Wooden panel buildings and prefabricated building panels
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to the construction and can be used as construction wood-frame load-bearing panels of the building and the erection of prefabricated low-rise buildings of the panels. An ordinary panel consists of longitudinal and transverse ribs and cross stiffeners forming the frame of the panel. The stiffening elements have a height smaller than the ribs, which in the panel formed penelopea cavity, in which the freely one upon the other elements are installed exterior wooden cladding. All other panels of the building, namely the panel from the door panel with the window opening, panel, gable, slabs, panels, coverings and floor panels made by a constructive way similar to an ordinary panel. The building panels are connected by metallic connecting elements in the form of direct pads, T-shaped plates, angle plates and the U-shaped clamps that using dowels secure the connecting elements to the panels, combining in a single structure. 2 S. p. f-crystals. 24 Il. The invention relates to the construction, namely, to the design of wood-frame load-bearing panels of the building and can be ispress with vertical and horizontal edges of the binding, horizontal beams, inner and outer skin, and installed on the outside of the frame under the cover of the cross-prestressed elements in the form of strips, the ends of which are secured to the horizontal edges of the frame .A disadvantage of the known solutions is the low rigidity, reducing the carrying capacity of the panel.The closest technical solution proposed is a wooden construction panel, comprising longitudinal and transverse ribs, wooden trim and steel cross-strip attached to the longitudinal edges, as well as the stiffening in the form of boards, installed on the diagonal of the frame and nailed to a wooden sheathing panel .The disadvantages of the known solutions are the high complexity of manufacturing panels, hard (nails) mount batten cladding panels to the frame elements, and the need for drying items prior to connection panel that adds cost and complexity to the manufacturing process of the latter.Known construction design for buildings and structures, including flat panel edges at the ends and connecting elements in the form of profiled bars with bent the solutions is the high cost of manufacturing lattices and their universalist.It is also known wooden building made of prefabricated panels fastened together with studs and grooves made on the ends of the panels . It is a modular building formed from ordinary panels, panels with door opening panel with the window opening, the floor, ceiling and floor and gable panels.The disadvantages of the known solutions is the complexity of the design panel, mnogodelnosti connecting elements and their high cost.The objective of the invention is to reduce the complexity of manufacturing panels with a maximum Svornosti houses from standardized elements of full factory readiness with self-sealing wood siding without the use of lifting equipment for installation of the building.This object is achieved in that the wooden panel composed of longitudinal and transverse ribs and stiffeners that form the frame of the panel, plank exterior and interior sheathing with battens, which from the outside is attached to the longitudinal and transverse ribs and the height of the stiffening frame is made of at least 1/6 less than the height of the longitudinal and transverse ribs education penaloobraznoy cavity, in which the, the left task is achieved by the fact that in precast building panels, comprising interconnected member panel, the panel with the door panel with the window opening, the panel coverings, floors and floor and gable panel, characterized in that at least the wall panels are made of longitudinal and transverse ribs and stiffeners forming the frame panel, plank exterior and interior of oblakov, and the battens are attached to the outer side of the panel to the longitudinal and transverse edges, and the height of the stiffening frame is made of at least 1/6 less than the height of the longitudinal and transverse ribs education penaloobraznoy cavity in which is freely mounted elements of the outer wooden casing with the possibility of self-packing, while the connecting elements in the form of straight, corner and T-shaped plates and the U-shaped clamps, and metal dowels, and pins fixed in the joints of the panels, and connecting elements mounted on the pins.In Fig. 1 shows an ordinary wooden panel of Fig. 2 - section a-a in Fig. 1; Fig. 3 - panel door opening; Fig. 4 - panel with the window opening, and Fig. 5 - piece gable panel; picrite; in Fig. 10 - section G-G in Fig. 9; Fig. 11 - panel cover; Fig. 12 - section d-D in Fig. 11; Fig. 13 - floor panel with a manhole of Fig. 14 - section e-E in Fig. 13; Fig. 15 - node connections of panels to walls with a U-shaped clamp; Fig. 16 - node 1 connection Nagel with clip in Fig. 15; Fig. 17 is a General view of the building of Fig. 18 connection with narrow straight lining member panels of single-storey buildings; Fig. 19 - section f-F in Fig. 18; Fig. 20 connection with a wide direct overlay of the four member panel of the two-storey building; Fig. 21 - section And in Fig. 20 of Fig. 22 is a circuit diagram of a single-storey building; Fig. 23 connection with the T-shaped lining panel, cover with a member of the panel and the floor panel of Fig. 24 connection with corner bumpers.Ordinary wooden panel 1 consists of longitudinal and transverse 3 edges, and cross-stiffening elements 4 forming the frame of the panel. The stiffening elements 4 are made of a height to less than 1/6 of the height of the ribs 2 and 3, due to which the panel 1 is formed penelopea cavity, in which the freely one upon the other elements are installed exterior wooden cladding 5, interconnected in a quarter with the possibility of self-packing. Penelopea Polo is mi 2, right and left lateral edges 3, and front lining elements 5 are limited to vertical and horizontal 8 flashings. The cover strips 7 and 8 from the outside is attached to the ribs 2 and 3. The inner side panel has a covering sheet 9, and the openings between the stiffening elements 4 can be placed