The method of regulating the power of the engine of the moped, working together with the pedal actuator, and moped
(57) Abstract:The method of regulating the power of the engine of the moped, working together with the pedal drive is that the supply air-fuel mixture change is directly proportional to the force applied to the pedal drive. This moped contains the engine and associated transmission to freewheel rear wheel, foot pedal actuator, comprising a pedal mechanism connected with the endless chain with the gear freewheel, and the tension sensor mounted on endless chains and associated with the supply regulator air-fuel mixture of the engine that has the ability to disable. Technical result achieved when implementing the invention, is to extend the functionality of a moped with the joint operation of the engine with a muscular foot drive. 2 S. p. f-crystals, 1 Il. The invention relates to a combined vehicles, in particular for mopeds (motorized), driven by human muscle force and the internal combustion engine.Known wheeled vehicles - mopeds or motorbikes driven by muscular power and dvigatelbnoj mixture . However, the regulation of the operation of the engine is carried out independently, without interaction with the muscular force applied to the pedal mechanism that reduces the effectiveness of a moped.There is also known a method of regulating the power of the engine of the moped, working together with the pedal actuator, in which the change of the flow of the air-fuel mixture is performed by the force applied to the pedal actuator  . At the same time as the control signal using the tension of the endless chain pedal actuator, which transmits the force to the rear wheel, and the engine is connected with the front wheel and complements the action of muscular strength, which restricts the operation of a moped on different modes.Famous moped containing the engine and the pedal actuator associated common endless chain, transmitting force to the gear freewheel sprocket wheel, which is a tension transducer . This device is provided to synchronize the operation of the engine (electric), pedal actuator, however, the presence of a common endless chain to transmit torque to the drive wheel does not effectively regulate the operation of the engine, especially when ispolzovanie, associated transmission with freewheel sprocket wheel, and pedal actuator, comprising a pedal mechanism associated with the gear freewheel sprocket wheel . A disadvantage of this device is that the synchronization engine and the pedal drive is carried out mechanically by locking freewheel.The invention is directed to enhancing the capacity of the moped with the joint operation of the engine with a muscular foot drive.The solution provided by the fact that the method of regulating the power of the engine of the moped, working together with the pedal drive by changing the air-fuel mixture supply force transmitted pedal actuator according to the invention the supply air-fuel mixture is performed directly proportional to the force applied to the pedal drive.In addition, moped, containing the engine and associated transmission to freewheel sprocket wheel, and pedal actuator, comprising a pedal mechanism associated endless chain with the gear freewheel sprocket wheel according to the invention on an endless chain pedal drive installation is ü turn off.Availability is directly proportional to regulate the flow of fuel-air mixture in an internal combustion engine according to the force applied to the pedal actuator, which is perceived by the sensor tension of the endless chain pedal actuator, and the execution of the abovementioned sensor with shut-off extends the regime of the engine and the functionality of a moped between the engine and the pedal actuator that simultaneously affect the rear drive wheel, by choosing the optimal combination of power characteristics of the internal combustion engine and the muscular forces that drive the pedal drive, which allows efficient use of the claimed moped as sports, mainly for mass entertainment and competitions.The drawing schematically shows a General view of a moped (without a frame).Moped contains the engine 1, the internal combustion engine associated with the transmission 2 with the clutch 3 free stroke of the driving rear wheels and foot-operated actuator comprising a pedal mechanism 4 and the endless chain 5 connecting the pedal mechanism 4 with the gear 6 of the clutch 3 free running. The endless chain 5 has a sensor ethnic carburetor engine (not shown) and is arranged to disable.The claimed method of regulating the power of the engine of the moped is implemented as follows.Originally moped dispersed muscular effort applied to the pedal mechanism 4. When reaching a certain speed is included in the operation of the internal combustion engine 1, the torque from which through the transmission 2 is transmitted to the clutch 3 free wheel rear drive wheel. When changing muscular effort, for example, when it is increased to increase the speed of a moped or to overcome any resistance (uphill), a corresponding increase in the effort transmitted pedal drive gear 6, and the upper tension leading branches of endless chains 5 which are perceived by the sensor 7, which converts the measured value in the control