Vortex unit for separation of the combustible component of the air

 

(57) Abstract:

Vortex unit is used to calculate the combustible component of air. The apparatus comprises a section of pipe to exit the Central thread, which is made of two separate parts. The end of one part of the pipe section facing towards the flow, made closed, streamlined and sharpened. This part of the pipe rigidly connected fixed to the rod passing through another part of the pipe to form a passage for the split environment, with maintenance-free axial movement of the rod together with a part of the portion of the tube is rigidly connected with the latter, with the formation of the annular gap between adjacent ends of the pipe section. The end facing towards the flow, made with a sharp entrance edge. On each allotment separated environments established regulatory closure. 94 C.p. f-crystals, 52 ill.

The invention relates to the separation media with inhomogeneous field densities and with different molecular weight components in the vortex units whose work is carried out in accordance with the law freely rotating vortex flow with inhomogeneous field densities and with different molecular weight of company component of air, also you can use setup to implement at different variants of constructive installation for the separation of environments in a vortex flow in the various branches of production, in particular, chemical industry, thermal and nuclear power engineering, oil and gas production and processing industry and many other industries.

Known vortex unit with vortex tube containing a camera energy separation of the two inputs on one end and a diffuser o hot thread at the other, connected through a heat exchanger to one of the nozzle inlets, the second of which is connected to a source of compressed gas, and the axial pipe of the conclusion of the cold stream, baggage energy separation from the side of nozzle inlets provided asymmetrically located pipe, pipe the output of the cold stream is located on the side of the cone and around this pipe installed tube, forming with it an annular gap, is connected to the pipe, asymmetrically located on the side of nozzle inlets [1].

The disadvantage of this vortex is the impossibility of the separation of environments, because a shared environment serves the em only separation of environments due to the difference in their temperatures, or rather densities. The design of this vortex unit is not adapted to separate environments with heterogeneous field densities and with different molecular weight components having the same temperature.

Closest to the claimed technical solution is the vortex device that contains a swirl flow that is installed at the entrance of the vortex tube, and a peripheral channel from the ring input section for removal of the peripheral flow and the output of the Central stream separated environments, located opposite the input section of the vortex tube side, and a peripheral channel at its initial site for removal of the peripheral flow split environment is formed by the inner surface of the vortex tube and the outer surface of the pipe section located inside the output area of the vortex tube coaxially of the latter, and the Central thread of the above environment is given at least one channel, which is at its initial site in the latter case is above the portion of the tube located inside the output area of the vortex tube [2].

The disadvantage of this vortex is the impossibility of separating the fry and, that ensures the separation of environments due to the difference in their temperatures, but rather densities. The design of this vortex unit is not adapted to separate environments with heterogeneous field densities and with different molecular weight components having the same temperature.

The objective of the invention is the creation of vortex unit to implement cost-effective method for industrial preparation of fuel from the air.

This task is achieved by the fact that in the known vortex installation containing at least the vortex device with a swirl flow, installed at the entrance of the vortex tube, and a peripheral channel from the ring input section for removal of the peripheral flow, and the output of the Central stream separated environments, located opposite the input section of the vortex tube side, and a peripheral channel in accordance with the above at its initial site for removal of the peripheral flow split environment is formed by the inner surface of the vortex tube and the outer surface of the pipe section located inside the output area of the vortex tube in the base position coaxially of the latter, and the Central flow visualisasi above the pipe section, located inside the output area of the vortex tube, above the pipe to exit the Central thread is made at least of two separate parts, with one end portion of the pipe section facing towards the flow, made closed, streamlined and sharpened, and the part of the leg above the butt-end rigidly connected with the rod (attached to the rod, passing through the inner space of another part of the pipe section to form a passage for the split environment, leaving the vortex tube, between the inner surface of the above part of the section of pipe and rod, and providing the inside of the latter part of the land of the free axial movement of the rod together with a part of the portion of the tube is rigidly connected with the latter, with the formation of the annular passage (gap) between the end faces of the aforementioned parts of the pipe section, and an end face, facing towards the flow, part of the pipe section located on the exit side of a divided environment of the vortex tube is made at least with a sharp entrance edge, the maximum efficiency of the separation media is achieved by adjusting at least the degree of opening of the regulating valve device,ora) between adjacent ends of the two coaxially mounted parts of the pipe to exit the Central flow by moving in the axial direction of the rod is rigidly connected with the latter part of the above section of the pipe, ensuring that the change of the cross-section area for facing the Central flow divided environment through the annular passage.

Comparative analysis of the proposed technical solution with analogue and prototype allows to make a conclusion about the presence of new distinctive characteristics, therefore, the proposed solution meets the criterion of "novelty".

In known science and technology solutions, we have not identified the combination of distinctive features of the proposed solutions show similar properties and will help to achieve specified objectives of the invention result, hence, the solution meets the criteria of the invention "significant differences".

In Fig. 1 shows a vortex unit for separation of the combustible component of the air; Fig. 2 - vortex unit of Fig. 3 - vortex tube with swirl flow; Fig. 4 - vortex unit of Fig. 5 - vortex tube with swirl flow; Fig. 6-10 - vortex unit of Fig. 11-13 - vortex tube with swirl flow; Fig. 14-30 - vortex unit of Fig. 31-33 - section a-a in Fig. 2; Fig. 34 - vortex unit of Fig. 35, 36 - section b-B in Fig. 34, Fig. 37 - output plot of the vortex device; situation; in Fig. 47, 48 - a characteristic change in the peripheral speed of the flow along the radius in the output section of the blade swirl flow; Fig. 49, 50 - section b-b In Fig. 4; Fig. 51, 52 - section G-G in Fig. 4.

In the allocation method of the combustible component of the air in the vortex installation (Fig. 1), including spin passing through the swirl flow 1, flow separation medium and the removal of media through the Central 2 and 3 peripheral channels, and vortex unit to implement it contains at least the vortex device 4 with the swirl flow 1, installed at the entrance 5 of the vortex tube 6, and a peripheral channel 3 ring input section 1-1 for removal of the peripheral flow and the output 2 of the Central stream separated environments, located on the opposite of the input section 5 of the vortex tube 6 side, moreover, the peripheral channel 3 in accordance with the above at its initial site for removal of the peripheral flow split environment is formed by the inner surface of the vortex tube 6 and the outer surface 7 of the pipe 2, which is located inside the output section 8 of the vortex tube 6 in the base position coaxially of the latter, and the Central thread of the above environment is given at least through Danny inside the output section 8 of the vortex tube 6, the above section 7 of the pipe 2 for removal of the Central thread is made at least of two separate parts 9, 10, and the end 11 of one part 9 of section 7 of the pipe 2, facing towards the flow, made closed, streamlined and sharpened, and the part 9 section 7 above the butt 11 is rigidly connected with the rod 12 (attached to the rod, passing through the inner space of the other part 10 section 7 of the pipe 2 with the formation of a passage 13 for the split environment, leaving the vortex tube 6, between the inner surface of the above part 10 section 7 of the pipe 2 and the core 12, and providing the inside of the latter part 10 section 7 of the free axial movement of the rod 12 together with part 9 of section 7 of the pipe 2, is rigidly connected to the last 12, with the formation of the annular passage 14 (gap) between adjacent ends 15, 16 of the above parts 9, 10 of section 7 of the pipe 2 and the end face 16 facing towards the flow, part 10 section 7 of the pipe 2 located on the exit side separated from the vortex tube 6, performed at least with a sharp entrance edge 17, the maximum efficiency of the separation media is achieved by adjusting at least the degree of opening of the regulating shut-off at lavage passage 14 (gap) between adjacent ends 15, 16 both coaxially mounted parts 9, 10 of section 7 of the pipe 2 to exit the Central flow by moving (x) in the axial direction of the rod 12 is rigidly connected with the latter of the above part 9 of section 7 of the pipe 2, thus providing the change of the cross-section area for facing the Central flow of the separation medium through the annular passage 14.

Within the vortex tube 6 may be installed at a distance from the swirl flow 1 posted on its input section 5, at least the second swirl flow 22, which provides desecrate last, the maximum efficiency of the separation media is achieved by adjusting the distance l1between the output section 2-2 at least one swirl flow 1 and the input section 3-3 related subsequent swirl flow 22 through the displacement (x) in the axial direction of the vortex tube 6 subsequent swirler flow 22 (Fig. 2); the maximum efficiency of the separation media can be achieved by adjusting the angle of the output stream shared media to the axis 23 of the vortex tube at least 6 of each of the swirl flow 1,22 by turning the blades of the last 22 (Fig. 1, 2); maximum efficiency P4, installed at the entrance to the vortex tube 6 installation (Fig. 3); the maximum efficiency of the separation media can be achieved by rotating at least the vortex device 4 installed in the work of the latter and the change in the wind direction at the angle around the axis 25, providing at least match the direction of the air flow generated by the wind and is included in a vortex tube 6 of the device 4, with the axis 23 of the vortex tube 6 (Fig. 4); the maximum efficiency of the separation media can be achieved by adjusting the distance l2between the output section 2-2 of the swirl flow 1, 22, adjacent the annular passage between the adjacent end faces 15, 16 parts 9, 10 of section 7 of the pipe 2 to exit the Central flow passage and 14, with swirl 1, 22 along the direction of flow is in front of the above-mentioned annular passage 14 (Fig. 1, 2).

The maximum efficiency of the separation media can be achieved by adjusting the angle of rotation of section 7 of the pipe 2 to exit the Central flow divided environment around the axis 26, which is located eccentric (e) axis 23 of the vortex tube 6 and the axis 27 of the aforementioned section 7 of the pipe 2, the matching in the base position of the latter with the axis 23 of the vortex tube 6, relative to the base position to activates by adjusting the rotation angle is moved in the axial direction of part 9 of section 7 of the pipe 2 to exit the Central stream from the vortex tube 6 around its axis 27 relative to the base position, at which the maximum passage width amax(gap) formed during the displacement (x) in the axial direction of part 9 of section 7 of the pipe 2 to exit the Central flow rigidly connected with the rod 12, is measured at least in the vertical plane of symmetry of the above section 7 of the pipe 2 from the bottom of the last 7 located at least horizontally, the width of a gap around the perimeter in place of the connector section 7 of the pipe 2 in the direction up the last in the above case is changed symmetrically with respect to the above-mentioned diametrical plane on both sides of section 7 of the pipe 2 to exit the Central thread (and at least regulate the rotation angle of the above section 7 of the pipe 2 to exit the Central thread around its axis 27), Fig. 2; the maximum efficiency of the separation media can be achieved by regulating the pressure at least every regulating shut-off device 18, 19, installed on the taps 20, 21 separated environments from channels 2, 3 vortex device 4, via installed on each of the lateral pipelines sequentially in the direction of flow of at least the second regulating shutoff Stroitelnaya length l3(x) of the vortex tube 6 by changing the length of at least one of the sections 28 of the latter, located in the above case, at least between adjacent swirler flow 1, 22 and the annular passage 14 between the adjacent end faces 15, 16 parts 9, 10 of section 7 of the pipe 2 to exit the Central flow while swirl 1, 22 along the direction of flow is in front of the above-mentioned annular passage 14, by performing the above section 28 of the vortex tube 6 "pipe in pipe" with a corresponding at least Salnikov seal movable joint in the event of axial displacement (x) of one of the parts 29 of the vortex tube 6 relative to another part 30, thus changing the distance l3between adjacent above the swirl flow 1, 22 and the annular passage 14 of section 7 of the pipe 2 to exit the Central flow (Fig. 1, 2, 5).

The maximum efficiency of the separation media can be achieved by regulating the speed of movement of a moving object included in the installation, hosting its constituent elements, which creates a dynamic pressure air supplying it in every vortex device 4 and its spin inside wine section 7 of the pipe 2, inbound inside the outlet section 8 of the vortex tube 6, for removal of the Central stream separated environment by moving it in the axial direction of the vortex tube 6 (Fig. 1); vortex installation for separation of the combustible component of air, containing at least the vortex device 4 with the swirl flow 1, installed at the entrance 5 of the vortex tube 6, and a peripheral channel 3 ring input section 1-1 for removal of the peripheral flow and the output 2 of the Central stream separated environments, located on the opposite of the input section 5 of the vortex tube 6 side, and a peripheral channel 3 in accordance with the above at its initial site for removal of the peripheral flow split environment is formed by the inner surface of the vortex tube 6 and the outer surface 7 of the pipe 2, located inside the output section 8 of the vortex tube 6 in the base position coaxially of the last 6, and the Central thread of the above environment is given at least one channel 2, which is at its initial site in the latter case is the above section 7 of the pipe 2 located inside the output section 8 of the vortex tube 6, the above section 7 of the pipe 2 to exit the Central pot is placed towards the stream, completed closed, streamlined and sharpened, and the part 9 section 7 above the butt 11 is rigidly connected with the rod 12 (attached to the rod, passing through the inner space of the other part 10 section 7 of the pipe 2 with the formation of a passage 13 for the split environment, leaving the vortex tube 6, between the inner surface of the above part 10 section 7 of the pipe 2 and the rod 12 and providing the inside of the latter part 10 section 7 of the free axial movement of the rod 12 together with part 9 of section 7 of the pipe 2, is rigidly connected to the last 12, with the formation of the annular passage 14 (gap) between adjacent ends 15, 16 of the above parts 9, 10 of section 7 of the pipe 2 and the end face 16 facing towards the flow, part 10 section 7 of the pipe 2 which is located on the exit side separated from the vortex tube 6, performed at least with a sharp entrance edge 17, and on each of the branches 20, 21 separated environments from channels 2, 3 vortex device 4 is installed regulating shut-off device 18, 19 (Fig. 1).

