamber, covering the above-mentioned connector of the vortex tube, thus the outer surface of the latter performs at least the role of the side walls of the chamber, and a connection end walls of the latter with vortex tube is sealed with the possibility of axial movement of at least one of the parts of the vortex tube relative to another part of the latter with the formation of the annular gap between the ends of the above-mentioned parts of the vortex tube to exit from the last peripheral wall of the separated flow medium in the annular chamber, the exhaust tube of the medium from which you are regulating shut-off device, and an end face, facing towards the flow, Casteau edge, each of taps separated media channels vortex device installed regulating shut-off device.

2. Installation under item 1, characterized in that inside the vortex tube installation at a distance from the swirl flow, placed at its entrance, has at least the second swirl flow at least for dosenrode during installation, with at least each subsequent in the direction of flow swirl flow has at least the possibility of displacement in the axial direction of the vortex tube.

3. Installation on PP.1 and 2, characterized in that at least one swirl flow that is installed in the vortex tube installation made with blades and blades are installed with at least the possibility of rotation for changing the angle of the output stream of the shared environments of the above zavarella to the axis of the vortex tube.

4. Installation on PP. 1 to 3, characterized in that the inlet of the vortex tube set regulatory closure.

5. Installation on PP.1 to 3, characterized in that at least the vortex device set with vol, created by the wind and is included in a vortex tube device with the axis of the vortex tube during operation of the installation.

6. Installation on PP. 1 to 5, characterized in that the swirl flow adjacent the connector parts of the vortex tube to exit the peripheral wall of the flow divided environment and located on the traffic flow in front of the above-mentioned connector, is mounted for displacement in the axial direction of the vortex tube for changing the spacing between output section above the swirl flow and the connector.

7. Installation on PP.1 - 6, characterized in that the set can move in the axial direction of the portion of the vortex tube is made to rotate by the angle around its axis relative to its base position, at which the maximum width of a gap formed when moving in the axial direction one side of the vortex tube relative to another part thereof, measured at least in the vertical plane of symmetry of the vortex tube from the bottom of the last, which is located at least horizontally, the width of the gap along the perimeter of the vortex tube in the upwards direction in the last mentioned case decreases symmetrically to enter trichomania fact, that at least one of the parts of the vortex tube, located between adjacent swirler flow, made according to the type of "pipe" with a corresponding at least Salnikov seal flexible connection to allow axial primemeniya one of the parts of the vortex tube relative to another part thereof for changing the spacing between adjacent swirler flow.

9. Installation on PP. 1 to 8, characterized in that the annular chamber for exiting the vortex device peripheral wall of the separated flow environment at least one vortex device connected to the exhaust tube of the environment with the installed regulating shut-off device with a hermetic container, which is connected by a pipe with a suction device.

10. Installation on PP.1 and 9, characterized in that the piping that connects the sealed container with the suction device, installed at least regulating shut-off device.

11. Installation on PP.1 to 8, characterized in that the annular chamber for exiting the vortex device peripheral wall of the separated flow environment at least one vortex devices are connected TRU the plant and vortex device.

12. Installation on PP.1 to 8, characterized in that the annular chamber for exiting the vortex device peripheral wall of the separated flow environment at least one vortex device connected to the exhaust tube of the environment with the installed regulating shut-off device with a hermetic container, connected by pipeline with the input of at least one vortex device.

13. Installation on PP.1 and 12, characterized in that the piping that connects the sealed container inlet vortex device, installed regulating shut-off device.

14. Installation on PP.1 - 13, characterized in that the input section of the swirl flow, located at the entrance of the vortex tube device, the same as the input section of the latter.

15. Installation on PP.1 - 13, characterized in that the input section of the swirl flow, located at the entrance of the vortex tube device which in the direction of the flow relative to the input section of the latter.

16. Installation on PP.1 and 15, characterized in that the part of the input section of the vortex tube device positioned at least between the input section and last input is the eye of the air in the shape of the confuser.

17. Installation on PP. 1 and 16, characterized in that on the inner surface of the confused plot of the vortex tube device placed blades for a spin in the incoming stream of air when the direction of the above-mentioned spin coincides with the direction of the swirl flow in the swirl flow is established at the entrance of the vortex tube.

