Inertial hydrolytically transformer torque

 

(57) Abstract:

Usage: engineering. The inventive inertial transformer torque contains a switching mechanism in the form of a drive shaft connected to the unbalanced cargo units of the torque Converter, one link of which is installed on the driven shaft. Two-dimensional hydraulic machines with closed loop circulation with non-return valves mounted on the housing. Central wheel differential mechanism associated with volumetric hydraulic machines and with the leading links of the two friction elements. The slave units of the friction elements associated with the case. Hydraulic mechanisms include friction elements associated with pressurised mains volume of hydraulic machines. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 1 Il.

The invention relates to mechanical engineering and can be used as an automatic continuously variable transformer torque in the various mechanisms and machines, in particular in vehicles.

Known inertial hydrolytically transformers torque, providing automatic stepless transform torque. is s large working volumes of hydraulic machines, which correspondingly increases the size of the transfer.

The aim of the invention is to reduce the size and improve the reliability of transmission. For this kinematic chain introduced two friction element, leading the links which are related to the Central wheel differential mechanism, and the driven - with the body, and hydraulic mechanisms include friction elements associated with pressurised mains volume of hydraulic machines, which provides automatic switching of the hydraulic clutch when the pressure in the pressure lines volumetric hydraulic machines and automatic shut-off when removing the pressure during periods of free play.

The drawing shows a kinematic diagram of the inertial hydrodiffusion transformer torque.

Inertial hydrolytically transformer torque contains a switching mechanism in the form of a drive shaft 1 connected to the unbalanced freight links 2 (as the latter can be gear-satellites with an unbalanced mass) of the torque Converter, one link of which 3 are installed on the driven shaft. The volume of hydraulic machines 4 is connected to the link 3 and the clutch 5, which is Helaman 7. The differential mechanism is in the form of the Central toothed wheel 8, balanced gears-9 satellites, carrier 10, the Central toothed wheel 11 connected to the clutch 12, activated by hydraulic mechanism 13 and check valve 14. Driven shaft 15 is connected with the working elements of the machine. The volume of hydraulic machines 16 through gear 17 is connected with the Central toothed wheel 11 of the differential mechanism. All components of the transformer is placed in the housing 18.

While applying rotation to the drive shaft 1 of the engine (not shown), resulting in the effect of unbalanced freight links 2, link 3 is generated alternating inertial torque. Under the action of positive momentum moment of inertia of the hydraulic machines 16 and the clutch 12 through the check valve 14 to stop the Central gear wheel 11 of the differential mechanism. The Central gear wheel 8 rotates satellites 9, which obkatyvalisj on a fixed gear wheel 11 and rotate the carrier 10, the driven shaft 15 and the working elements of the machine.

Under the action of negative momentum moment of inertia of the hydraulic machines 4 and the clutch 5 through the check valve 7 ostanavlivaemsya cargo units 2, rotate drive shaft 1, obkatyvalisj on a stationary element 3, creating it a negative pulse inertial torque transmitted to the housing 18. Driven shaft together with the working elements of the machine during this period is rotating by inertia. Drove 10 associated with the driven shaft 15 causes the satellites 9 differential mechanism to our teams on a fixed Central wheel 8 to rotate idle Central gear wheel 11 together with the leading elements of the clutch 12 and the volumetric hydraulic machines 16.

This embodiment of the transformer, through the use of the hydraulic clutch automatic fluid pressure in the pressure lines volumetric hydraulic machines, reduces the working volume and the dimensions of the latter and to improve the transmission reliability by reducing the load of its parts.

1. Inertial hydrolytically transformer torque, comprising a housing, a switching mechanism in the form of a drive shaft connected to the unbalanced cargo units of the torque Converter, one link of which is installed on the driven shaft, fixed to the body two dimensional hydraulic machines with closed loop circulation with non-return valves, and is it provided with friction elements, leading the links which are related to the Central wheel differential mechanism, and the driven - with the case.

2. The transformer under item 1, characterized in that the hydraulic mechanisms include friction elements associated with pressurised mains volume of hydraulic machines.

 

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