Inside the vortex tube 6 is installed at a distance of l1from the swirl flow 1 posted on its input section 5, may be installed in at least the second swirl flow 22, both the control flow swirl flow 22 is installed at least with the possibility of displacement (x) in the axial direction of the vortex tube 6 (Fig. 2); at least one blade swirl flow 1, 22, mounted in the vortex tube 6 is installed, can be installed at least with the possibility of rotation of the blades to change the angle of the output stream of the shared environments of the above swirl 1, 22 to the axis 23 of the vortex tube 6 (Fig. 1, 2); at the entrance to the vortex tube 6 installation can be installed regulating shut-off device 24 (Fig. 3); at least vortex device 4 of the installation can be installed with the possibility of turning angle ( ) around the axis 25 to ensure that at least matches the direction of the air flow generated by the wind and is included in a vortex tube 6 of the device 4, with the axis 23 of the vortex tube 6 when the installation (Fig. 4); the swirl flow 1, 22, adjacent the annular passage 14 between the adjacent end faces 15, 16 parts 9, 10 of section 7 of the pipe 2 to exit the Central stream and located on the traffic flow in front of the above-mentioned annular passage 14, can be installed with the possibility of displacement (x) in the axial direction of the vortex tube 6 to change the distance l2between the output section 2-2 above the swirl flow 1, 22 and the annular passage 14 (Fig. 1, 2); section 7 of the pipe 2 to exit cent the Institute coaxially last 6. can be installed in the vortex device 4 with the possibility of rotation around the axis 26, the eccentric (e) and parallel to the axis 23 of the vortex tube 6 relative to its base position at an angle ( ) to both sides (Fig. 2); move in the axial direction of the part 9 of section 7 of the pipe 2 to exit the Central stream from the vortex tube 6 can be installed with the possibility of rotation on the angle ( ) around its axis 27 relative to its base position, at which the maximum passage width amax(gap) formed during the displacement (x) in the axial direction of part 9 of section 7 of the pipe 2 to exit the Central flow rigidly connected to a rod 12, is measured at least in the vertical plane of symmetry of the above section 7 of the pipe 2 from the bottom of the last, which is located at least horizontally, the width of a gap around the perimeter in place of the connector section 7 of the pipe 2 in the direction up the last in the above case is changed symmetrically with respect to the above-mentioned diametrical plane on both sides of section 7 of the pipe 2 to exit the Central thread (and the section 7 to output the latter can be installed with the possibility of rotation on the angle ( ) in the two hundred and the pipe 6, for removal of the Central stream separated environment can be installed with the possibility of displacement (x) in the axial direction of the vortex tube 6 (Fig. 1); at least one of the sections 28 of the vortex tube 6 located in the above case, at least between adjacent swirl flow 1, 22 and the annular passage 14 between the adjacent end faces 15, 16 parts 9, 10 of section 7 of the pipe 2 to exit the Central flow while swirl 1, 22 along the direction of flow is in front of the above-mentioned annular passage 14 may be performed according to the type of "pipe" with a corresponding at least Salnikov seal movable joint in the event of axial displacement (x) one of the parts 29 of the vortex tube 6 relative to another part 30 for changing the spacing l3between adjacent above the swirl flow 1, 22 and the annular passage 14 of section 7 of the pipe 2 to exit the Central flow (Fig. 1, 25); its composition may include a movable object, is hosting its constituent elements, and in which motion is generated velocity head of the air supplying it to each vortex device 4 and its spin when moving inside the vortex tube 6 corresponding device 4 (Fig. 1, 2); pipeline CTE may be connected serially fitted with suction device 31 (Fig. 1, 2); on the exhaust tube 20 of the Central stream separated from the vortex tube 6 at least each vortex device 4 at the entrance to the suction device 31 can be installed second regulating shut-off device 32 (Fig. 2); the exhaust tube 20 of the Central stream separated from the vortex tube 6 at least one vortex device 4 can be connected to the hermetic container 33, and the latter is connected by a pipe 34 with the suction device 35, the pipe 34 between the airtight container 33 and the suction device 35 is installed regulating shut-off device 36 (Fig. 6); at least on each individual plot 36, 37 of the outlet 20 of the Central thread of each vortex device 4 connecting the last 4 sealed container 33 can be installed regulating shut-off device 18, 38 (Fig. 7); the exhaust tube 20 of the Central stream separated from the vortex tube 6 at least one vortex device 4 has mounted on regulating shutoff device 13 can be connected to the input sequentially installed vortex device 39 (Fig. 8); the exhaust tube 20 of the Central stream separated environment and the device 18 can be connected to the sealed container 40, connected in series by a pipe 41 with the input of at least one vortex device 42 (Fig. 9); the pipe 41 connecting the sealed container 40 to the input of the vortex device 42 may be installed regulating shut-off device 43 (Fig. 9).

Within the output section 8 of the vortex tube vortex 6 of the device 4 for removal of the Central flow divided environment, remote from the axis 23 of the vortex tube 6, concentric with the section 7 of the pipe 2, in its basic position, for removal of the Central flow through the annular passage 14 in the last 7 can be placed additional section 44 of the pipe 45, between the outer surface 44 and inner surface of the vortex tube 6, and 44 between its inner surface and the outer surface 7 of the pipe 2 for removal of the Central flow through the annular passage 14 formed channels 3, 46 for removal of the respective peripheral and Central part, remote from the axis 23 of the vortex tube 6, the flow separated environment, while at the outlet 47 of the last installed flow regulating shut-off device 48 (Fig. 10); the input section 4-4 of the swirl flow 1, located at the entrance 5 of the vortex tube 6 of the device 4, can sovpadat is castke 5 vortex tube 6 of the device 4, may be biased (b) in the direction of the flow relative to the input section 5-5 the last 6 (Fig. 12); part 49 of the inlet pipe 5 of the vortex tube 6 of the device 4 that is located at least between the input sections 5-5 and last input section 4-4 of the swirl flow 1, located at the entrance 5 of the vortex tube 6, in the direction of air flow can be made in the form of confuser 50 (Fig. 13).

On the inner surface 51 of the confused plot 50 of the vortex tube 6 of the device 4 can be placed vanes 52, providing a twist in the incoming stream of air, the direction of spin coincides with the direction of the swirl flow in the swirl flow 1, installed at the entrance 5 of the vortex tube 6 (Fig. 13); at least on both sides of the vortex tube 6 of the device 4 at least symmetrically to its center plane, which is located in the working status of the installation at least vertically, can be performed longitudinal ribs 53, 54 in the form of wings with sleek lines and, respectively, the ends 55, facing the entrance of air into the jet pipe 6 (Fig. 14), at least one vortex device 4 can be connected to the tank 56, vypolneny least symmetrically with respect to the median plane of the vortex device 4, in this case, in the operating condition setting input end 57 of the tank facing towards the air flow, is at least an upright position and has at least one hole 58, indicating the internal space of the reservoir 56 to the outside (atmosphere), and the inlet of the vortex tube 6 of the device 4 is in communication with the inner space above the tank 56, with United at least vortex device 4 and the container 56 is installed with possibility of rotation on the angle around the axis 59 (Fig. 15); at least two vortex device 4 can be connected in parallel with the capacitance 56, executed at least in the form of streamlined side of air flow wing, with the inlet of each vortex tube 6 of the device 4 is in communication with the inner space above the container 56 (Fig. 15).

The input end 60 of each vortex device 4 can be tightly connected at least with a stern face 61 of the tank 56, executed at least in the form of streamlined side of air flow wing (Fig. 15); at least part of the vortex device 4 on the input side it can be made the snout, and tight connection with the container 56 is executed on its outer surface (Fig. 15); at least every vortex device 4 can be connected to the tank 56 at least through pipe 62 (Fig. 16); on each pipe 62 connecting at least every vortex device 4 with a capacity of 56, can be set by regulating the locking device 63 (Fig. 16); at least advanced between the tank 56 and each vortex device 4 can be installed pumping device 64 connected to the first 56, using plots of the input 65 to a pressure device 64 and outlet 66 from him bypass pipe 67 and allow the supply of air from the tank 56 on Obvodny pipe 67 into the corresponding vortex device 4, between the tank 56 and each of the pumping device 64, and between the last 64 and each vortex device 4 are regulating shut-off devices 68, 69 (Fig. 17); at least advanced between the tank 56 and at least every two parallel vortex devices 4 can be set to one of the pumping device 64 connected to the first 56, 4 using plots input 6: to a pressure device 64 and the VA area, a bypass pipe 67, between the tank 56 and each of the pumping device 64, and between the last 64 section 66 to the branching pipe 67 in the direction of flow and at least every two parallel vortex devices 4 can be installed regulating shut-off devices 68, 69 (Fig. 18); at least advanced between the tank 56 and at least every two parallel vortex devices 4 can be set to one of the pumping device 64 connected with the latter by using the input sections 65 to a pressure device 64 and outlet 66, parallel branching in accordance with the above for the last 64 at least two sections, a bypass pipe 67, between the tank 56 to each of the pumping device 64, and between the last 64 and each vortex device 4 can be installed regulating shut-off devices 68, 70 (Fig. 19); at least advanced between the tank 56 and at least every two parallel vortex devices 4 can be set to one of the pumping device 64 connected with the last 4 plots the input 65 in forcing the mouth of the at least two sections, a bypass pipe 67, between the tank 56 to each of the pumping devices 64 between the last 64 section 66 of the bypass pipe 67 to its ramifications in the direction of flow and at least every two parallel vortex devices 4, and at the entrance to each vortex device 4 can be installed regulating shut-off devices 68-70 (Fig. 20).

Capacity 56 at least advanced sequentially in the direction of flow may be combined with sections 6, 66 of the bypass pipe 67 with the pumping device 64, which is connected with a sealed intermediate tank 71, and the last 71 is connected to the input of at least one vortex device 4 individual for the last 4 section 72 of the bypass pipe 67, between the tank 56 and the pumping device 64, between the last 64 and sealed intermediate tank 71, and between the last 71 and each vortex device 4 is installed regulating shut-off devices 68, 73, 74 (Fig. 21); capacity 56 at least advanced sequentially in the direction of flow may be combined with sections 65, 66 of the bypass pipe 67 with forcing us is e with two parallel installed vortex devices 4 through section 72 of the bypass pipe 67, branching in accordance with the above mentioned two branches, between the tank 56 and the pumping device 64, between the last 64 and sealed intermediate tank 71, and between the last 71 on the site prior to the branching of the bypass pipe 67 in the direction of flow and at least every two parallel vortex devices 4 mounted regulating shut-off devices 68, 73, 74 (Fig. 22).

Capacity 56, at least, optionally sequentially in the direction of flow may be combined with sections 65, 66 of the bypass pipe 67 with the pumping device 64, which is connected with a sealed intermediate tank 71, and the last 71 are connected by at least two parallel installed vortex devices 4 through section 72 of the bypass pipe 67, branching in accordance with the above mentioned two branches, between the tank 56 and the pumping device 64, between the last 64 and sealed intermediate capacity 71, and between the last 71 and each vortex device 4 is installed regulating shut-off devices 68, 73, 75 (Fig. 23); capacity 56 at least advanced sequentially in the direction of the active ingredient is 64, which is connected with a sealed intermediate tank 71, and the last 71 is connected with at least two parallel installed vortex devices 4 through section 72 of the bypass pipe 67, branching in accordance with the above mentioned two branches, between the tank 56 and the pumping device 64, between the last 64 and sealed intermediate capacity 71, between the last 71 on the site of the bypass pipe 67 to its ramifications in the direction of flow and at least every two parallel vortex devices 4, and at the entrance to each vortex device 4 is installed regulating shut-off devices 68, 73, 74, 75 (Fig. 24); in section 66 of the pipe 67, which connects the regulating shutoff device 68, located on the inlet side to a pressure device 64, with the last 64 may be embedded pipe section 76, telling the suction cavity of the pumping device 64 with the environment (atmosphere) through regulating the locking device 77 (Fig. 17-24); to the edge 78 located along the perimeter of at least each of the inlet 58, made in the input end face 57 of the container 56 may abut the input for the air coming inside the Eee outer side (Fig. 25); at least in each inlet opening 58, is made in the input end face 57 of the tank 56, at least part of its length (in part) can get in the last 56 and tightly connected with the above face 57 of the tank 56 is input to the air entering into the vessel 56, confused plot 79 (Fig. 26).

To the edge 78 located along the perimeter of at least each of the inlet 58, made in the input end face 57 of the container 56 may abut the inlet air flowing into the vessel 56, the diffuser section 80, which is tightly connected with the above face 57 of the tank 56 and located with its outer side (Fig. 27); at least in each inlet opening 58, is made in the input end face 57 of the tank 56, at least part of its length (in part) can get in the last 56 and tightly connected with the above face 57 of the tank 56 is input to the air entering into the vessel 56, the diffuser section 80 (Fig. 28); the output end face 81 at least every confused plot 79 can join diffuser section 80 (Fig. 29); the input end face 82 at least each of the diffuser section 80 may abut confused plot 79 (Fig. 30); the input end face 83 whirlwind is s air flow (Fig. 11, 12); the input end face 85 confused section 79 of the container 56 can be made with a sharp entrance edge turned toward the movement of the air flow (Fig. 25); the input end face 86 of the diffuser section 80 of the container 56 can be made with a sharp entrance edge turned toward the movement of the air flow (Fig. 27); at least every hole 58 made in the input end face 57 of the container 56 may be equipped with a shutoff at least automatically trigger the device (Fig. 15); at least at the entrance to each confused section 79 of the container 56 can be set to stop at least automatically trigger the device (Fig. 25, 26, 29, 30); at least at the entrance to each diffuser section 80 of the container 56 can be set to stop at least automatically trigger the device (Fig. 27, 28); at least one in each blade swirl flow 1, 22, established in the vortex tube vortex 6 device 4 at least every channel 87 formed by two adjacent vanes 88, can be divided into at least two channels 89, 90 lateral section 91 in accordance with the above-mentioned at least one cylindrical hollow body of rotation 92, coaxial vortex tube 6 ustoichivogo device 4, at least one peripheral channel 90, located between at least every two adjacent blades 88, may be divided by at least one partition wall 93, which is located in the latter case, between the lateral sides (surfaces) of two adjacent blades 88 (Fig. 31).

Each end face 94, 95, facing towards the flow, each of the partition walls 91, 93, performed in each channel 87, 90 blade swirl flow 1, 22, formed by two adjacent vanes 88 may be made pointed (Fig. 31); at least one blade swirl flow 1, 22 can be made with the Central at least a cylindrical free from blade passage 96 97, coaxial vortex tube vortex 6 device 4 at least for passage of part of the flow (Fig. 32); each blade swirl flow 1, 22 can be made with a Central cylindrical and coaxial vortex tube vortex 6 device 4 holes 98 at least for passage of part of the stream, and the blades 96 thus placed outside the annular element 99, the inner surface of which forms the above-mentioned hole 98, and the end face 100 of the above item 99, facing towards the flow, made a pointed (Fig the shape shape (Fig. 1, 2); at least the entire length l4plot of the vortex tube vortex 6 device 4 located on the exit side of the last 6, and the length measured from the annular passage 14 formed between adjacent end faces 15, 16 parts 9, 10 of section 7 of the pipe 2 to exit the Central thread that can be executed peripheral channels 101 in the wall of her reported in each section throughout their length with the inner space of the vortex tube 6 that create resistance to rotational movement of the flow (Fig. 34, 35, 36); output 20 of the Central flow of the exhaust 2 vortex device 4 may be communicated with the atmosphere through branches off the pipe 102 has mounted on regulating shut-off device 103 (Fig. 1); additional input section 44 of the pipe 45, is placed inside the output section 8 of the vortex tube 6 and concentric with the section 7 of the pipe 2, in its basic position, for removal of the Central stream, designed to drain the Central part, remote from the axis 23 of the vortex tube 6, the flow separated environment, can be equipped with a set of interchangeable orifice 104 at least with a cylindrical bore 105, coaxial vortex tube 6, which differ from each other at least by the size of orifice is each replacement diaphragm 104 can be performed with a sharp entrance edge 107, at least in accordance with the above, coincident with the surface 108, described by the radius r of the hole 105 of the aperture 104 (Fig. 37); the output section of the outlet 3 of the peripheral stream, located behind the exit cross-section 6-6 of the vortex tube vortex 6 device 4, can be made in the form of extended parts, representing the chamber 109 through the internal space of which passes the exhaust tube 2 Central flow split air entering the latter through the annular passage 14 formed between adjacent end faces 15, 16 parts 9, 10, section 7 of the pipe 2 to exit the Central stream located within the output section 8 of the vortex tube 6, and the output of the above exhaust tube 2 to the outside of the camera is made at least through the packing 110 in the wall of the last 109 (Fig. 1); chamber 109 through which extends a peripheral flow from the vortex tube 6, at least can be given to individual exhaust tube 111 with the atmosphere, the output of which is equipped with a closure device 112 (Fig. 1).