18. Installation on PP.1, 5 to 17, characterized in that at least on both sides of the vortex tube device at least symmetrically to its center plane, which is located in the working status of the installation at least vertically, is made of longitudinal ribs in the form of wings with sleek lines and, respectively, the ends facing the air inlet in a vortex tube.

19. Installation on PP.1 to 3, 5 to 18, characterized in that at least one vortex device is connected to the tank, executed at least in the form of streamlined side of air flow wing, located at least symmetrically with respect to the median plane of the vortex device, in this case, in the operating condition setting input end of the tank facing towards the flow of air, take cineaste capacity with the environment, and the inlet of the vortex tube device communicated with the internal space above the tank, with this soedinenie at least vortex device and the installed capacity with possibility of rotation on the angle around the axis.

20. Installation on PP.1 and 19, characterized in that at least two vortex devices are connected in parallel with the capacitance, executed at least in the form of streamlined side of air flow wing, with the inlet of each vortex tube device communicated with the internal space above the tank.

21. Installation on PP. 1, 19 and 20, characterized in that the input end of each of the vortex device is hermetically connected at least to the aft end of the vessel, executed at least in the form of streamlined side of air flow wing.

22. Installation on PP.1, 19 and 20, characterized in that at least part of the vortex device on the input side it is placed within a vessel made at least in the form of streamlined side of air flow wing and a sealed connection with his capacity made on its outer surface.

23. Ustasha least through the pipeline.

24. Installation on PP.1, 19 and 23, characterized in that each pipeline connecting at least every vortex device capacity, installed regulating shut-off device.

25. Installation on PP.1, 19 and 24, characterized in that at least optionally between capacity and each vortex unit is installed pumping device is connected to the first through plots of the input in of the pumping device and the output of the pipeline and allow the supply of air from the tank on Obvodny pipeline in the corresponding vortex device between the tank and each of the pumping device, and between the latter and each vortex unit is installed regulating shut-off devices.

26. Installation on PP.1, 19 and 24, characterized in that at least optionally between capacity and at least every two parallel vortex devices installed one of the pumping device is connected to the first through plots of the input in of the pumping device and output, parallel branching in accordance with the above for the last at least two sections, a by-pass pipeline, while IU is Yes in the direction of flow and at least every two parallel vortex devices installed regulating shut-off devices.

27. Installation on PP.1, 19 and 24, characterized in that at least optionally between capacity and at least every two parallel vortex devices installed one of the pumping device is connected to the first through plots of the input in of the pumping device and output, parallel branching in accordance with the above for the last at least two sections, a by-pass pipeline between the tank and each of the pumping device, and between the latter and each vortex unit is installed regulating shut-off devices.

28. Installation on PP.1, 19 and 24, characterized in that at least optionally between capacity and at least every two parallel vortex devices installed one pumping device, soedinenie with the first using plots of the input in of the pumping device and output, parallel branching in accordance with the above for the last mania least two sections, a by-pass pipeline between the tank and each of the pumping device, between the last section of the bypass pipe up his fork in the direction of movement of the E. eddy regulating device is installed locking device.

29. Installation on PP.1, 19 and 24, characterized in that capacity at least advanced sequentially in the direction of flow connected with sections of the bypass pipeline from the pumping device, which is connected with the sealed intermediate capacity, and the latter is connected to the input of at least one vortex device individual to the last section of the bypass pipeline between the tank and the pumping device between the latter and sealed intermediate capacity, as well as between the latter and each vortex unit is installed regulating shut-off devices.

30. Installation on PP.1, 19 and 24, characterized in that capacity at least advanced sequentially in the direction of flow connected with sections of the bypass pipeline from the pumping device, which is connected with the sealed intermediate capacity, and the latter is connected by at least two parallel installed vortex devices using a part of the bypass pipe, branching in accordance with the above mentioned two branches, between the tank and the pumping device between the latter and sealed premiato the deposits of stream and at least every two parallel vortex devices installed regulating shut-off devices.

31. Installation on PP. 1, 19 and 24, characterized in that capacity, at least optionally, sequentially in the direction of flow connected with sections of the bypass pipeline from the pumping device, which is connected with the sealed intermediate capacity, and the latter is connected with at least two parallel installed vortex devices using a part of the bypass pipe, branching in accordance with the above mentioned two branches, between the tank and the pumping device between the latter and sealed intermediate capacity, as well as between the latter and each vortex unit is installed regulating shut-off devices.