signal and affects the controller 8 of the supply air-fuel mixture, proportionally increasing the flow rate of the combustible mixture and increasing the power of the engine 1.The next time you change the ratio of muscular energy and mechanical energy from the internal combustion engine 1, for example, by reducing the torque of muscular force applied to the pedal mechanism 4, respectively, decreases and the tension of the endless chain mixture in the engine 1, reducing developed engine power.If necessary for the mode of driving a moped only the engine 1, the sensor 7, the tension of the endless chain 5 foot drive can be disconnected when this regulation engine power will be Autonomous, as in the known devices, for example, by directly influencing the feed gas mixture using the lever of the throttle valve of the carburetor (not shown).In accordance with the inventive power control mechanical drive moped is directly proportional to the force applied to the pedal mechanism can be carried out with the motor or engine that uses a different, for example, the stored energy. 1. The method of regulating the power of the engine of the moped, working together with the pedal actuator, in which the change of the flow of the air-fuel mixture is performed on condition that the transferred pedal actuator, characterized in that the supply air-fuel mixture change is directly proportional to the force applied to the pedal drive.2. Moped containing the engine and associated transmission to freewheel leading Colnago stroke of the driving wheel, characterized in that the endless chain pedal actuator is equipped with a tension sensor associated with the supply regulator air-fuel mixture of the engine and having the ability to disable.
FIELD: transport engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to foot drive of electric transmission. Proposed small-size vehicle for individual use has base 1 with two driving wheels 3 connected through belts 29 of variable-speed drive with two electric motors 27 supplied by battery 8 and/or generators 11 with possibility of recuperation. Base 1 is hinge-connected with one- or two-axle bogie 4 with two generators 11. Generator armatures are rotated by pedals 14 provided with spiral rods 17 with pull-back springs 17 or equipped with levers and gears for rotating the armature.
EFFECT: increased distance covered without charging.
12 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: transport engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to cars with transmission and friction roller engaging with periphery of driving wheel. Drive of driving wheel 2 is either hand and/or mechanical, being secured on load bearing frame by lever. Guide wheel 13 is used for hand drive with outer surface in form of torus and made of friction material, and for mechanical drive, in form of profiled roller 14 with outer surface made of friction material. Driving wheel 2 is provided with rim 12 of drive which is made for hand drive in form of ring with concave part, and for mechanical drive, outer surface of driving wheel 2 is used as rim. Load-bearing frame 16 secured on base 5 is provided with bent upwards posts 17 made of section material. Lever arranged on one of posts 17 is secured from side of driving wheel 2 to thrust against section web of post 17, both when guide wheel 13 of guide roller 14 is released from drive rim and pressed to drive rim. Steering wheel 7 is fitted on posts 17 of load-bearing frame 16 for turning around vertical axle, being furnished with control arm arranged horizontally.
EFFECT: reduced force required for rolling the car.
4 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: transport engineering; muscular drives.
SUBSTANCE: in transport vehicle, for instance, biocycle or boat, provision is made for measuring frequency of rotation of pedal and torque developed by man for power meter. Control system is functionally coupled with device for changing motor power and it changes motor power from zero to preset maximum vale at changing of power developed by man in range from nonzero minimum value to maximum value. Man can manually set limits of power range developed by man.
EFFECT: provision of operation under any conditions of movement at comfort load range.
FIELD: cargo velomobiles.
SUBSTANCE: proposed four-wheel velomobile has frame (1) with treadle drive (5) made in form of angle framework whose height does exceed wheel diameter; cargo compartments, driver's seat and mounting seat for auxiliary engine (2) are formed by means of longitudinal and transversal angle-pieces; brackets for spring-loaded wheels are mounted on the outside. Kinematic joints of handle-bar drive, steering linkage and rear axle suspension are made in form of forks, inserts with perpendicular holes, axles and rods ensuring compact joint of movable perpendicular rotary and screw pairs. Auxiliary clutch for engagement of auxiliary engine is made in form of bush and holder; holder has recesses and bush is provided with three pairs swivel spring-loaded pawls inclined to opposite sides; drive for engagement of bush and holder is made in form of taper bush mounted coaxially in bush and in holder, as well as balls radially movable relative to bush for action on pawls.
EFFECT: light weight of cargo-hoisting frame.