The output section of the outlet 3 of the peripheral stream, located behind the exit cross-section 6-6 of the vortex tube vortex 6 device 4, can be made in the form of races the drain 45 of the Central flow split air coming into the last 45 of the additional section 44 of the pipe 45, is placed inside the output section 8 of the vortex tube vortex 6 device 4, and the output of the above exhaust tube 45 to the outside of the camera 113 is made at least through the packing 114 in the wall of the last 113 (Fig. 34); chamber 113 through which extends a peripheral flow from the vortex tube 6, at least can be given to individual exhaust tube 115 with the atmosphere, the output of which is equipped with a regulating gate device 116 (Fig. 34) output peripheral flow from the vortex tube vortex 6 device 4 at least individual pipe 111 may be communicated with the atmosphere, above the pipeline 111 establishes a regulatory closure device 112 (Fig. 1); chamber 109 at least one vortex device 4, into which extends a peripheral flow from the vortex tube 6, at least can be connected to an exhaust tube 21 above flow with suction device 117 (Fig. 1); at least the camera 109 at least one vortex device 4, into which extends a peripheral flow from the vortex tube 6 may be connected to an exhaust tube 21 vishey is 120, when this pipeline 119 between the airtight container 118 and the suction device 120 establishes a regulatory closure device 121 (Fig. 38); at least on each individual section of the outlet 21 of the peripheral flow of each vortex device 4 connecting the latter with the airtight container 118 may be established governing the closure device 19, 122 (Fig. 39).

On the exhaust tube 21 of the peripheral stream separated from the vortex tube 6 at least each vortex device 4 for regulating shut-off device 19 mounted on the above-mentioned pipe 21 at the outlet of the vortex device 4, sequentially in the direction of flow can be set second regulating shutoff device 123 (Fig. 34); the exhaust tube 21 of the peripheral stream separated from the vortex tube 6 at least one vortex device 4 has mounted on regulating shut-off device 19 may be connected to the input sequentially installed vortex device 124 (Fig. 40); the exhaust tube 21 of the peripheral stream separated from the vortex tube 6 at least one vortex device 4 installed on it Roy pipe 126 to the input of at least one vortex device 127 (Fig. 41); on the pipeline 126 connecting the pressurized tank 125 to the input of the vortex device 127 may be established governing the closure device 128 (Fig. 41); the exhaust tube 47 of the Central stream separated from the vortex tube 6, remote from the axis 23 of the last 6, with installed regulating shut-off device 48 at least one vortex device 4 can be connected at least with successively installed suction device 129 (Fig. 10); the exhaust tube 47 of the Central stream is separated from at least each vortex device 4, remote from the axis 23 of the vortex tube 6, at least the plot branches off last 130 47 may be communicated with the atmosphere, while in the above section 130 of the pipeline 47 establishes a regulatory closure device 131 (Fig. 40); in the vortex tube 6 at least each vortex device 4 between the sections 7-7, 8-8, the first 6, one 7-7 of which passes through the annular passage 14 between the adjacent end faces 15, 16 parts 9, 10 of section 7 of the pipe 2 to exit the Central stream and the second 8-8 coincides with the output section additional section 44 of the pipe 45, mounted concentric with Viseu the second pipe 6, can be installed at least one swirl flow 132 (Fig. 34).

All points of the edge 133 of the end face 15 of part 9 of section 7 of the pipe 2 to exit the Central flow divided environment, located within the output section 8 of the vortex tube 6 on the inlet side of the flow in the last 8 obtained from the intersection of the surface of the above-mentioned end face 15 with the outer surface of the above part 9 of section 7 of the pipe 2 may be located at a distance C measured from the axis 134 of the above section 9 of the tube 2 in the radial direction, the smaller the distance d, which are all points of edges 135 of the end face 16 adjacent the above-mentioned end face 15 of the other part 10 section 7 of the pipe 2, located on the outlet side of the flow from the output section 8 of the vortex tube 6, the latter edge 135 of the end 16 is received similar to the above by (Fig. 1, 42); edges 133, 135 adjacent the ends 15, 16 of parts 9, 10 of section 7 of the pipe 2 to exit the Central flow divided environment, located within the output section 8 of the vortex tube 6, obtained from the intersection of the outer surfaces of the above parts 9, 10 section 7 with the surfaces of the respective ends 15, 16, can be located on the same cylindrical surface d, the positioning within the output section 8 of the vortex tube 6 on the inlet side in the last 8 obtained from the intersection of the surface of the above-mentioned end face 15 with the outer surface of the above part 9 of section 7 of the pipe 2 may be located at a distance c measured from the axis 134 of the above section 7 of the pipe 2 in the radial direction greater than the distance d, which are all points of edges 135 of the end face 16 adjacent the above-mentioned end face 15 of the other part 10 section 7 of the pipe 2 which is located on the outlet side of the flow from the output section 8 of the vortex tube 6, the latter edge 135 of the end 16 is received similar to the above by (Fig. 1, 44); specially made turning device 136 may be connected to at least one rotary device 4, a vortex tube 6 which when the installation is served by the air, providing turn () last 4 when changing the direction of the wind under power effects last for at least match the wind direction with the axis 23 of the vortex tube 6 (Fig 14); specially made turning device 136 may be connected directly to at least one rotary device 4, a vortex tube 6 which when tra using a mechanical actuator (Fig. 4).

Capacity 56, executed at least in the form of streamlined side of air flow wing can be mounted on the rotary platform 137, equipped with a turning device 136, enabling rotation of the platform 137 () with the above capacity 56 in the direction of wind movement under the force of the latter at least to match the wind direction with the axis of symmetry 138 cross-section of the container 56 (Fig. 15); capacity 56, executed at least in the form of streamlined side of air flow wing can be mounted on the rotary platform 137, equipped with a turning device 136 actuated when changing the direction of the wind using a mechanical actuator (Fig. 15, 16); hermetically United at least one vortex device 4 and the tank 56, executed at least in the form of streamlined side of air flow wing, can be installed on the rotary platform 137, equipped with a turning device 136, enabling rotation () of the platform 137 above the vortex device 4 and the container 56 in the direction of wind movement under the force effects last for to what ina least with the axis 23 of the vortex device 4 (Fig. 14); hermetically United at least one vortex device 4 and the tank 56, executed at least in the form of streamlined side of air flow wing, can be installed on the rotary platform 137, equipped with a turning device 136 actuated when changing the direction of the wind using a mechanical actuator (Fig. 15); vortex unit may include a platform 139 placed on the elements of the latter, and the platform 139 equipped with a turning device 140, providing its rotation angle around the axis 141 in the direction of wind movement under the force of the latter (Fig. 45); vortex unit may include a platform 139 placed on it by the last elements, the platform 139 equipped with a turning device 140, providing its rotation angle on the angle around the axis 141 changing the direction of the wind using a mechanical actuator (Fig. 45); vortex unit may contain artificially created wind tunnel 142, which is "trapped wind", inside which are the constituent elements of the vortex unit (Fig. 46); artificially created wind tunnel 142 can be installed on special the management of wind movement under the force of the latter (Fig. 46); artificially created wind tunnel 142 may be mounted on a specially made turning device 143 actuated when changing the direction of the wind using a mechanical actuator (Fig. 16); at least every rotator 136, 140, 143 may be provided with limiters angle, providing at least the regulation of the latter (Fig. 4, 14. 15, 45, 46).

The unit may include devices that provide smooth rotation at least every rotator 136, 140, 143, (Fig. 4, 14, 15, 45, 46); the installation may contain at least the vortex beam device 4 located at its mounting location at least koridoram order and United at least for parallel operation (Fig. 1, 2); it can contain at least the vortex beam device 4 located at its mounting location at least in a checkerboard pattern, and connected at least to work in parallel (Fig. 1, 2); additional section 44 of the pipe 45, is placed inside the output section 8 of the vortex tube vortex 6 of the device 4 for removal of the Central flow divided environment, remote from the axis 23 of the vortex tube 6, concentric in the m 7 can be installed with the possibility of displacement (x) in the axial direction of the vortex tube 6 (Fig. 34).

The allocation method of the combustible component of the air in the vortex installation (Fig. 1) consists in the following. At least one, and there may be several, and even thousands of vortex tube vortex 6 device 4 included in the installation, at least one swirler flow 1, is placed in the specified case, i.e. if one of the swirl flow at the entrance 5 of the vortex tube 6, the air is supplied, in which the swirl flow 1 acquires a rotary motion, moving at the same time in the axial direction of the vortex device 4 in the direction of allotment divided environments through Central 2 and 3 peripheral channels, located opposite the input section 5 of the vortex tube 6 sides. Due to the presence of rotational motion of the air flow in the vortex tube 6 when it is moved to the output end of the last it is the process of vortex separation of components contained in the composition of the air and differing molecular weight. Split perforated portion of the air flow exits the vortex tube 6 through the perforated channel 3, which at its initial site for removal of the peripheral flow divided environment established internal CA 8 vortex tube 6 in the base position coaxially of the last 6, while the main thread is assigned at least one channel 2, which is at its initial site in the latter case is the above section 7 of the pipe 2 located inside the output section 8 of the vortex tube 6.

The process of selection of the hot component of the air in the vortex installation shall be in accordance with the law, open by the author in 1994, which States: "In a freely rotating vortex flow of the medium (gas, liquid, mixtures thereof, dispersed, two-phase, dust and other environments with heterogeneous field densities (including with different molecular weight components) in the process of damping the rotational motion of the flow over the cross-section along its length, in which the maximum value of the surrounding velocity reaches a critical value, for even the most heavy rotation of the particles of the medium in the peripheral zone of the stream, occurs a continuous process of substitution less heavy particle environment heavy in the direction of the axis of rotation of the stream, continuing to the cross section in which the environment in a rotating flow is annular layers in order of increasing its density at each of them in the direction of the axis of rotation of a vortex flow.

When max is elich of the particles of the medium heavy flows in reverse to the above direction, i.e. in the direction towards the periphery of the stream.

Thus, the basis of allocation method of the combustible component of the air laid previously unknown phenomenon.

Air is a mixture of gases, the main components are nitrogen and oxygen. Volume and mass content (%) in air, respectively 78,1 (N2); 21,0 (O2) and 75.5 (N2); 23,1 (O2). Along with other gases in the air are hydrogen, helium and methane, volume and mass, the content of which (in %) respectively 510-5(H2); 510-4(He); 210-4(CH4) and 310-6(H2); 7,210-5(He); 810-5(CH4) [3].

The molecular weight of hydrogen, helium and methane gases that make up air are minimal and are 2,02 (H2); 4 (He) and 16 (CH4), i.e., the molecular mass of hydrogen, helium and methane is less than the average molecular weight members of the air gases, respectively, in 14, 7 and approximately 2 times that to achieve a significant effect in the selection of the combustible component (hydrogen and methane) is particularly important in the consequence of a very small percentage of hydrogen and methane in the air and in necessary the different characteristics of the vortex installation and known parameters of the air entering the vortex tube vortex 6 of the device 4 and maximum efficiency in the separation of environments, namely, in the selection of the combustible component of air, is achieved by adjusting at least the degree of opening of the regulating valve devices 18, 19 installed on the outlet 20, 21 separated environments from channels 2, 3 vortex device 4, and a width of the annular passage 14 (gap) between adjacent ends 15, 16 of the two coaxially mounted parts 9, 10 of section 7 of the pipe 2 to exit the Central flow by moving in the axial direction of the rod 12 is rigidly connected with the latter of the above part 9 of section 7 of the pipe 2, ensuring that the change of the cross-section area for facing the Central flow divided environment through the annular passage 14 (Fig. 1) and then through the passage 13 between the inner surface of the above part 10 section 7 of the pipe 2 and the rod 12 forming the Central channel 2 allocation environment of the vortex tube 6. In addition, to improve the efficiency of vortex unit in the division of media can be used for other constructive and adjusting the activities that will be discussed below.

The maximum value of the peripheral speed of the swirling flow in the outlet section 2-2 (Fig. 1) swirl flow 1 may not exceed the critical value krwhen Cotonti environment in the peripheral zone of the stream, and may exceed the above critical environmental speedkr. Depending on the above-mentioned maximum value of the peripheral speed of a vortex flow at the exit of the swirl flow 1 process of continuous substitution of less heavy particles of the medium heavy (greater density or molecular weight) when the damping rotational motion of the flow occurs in the direction of the axis of rotation of the flow or in the direction from the above-mentioned axis, i.e. to the periphery of the stream. In the latter case the process continues until the maximum value of the peripheral speedmaxin some section of the flow reaches its critical valuekr, which is continuously rotated, the most severe (highest density and highest molecular weight) of the particles of the medium in the peripheral zone 145 flow (Fig. 47, 48).

With a further reduction of the maximum value of the peripheral speed max(max<krin sections of the stream in the direction of its movement direction of substitution less heavy particles of the medium heavy reverses, i.e., the above substitution occurs in the direction of the axis of rotation of the stream.

Therefore, in Poslednyaya 4 maximum efficiency of separation of the components of air (environment) is achieved in the case when the maximum value of the peripheral speedmaxrotating flow is reduced to its critical valuekrin section 7-7 of going through the annular passage 14 between the adjacent end faces 15, 16 parts 9,10 section 7 of the pipe 2 to exit the Central flow (Fig. 34).

In the case of the output air flow from the output section 2-2 (Fig. 1) swirl flow 1 with a maximum value of the peripheral speedmaxnot exceeding its critical valuekrthe maximum efficiency of air separation (separation of the combustible component) is achieved when the complete damping of the rotational movement of the air flow occurs in the output section 6-6 (Fig. 1) vortex tube 6 or the specified section 6-6 in the direction of flow. The implementation of the latter is suitable for the case where the air separation with the separation of the combustible component ends earlier full damping rotational motion of the flow, resulting in a slightly reduced length of the vortex tube 6, and consequently, the dimensions of the vortex unit.

Moving heavy parts 146 air closer to the axis of rotation of the flow in the case where the maximum value of the peripheral speedmaxthe placentakr) , is a spiral trajectory with reduced radius of rotation (Fig. 49).

When moving to a smaller radius of rotation of the heavy particles 146 having a higher peripheral speed, increase the angular velocity of rotation less heavy particles of air at the specified radius, giving a portion of the kinetic energy of the other particles, less severe. The lightest particles, molecules of hydrogen (helium) 147 rotates in the stream and at the same time in the axial direction of the vortex tube 6, are removed from the axis of rotation with increasing radius of rotation, a spiral trajectory (Fig. 49).