32. Installation on PP.1, 19 and 24, characterized in that capacity at least advanced sequentially in the direction of flow of soedjana using plots of the bypass pipeline from the pumping device, which is connected with the sealed intermediate capacity, and the latter is connected by at least two parallel installed vortex devices using a part of the bypass pipe, branching in accordance with the above mentioned two branches, however, the capacity of the bypass pipeline to its ramifications in the direction of flow and, at least every two parallel vortex devices, as well as at the entrance to each vortex unit is installed regulating shut-off devices.

33. Installation on PP. 1, 19, 25 - 32, characterized in that section of the pipeline connecting the regulating shut-off device located on the inlet side to a pressure device, with the latest embedded section of the pipeline, saying the suction cavity of the pumping device with the environment through regulating shut-off device.

34. Installation on PP.1, 19 - 33, characterized in that the edge is located on the perimeter of the at least one input of the holes drilled in the inlet end of the tank adjacent the inlet for air coming inside the final vessel, confused plot, which is tightly connected with the above-mentioned end face of the vessel and located with its outer side.

35. Installation on PP.1, 19 - 33, characterized in that at least at each entrance hole made in the input end of the capacity at least part of its length is inside the last and hermetically connected with the above-mentioned end of the capacity inlet air flowing into the vessel, the confusion is at least of each of the inlet, made in the input end of the tank adjacent the inlet air flowing into the vessel, the diffuser section, which is tightly connected with the above-mentioned end face of the vessel and located with its outer side.

37. Installation on PP.1, 19 - 33, characterized in that at least at each entrance hole made in the input end of the capacity, at least part of its length is inside the last and hermetically connected with the above-mentioned end of the capacity inlet air flowing into the vessel, the diffuser section.

38. Installation on PP.1, 34 and 35, characterized in that the output end face at least every confused plot is adjacent diffuser section.

39. Installation on PP.1, 36 and 37, characterized in that the input end at least of each of the diffuser section adjacent confused plot.

40. Installation PM.1 - 3, 5 - 20, 22, 34 - 39, characterized in that the inlet end of the vortex tube vortex device is made with a sharp entrance edge turned toward the movement of air flow.

41. Installation on PP.1, 34, 35, 38 and 39, characterized in that the input end of the confused plot the vessel is made with a sharp entrance edge, obrascon the C of the diffuser section of the vessel is made with a sharp entrance edge, facing navstrechu the movement of air flow.

43. Installation on PP.1, 19 - 33, characterized in that at least each hole made in the input end of the capacity, equipped with a shutoff at least automatically trigger the device.

44. Installation on PP.1, 34, 35, 38 and 39, characterized in that at least at the entrance to each confused plot of capacity installed shutoff at least automatically trigger the device.

45. Installation on PP.1, 36 and 37, characterized in that at least at the entrance to each diffuser section capacity installed shutoff at least automatically trigger the device.

46. Installation on PP.1, 2 and 4 - 45, characterized in that at least one in each blade swirl flow established in the vortex tube vortex device at least every channel formed by two adjacent blades, is divided into at least two channel side plot in accordance with the above-mentioned at least one cylindrical hollow body of rotation, a helical vortex tube device.

47. Installation on PP.1 and 46, characterized in that at least each blade swirl pot is connected between at least every two adjacent blades, divided into at least one partition located in the latter case, between the sides of two adjacent blades.

48. Installation on PP.1, 46 and 47, characterized in that each end face facing towards the flow, of each partition formed in each channel blade swirl flow formed by two adjacent blades, made pointed.

49. Installation on PP.1 - 45, characterized in that at least one vane swirl flow has a Central, at least the cylindrical free from blade passage, a helical vortex tube vortex device for passage of part of the stream.

50. Installation on PP.1, 2, 4 - 45, characterized in that at least one vane swirl flow has a Central cylindrical and coaxial vortex tube vortex device hole at least for passage of part of the stream, and the blades thus placed outside the annular element, the inner surface of which forms above the hole, with the end of the above element facing towards the flow, made pointed.

51. Installation on PP.1 - 50, characterized in that the inner surface of the vortices is PP.1 - 51, characterized in that at least part of the length of the vortex tube vortex device located at least on the inlet side of the air flow in the last executed peripheral channels in the wall provided throughout their length with the inner space of the vortex tube to create a resistance to the rotational movement of the stream.