insulation.The panel with the door opening 10 is made by a constructive way, similar to an ordinary panel, thus changed the design of the stiffening elements 11, the length of the wooden elements of the shell 12 and 13, and the panel is equipped with three vertical and three horizontal battens, one of which is shortened to 14.The panel with the window opening 15 is made in a constructive way, similar to an ordinary panel 1. This changed the design of the stiffening elements 16 and the panel has two 7 vertical and four horizontal 8 flashings. The space bounded by stiffeners 16 and the cover strips 7 and 8, is filled with items plank sheathing 5.One-piece front panel 17 made, for example, in the form of an equilateral triangle with ribbed frame 18, repeating the shape of the panel, has elements plank sheathing 1 (posted in penaloobraznoy cavity and the cover strips 20, the clamp is of these lamps with the size of the parties, depending on the design and size of precast buildings. The frame 22 of the panel repeats the shape of the panel. Items plank sheathing 23 is placed in penaloobraznoy cavity and pressed against the stiffeners using battens 24, 25, 26.The floor panel 27 is executed on a design concept similar to an ordinary panel 1. Cross stiffeners 28 is made in the form of two series installed X-shaped structures and have the rib 29. Items plank sheathing 5 is rigidly attached to the frame of the panel.Panel cover 30 is made of a design similar to the floor panel 27, and can be performed with elements of wooden cladding 5, and without them depending on the roofing material. Vary both panels in length.The floor panel 31 is made of consturctive similar to the floor panel 27 or cover 30, and differs only in the design of the stiffening elements 32. The panel 31 can be performed with hole and without it. Items plank sheathing 5 are attached to the frame of the panel tightly.Prefab building consists of interconnected wall panels in the form of ordinary panel 1, the panel 10 with the doorway, panels 15 with the window opening, and gable panelprogram 2 and 3 cross ribs and stiffeners, forming the frame of the panel Board of the inner and outer casings. The battens are attached to the outer side panel 2 and to the longitudinal transverse 3 ribs. The height of the stiffening frame is made of at least 1/6 less than the height of the longitudinal and transverse ribs education penaloobraznoy cavity in which is freely mounted elements of the outer wooden casing with the possibility of self-packing. The connection between panels is carried out with the help of metal plates: straight narrow 34, a direct wide 35, T 36, corner 37 and a U-shaped clamp 38 which by means of metal pins 39 are rigidly connect panel. To increase the rigidity in the ordinary panels can be installed an additional element 40 of the stop plank sheathing 5.Assembly member panel is as follows. The conductor collected the frame, connecting 2 longitudinal, transverse 3 ribs and stiffening elements 4. Formed in penelopes cavity on one another stack elements 5 plank sheathing. The elements 5 are placed freely and not attach them to the frame or stiffening elements 4. Then install the cover strips 7 and 8 and, scantoweb panel, attach the sheet 9 of the inner casing, wlog the building.Similarly collect in advance all the panels needed to build the building, using the frame elements and the rigidity of the respective panels.The Assembly building of the finished panels perform depending on the size and number of storeys of the building in accordance with the installation diagram (see Fig. 22), connecting panel 1, 10, 15, 17, 21, 27, 30, 31 between the metal plates 34, 35, 36, 37 and clamps 38, which metal pins are rigidly secured to the adjacent panels. This layout first in panels rigidly set the pins 39, and then they stick fasteners that secure the connection between panels.The proposed construction panels made in one size width that allows the use of flexible technology in the construction of buildings of different lengths and heights, to carry out the redevelopment of the building, to increase its volume and area, that is, to use the principle of "growing house".Panel supply to the construction site of full factory readiness.A constructive solution of the panels allows you to repeatedly removed and re-installed them, eliminating the need to use a lifting mechanism is ture panels to collect more than 12 upgrades of buildings and an unlimited number of options.Use self-sealing panels wood are placed in penaloobraznoy cavity in which items plank sheathing is not attached rigidly to the frame, and have the possibility of free movement in the cavity, eliminates the wood drying process that reduces production cost by 30% and improves the appearance of the product, and the disclosure of sheathing joints when changing temperature and humidity conditions of the environment does not occur. 1. Wooden panel composed of longitudinal and transverse ribs and stiffeners that form the frame of the panel, wooden inner and outer skin, characterized in that it is provided with battens, which from the outside is attached to the longitudinal and transverse ribs and the height of the stiffening frame is made of at least 1/6 less than the height of the longitudinal and transverse ribs education penaloobraznoy cavity in which is freely mounted elements of the outer wooden casing with the possibility of self-packing.2. Prefabricated building panels, comprising interconnected member panel, the panel with the door panel with the window opening, the panel coverings, floors and floor and gable panel, featuring the shedding frame panel, boardwalk outer and inner casings, and moldings attached to the outer side of the panel to the longitudinal and transverse ribs and the height of the stiffening frame is made of at least 1/6 less than the height of the longitudinal and transverse ribs education penaloobraznoy cavity in which is freely mounted elements of the outer wooden casing with the possibility of self-packing, while the connecting elements in the form of straight, corner, T - shaped plates and the U-shaped clamps, and metal dowels, and pins fixed in the joints of the panels, and connecting elements mounted on the pins.