The movement of medium gravity particles (methane) 148 air, i.e., the density value (molecular weight) which is between the values of the densities of the above particles 146 and 147, is a more complex trajectory. These particles 148 in a rolling motion in the air stream and moving in the axial direction of the vortex tube 6, at the same time and make your own spiral circular rotation with decreasing radius of proper rotation in the direction of flow, and shifting in the direction of the axis of rotation of the air flow or to its periphery that Oprah is polozheniya) in the radial direction in the past, they flow are suspended, i.e. rotate within the stream. Explains the above as follows. Due to the additional kinetic energy of heavy particles 146 moderate particles 148 air pass on the increased radius of rotation in the flow, but their movement in that direction is limited purchased energy, which is not enough for further movement in a spiral path to the inner surface of the vortex tube 6, and because of the rapid decay of the rotational motion of the flow of these particles 148 start their own circle rotation in the vortex flow in the direction of the axis of rotation of the thread, as the acquisition of additional kinetic energy and so on, as described above, continues until, while in the process of their own spiral rotation radius of the spiral is equal to zero, which corresponds to the full completion of the process of separating particles of air (gas and others) in a certain section of the flow along the length of the vortex tube 6 when the particles are integral layers in ascending order of their density in each subsequent layer in the direction of the axis of rotation of a vortex flow (Fig. is ke on its trajectory (shown in Fig. 34, 49), while moving together with the rotating flow. The specified trajectory of a particle can be thought of as would be selected and only rotating together with the gas flow volume element of the latter, in which a particle itself 148 makes its own rotational movement and at the same time moves in the axial direction of the vortex tube 6.

In the case when the maximum value of the surrounding speedmaxthe swirling air flow in the outlet section 2-2 of the swirl flow 1 is greater than its critical valuekr(max>kr) , the physical picture of the process of substitution of less heavy particles 147 air heavy particles 146 similar process as described above, only the substitution process occurs in the opposite direction, namely, toward the periphery of the flow, i.e. from the axis of rotation (Fig. 34, 50). When this process ends in the cross section of the flow, when the gas particles in a rotating flow are annular layers in ascending order of their density (molecular mass) in each subsequent layer in the direction towards the periphery of the stream. The process of mutual replacement particle air (gas and others) in a vortex flow having a different density (molecular masucline the value of the peripheral speedmaxin the output section 2-2 of the swirl flow 1 does not exceed its critical value kr(maxkr) , the work of the vortex unit is thus expended less energy in comparison with the second case spent on filing and swirling flow of the partial air in the vortex installation. However, the use of the second case, when the maximum value of the peripheral speedmaxin the output section 2-2 of the swirl flow 1 exceeds its critical valuekr(max>kr) , to highlight the combustible component of the air most effectively, as the percentage of the combustible component in the air is very small and in this process the selection of the combustible component of the air in the vortex setting the above environment is concentrated near the axis of rotation of the flow, and hence the thickness (diameter) of the cross section of flow of the combustible component is greatest, than if it is concentrated on the periphery of the partial flow of air. In the latter case, due to the small thickness of the combustible component at the outlet of the vortex tube 6 it much more difficult to qualitatively separate from the other components of air with a much larger proteostasis of air is used, the separation process environments when the maximum value of the peripheral speed of the streammaxat the exit of the swirl flow 1 (Fig. 1) exceeds a critical valuekrthe above speed, and the output of the combustible component of the vortex tube 6 in this case occurs through the Central channel 2.

Thanks to the possibility of regulating the width Q of the annular passage 14 between adjacent ends 15, 16 of the two coaxially mounted parts 9, 10 of section 7 of the pipe 2 to exit the Central stream to ensure that the combustible component with a minimum percentage of other gases, i.e. impurities. To reduce the hydraulic resistance in the flow stream of the end face 11 of section 7 of the pipe 2, facing towards the flow, a closed end 11 is streamlined and sharpened. In this case the rod 12, is rigidly connected with the part 9 of the section 7 can pass through the entire length of the part 10 section 7 of the pipe 2, and can also enter in part 10 of section 7 only on the side of the latter facing towards the flow, and connect with an inner pipe inserted in the pipe 2 "pipe in pipe", providing mobility rod X in the axial direction and forming a Central passage for flow, i.e., the outlet 2.

Follow the ensures optimal conditions for its removal, when which can be achieved with the minimum percentage of adding to the combustible component of the air other gases.

Due to the small percentage of the combustible component in the air for its separation from the latter, appropriate use of vortex tubes of large diameter, which in turn increases the path replaced particle in a rotating flow and thus requires a greater length of the vortex tube, which is the above process. Therefore, in connection with the intensive process of damping the rotational motion of the flow is necessary intermediate its desecrate so that in the inlet section 3-3 the next adjacent preceding the swirl flow 22 (Fig. 2) the maximum value of the peripheral speed of the flow is not reduced below the critical valuekr. For the latter conditions when installing at least a second maximum separation efficiency of environments regulating the distance l1between the output section 2-2 at least one swirl flow 1 and the output section 3-3 related subsequent swirl flow 22 through the displacement (x) in the axial direction of the vortex truered can also be achieved by adjusting the angle of the output stream shared media to the axis 23 of the vortex tube at least 6 of each of the swirl flow 1,22, what blades last 1,22 in this case are installed with possibility of rotation (Fig. 1, 2).

When the flow in a vortex tube vortex 6 device 4 installation compressed to a pressure device air maximum efficiency of the separation media can be achieved by regulating the degree of opening of the regulating shut-off device 24 mounted on the output vortex device 4 (Fig. 3). The increase in the degree of opening, and reducing the latter regulating shut-off device 24 lead to changes in the speed of the axial movement and angular rotation speed of the flow, which under other equal conditions may affect the separation process environments due to the lack of optimal values of the maximum circumference of the flow velocity in the relevant sections of the vortex tube 6 or the lack of length of the latter for the implementation of the separation process, as well as other stemming reasons.

When applying the vortex device 4 installation of air due to the energy velocity pressure of the wind, the maximum efficiency of the separation media is achieved by rotating at least the vortex device 4 installation this change in the wind direction at the angle weom, with the axis 23 of the vortex tube 6 (Fig. 4), for which at least the vortex device 4 is capable of running rotation angle around the above axis 25.

At the entrance of the air flow in the vortex device 4 at an angle to the axis 23 of the vortex tube 6 there is a negative phenomenon connected with the eccentric offset of the output flow of the swirl 1 center 0 (zero) in sections of the stream, around which revolve the air molecules that are in the paraxial zone of the vortex tube 6, and in which the gas pressure is minimal relative to the axis 23 of the vortex tube 6 (Fig. 1, 51, 52), and he (0) together with the vortex flow performs a circular motion around the axis 23 of the last 6 (Fig. 52). The "zero point" 0 each subsequent section of the stream in the direction of its movement is rotated at an angle relative to each other around the axis 23 of the vortex tube 6. This is confirmed by the rotation of the rod 149, entered in an output side of the air flow) end of the vortex tube 6 and is fixed in the sliding bearing in the opposite direction to the rotation of the flow [4], than there is no error, this is confirmed by the research of the author.

Therefore, due to changed the division of the latter is reduced due to the impossibility of proper output separated environments from the vortex tube 6, as part of the selected gas component of the air at the small diameter section 7 of the pipe 2 for removal of the Central flow out through the channel 3 peripheral drainage flow, and with an enlarged diameter section 7 of the pipe 2 inlet passage 14 section 2 with the split (environment) of the combustible component of the air enters the peripheral part of the flow, increasing the percentage of other gases in the combustible component.

Ensuring maximum values of the circumferential speedmaxkrin the cross-section of the vortex tube 6 through the annular passage 14 between the adjacent end faces 15, 16 parts 9, 10 of the tube 2, which is provided by the rotation of the most severe (highest density and highest molecular weight) of the particles of the medium in the peripheral zone of the flow is achieved by adjusting the distance l2between the output section 2-2 of the swirl flow 1,22 adjacent the above-mentioned annular passage 14 to exit the Central flow passage and 14, and the swirl flow 1,22 on traffic flow is placed before the above-mentioned annular passage 14 (Fig. 1, 2). To control the above-mentioned distance swirl flow 1,22 adjacent the annular passage 14, is installed with the possibility of the s (air) will occur in the reverse direction and the output of the combustible component through the Central passage is impossible.

When the displacement is 0 (zero) in the cross sections of flow, as noted above, it is impossible to carry out proper drainage of separated environments from the vortex tube 6 and therefore the efficiency of the installation is reduced. The offset of the center O (the"zero point") in cross-sections of the flow relative to the axis 23 of the vortex tube 6 can occur because of technological deviations of sizes, shapes, etc. of the individual vanes of the swirl flow. When strict observance of technology of manufacture and installation of the vortex tube vane swirler flow for the symmetric input air (other media) in a vortex tube 6, and the output of the partial air (environment) of each subsequent swirl flow that is installed in the vortex tube 6.

In the presence of the above-mentioned displacement of the center 0 in the cross sections of the flow relative to the axis 23 of the vortex tube 6 maximum efficiency of the separation media is achieved by adjusting the angle of rotation of section 7 of the pipe 2 to exit the Central flow divided environment around the axis 26, which is located eccentric (e) axis 23 of the vortex tube 6 and the axis 27 of the aforementioned section 7 of the pipe 2, the matching in the base position of the latter with the axis 23 of the vortex tube 6, relative to the base position ucok 7 of the pipe 2 is installed in the vortex tube 6 of the device 4 with the possibility of rotation around the axis 26, eccentric located and parallel to the axis 23 of the vortex tube 6 relative to its base position at an angle to both sides. Thus, it is expedient to regulate the location of the annular passage 14 section 7 along the length of the vortex tube 6 at its output part 8.

The maximum efficiency of separation media for displacement of the center O in accordance with the above may be accomplished by adjusting the angle moved in the axial direction of the part 9. Section 7 of the pipe 2 to exit the Central stream from the vortex tube 6 around its axis 27 relative to the base position, at which the maximum passage width amax(gap) formed during the displacement (x) in the axial direction of part 9 of section 7 of the pipe 2 to exit the Central flow rigidly connected to a rod 12, is measured at least in the vertical plane of symmetry of the above section 7 of the pipe 2 bottom parts 7, which are located at least horizontally, the width of a gap around the perimeter in place of the connector section 7 of the pipe 2 in the direction up the last in the above case is changed symmetrically with respect to the above-mentioned diametrical plane on both sides of the plot is way part 9 of section 7 of the pipe 2 to exit the Central stream from the vortex tube 6 is installed with the possibility of performing the above-mentioned rotation angle around its axis 27 relative to its base position.

When executing section 7 of the pipe 2 to exit the Central stream from the vortex tube 6 with the possibility of changing regulation on the perimeter of the connector passage width is appropriate regulation, and rotation of the section 7 of the pipe 2 around its axis 27 in both directions, for which the section 7 in the vortex device 4 is installed with the possibility of performing the above-mentioned rotation angle in both directions around its axis 27 (Fig. 2).

In some cases, the efficiency of the vortex installation can be achieved by regulating the pressure at least every regulating shut-off device 18, 19, installed on the taps 20, 21 separated environments from channels 2, 3 vortex devices, installed at least in each of the discharge pipes 20, 21 sequentially in the direction of flow of at least the second regulating shut-off device and the suction device (Fig. 2).

Due to the above stable operation on the specified mode.

Regulation of the length of the vortex tube 6 due to a change in length l3(x) at least one of its sections 28 (Fig. 1, 2, 5) allows to achieve optimal, in cross section it passes through the annular passage 14 between the adjacent end faces 15, 16 parts 9, 10 of section 7 of the pipe 2. The above regulation is ensured by the implementation of the vortex tube 6 "pipe in pipe" on the respective parts of at least Salnikov seal flexible connection, providing axial displacement (x) of one of its parts 29 relative to another part 30, so that, for example, is provided by changing the distance l3between adjacent swirler flow 1, 22 and the annular passage 14 of section 7 of the pipe 2 to exit the Central flow (Fig. 1, 2, 5).

The composition of the vortex unit may include a movable object, on which are its constituent elements. In this case, the maximum efficiency of the installation can be carried out by regulation of the speed of movement of the aforementioned movable object, ensuring the achievement of the required velocity head, which is included in a vortex tube vortex 6 device 4 installation of air (Fig. 1, 2).

To achieve maximum efficiency of separation media can also be achieved by controlling the length of the section 7 of the pipe 2, which is included inside the outlet section 8 of the vortex tube by 6 (Fig. 1). Such regulation is achieved by the optimal distance between the outlet section adjacent the above section 7 of the swirl flow 1, 22 (Fig. 1, 2) and the input cross-section, i.e. the annular passage 14, the aforementioned section 7 of the pipe 2. For the latter conditions the outlet pipe 7 pipe 2 is installed in the vortex device 4 can be moved around (x) in the axial direction of the vortex tube 6 (Fig. 1).

When considering the allocation method of the combustible component of the air in the vortex installation was considered and the system itself. Therefore, below we will consider other features of the device installation is not included in the way it works.

Depending on the operating conditions of the installation, the performance of its individual vortex devices and other factors in some cases for removal of the Central flow divided by the environment, i.e., the combustible component of the vortex device 4 is suitable exhaust tube above thread 20 at least one vortex device 4 to connect with successively installed suction device 31 (Fig. 1, 2). At the same time to ensure the stable operation of the vortex device suitable before the above-mentioned suction condition is ustanavlivaetsya first regulating shut-off device 18.

Selected combustible component from the air, it is advisable to send in an airtight container for accumulation, for which the pipeline 20 Central stream from the vortex tube 6 at least one vortex device 4 is connected with the above hermetic container 33, and the latter is connected with a suction device 35 by a pipe 34. At last between the airtight container 33 and the suction device 35 is installed regulating shut-off device 36 (Fig. 6), which allows to keep in a sealed container 33 the necessary pressure, which is optimal for the corresponding mode of operation.

When connecting exhaust tube 20 of the Central stream multiple parallel vortex devices with 4 sealed container 33 at least at each individual site 36, 37 of the outlet 20 of each vortex device 4 connecting the latter with the airtight container 33 may be established governing the locking device 18, 38 (Fig. 7), which improves the adjusting quality installation. Connection capacity 33 and vortex devices 4 can be carried out by other schemes in contrast to Fig. 7. The number of parallel vortex device 4 is I install regulating shut-off devices 18, 38 facilitates the production configuration of each of the vortex tube performance.

Depending on quality requirements allocated to the combustible component in the vortex installing the exhaust tube 20 of the Central stream separated from the vortex tube 6 at least one vortex device 4 has mounted on regulating shut-off device 18 may be connected to the input sequentially installed vortex device 39 (Fig.8). This connection is most appropriate when submitting pre-shared environment on the repartition of several previous vortex device 4 in one follow-up device 39. For the accumulation of pre-shared environment and previous vortex device (devices) exhaust tube 20 of the Central stream with installed regulating shut-off device 18 is connected with a sealed container 40, sequentially connected by a pipe 41 with the input of at least one vortex device 42 (Fig. 9). While on the connecting pipe 41, it is advisable to install the control lock device 43 (Fig.9).