53. Installation on PP.1 - 52, characterized in that the output of the peripheral flow from the vortex tube vortex device for the operation of the unit communicated with the atmosphere through regulating shut-off device.

54. Installation on PP.1 - 53, characterized in that the inlet section of the pipe to exit the Central stream separated from the vortex tube vortex devices are supplied with a set of interchangeable diaphragms at least with a cylindrical bore, a helical vortex tube, which differ from each other by at least the size of the flow area of the exit port of the Central stream.

55. Installation on PP.1 and 54, characterized in that the input for the Central thread the end of each replaceable diaphragm is made with a sharp entrance edge at least coincident with the surface described by the radius of the hole of the diaphragm.

56. Setting p the receiving of the vortex tube vortex device, made in the form of extended parts, representing the chamber, through the internal space of which passes the exhaust tube of the Central flow split air coming in the last section of pipe that is located inside the output area of the vortex tube, and the output of the above exhaust tube to the outside of the camera is made at least through the packing in the wall of the latter.

57. Installation on PP.1 and 56, characterized in that at least the camera, through which extends a peripheral flow from the vortex tube at least notified individually by the exhaust tube with the atmosphere, the output of which is established regulatory closure.

58. Installation on PP.1, 56, and 57, characterized in that at least the camera at least one vortex device, which enters the peripheral flow from the vortex tube at least piped drainage above flow with suction device.

59. Installation on PP.1, 56, and 57, characterized in that at least the camera at least one vortex device, which enters the peripheral flow from the vortex tube, connected to the exhaust tube visheri on the pipeline between the airtight container and the suction device is installed regulating shut-off device.

60. Installation on PP.1 and 59, characterized in that at least at each individual site drainage peripheral flow of each vortex device, connecting the latter with tight capacity, installed regulating shut-off device.

61. Installation on PP.1 to 60, characterized in that the exhaust tube of the Central stream separated from the vortex tube vortex device reported at least branches off the pipe section with the atmosphere.

62. Installation on PP.1 - 61, characterized in that at least the branched section of the exhaust tube of the Central stream separated from the vortex tube vortex device installed regulating shut-off device.

63. Installation on PP. 1 - 62, characterized in that the vortex tube vortex device for a connector in the first direction of flow, covered on the outside of the vortex tube annular chamber has at least one swirl flow, providing desecrate stream shared media.

64. Installation on PP.1 - 60 and 63, characterized in that the Central challenge of a divided environment of the vortex tube vortex device is made of a composite consisting and the recovered at least one swirl flow, providing at least the spin included in the above portion of the exhaust flow, and the second part of the challenge of the Central flow is made in the shape of a tube, the outer radius of which is smaller than the inner radius of the first part of the exhaust that passes inside the body of a throttle valve installed at the outlet of the first part of the challenge.

65. Installation on PP. 1 - 64, characterized in that the exhaust tube of the Central flow divided among them, the vortex tube, at least one vortex device connected to consistently set the suction device.

66. Vortex unit for PP.1 - 64, characterized in that the exhaust tube of the Central stream separated from the vortex tube at least one vortex device connected to the hermetic container, and the last pipe connected to the suction device, while on the pipeline between the airtight container and usacialis device installed regulating shut-off device.

67. Installation on PP.1 and 66, characterized in that at least on each individual section of the outlet of the Central thread of each vortex eliminate the>/P>68. Installation PM. 1, 5 - 8, 40, 46 - 67, characterized in that it is equipped with a turning device, which is connected directly to at least one vortex device, a vortex tube which when the installation is served by the air, to rotate the latter in the direction of wind movement under the force of the latter at least to match the wind direction with the axis of the vortex tube.

69. Installation PM.1, 5 - 18, 40, 46 - 67, characterized in that it is equipped with a turning device, which is connected directly to at least one vortex device, a vortex tube which when the installation is served by the air, and is driven in the direction of wind movement with a mechanical drive.

70. Installation PM.1, 19, 20, 23 - 67, characterized in that capacity, executed at least in the form of streamlined side of air flow wing is installed on the rotary platform, equipped with a rotating device that rotates the platform above the tank when changing the direction of the wind under power effects last for at least showpad, characterized in that capacity, executed at least in the form of streamlined side of air flow wing is installed on the rotary platform, equipped with a turning device actuated when changing the direction of the wind using a mechanical drive.