FIELD: building, particularly to construct structures including wooden elements.
SUBSTANCE: method involves drilling holes in timbers, logs and other lumber; piercing timbers, logs and other lumber with transversal ties and tensioning thereof with nuts secured to ties; offsetting timbers, logs and other lumber in groups including two or more timbers, logs and other lumber relative previous ones during building erection so that extensions and depressions are formed in walls; applying glue between timbers, logs and other lumber; installing longitudinal ties in slots and connecting ends of each longitudinal tie not terminating at wall ends with one transversal tie; mounting walls on foundation; connecting all walls, intermediate walls and partitions; packing all joints along with mating extensions of one wall with depressions of another one; pressing all building components together with the use of ties and nuts; passing transversal ties through extensions of walls to be connected; tightening all joints by nuts through resilient members with force application thereto and securing floor, ceiling and roof panels to corbels having orifices for ties receiving. Above panels have vertical holes for ties insertion. Floor and corbel are supported by timbers or logs or other lumber. Walls are connected to foundation, floor, ceiling or roof through resilient members by transversal ties or nuts adapted to move in slots due to wood shrinking or becoming wet.
EFFECT: increased tightness of building joints, strength, reliability, service life, improved ecological safety, quality of building finishing, enhanced appearance, reduced time and cost of building erection.
5 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly timber structures.
SUBSTANCE: timber member includes balks with horizontal and vertical bores, liquid distribution pipe and electric slider. Bores are communicated in vertical and horizontal directions. The main bore extends through the full member length and has closed ends. Vertical bores have opened ends.
EFFECT: increased fire resistance and load-bearing capacity.
FIELD: timber building structures, particularly adapted to erect individual houses, namely in severe Siberian climate with taking into consideration family formation traditions of residential population.
SUBSTANCE: wall comprises inner and outer panels. Each panel is composed of several horizontal elongated timber members laid one upon another and fastened one to another. Inserted between inner and outer panels is heat-insulation material. The panels may be formed of poles and fastened in transversal direction by partitions. The partitions are made of pole cuts. The heat-insulation material is mixture of saw dust with slag or with ashes mixed with limewater.
EFFECT: reduced cost of house erected without the use of special building technique and decreased labor power industrial intake, possibility to use in-site building materials and industrial wood residue, improved ecological safety.
5 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly erection of wooden houses in areas characterized by strong winds.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises steel pre-stressed frame control rods adapted for structure tightening to base by anchoring lower control rod ends in foundation and by connecting upper ends thereof to structure top. The control rods are provided with spring-loaded clutches, which create and regulate tightening force applied to control rods. The control rods are formed of chains, which provide control rod length change for value equal to chain length. Upper control rod ends are connected to upper parts of roof timbers connected to log house. Spring-loaded clutch formed of steel pipe is provided with manual regulation lever, orifice for above lever installation and disc spring set.
EFFECT: prevention of stability losses and separation of joints between log house timber sets under the action of strong wind and as a result of natural log house shrinkage.
2 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly to erect buildings of elongated timber members.
SUBSTANCE: building wall includes profiled beams laid one on another and provided with dovetail spikes formed on beam surfaces. The beams create inner and outer vertical wall rows. Opposite beams of each row are mutually displaced in vertical plane and interlocked with each other by means of spikes created along inner joining surfaces thereof so that elongated labyrinth joint is formed. The labyrinth joint provides good thermal insulation of the wall.
EFFECT: improved service characteristics due to wind-resistant joints creation without the use of heating materials, reduced source material costs due to usage of building structure, which provides necessary thickness of wall formed of thin beams, as well as reduced costs of beam production and mounting due to reduced beam weight.
5 cl, 1 dwg