The resulting combustible component of the air in the vortex installation m is, what about the quality (impurities) obtained flammable component may fluctuate for various reasons, so to ensure the quality of the combustion of fuel instead of air from the atmosphere into energy the plant can be used simultaneously obtained with the combustible component in the vortex installing at least oxygen-enriched air. To obtain it, and in other cases the use of vortex unit, within the output section 8 of the vortex tube vortex 6 of the device 4 for removal of the Central flow divided environment, remote from the axis 23 of the vortex tube 6, concentric with the section 7 of the pipe 2, in its basic position, for removal of the Central flow through the annular passage 14 in section 7 is an additional pipe section 44 of the pipe 45, between the outer surface 44 and inner surface of the vortex tube 6, and 44 between its inner surface and the outer surface 7 of the pipe 2 for removal of the Central flow through the annular passage 14 formed channels 3, 46 for removal of the respective peripheral and Central part, remote from the axis 23 of the vortex tube 6, separated flows environment, with the removal of the last thread and 1, located at the entrance 5 of the vortex tube 6 of the device 4 is identical with the input section 5-5 the last 6 (Fig. 11), as well as the above section 4-4 of the swirl flow 1 may be offset by the value in the direction of the flow relative to the input section 5-5 of the vortex tube 6 (Fig. 12), which is determined by the conditions of operation of vortex unit, including the organization of air flow in a vortex tube 6, as well as other factors.

To improve utilization of the kinetic energy of the wind flow and spin the air in the vortex tube 6 part 49 of the inlet pipe 5 of the last 6 of the device 4 that is located at least between the input section 5-5 of the vortex tube 6 and the inputs section 4-4 of the swirl flow 1, located at the entrance 5 of the vortex tube 6 in the direction of the air flow is in the form of a confusor 50 Fig. 13). On the inner surface 51 of the confused plot 50 of the vortex tube 6 can accommodate blades 52, providing a twist in the incoming stream of air, thus increasing efficiency in the use of wind energy. The direction of the above twist the air flow coincides with the direction of the swirl flow in the swirl flow 1, the mouth 6 in accordance with the change in the wind direction under the influence of the latter on at least both sides of the vortex tube 6 at least symmetrically to its center plane, located in the operating condition of the installation at least vertically running longitudinal ribs 53, 54 in the form of wings with sleek lines and, respectively, the ends 55, facing the entrance of air into the jet pipe 6 (Fig. 14). Ensuring the rotation of the vortex tube 6 can be achieved in other ways.

The stability of the vortex installation when using wind energy for its operation can be achieved by the fact that at least one vortex device 4 is connected with the tank 56, executed at least in the form of streamlined side of air flow wing, located at least symmetrically with respect to the median plane of the vortex device 4, in this case, in the operating condition setting input end 57 of the tank 56 facing toward the air stream is at least an upright position and there is at least one hole 58, through which the inner space of the vessel 56 is communicated with the external environment (atmosphere). Through the inlet of the vortex tube vortex 6 device 4 communicates with the internal space above the container 56 (Fig. 15). Thanks at least the vertical is highlighted the possibility of its rotation on the angle under the influence of rolling on the flow rate of air, created by the wind. To increase the performance of vortex unit at least two vortex device 4 can be connected in parallel with a capacity of 56 (Fig. 15).

The connection of the vortex device 4 with a capacity of 56 can be implemented in many ways. Thus, the input end 60 of each vortex device 4 can be tightly connected at least with a stern face 61 of the container 56 (Fig. 15); at least part of the vortex device 4 from the side of the entrance can be placed inside the tank 56, and a tight connection with the container 56 is in this case on the outer surface of the device 4 (Fig. 15); at least every vortex device 4 can be connected to the tank 56 at least through pipe 62 (Fig. 16).

In the General case, the container 56 may be of various shapes, which is determined, primarily, by way of ensuring the rotation of the vortex device when a change in the wind direction, which turns the tank 56, as above, the rotation of the vortex device 4 together with the container 56 may be under the influence of wind power on the streamlined body (in our case capacity with vortex tube), and obespechivaetsya ensure the stable and reliable operation.

Installation on each pipe 62 connecting at least every vortex device 4 with a capacity of 56 governing locking device 63 (Fig. 16) allows to achieve the most stable operation of the vortex unit in comparison with the above ways of connecting the vessel 56 with the vortex device 4.

The location of the at least part of the vortex device 4 from the side of the entrance inside the tank 56 can reduce the dimensions of the vortex unit and to some extent to improve the efficiency of wind energy for its operation.

With insufficient velocity pressure of the wind, not ensuring the normal operation of vortex unit, the air supply from the tank 56 in each vortex device 4, which operate in parallel, may be pumping device 64 connected to the first 56 and 4 with the input of section 65 and the output of section 66 of the bypass pipe 67, between the tank 56 and each of the pumping device 64, and between the last 64 of each vortex device 4 are regulating shut-off devices 68, 69 (Fig. 17). The operation of the pumping device 64 is in a closed regulating the locking device 63 (the device 4. With the regulating shut-off devices 68, 69 by regulation to ensure the optimum mode of operation of vortex unit, and is achieved when sufficient wind strength for normal operation shutdown of the pumping device 64.

In the above case, i.e. when there is insufficient high-speed wind pressure between the tank 56 and vortex devices 4 can be installed pumping device 64, which provides supply air at least every two parallel vortex devices 4, due to the compactness of the installation while increasing its productivity by increasing the number of vortex devices 4. However, capacity 56 and each of the pumping device 64, and between the last 64 section 66 to the branching pipe 67 in the direction of flow and at least every two paralleled devices 4 are regulating shut-off devices 68, 69 (Fig. 18).

In the latter case, instead of installing one regulating shut-off devices 69 between the pumping device 64 and at least every two parallel vortex devices 4 on the plot can be ustang. 19) and the above regulatory locking device 69, 79 can be installed both on the section 66 of the bypass pipe 67 to its ramifications in the direction of flow and at least every two parallel vortex devices 4, and at the entrance to each vortex device 4 (Fig.20), which increases the possibility of optimal working conditions of each vortex device 4 separately.

Further expansion opportunities for the optimal operation of each vortex device 4 of the installation is achieved by the fact that the tank 56 at least advanced sequentially in the direction of flow can connect with sections 65, 66 of the bypass pipe 67 with the pumping device 64, which is connected with a sealed intermediate tank 71, and the last 71 in turn is connected with the input of at least one vortex device 4 individual for the last 4 section 72 of the bypass pipe 67, between the tank 56 and the pumping device 64, between the last 64 and sealed intermediate capacity 71, and the last 71 and each vortex device 4 are regulatory Zap the performance and preservation of the advantages of the above-described installation instead of installing a separate sealed intermediate tank 71 can be installed one sealed intermediate tank 71, connected with at least two parallel installed (rabotayushimi vortex devices 4 through section 72 of the bypass pipe 67, razorblades in accordance with the above mentioned two branches, between the tank 56 and the pumping device 64, between the last 64 and sealed intermediate tank 71, and between the last 71 on the site prior to the branching of the bypass pipe 67 in the direction of flow and at least every two paralleled devices 4 are regulating shut-off devices 68, 73, 74 (Fig.22).

Instead of setting regulatory locking device 74 between intermediate tank 71 and at least every two parallel vortex devices 4 on the site prior to the branching of the bypass pipe 67 in the direction of flow (Fig.22) regulating shut-off device 75 may be installed between the sealed intermediate tank 71 and each vortex device 4 (Fig.23), as well as the aforementioned regulating shut-off devices 74, 75 can be installed both on the section 66 of the bypass pipe 67 to its ramifications in the direction of the flow path between the sealed temporarily the mi 4, and at the entrance to each vortex device 4 (Fig.24) that extends the capabilities to achieve optimal working conditions of each vortex device 4 separately in the installation.

In addition to the above schematics connect the individual elements of the vortex unit can be used by other circuitry of their connection.

To enable the work of vortex unit regardless of the presence of wind in the area 66 of the pipe 67, which connects the regulating shutoff device 68, located on the inlet side to a pressure device 64, with the latest 64, cuts the pipe section 76, telling the suction cavity of the pumping device 64 with the environment (atmosphere) through the regulating device 77 (Fig.17-24), which, with the use of wind energy for vortex unit is in the closed state. The admission of air to a pressure device 64 through the pipeline 76 regulatory locking device 63, 68 is in the closed state.

Improvement of conditions for the entry of air under the pressure of the wind is achieved by the installation of a sign at least every entrance opening 58 in the end face 57 of the tank 56 confused plot 79, gerotechnology with the outer side of the container 56 (Fig.25). For compactness installed the confused plot 79 may be at least part of its length (in part), and in some cases entirely inside the container 56 (Fig.26).

For the best use of the velocity head created by the wind to the edge 78 located along the perimeter of at least each of the inlet 58, made in the input end face 57 of the container 56 may abut the inlet air flowing into the vessel 56, the diffuser section 80, which is tightly connected with the above face 57 of the tank 56 and is placed with its outer side (Fig.27). The presence of the said diffuser section 80 at the entrance to each inlet capacity 56 allows you to maintain inside the higher pressure compared to the absence of such a plot 80 ceteris paribus. In order to achieve compactness of the installation of the diffuser section 80 at least part of its length (in part), and in some cases, entirely able to log into the vessel 56 (Fig.28).

Efficient use of wind energy for vortex unit is achieved by combining confused 79 and diffuser 80 plots tank 56, while the output end 81 podname end face 82 at least each of the diffuser section 80 may abut confused plot 79 (Fig.30). The choice of compounds of the above sections 79, 80 is determined by the requirements of the vortex installation and manufacturability, as well as other possible conditions.

To reduce entrance losses of the wind energy input end 83 to the input edge 84 of the vortex tube 6 (Fig.11, 12); the input end face 85 confused section 79 of the container 56 (Fig.25), and the input end face 86 of the diffuser section 80 of the container 56 (Fig.27), as appropriate, is performed with a sharp entrance edge, facing towards the flow of air.

Depending on the speed of the wind, the required performance of vortex unit, and in other cases it is appropriate to establish, as appropriate, shut-at least automatically trigger the device at least every hole 58 made in the input end face 57 of the tank 56; at least at the entrance to each confused section 79 of the tank 56, and at least at the entrance to each diffuser section 80 of the container 56 (Fig.15, 25-30).

To use the vortex installation in a wider range of input parameters of air, which is determined by the force of the wind, barometric pressure, wremen the STS 4 may be removable (Fig.1,2), that allows you to make changes in the number of employees of swirler flow. When this vortex tube 6 (tube) can be supplied at least several interchangeable sets of swirler flow 1,22, differing characteristics of swirler flow, and at least every swirl flow 1,22 is removable.

At relatively large sizes of tubes 6 to prevent possible mixing subjected to separation of the components of the air or other media, depending on the purpose of the facility, in the previous section of the vortex tube 6 until the end of input in subsequent swirl flow 22 (Fig.2) at least one in each blade swirl flow 1,22 established in the vortex tube vortex 6 of the device 4. at least each channel 87 formed by two adjacent vanes 88, can be divided into at least two channels 89, 90 lateral section 91 in accordance with the above-mentioned at least one cylindrical hollow body of rotation 92, coaxial vortex tube vortex 6 device 4 (Fig.31) and at least one peripheral channel 90, located between at least every two adjacent blades 88, may what surfaces) of two adjacent blades 88 (Fig.31). The geometric shape of the partitions dividing interscapular channels 87, the number in each interscapular channel 87 and other characteristics are determined by the above conditions and may be different. In addition, the principle of separation channels interscapular space may be different.

The improvement of the conditions of the inlet air flow in the swirl flow 1,22 is achieved in that each end 94,95 facing towards the flow, each partition 91,93 performed in each channel 87,90 blade swirl flow 1,22 formed by two adjacent blades 88, is pointed (Fig.31). The number of partitions between every two adjacent blades 88 of the swirl flow 1, 22 is determined to achieve the result on the basis of the experimental data.

In some cases, particularly with large geometric dimensions of the tube 6 it can be appropriate to use a variant of execution of the shoulder of the swirler flow 1,22, when at least one of them is Central, at least the cylindrical and coaxial vortex tube 6 hole 97 at least for passage of part of the flow (Fig.32). Depending on the functions performed vortex installation, Central projoba 2 to exit the Central flow divided environment in the direction of flow. This blade 96 may be placed outside the annular element 99, the inner surface of which forms a hole 98 at least for passage of part of the stream, and the end face 100 of the element 99, facing towards the flow, is pointed (Fig. 33). While the swirler flow with a Central hole can be interleaved with the previously considered, i.e., without a Central hole, and the flow area of the latter may decrease in the direction of flow at each subsequent swirl flow. Other variants of execution and installation of swirler flow with a Central hole.

The inner surface of the vortex tube vortex 6 device 4 can run at least a cylindrical shape (Fig. 1, 2). However, in some cases, depending on various factors, it may be performed in separate areas of different forms.

Mounting and installation of swirler flow in the vortex tube 6 can be done in different ways to the implementation of the fixation of swirler flow from turning around the axis of the vortex tube 6 under the influence of air flow. And in a sequential vortex tubes mount savignystrasse own.

As in the vortex unit can simultaneously emitting combustible component to be and separation of nitrogen and oxygen, the latter of which is required for combustion of the fuel and energy and other installations, so to accelerate the process of separating nitrogen and oxygen occurring at the maximum value of the peripheral speed in the cross sections of flow, lower its critical value, the vortex tube 6 for the section passing through the annular passage 14 of section 7 of the pipe 2 to exit the Central thread in the direction of the flow it can be appropriate to perform peripheral channels 101 in the wall above the vortex tube 6. Moreover, the peripheral channels can at least be performed on the entire length l4its site located on the exit side of the last 6, and the length when measured from above the annular passage 14, and the channels 101 in each section throughout their length) are communicated with the inner space of the vortex tube 6 (Fig. 34 - 36). Such channels 101 accelerate the process of substitution of less heavy particles of air or other environment heavy in the direction of the axis of rotation of the stream.

The shape of the cross section of the channels 101 may be different, including it magupdate with the plane of the longitudinal section of the vortex tube 6, while the channels 101 are arranged symmetrically relative to the axis of the latter 6 (Fig. 34 - 36), and each channel 101 may be a screw (Fig. 34 - 36). In the latter case, the direction of twist of each helical channel 101 may coincide with the direction of rotation of the air flow, and may be opposite to the direction of rotation of the air stream. The choice of method of braking a rotating stream, allowing the heavier particles of air due to the loss of peripheral speed accelerates its movement towards the axis of rotation of the thread is made on the basis of experimental studies.

When making adjustments vortex device 4 included in the installation, optimum performance requires taking samples for analysis separated environment emerging from the Central allotment 2, for which the output 20 of the Central drainage 2 vortex device 4 reported using all the sub-themes of the pipeline 102 installed therein regulating shut-off device 103 with the atmosphere (Fig. 1). Installation of such individual pipeline 102 may be appropriate for other reasons.