72. Installation PM.1, 19, 21, 22, 34 - 67, wherein the hermetically United at least one vortex device and capacity, executed at least in the form of streamlined side of air flow wing is installed on the rotary platform, equipped with a rotating device that rotates the platform above the vortex device and the capacity of changing the direction of the wind under power effects last for at least match the wind direction with the axis of symmetry of the cross section of the vessel, which coincides at least with the axis of the vortex device.

73. Installation PM.1, 19, 21, 22, 34 - 67, wherein the hermetically United at least one vortex device and capacity, executed at least in the form of streamlined side of air flow wing is installed on the rotary platform, sabianism drive.

74. Installation on PP.1 - 3, 5 - 73, characterized in that the vortex system includes a platform placed on the elements of the latter, and the platform is equipped with a turning device, ensuring its rotation angle around an axis in the direction of wind movement under the force of the latter.

75. Installation on PP.1 - 3, 5 - 73, characterized in that the vortex system includes a platform placed on the elements of the latter, and the platform is equipped with a turning device, ensuring its rotation angle around an axis in the direction of wind movement with a mechanical drive.

76. Installation on PP.1 to 3, 5 to 75, characterized in that the vortex unit contains artificially created wind tunnel inside of the constituent elements of the vortex unit.

77. Installation on PP.1 and 76, characterized in that the artificially created wind tunnel installed on the rotary device, providing turn it to the angle around the axis when the direction of wind movement under the force of the latter.

78. Installation on PP.1 and 76, characterized in that the artificially created wind tunnel installations is ancescao drive.

79. Installation on PP.1 - 3, 5 - 78, characterized in that at least each rotary device is equipped with limiters angle, providing at least the regulation of the latter.

80. Installation on PP. 1 - 3, 5 - 79, characterized in that it comprises a device for smooth rotation at least every rotator.

81. Installation on PP.1 - 80, characterized in that it contains at least the vortex beam devices placed on its mounting location at least koridoram order and United at least for parallel operation.

82. Installation on PP.1 - 80, characterized in that it contains at least the vortex beam devices placed on its mounting location at least in a checkerboard pattern, and connected at least to parallel operation.

83. Installation on PP. 1 to 3, 5 to 82, characterized in that it comprises a movable object, is hosting its constituent elements, and in which motion is generated velocity head of the air supplying it to each of the vortex device and its spin when moving inside the vortex tube corresponding device.

84. The us is the entrance to the last, obtained from the intersection of the surface of the above-mentioned end surface of the above part of the vortex tube, located on the distance measured from the axis of the vortex tube in the radial direction, greater distances, which are all points of edges of the end face adjacent to the above end, the other part of the vortex tube, which is located on the exit side of the last, with the last edge of the end face obtained similar to the above, through, and above the adjacent ends of the parts of the vortex tube form an annular gap to exit the peripheral wall of the flow divided environment.

85. Installation on PP.1 - 83, characterized in that all points on the edge of the end portion of the vortex tube, which is located on the entrance side in the latter, obtained by intersecting the surface of the above-mentioned end surface of the above part of the vortex tube, located on the distance measured from the axis of the vortex tube in the radial direction, smaller distances, which are all points of edges of the end face adjacent to the above end, the other part of the vortex tube, which is located on the exit side of the last, with the last edge of the end face obtained similar Vitanova peripheral flow divided environment.

86. Installation on PP.1 - 83, characterized in that the edges of the adjacent ends of the parts of the vortex tube, obtained from the intersection of the inner surfaces of the above-mentioned parts of the vortex tube with surfaces of the respective ends, are located on the same cylindrical surface.

87. Installation on PP.1 - 86, characterized in that the annular chamber at least each vortex device is equipped with individual pipeline installed at least regulating shut-off device for selection of parts coming in above the chamber peripheral wall of the flow split of the environment to control its composition.