To allow reconfiguration of the vortex device 4 to another mode of separation media, opredelyal vortex installing a set of changeable aperture 104 at least with a cylindrical bore along the entire length of the latter, different from each other at least by the size of orifice holes 105 to the output side of the Central stream, and set in the input additional section 44 of the pipe 45 is placed inside the output section 8 of the vortex tube 6 concentric with the section 7 of the pipe 2 (Fig. 37). The input end 106 to the Central part of the flow of each replaceable diaphragm 104 is performed with a sharp entrance edge 107, which at least may coincide with the surface 108, described by the radius r of the hole 105 of the aperture 104 (Fig. 37). With a view to expanding the range of use of the vortex unit sharp inlet edge 107 of the end face 106 of the diaphragm 104 can be located at a radius that is different from the above-mentioned radius r.

depending on the purpose of the vortex installation, the size of each vortex device 4, performance, composition shared environments, the adjustment method, design and other factors, it is appropriate to perform the output section of the outlet 3 of the peripheral stream, located behind the exit section 6 - 6 vortex tube 6 of the device 4, in the form of extended parts, representing the chamber 109 through the internal space of which passes the exhaust tube 2 to the outside of the chamber 109 when eucah output peripheral flow from the vortex tube 6 of the device 4 can be installed throttle valve through the body which passes the exhaust pipe 2, ensuring their mutual axial movement and tightness of this flexible connection.

Depending on the purpose of the vortex installation, design execution and composition of its elements, to improve the adjustment of characteristics of the first, and for sampling the environment and other conditions of the camera 109 may be communicated to the individual exhaust tube 111 with the atmosphere, the output of which establishes a regulatory closure device 112 (Fig. 1).

When installing inside the output section 8 of the vortex tube vortex 6 device 4 additional section 44 of the pipe 45 to the output side of the Central flow outlet area of the outlet 3 of the peripheral stream, located behind the exit cross-section 6-6 of the vortex tube 6 can be in the form of extended parts, representing the chamber 113 through the internal space of which passes above the exhaust tube 44, leave out at least through the packing 114 in the wall of the chamber 113 (Fig. 34). The camera 113 may be at least individual exhaust tube 115 is communicated with the atmosphere, the output of which uscanada for analysis.

Output peripheral flow from the vortex tube vortex 6 device 4 at least individual pipe 111 may also be in communication with the atmosphere, while it establishes a regulatory closure device 112 (Fig. 1).

To ensure the universality of the vortex unit and its work in optimal conditions when changing the parameters of the incoming vortex tube 6 of the device 4 of the air and other media to improve the adjustment of qualities is achieved in that at least the camera 109 at least one vortex device 4, into which extends a peripheral thread, at least connects the exhaust tube 21 with the suction unit 117 (Fig. 1). When using wind power for operation of the vortex installation and maintenance of the camera 109 (chambers) pressure below atmospheric to create a vacuum in the last 109 as a suction device can be used at least one, depends on performance, specially designed air ejector using for their work kinetic energy of the wind.

In some cases, and especially when a large capacity, it is advisable at least to the Yu 118, and the last 118 to connect the pipe 119 with suction device 120 when installed on the pipeline 119 regulatory locking device 121 (Fig. 38). In this case it is also advisable to improve the possibilities for adjustment of the vortex set at least at each individual section of the outlet 21 of the peripheral flow of each vortex device 4 connecting the last 4 sealed container 118, to install the control lock device 19, 122 (Fig. 39).

To maintain the specified pressure for regulating shut-off device 19 mounted on the exhaust tube 21 of the peripheral stream separated from the vortex tube 6 at least each vortex device 4, for the first 19 in the direction of flow can be installed second regulating shutoff device 123 (Fig. 34).

When the multifunctional use of vortex unit, it is advisable to exhaust tube 2 peripheral flow separated from the vortex tube 6 at least one vortex device 4 has mounted on regulating shut-off device 19 to connect it to the input sequentially installed vortex device 124 (Fig. 40) that the call is and great performance setup between regulating shut-off device 19 vortex unit 4 and at least one vortex device 127, serially connected with the first vortex device 4, it is expedient to establish an airtight container 125 (Fig. 41), and the pipeline 126 connecting the last 125 to the input sequentially installed vortex device 127 to install the control lock device 128 (Fig. 41). Capacity 125 it is advisable to install several parallel-connected vortex devices 4.

In some cases, depending on additional features of vortex unit, it is advisable to exhaust tube 47 of the Central stream separated from the vortex tube 6, remote from the axis of the latter 6 has mounted on regulating shut-off device 48 at least one vortex device 4 to connect at least sequentially installed suction device 129 (Fig. 10). In this connection, exhaust tube 47 of the Central stream separated environment can be implemented with other elements of the vortex unit by analogy with the above connection pipeline 21 peripheral flow divided medium vortex tube 6 of the device 4 with the elements of the vortex unit. There may be other circuitry connecting elements of the unit with truboprovodov device may at least branches off section 130 of the pipe 47 to communicate with the atmosphere, and on the above plot 130 thus establishes a regulatory closure device 131 (Fig. 10).

When the multifunctional use of vortex unit, as noted above, in the vortex tube 6 at least each vortex device 4 between the sections 7-7 and 8-8 pipe 6, one of which 7-7 flows through the annular passage 14 between the adjacent end faces 15, 16 parts 9, 10 of section 7 of the pipe 2 to exit the Central stream and the second 8-8 same as the input section additional section 44 of the pipe 45, mounted concentric with the aforementioned section 7 of the pipe 2 for removal of the Central flow divided environment, remote from the axis 23 of the vortex tube 6, you should install at least one swirl flow 132 (Fig. 34). The number of swirlers 132 installed, as described above, is determined by the characteristics shared environments. The process of separation, but rather the substitution of light particles severe, can occur both in the direction of the axis 23 of the vortex tube 6 and in the opposite direction, i.e. from above the axis 23. The feasibility of the method of separation is determined on the basis of pilot studies.

Depending on proizvoditelnosti section 7 of the pipe 2 to exit the Central flow divided environment, the amount allocated with a small percentage in the environment component, and other factors constructive performance parts 9, 10 for the organization of the passage 14 between the adjacent end faces 15, 16 of the above parts 9, 10 of section 7 of the pipe 2 to exit the Central flow divided environment may be different. So all points of the edge 133 of the end face 15 of part 9 of section 7 of the pipe 2 to exit the Central flow divided environment, located within the output section 8 of the vortex tube 6 on the inlet side of the flow in the last 8 obtained from the intersection of the surface of the above-mentioned end face 15 with the outer surface of the above part 9 of section 7 of the pipe 2 can be located at a distance measured from the axis 134 of the above section 9 of the tube 2 in the radial direction, the smaller the distance d, which are all points of edges 135 of the end face 16 adjacent the above-mentioned end face 15 of the other part 10 section 7 of the pipe 2, located on the outlet side of the flow from the output section 8 of the vortex tube 6, the latter edge 135 of the end 16 is received similar to the above by (Fig. 1,42); all points of edges 133 of the end face 15 and 135 end 16, respectively, parts 9, 10 of section 7 of the pipe 2 can be located on the same cylindrical surface, i.e. in Atsa on the distance, the greater the distance d, which are all points of edges 135 of the end face 16 adjacent the above-mentioned end face 15 of the other part 10 section 7 of the pipe 2 (Fig. 1.44MB), i.e., d<c.

In the second case, when d=c the width of the passage 14 and is greater than in the first case (d>c), while in the third case, when the above-mentioned width of the passage 14a is maximized. While this increases the number of impurities from the separated environment in the Central channel 2.

The choice of geometric characteristics, the shape of the surfaces of parts 9, 10 of section 7 of the pipe 2 is achieved on the basis of pilot studies. And constructive techniques to ensure the fulfilment of the above variants of parts 9, 10 with their corresponding edges 133, 135 of the ends 15, 16 parts 9,10 section 7 of the pipe 2 can bsta 4 installation with the possibility of rotation (around the axis with the help of specially made rotator 136 allows changing the direction of wind movement under the force of the latter (Fig. 14) synchronously with the change of direction of the latter to rotate vortex device 4, ensuring maximum efficiency in the use of the kinetic energy of the wind entering the vortex tube 6 above device 4, by at least achieve the coincidence of the wind direction with the axis 23 of the vortex tube 6 of the device 4.

In this case, rotation of the above specially made turning device 136 may be mechanically driven to ensure the above objectives, i.e., ensure that at least matches the wind with the axis of the vortex tube vortex 6 device 4 (Fig. 4).

In addition, if necessary, vortex installation can be performed with the possibility of providing the above-mentioned rotation () vortex device 4 as one of the methods above, and the other by turning off the mechanical drive while ensuring its rotation under the force of the wind.

The admission of air into the jet device 4 from the tank 56, which is located in front of the entrance in a swirling device 4, the above tank 56 may be mounted on the rotary platform 137, equipped with a turning device 136, enabling rotation of the platform 137 I that the tank 56 is at least in the form of streamlined side of air flow wing, in other words is streamlined, providing symmetric her the runaround by the airstream (Fig. 15).

The above capacity 56 mounted on the rotary platform 137, equipped with a turning device 136 may be referred to and the action when the wind direction changes by a mechanical actuator (Fig. 15, 16_. Also the rotation of the container 56 with the platform 137 on the rotary device 136 may be implemented depending on the conditions of operation of vortex unit under power by the wind, and with the help of a mechanical drive, for which the mechanical actuator is supplied rassoedinenie from the rotator mechanism to turn it off if necessary. When the above-considered cases in certain areas to drain the hot component or mixture of components of air, etc., as the pipes are flexible hoses, providing the freedom to perform the required rotation of the respective rotary device installation on the corner .

On a turning platform 137 can be installed hermetically United at least one vortex device 4 and the tank 56, made as above, and turn platfo the STU 56 changing the direction of the wind can be carried out under force last at least to match the wind direction with the axis of symmetry 138 cross-section of the vessel 56, matching at least with the axis 23 of the vortex device 4 (Fig. 14) and the rotary device 136 may operate when changing the direction of the wind using a mechanical actuator ( Fig. 15).

The elements of the vortex unit can be placed on a rotary platform 139, ensuring its compactness, the platform 139 thus provided with a turning device 140, providing its rotation angle around the axis 141 in the application direction of wind movement under the force of the latter (Fig. 45), as well as turning the device 140 may be driven by a mechanical actuator (Fig. 45). In addition, both methods provide platform rotation 139 may optionally be used for the same vortex unit.

To increase the velocity head of the air entering the vortex device 4 device, vortex unit may include artificially created wind tunnel 142, which is "trapped wind", inside which are the constituent elements of the vortex unit (Fig. 46). When this artificially created wind tunnel 142 is mounted on a specially made turning device 143, ensure poslednego (Fig.46), as well as the rotation of the wind tunnel 142 on the rotator unit 143 changing the direction of the wind can be carried out by a mechanical actuator (Fig. 46) or it may be possible to use one or another way depending on the wind, for which the mechanical actuator is provided which disables a device.

To avoid breakage of the vortex unit and another reason at least every rotator (136, 140, 143) can be equipped with a rotation stops, providing the possibility of turning the device on a certain fixed maximum angle in either side of the middle base of the installation position (Fig. 4, 14, 15, 45, 46). If necessary, the maximum angle of rotation can be changed, and the rotation stops are supplied with a special adjusting device. To improve the reliability and stability of vortex unit in its structure can include devices that provide smooth rotation at least every rotator.

Due to the small percentage of the combustible component in the air for industrial production of the first vortex device 4 can at least collect the greater extent for parallel operation (Fig. 1, 2), and can accommodate at least in a staggered manner and to connect at least for parallel operation (Fig. 1,2), and can be placed in a different order. However, depending on the percentage of impurities in the combustible component of the vortex device in the installation can be connected for parallel and serial works to improve the quality of the combustible component obtained in the vortex installation.

When using the vortex unit is not only to highlight the combustible component, but also for the separation of oxygen and nitrogen contained in the air, in order to achieve maximum efficiency in the separation of environments suitable additional section 44 of the pipe 45, is placed inside the output section 8 of the vortex tube vortex 6 of the device 4 for removal of the Central flow divided environment, remote from the axis 23 of the vortex tube 5, concentric with the section 7 of the pipe 2, in its basic position, for removal of the Central flow through the annular passage 14 in the last 7 to install with the possibility of moving it (x) in the axial direction of the vortex tube 6 (Fig. 34), reaching an optimal value for the maximum peripheral speed of the flow in the inlet section Dorado with the regulation of the previously discussed elements of the vortex installation can also be achieved by adjusting the length of the section 7 of the pipe 2, inbound inside the outlet section 8 of the vortex tube 6, for removal of the Central stream separated environment by moving it in the axial direction of the vortex tube 6 (Fig. 1) that allows to reach the optimal value of the peripheral speed of the flow cross section of the vortex tube 6 passing through the annular passage 14 between adjacent ends 15, 16 of section 7 of the pipe 2. It should be noted that the allocation of the combustible component of the air amount of the axial movement of the part 9 section 7 relative to another part 10 of this area is low.

To allow the use of vortex unit under various conditions of its work, the latter may be equipped with a set of replacement of tubes, at least individual parts of them (number of tubes) are different in their characteristics. Parallel (installed) vortex tube in this case is generally performed with the same characteristics.

The proposed vortex unit can be widely used for separation of hydrogen from the air, but due to the very small percentage in the past you obtained in a number of parallel vortex devices mix odor emitting pure hydrogen.

Constructive performance series with the first set of vortex devices in the installation, which in turn can be connected in parallel, is similar to the first vortex device, i.e. all the features of its meaningful implementation is used for the subsequent vortex devices.

Vortex unit can be used for the separation of air, other gases, in addition to the above components. In this regard, its output part of the vortex device installation, i.e. adjacent to the output section of the vortex tube device, can be performed in other embodiments, providing a separate output separated components of air (a mixture of gases and others) but not twice but multiple channels. If necessary, can be installed throttle.

To optimize the mode of operation of vortex unit and the possibilities for research in the vortex tubes along their length can be special channels (drilling) for sampling for analysis to determine the composition of the components of the partial air (a mixture of gases and others) in a particular section of the vortex device, and can also provide special m is it necessary instrumentation to monitor its performance and measuring means for studying processes, what is happening in it at work.

Installation can be fully automated with the management of her work from the Central control console.

To improve the technical performance and the other, namely, increasing its service life, reduce the mass of installation, reduce the cost of its production and other, some of its elements, including the vortex tube can are made from materials that replace metals, for example, of plastics.

Thus, the basis of allocation method of the combustible component of the air and the device installation outdoor lies by the author in 1994, the law freely rotating vortex flow with inhomogeneous field densities and with different molecular weight components. A method of separation and vortex unit for its implementation can be used both for the selection of the combustible component of the air and its other components, including a first selection can be carried out simultaneously separation of nitrogen and oxygen. The method and installation can be widely used in General in the proposed installation, and allocated parts, ensuring the process of separation of different environments in a vortex flow in various industries p is yuusei and processing industry and many other industries.

1. Vortex unit for separation of the combustible component of air, containing at least the vortex device with a swirl flow, installed at the entrance of the vortex tube, and a peripheral channel from the ring input section for removal of the peripheral flow and the output of the Central stream separated environments, located opposite the input section of the vortex tube side, and a peripheral channel in accordance with the above at its initial site for removal of the peripheral flow split environment is formed by the inner surface of the vortex tube and the outer surface of the pipe section located inside the output area of the vortex tube in the base position coaxially of the latter, while the main stream above environment is given at least one channel, which is at its initial site in the latter case is above the portion of the tube located inside the output area of the vortex tube, characterized in that the above section of pipe to exit the Central thread is made at least of two separate parts, with one end portion of the pipe section facing towards the flow, made closed, streamlined and sostrandanie space other part of the pipe section to form a passage for the split environment, coming out of the vortex tube, between the inner surface of the above part of the pipe section and the terminal, and providing the inside of the latter part of the land of the free axial movement of the rod together with a part of the portion of the tube is rigidly connected with the latter, with the formation of the annular gap between adjacent ends of the above parts of the pipe section, and an end face, facing towards the flow, part of the pipe section located on the exit side of a divided environment of the vortex tube is made at least with a sharp entrance edge, and on each of the branches of the divided media channels vortex device installed regulating shut-off device.

2. Installation under item 1, characterized in that inside the vortex tube for the swirl flow, placed at its entrance, has at least the second swirl flow, with at least each subsequent in the direction of flow swirl flow has at least the possibility of displacement in the axial direction of the vortex tube.

3. Installation on PP.1 and 2, characterized in that the swirler flow made blade and at least one vane swirl flow, ustanavlennaya angle of the output stream of the shared environments of the above swirl to the axis of the vortex tube.

4. Installation on PP.1 to 3, characterized in that the inlet of the vortex tube set regulatory closure.

5. Installation on PP.1 to 3, characterized in that at least the vortex device set with the ability to perform rotation angle around the axis to provide at least the direction of the air flow generated by the wind and is included in a vortex tube device with the axis of the vortex tube during operation of the installation.

6. Installation on PP.1 to 5, characterized in that the swirl flow, the adjacent annular space between the adjacent ends of the parts of the pipe to exit the Central stream and located on the traffic flow in front of the above-mentioned annular gap, is mounted for displacement in the axial direction of the vortex tube for changing the spacing between output section above the swirl flow and annular gap.

7. Installation on PP.1 - 6, characterized in that the pipe section to exit the Central flow divided environment, located inside the output area of the vortex tube in the base position coaxially of the latter, is installed in the vortex device with the possibility of rotation around the axis, the l in both directions.

8. Installation on PP.1 to 7, characterized in that was installed with the possibility of axial movement of the portion of the pipe to exit the Central stream from the vortex tube is installed with the possibility of rotation angle around its axis relative to its base position, at which the maximum width of a gap formed when moving in the axial direction of the pipe section to exit the Central flow rigidly connected with the rod, measured at least in the vertical plane of symmetry of the above-mentioned pipe section below the last set of at least horizontally, the width of the gap along the perimeter in place of the connector pipe section in the direction up the last in the above case is changed symmetrically with respect to the above-mentioned diametrical plane on both sides of the pipe to exit the Central stream, and the plot for the last at least when this is installed with the possibility of turning the corner in both directions around its axis.

9. Installation on PP.1 to 8, characterized in that the portion of the tube located inside the output area of the vortex tube for drainage of the Central stream separated environment installed with who is I, that at least one of the parts of the vortex tube, for example, located between the swirl flow and annular gap between adjacent ends of the parts of the pipe to exit the Central flow, the swirl motion of the stream is located in front of the above-mentioned annular passage made the type of "pipe" with a corresponding at least Salnikov seal movable joint axial movement of one of the parts of the vortex tube relative to another part thereof for changes in the above case, the distance between the swirl flow and annular gap of the pipe to exit the Central stream.

11. Installation on PP. 1 to 10, characterized in that it comprises a movable object, is hosting its constituent elements, and in which motion is generated velocity head of air to supply it to each of the vortex device and its spin when moving inside the vortex tube corresponding device.

12. Installation on PP.1 - 11, characterized in that the exhaust tube of the Central stream separated from the vortex tube at least one vortex device connected to consistently set the suction device is military medium from the vortex tube at least every vortex device at the entrance to the suction device has a second regulating shut-off device.

14. Installation on PP. 1 - 11, characterized in that the exhaust tube of the Central stream separated from the vortex tube at least one vortex device connected to the hermetic container, and the last pipe connected to the suction device, while on the pipeline between the airtight container and the suction device is installed regulating shut-off device.

15. Installation on PP.1 and 14, characterized in that at least on each individual section of the outlet of the Central thread of each vortex device, by which the latter is connected with tight capacity, installed regulating shut-off device.

16. Installation on PP.1 - 11, characterized in that the exhaust tube of the Central stream separated from the vortex tube at least one vortex device with the installed regulating shut-off device is connected to the input sequentially installed vortex device.

17. Installation on PP. 1 - 11, characterized in that the exhaust tube of the Central stream separated from the vortex tube at least one vortex device installed therein for regulating ENISA least one vortex device.

18. Installation on PP.1 and 17, characterized in that the piping that connects the sealed container inlet vortex device, installed regulating shut-off device.

19. Installation on PP.1 to 18, characterized in that inside the output area of the vortex tube vortex device for removal of the Central flow divided environment, remote from the axis of the vortex tube, concentric with the pipe section, with its base position for removal of the Central flow through the annular gap in the latter an additional portion of the tube between the outer surface and the inner surface of the vortex tube, and between its inner surface and the outer surface of the pipe section for removal of the Central flow through the annular gap formed by the channels to drain the respective peripheral and Central part, remote from the axis of the vortex tube, the flow separated environment, at the outlet of the last installed flow regulating shut-off device.

20. Installation on PP.1 to 19, characterized in that the input section of the swirl flow, located at the entrance of the vortex tube device, the same as the input section of the latter.

21. At the ke of the vortex tube device, shifted in the direction of the flow relative to the input section of the latter.

22. Installation on PP.1 and 21, characterized in that the part of the input section of the vortex tube device positioned at least between the input section of the latter and the input section of the swirl flow, located at the entrance of the vortex tube, in the direction of air flow is made in the form of a confuser.

23. Installation on PP. 1 and 22, characterized in that on the inner surface of the confused plot of the vortex tube device placed blades, for a spin in the incoming stream of air when the direction of the above-mentioned spin coincides with the direction of the swirl flow in the swirl flow is established at the entrance of the vortex tube.

24. Installation on PP.1, 5 - 23, characterized in that at least on both sides of the vortex tube device at least symmetrically to its center plane, which is located in the working status of the installation at least vertically, is made of longitudinal ribs in the form of wings with sleek lines and, respectively, the ends facing the air inlet in a vortex tube.

25. Installation on PP.1 - 3, 5 - 24, about the re in the form of streamlined side of air flow wing, located at least symmetrically with respect to the median plane of the vortex device, in this case, in the operating condition setting input end of the tank facing towards the flow of air is at least an upright position and has at least one hole, indicating the internal space of the vessel with the environment, and the inlet of the vortex tube device communicated with the inner space of the above capacity, with United at least vortex device and the installed capacity with possibility of rotation on the angle around the axis.

26. Installation on PP.1 and 25, characterized in that at least two vortex devices are connected in parallel with the capacitance, executed at least in the form of streamlined side of air flow wing, with the inlet of each vortex tube device communicated with the internal space above the tank.

27. Installation on PP. 1, 25 and 26, characterized in that the input end of each of the vortex device is hermetically connected at least to the aft end of the vessel, executed at least in the form of streamlined SSA least part of the vortex device on the input side it is placed inside the tank, executed at least in the form of streamlined side of air flow wing and a sealed connection with his capacity made on its outer surface.

29. Installation on PP.1 and 25, characterized in that at least each vortex device connected with capacity at least through the pipeline.

30. Installation on PP.1, 25 and 29, characterized in that each pipeline through which at least each vortex device is connected to the tank, installed the regulatory closure.

31. Installation on PP.1, 25 and 30, characterized in that at least optionally between capacity and each vortex unit is installed pumping device is connected to the first through plots of the input in of the pumping device and the output from it bypass pipe for air supply from the tank on Obvodny pipeline in the corresponding vortex device between the tank and each of the pumping device, and between the latter and each vortex unit is installed regulating shut-off devices.

32. Installation on PP.1, 25 and 30, characterized in that at least between advanced to the expansion of the surrounding device, United with the first using plots of the input in of the pumping device and the output, in parallel branched in accordance with the above for the last at least two sections, a by-pass pipeline between the tank and each of the pumping device, and between the last stretch before the branching of the pipeline in the direction of flow and at least every two parallel vortex devices installed regulating shut-off devices.

33. Installation on PP.1, 25 and 30, characterized in that at least optionally between capacity and at least every two parallel vortex devices installed one of the pumping device is connected to the first through plots of the input in of the pumping device and the output, in parallel branched in accordance with the above for the last at least two sections, a by-pass pipeline between the tank and each of the pumping device, and between the latter and each vortex unit is installed regulating shut-off devices.

34. Installation on PP.1, 25 and 30, characterized in that at least advanced midyanite device, United with the first using plots of the input in of the pumping device and the output, in parallel branched in accordance with the above for the last at least two sections, a by-pass pipeline between the tank and each of the pumping device, between the last section of the bypass pipe up his fork in the direction of flow and at least every two parallel vortex devices, as well as at the entrance to each vortex unit is installed regulating shut-off devices.

35. Installation on PP.1, 25 and 30, characterized in that capacity at least advanced sequentially in the direction of flow connected with sections of the bypass pipeline from the pumping device, which is connected with the sealed intermediate capacity, and the latter is connected to the input of at least one vortex device individual to the last section of the bypass pipeline between the tank and the pumping device between the latter and sealed intermediate capacity, as well as between the latter and each vortex unit is installed regulating shut-off devices.

36. Condition the AI flow connected with sections of the bypass pipeline from the pumping device, which is connected with the sealed intermediate capacity, and the latter is connected by at least two parallel installed vortex devices using a part of the bypass pipe branched in accordance with the above mentioned two branches, between the tank and the pumping device between the latter and sealed intermediate capacity, and between the last stretch before the branching of the bypass pipe in the direction of flow and at least every two parallel vortex devices installed regulating shut-off devices.

37. Installation on PP.1, 25 and 30, characterized in that capacity at least advanced sequentially in the direction of flow connected with sections of the bypass pipeline from the pumping device, which is connected with the sealed intermediate capacity, and the latter is connected by at least two parallel installed vortex devices using a part of the bypass pipe branched in accordance with the above mentioned two branches, between the tank and the pumping device between the latter and sealed intermediate capacity, and IU is the time for PP.1, 25 and 30, characterized in that capacity at least advanced sequentially in the direction of flow connected with sections of the bypass pipeline from the pumping device, which is connected with the sealed intermediate capacity, and the latter is connected by at least two parallel installed vortex devices using a part of the bypass pipe branched in accordance with the above mentioned two branches, between the tank and the pumping device between the latter and sealed intermediate capacity, between the last section of the bypass pipe up his fork in the direction of flow and at least every two parallel vortex devices, as well as at the entrance to each vortex unit is installed regulating shut-off devices.

39. Installation on PP.1, 25, 31 - 38, characterized in that section of the pipeline by means of which the regulating shut-off device located on the inlet side to a pressure device connected with the latter, embedded piping, through which the suction cavity of the pumping device connected with the environment through regularworker at least each of the inlet, made in the input end of the tank adjacent the inlet air flowing into the vessel, confused plot, which is tightly connected with the above-mentioned end face of the vessel and located with its outer side.

41. Installation on PP.1, 25 - 39, characterized in that at least at each entrance hole made in the input end of the capacity at least part of its length is inside the last and hermetically connected with the above-mentioned end of the capacity inlet air flowing into the vessel, confused plot.

42. Installation on PP.1, 25 - 39, characterized in that the edge is located on the perimeter of the at least one input of the holes drilled in the inlet end of the tank adjacent the inlet air flowing into the vessel, the diffuser section, which is tightly connected with the above-mentioned end face of the vessel and located with its outer side.

43. Installation on PP.1, 25 - 39, characterized in that at least at each entrance hole made in the input end of the capacity at least part of its length is inside the last and hermetically connected with the above-mentioned end of the capacity inlet air flowing into the vessel, Dere confused each parcel is adjacent diffuser section.

45. Installation on PP.1, 42 and 43, wherein the input end at least of each of the diffuser section adjacent confused plot.

46. Installation PM.1 - 3, 5 - 26, 28, 40 - 45, characterized in that the inlet end of the vortex tube vortex device is made with a sharp entrance edge turned toward the movement of air flow.

47. Installation on PP.1, 40, 41, 44 and 45, wherein the input end of the confused plot the vessel is made with a sharp entrance edge turned toward the movement of air flow.

48. Installation on PP.1, 42 and 43, characterized in that the inlet end of the diffuser section of the vessel is made with a sharp entrance edge turned toward the movement of air flow.

49. Installation on PP.1, 25 - 39, characterized in that at least each hole made in the input end of the capacity, equipped with a shutoff at least automatically trigger the device.

50. Installation on PP.1, 40, 41, 44 and 45, characterized in that at least at the entrance to each confused plot of capacity installed shutoff at least automatically trigger the device.

51. Installation on PP.1, 42 and 43, characterized in that at the Delta device.

52. Installation on PP.1, 2, 4 - 51, characterized in that at least one in each blade swirl flow established in the vortex tube vortex device at least every channel formed by two adjacent blades, is divided into at least two channel side plot in accordance with the above-mentioned at least one cylindrical hollow body of rotation, a helical vortex tube device.

53. Installation on PP.1 and 52, characterized in that at least one in each blade swirl flow established in the vortex tube vortex device at least one peripheral channel, located between at least every two adjacent blades, separated by at least one partition located in the latter case, between the sides of two adjacent blades.

54. Installation on PP.1, 52 and 53, characterized in that each end face facing towards the flow, of each partition formed in each channel blade swirl flow formed by two adjacent blades, made pointed.

55. Installation on PP.1 - 51, characterized in that at least one vane swirl flow made with centrictv at least for passage of part of the stream.

56. Installation on PP.1, 2, 4 - 51, characterized in that at least one vane swirl flow has a Central cylindrical and coaxial vortex tube vortex device hole at least for passage of part of the stream, and the blades thus placed outside the annular element, the inner surface of which forms above the hole, with the end of the above element facing towards the flow, made pointed.

57. Installation on PP.1 - 56, characterized in that the inner surface of the vortex tube vortex device has at least a cylindrical shape.

58. Installation on PP. 1 - 57, characterized in that at least the entire length of the section of the vortex tube vortex device located at the output side of the latter, the length measured from the annular gap formed between adjacent ends of the parts of the pipe to exit the Central thread is executed peripheral channels in the wall of her reported in each section throughout their length, with the inner space of the vortex tube to create resistance to the rotational movement of the stream.