 

Same patents:

The invention relates to the separation media with inhomogeneous field densities and with different molecular weight components in the vortex units whose work is carried out in accordance with the law freely rotating vortex flow with inhomogeneous field densities and with different molecular weight components, open the author in 1994, and can be used for its intended purpose to highlight the combustible component of air, it is also possible to use the installation for implementation at different variants of constructive installation for the separation of environments in a vortex flow in the various branches of production, in particular, chemical industry, thermal and nuclear energy, oil and gas production and processing industry and many other industries

Vortex tube // 2052736
The invention relates to refrigeration, and in particular to installations using a vortex effect split the gas into hot and cold streams, and can be used in air-conditioning systems and drying of air and other gases

The invention relates to the separation media with inhomogeneous field densities and with different molecular weight components in the vortex units whose work is carried out in accordance with the law freely rotating vortex flow with inhomogeneous field densities and with different molecular weight components, open the author in 1994, and can be used for its intended purpose to highlight the combustible component of air, it is also possible to use the installation for implementation at different variants of constructive installation for the separation of environments in a vortex flow in the various branches of production, in particular, chemical industry, thermal and nuclear energy, oil and gas production and processing industry and many other industries

Jet apparatus // 2105203

The invention relates to a pump engineering turn out, in particular, to an adjustable jet pumps, and is an improvement of the method of dispensing of special fluids with possible use in the oil and gas industry

Liquid-gas ejector // 2103562

The invention relates to the field of jet technology, primarily to the method for compressing the gaseous medium in the pump-ejector installations and cleaning pumped gaseous environment from environmentally harmful impurities

The invention relates to ink jet technology, primarily to the method for compressing the gaseous medium in the pump-ejector units for compression and purification from impurities of the hydrocarbon gas

Jet compressor // 2100662

The invention relates to ink jet technology, primarily to the downhole jet installations for processing bottom-hole formation zone of the wellbore hydrodynamic impulses of the working environment

FIELD: oil and gas extractive industry.

SUBSTANCE: device has body placed in body of stream pump and has locking valve and axial channel for logging cable with fixed logging device. Device also has discharge valve. Device body has ports in middle portion, which connect middle hollow portion of device to displacement chamber for stream pump. In upper and lower portions of body of device upper and lower compactors are placed, limited by support elements on each side of the latter, respectively. Locking valve is mounted in lower portion of device and mated with inner space of tubing string and logging device. Axial channels of valves are eccentric and parallel to first channel of device, while discharge valve is provided with rod with its end prominent relatively to body of device.

EFFECT: broader functional capabilities, higher reliability.

4 dwg

FIELD: oil production.

SUBSTANCE: plant comprises column of pump-compressor pipes and fluidic apparatus and packer mounted on the column in series from top to bottom. The housing of the fluidic apparatus receives active nozzle and mixing chamber with diffuser and is provided with the passage for supplying fluid, passage for supplying fluid to be pumped out, and central through passage with a seat for installation of a functional insert. The packer is mounted on the column below the fluidic apparatus. The functional insert in the central through passage is made of a sealing insert provided with the axial passage for cable which holds a geophysical instrument below the fluidic apparatus. The bottom part of the sealing insert has spring-loaded by-pass valve through which the passage for supplying the fluid to be pumped out above the check valve is connected with the under-packer space of the well.

EFFECT: expanded functional capabilities.

2 dwg

FIELD: pump engineering.

SUBSTANCE: well pumping unit comprises pipe string provided with packer mounted on the string from top to bottom and provided with the central through passage and support. The support is provided with by-pass ports and axial stepped passage which can receive the locking insert with the central through passage or jet pump, the housing of which receives active nozzle, mixing chamber with diffuser, passage for supplying fluid to the active nozzle, passage for supplying fluid to be pumped out, and passage for discharging fluid mixture. The housing is provided with the through passage made above the passage for supplying the fluid to be pumped and connected with it. The through passage has the seat for installation of the sealing unit which is provided with axial passage. A flexible pipe passes through the axial passage and the passage for supplying fluid to be pumped for permitting axial movement. The bottom end of the flexible pipe is provided with logging instrument for measuring physical characteristics, e.g., electric resistance of rocks. The jet pump has the following sizes: ratio of the diameter of mixing chamber inlet Dmix to that of the nozzle inlet Dn ranges from 1.1 to 2.4, ratio of mixing chamber length Lmix to the diameter of the mixing chamber inlet Dmix ranges from 3 to 7, ratio of nozzle length Ln to its outlet diameter Dn ranges from 1 to 8, distance L from the nozzle outlet to the mixing chamber inlet ranges from 0.3 to 2 of the diameter of nozzle outlet Dn, and angle of inclination of the diffuser generatrix to its longitudinal axis ranges from 4o to 14o. The passage for discharging mixture is in communication with the by-pass ports and, through them, with the space around the pipe string. The passage for supplying fluid is in communication with the inner space of pipes above the jet pump.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability of plant.