59. Installation on PP. 1 - 58, characterized in that carboprost with the installed regulating shut-off device.

60. Installation on PP.1, 19 - 59, characterized in that the input additional section of pipe placed inside the output area of the vortex tube and concentric with the pipe section, with its base position for removal of the Central stream, designed to drain the Central part, remote from the axis of the vortex tube, the flow separated environment equipped with a set of interchangeable diaphragms at least with a cylindrical bore, a helical vortex tube, which differ from each other by at least the size of the flow area of the exit port of the Central stream.

61. Installation on PP.1 and 60, characterized in that the input part of the Central stream end of each replaceable diaphragm is made with a sharp entrance edge at least in accordance with the above coincides with the surface described by the radius of the hole of the diaphragm.

62. Installation on PP.1 - 18, 20 to 59, characterized in that the outlet area of the outlet of the peripheral stream, located behind the exit cross section of the vortex tube vortex device, made in the form of extended parts, representing the chamber, through the internal space of which passes the exhaust tube of the Central flow split air, the I output of the Central stream, located inside the output area of the vortex tube, and the output of the above exhaust tube to the outside of the camera is made at least through the packing in the wall of the latter.

63. Installation on PP.1 and 62, characterized in that the camera through which extends a peripheral flow from the vortex tube at least notified individually by the exhaust tube with the atmosphere, the output of which is established regulatory closure.

64. Installation on PP.1, 19 - 61, characterized in that the outlet area of the outlet of the peripheral stream, located behind the exit cross section of the vortex tube vortex device, made in the form of extended parts, representing the chamber, through the internal space of which is trubolt removal of the Central flow split air coming into the last of the additional pipe section placed inside the output area of the vortex tube vortex device, and the output of the above exhaust tube to the outside of the camera is made at least through the packing in the wall of the latter.

65. Installation on PP.1 and 64, characterized in that the camera through which extends a peripheral flow of the CSOs established regulatory closure.

66. Installation on PP.1 - 61, characterized in that the output of the peripheral flow from the vortex tube vortex device at least individual pipe communicated with the atmosphere, above the pipeline is installed regulating shut-off device.

67. Installation on PP.1, 62 - 66, characterized in that at least the camera at least one vortex device, which enters the peripheral flow of the vortex device, which enters the peripheral flow from the vortex tube at least piped drainage above flow with suction device.

68. Installation on PP.1, 62 - 66, characterized in that at least the camera at least one vortex device, which enters the peripheral flow from the vortex tube, connected to the exhaust tube of the above flow pressure capacity, and the last pipe connected to the suction device, while on the pipeline between the airtight container and the suction device is installed regulating shut-off device.

69. Installation on PP.1 and 68, characterized in that at least at each individual site drainage peripheral PE shut-off device.

70. Installation on PP.1, 68 and 69, characterized in that the exhaust tube peripheral flow separated from the vortex tube at least every vortex device for regulating shut-off device installed above the pipeline at the outlet of the vortex device, sequentially in the direction of flow is established, the second regulating shut-off device.

71. Installation on PP.1 - 66, characterized in that the exhaust tube peripheral flow separated from the vortex tube at least one vortex device with the installed regulating shut-off device is connected to the input sequentially installed vortex device.

72. Installation on PP. 1 - 66, characterized in that the exhaust tube peripheral flow separated from the vortex tube at least one vortex device with the installed regulating shut-off device connected to the hermetic container, successively connected by pipeline with the input of at least one vortex device.

73. Installation on PP.1 and 72, characterized in that the pipeline through which pressurized tank connected to PP.1, 19 - 73, characterized in that the exhaust tube of the Central stream separated from the vortex tube, remote from the axis of the latter, with the installed regulating shut-off device at least one vortex device is connected at least with successively installed suction device.

75. Installation on PP.1, 19 - 74, characterized in that the exhaust tube of the Central stream separated environment at least every vortex device, remote from the axis of the vortex tube, at least the plot branches off last communicated with the atmosphere, with the above-mentioned pipe section installed regulating shut-off device.

76. Installation on PP.1, 19 - 75, characterized in that the vortex tube at least every vortex device between the first sections, one of which passes through the annular gap between adjacent ends of the parts of the pipe to exit the Central stream and the second coincides with the input section additional section of pipe mounted concentrically above the pipe for removal of the Central flow divided environment, remote from the axis of the vortex true all points of the edge end portion of the pipe to exit the Central flow divided environment, located inside the output area of the vortex tube on the inlet side of the flow in the latter, obtained by intersecting the surface of the above-mentioned end face with the outer surface of the above part of the pipe section, located at a distance measured from the axis above the pipe in the radial direction, smaller distances, which are all points of end edges connecting the above-mentioned other end part of the pipe section located on the outlet side of the flow from the output section of the vortex tube, with the last edge of the end face obtained similar to the above path.

78. Installation on PP.1 - 76, characterized in that the edges of the adjacent ends of the parts of the pipe to exit the Central flow divided environment, located inside the output area of the vortex tube, obtained from the intersection of the outer surfaces of the above-mentioned parts of the site with the surfaces of the respective ends, are located on the same cylindrical surface.

79. Installation on PP.1 - 76, characterized in that all points on the edge of the end portion of the pipe to exit the Central flow divided environment, located inside the output area of the vortex tube on streetly the above part of the pipe, located on the distance measured from the axis above the pipe in the radial direction, greater distances, which are all points of end edges connecting the above-mentioned other end part of the pipe section located on the outlet side of the flow from the output section of the vortex tube, with the last edge of the end face obtained similar to the above path.

80. Installation PM.1, 5 - 24, 46, 52 - 79, characterized in that the specially made turning device is connected directly to at least one vortex device, a vortex tube which when the installation is served by the air, to rotate the latter in the direction of wind movement under the force effects last for at least match the wind direction with the axis of the vortex tube.

81. Installation PM.1, 5 - 24, 46, 52 - 79, characterized in that the specially made turning device is connected directly to at least one vortex device, a vortex tube which when the installation is served by the air, and driven into effect when the change in the wind direction using a mechanical drive.

82. Us the Rhone, air flow wing, installed on the rotary platform, equipped with a rotating device that rotates the platform above the tank when changing the direction of the wind under power effects last for at least match the wind direction with the axis of symmetry of the cross section of the vessel.

83. Installation PM.1, 25, 26, 29 - 79, characterized in that capacity, executed at least in the form of streamlined side of air flow wing is installed on the rotary platform, equipped with a turning device, with the actuator in place when changing the direction of the wind using a mechanical drive.

84. Installation PM.1, 25, 27, 28, 40 - 79, wherein the hermetically United at least one vortex device and capacity, executed at least in the form of streamlined side of air flow wing is installed on the rotary platform, equipped with a rotating device that rotates the platform above the vortex device and the capacity of changing the direction of the wind under power effects last for at least match the wind direction with the axis of symmetry transverse sec - 79, wherein the hermetically United at least one vortex device and capacity, executed at least in the form of streamlined side of air flow wing is installed on the rotary platform, equipped with a turning device, with the actuator in place when changing the direction of the wind using a mechanical drive.

86. Installation on PP.1 - 3, 5 - 85, characterized in that the vortex system includes a platform placed on the elements of the latter, and the platform is equipped with a turning device, ensuring its rotation angle around an axis in the direction of wind movement under the force of the latter.

87. Installation on PP.1 - 3, 5 - 85, characterized in that the vortex system includes a platform placed on the elements of the latter, and the platform is equipped with a turning device, ensuring its rotation angle around an axis in the direction of wind movement with a mechanical drive.

88. Installation on PP.1 - 3, 5 - 87, characterized in that the vortex unit contains artificially created wind tunnel inside of the constituent elements of the vortex unit.

the specially made turning device, providing turn it to the angle around the axis when the direction of wind movement under the force of the latter.

90. Installation on PP.1 and 88, wherein the artificially created wind tunnel installed on a specially made device, with the actuator in place when changing the direction of the wind using a mechanical drive.

91. Installation on PP.1 to 3, 5 to 90, characterized in that at least each rotary device is equipped with limiters angle, providing at least the regulation of the latter.

92. Installation on PP. 1 - 3, 5 - 91, characterized in that it comprises a device for smooth rotation at least every rotator.

93. Installation on PP.1 - 92, characterized in that it contains at least the vortex beam devices placed on its mounting location at least koridoram order and United at least for parallel operation.

94. Installation on PP.1 - 92, characterized in that it contains at least the vortex beam devices placed on its mounting location, at least in a checkerboard pattern, and connected to mencetak pipe, placed inside the output area of the vortex tube vortex device for removal of the Central flow divided environment, remote from the axis of the vortex tube, concentric with the pipe section, with its base position for removal of the Central flow through the annular gap in the last set, which can move in the axial direction of the vortex tube.

 

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Ejector pump // 2247873

FIELD: oil producing industry.

SUBSTANCE: pump is designed for pumping different composite fluids into wells. Proposed pump includes housing, branch pipe for delivering ejecting fluid connected with housing, inlet branch pipe for delivering ejectable fluid arranged in housing, bushing one part of inner surface of which form ring nozzle with part of outer surface of branch pipe for delivering ejectable fluid and coupled with branch pipe for delivering ejecting fluid, and other part of free inner space of bushing forms mixing chamber. It has also diffuser connected with mixing chamber, and pipeline to let out mixture of ejecting and ejectable fluids. Inner diameter of branch pipe for delivering ejectable fluid is equal to 0.15-0.32 of inner diameter of pipeline to let out mixture of ejecting and ejectable fluids. Length of mixing chamber is 3 - 6-fold greater than working section of ring nozzle, and angle of diffuser is form 2 to 20 degrees.

EFFECT: increased efficiency.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: dewatering of reservoirs and depressions to be empties.

SUBSTANCE: proposed water lifting device contains lifting, suction and air delivering pipes and mixing chamber with inclined nozzle holes uniformly spaced over circumference of inner cup of mixing chamber. Axes of holes are generative of one-nappe hyperboloid of rotation. Suction branch pipe is furnished with hood head made in form of truncated cone with larger base pointed downwards and attachment of smaller base to end face of suction branch pipe. Vertical trapezoidal plates are installed on inner surface of hood head tangentially to cylindrical part of suction branch pipe in direction of circular inclination of axes of mixing chamber nozzle holes. Smaller bases of trapezia are arranged over outer perimeter of head.

EFFECT: enlarged sphere of application.

2 dwg

FIELD: oil industry.

SUBSTANCE: method includes mounting on pipes column, serially, in upward direction, of at least two compacting elements with forming of filtering zone in middle portion between them by making a perforated portion of pipe column at this portion before first and after last compacting element, and between compacting elements on pipe column containers with autonomous manometers are mounted, above compacting elements on pipes column a packer with central passage channel is mounted, and yet higher a stream pump with stepped passage channel, while on the side of lower end pipes column is plugged, this column is lowered into well and stream pump is placed above ceiling of productive bed, and portion of pipes column with compacting elements is placed in zone of perforation of productive bed, after that in stepped passage channel of stream pump a depression insert with autonomous manometer is mounted and by means of stream pump lengthy draining of bed is performed, by means of stepped increase of depression values, while disconnecting under effect from pressure change on compacting elements, by means of the latter, behind-pipe space of pipes column, for each value of depression well debit value is recorded, and each manometer, mounted in well, is used to record bed pressure.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

1 dwg

FIELD: oil industry.

SUBSTANCE: device has stream pump mounted on pipes column, in body of which nozzle is mounted and, coaxially to the latter, mixing chamber with diffuser, as well as coaxially to pipes column a stepped passage channel is made, wherein with possible replacement by other functional insert an insert is mounted for measuring curves of restoration of bed pressure with autonomous manometer below it, while on pipes column on the side of its lower end mounted serially in upward direction are at least two compacting elements with forming in middle portion between these of filtering zone by means of making a perforated portion of pipes column at this portion before first and after last compacting element, and also between compacting elements on pipes column containers with autonomous manometers are mounted, and above compacting elements below stream pump on pipes column a packer is mounted with central passage channel, while from the side of lower end half of pipes are plugged.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

1 dwg

FIELD: oil industry.

SUBSTANCE: method includes mounting on a pipes column, serially in upward direction, of packer with central pass channel, support with passage ports and axial stepped pass channel, wherein it is possible to mount stream pump or blocking insert, and an assembly for attaching or detaching pipes column, this column is lowered into the well and packer is unpacked in zone above productive bed, then stream pump is lowered into well on logging cable with pressurizing assembly mounted in body of the latter, while logging cable is let through pressurizing assembly and pumped environment feeding channel of stream pump, while logging device is fixed at end of logging cable below stream pump, stream pump body is mounted in axial stepped channel of support and logging device is lowered on logging cable into productive bed zone, during descent logging device is used to measure background geophysical parameters of productive bed, after that by means of feeding working liquid along pipes column into nozzle of stream pump a row of depressions in sub-packer well zone is formed, while recording well debits and face pressures, then recording of geophysical parameters of productive bed is performed, while moving logging device during operation of stream pump along the well on logging cable, after that feeding of working liquid into pump nozzle is stopped, pump with logging device is extracted from the well to surface, in axial stepped channel of support a blocking insert is placed while overlapping passage ports of support, and well is launched into operation according to fountain method, and in case of fall of debit blocking insert is removed from support, stream pump is lowered into well on logging cable with logging device at the end of logging cable, stream pump is mounted in axial stepped channel of support, working liquid is fed into nozzle of pump and depression on productive bed is formed in sub-packer space, while in depression mode, examining geophysical parameters of productive bed and bed fluid, while extracting mudding particles via pump from the well together with accumulated liquid substance, then stream pump with logging device is extracted from the well and blocking insert is mounted in axial stepped channel of support with following launch of well into operation according to fountain method, and when flowing ends, blocking insert is removed from support and in axial stepped channel of support a stream pump for extraction of bed fluid is mounted, or pipes column above support is detached, a portion of pipe column above support is extracted to surface and then operation pump is lowered into well on pipe column for extraction of product substance, while connecting pipes column in place of its detaching. Well plant has pipes column with, serially mounted in upward direction, packer with central pass channel, support and assembly for attaching and detaching tubing pipes column, while in support passage ports are made and axial stepped passage channel, wherein it is possible to mount blocking insert with central pass channel or stream pump, while in the body of stream pump following portions are made: channel for feeding working liquid into nozzle, channel for feeding substance pumped from the well and channel for removing mixture of substances, and in body above channel for feeding extracted substance a pass channel connected to the latter is made with a socket for mounting pressurizing assembly and in the latter an axial channel is made with possible letting through it and a channel for feeding extracted substance of logging cable for mounting on it in the well below pump of logging device with its possible displacement along well shaft with operating or disabled pump, channel for extraction of substances mixture is connected to passage ports and through the latter to space surrounding pipes column, channel for feeding working liquid is connected to inner hollow of pipes above stream pump and pass channel of body of stream pump is made with possible mounting therein, with overlapping of pass channel, of device for delivering pump into well and extracting it from the well.

EFFECT: higher productiveness.

2 cl, 2 dwg

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