8 cl, 3 dwg

Jet pump // 2246642

FIELD: mechanical engineering; jet pumps and ejectors.

SUBSTANCE: proposed jet pump contains working flow nozzle, passive flow nozzle, mixing chamber and diffuser. Inner surface of working flow nozzle is transition from round section at inlet into section in form of equilateral triangle at outlet with side where a is length of side of triangle, R is radius of round nozzle whose cross-section area is equal to area of considered triangle to produce inversion of flow at forming laminary round jet with radius and turbulent jets in areas at vertice of triangle with radii.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of jet pump owing to multiple increase in area of accompanying sucked-in flow at constant area of outlet cross section of working flow nozzle by increasing zone of mixing of turbulent boundary layer.

4 dwg

Ejector pump // 2247873

FIELD: oil producing industry.

SUBSTANCE: pump is designed for pumping different composite fluids into wells. Proposed pump includes housing, branch pipe for delivering ejecting fluid connected with housing, inlet branch pipe for delivering ejectable fluid arranged in housing, bushing one part of inner surface of which form ring nozzle with part of outer surface of branch pipe for delivering ejectable fluid and coupled with branch pipe for delivering ejecting fluid, and other part of free inner space of bushing forms mixing chamber. It has also diffuser connected with mixing chamber, and pipeline to let out mixture of ejecting and ejectable fluids. Inner diameter of branch pipe for delivering ejectable fluid is equal to 0.15-0.32 of inner diameter of pipeline to let out mixture of ejecting and ejectable fluids. Length of mixing chamber is 3 - 6-fold greater than working section of ring nozzle, and angle of diffuser is form 2 to 20 degrees.

EFFECT: increased efficiency.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: dewatering of reservoirs and depressions to be empties.

SUBSTANCE: proposed water lifting device contains lifting, suction and air delivering pipes and mixing chamber with inclined nozzle holes uniformly spaced over circumference of inner cup of mixing chamber. Axes of holes are generative of one-nappe hyperboloid of rotation. Suction branch pipe is furnished with hood head made in form of truncated cone with larger base pointed downwards and attachment of smaller base to end face of suction branch pipe. Vertical trapezoidal plates are installed on inner surface of hood head tangentially to cylindrical part of suction branch pipe in direction of circular inclination of axes of mixing chamber nozzle holes. Smaller bases of trapezia are arranged over outer perimeter of head.

EFFECT: enlarged sphere of application.

2 dwg

FIELD: oil industry.

SUBSTANCE: method includes mounting on pipes column, serially, in upward direction, of at least two compacting elements with forming of filtering zone in middle portion between them by making a perforated portion of pipe column at this portion before first and after last compacting element, and between compacting elements on pipe column containers with autonomous manometers are mounted, above compacting elements on pipes column a packer with central passage channel is mounted, and yet higher a stream pump with stepped passage channel, while on the side of lower end pipes column is plugged, this column is lowered into well and stream pump is placed above ceiling of productive bed, and portion of pipes column with compacting elements is placed in zone of perforation of productive bed, after that in stepped passage channel of stream pump a depression insert with autonomous manometer is mounted and by means of stream pump lengthy draining of bed is performed, by means of stepped increase of depression values, while disconnecting under effect from pressure change on compacting elements, by means of the latter, behind-pipe space of pipes column, for each value of depression well debit value is recorded, and each manometer, mounted in well, is used to record bed pressure.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

1 dwg

FIELD: oil industry.

SUBSTANCE: device has stream pump mounted on pipes column, in body of which nozzle is mounted and, coaxially to the latter, mixing chamber with diffuser, as well as coaxially to pipes column a stepped passage channel is made, wherein with possible replacement by other functional insert an insert is mounted for measuring curves of restoration of bed pressure with autonomous manometer below it, while on pipes column on the side of its lower end mounted serially in upward direction are at least two compacting elements with forming in middle portion between these of filtering zone by means of making a perforated portion of pipes column at this portion before first and after last compacting element, and also between compacting elements on pipes column containers with autonomous manometers are mounted, and above compacting elements below stream pump on pipes column a packer is mounted with central passage channel, while from the side of lower end half of pipes are plugged.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

1 dwg

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