Pulsed power plant chekunova
(57) Abstract:Pulse setting can be used to convert thermal energy into mechanical energy in various sectors: power, power, etc. this unit contains the evaporator, condenser, motor and circuits, the supply and discharge of the working body. Torsion element of the motor - rotor has a circular solid cross-section, and the outer perimeter evenly made rectangular grooves, the supply and discharge paths connected to the engine through holes for supplying and discharging the working fluid, is made in the case on tangents to its outer perimeter with the possibility of combining with the slots of the rotor. And at the evaporator outlet and the entrance to it, is in communication with the inlet and outlet of the working body contours, respectively, set the choke, and choke the supply circuit has a larger diameter than the orifice of the discharge circuit. 1 C.p. f-crystals. 3 Il. The invention relates to the field of engine development for the energy, aviation, space exploration, etc.A device for converting electromagnetic laser energy into heat and then into mechanical work 
Converter atom connects to the pump, and the other is connected with the boiler, rotating at the upper end of the standpipe, a current source, a flash tube, the laser beam generator which emits a laser beam, the focusing of the laser beam, boiler, consisting of a composite torsion element and United with him torsion elements with nozzles that have a surface compensation pair and a number of other support elements.The operation of the transducer is as follows.Through the input device, water is pumped into a pressurized pipe, and then into the boiler.Meanwhile, turns on the laser system and the beam is sent in the direction of the boiler, there is a rapid heating of the water, its evaporation, the increase in vapor pressure, which is due to expire under high pressure and high velocity through the nozzle actuator, there is a torque working torque torsion element in the collection with a fixed device with him PTO.The disadvantages of such devices include: the complexity of the design, the use of water (steam) as the working fluid leads to large power consumption (when heated to 374oC 1 kg/s of water requires approximately 4500 kJ of energy), which dramatically reduces the effect of the laser generator. All this complicates the design is Etiketka installation, containing an evaporator connected to the source of heat, the condenser and the engine including a housing and a torsion element of the rotor and connected to the evaporator and condenser circuits, the supply and discharge of the working body, structurally United in one common closed loop 
The disadvantages of this setup is complex in structure, low efficiency.The objective of the invention is to increase the efficiency and simultaneous simplification of the structure.This problem is solved due to the fact that the torsion element, the motor rotor has a circular solid cross-section, and the outer perimeter evenly made rectangular grooves, the supply and discharge paths connected to the engine through holes for supplying and discharging the working fluid, is made in the case on tangents to its outer perimeter with the possibility of combining with the slots of the rotor. And at the evaporator outlet and the entrance to it, is in communication with the inlet and outlet of the working body contours, respectively, set the choke, and choke the supply circuit has a larger diameter than the orifice of the discharge path.The invention is illustrated by drawings, where Fig. 1 shows the principle of the Naya system includes a source of thermal energy, made in the form of the evaporator 1, the circuit 6 for supplying a working fluid to the pulse motor to the junction box 5, the very pulse of the motor housing 8 and the torsion element is a rotor 7, the circuit 9 for draining the working fluid, a condenser 10, a valve 11 for communication circuits 6 and 9. The installation includes a pipe 12 connecting the capacitor 10 with the evaporator 1 through the orifice 13. At the outlet of the evaporator 1 has the throttle 2, the diameter of which is larger than the diameter of the throttle 13 installed at the entrance to the evaporator 1. At the entrance to the pipe 4 connecting the evaporator 1 with box 5, installed shut-off valve 3.Pulsed power plant Chekunova works as follows.Working fluid (refrigerant or liquefied gas, or any gas and the fluid in the evaporator 1) receives a certain quantity of heat from an external source of energy. The heated working fluid, expanding, i.e., turning into a gas increases its volume, but as the volume of the evaporator 1 is constant, the pressure of the working fluid increases. After passing through the reactor 2, when opening the shut-off valve 3, the working fluid enters the pipe 4 and then to the junction box 5 circuit 6 for supplying rabochee 1/4 turn separate torsion elements a and b are connected with the circuit 9 for draining the working fluid, and compressed before working the body, completing a work cycle of rotation of the rotor 7, is moved in the circuit 9, turning from a gaseous state into a liquid, and is accumulated in the capacitor 10, which gives off some heat, until then, until you reach the valve 11 to pass the working fluid through the pipeline 12 and the orifice 13 of smaller section to the condenser 1.This full duty cycle pulse installation ends, then is repeated several times. The workflow is on the reverse Carnot cycle.Additionally it should be noted that the working fluid is in a gaseous state from positions 2-6 up to the individual torsion elements a and b of the rotor 7. After the scroll of the rotor 7, i.e., doing the work of rotation of the rotor and exit of the working fluid in the circuit 9 of the outlet of the working fluid, its condition, mainly liquid mixed with the gaseous working medium. The cooling in the condenser 10, i.e., the impact of heat, helps to ensure the liquefaction of the working fluid, which is supplied via a valve 11 in the pipe 12 and the capacitor 1.Pulse plant can be used as an energy power plant in various industries. 1. Pulse energy ustanovka and torsional element is the rotor and connected to the evaporator and condenser circuits, inlet and outlet of the working body, structurally combined in a single closed loop, wherein the torsion element is the motor rotor has a circular solid cross-section, and the outer perimeter evenly made rectangular grooves, the supply and discharge paths connected to the engine through holes for supplying and discharging the working fluid, is made in the case on tangents to its outer perimeter with the possibility of combining with the slots of the rotor.2. Installation under item 1, characterized in that the evaporator outlet and the entrance to it, is in communication with the inlet and outlet of the working body contours, respectively, set the choke, and choke the supply circuit has a larger diameter than the orifice of the discharge circuit.
FIELD: power engineering; steam turbines.
SUBSTANCE: invention can be used at mounting of heavy-weight condensers of steam turbines connected with several exhaust ports of steam turbine low-pressure cylinders. Invention can be used also at servicing and subsequent adjusting of steam turbines especially, high-power ones. Invention improves reliability and increases economy of turbine in operation owing to decreasing excess loads on exhaust parts of low-pressure cylinders and support foundation plates of exhaust parts from side of condenser, decreasing friction forces along support surfaces of low-pressure cylinders, deformation of supports, formation of cracks and increasing vibration stability of turboset at different loads and modes of operation. According to proposed method of mounting of steam turbine condenser connected with several exhaust ports of low-pressure cylinders including assembling, preliminary truing, welding of connecting branch pipes and fixing in space by means of calibrated setting strips under springs. After operation of turboset under load, position of condenser in space is corrected to reduce load on support belt of low-pressure cylinders by disconnecting exhaust branch pipes of turbine and condenser, filling condenser with water of designed mass, placing inserts between upper and lower branch pipes of designed mass, placing inserts between upper and lower branch pipes and subsequent connection of branch pipes of turbine and condenser. Disconnected condenser is filled with water whose mass corresponds to designed load ΔG taken from low-pressure cylinder which is determined by value of compression Δh of spring unit under each support of condenser, basing on its rigidity characteristic K. ΔG removed from low-pressure cylinder is =ΣΔh x K. Estimation of loads on support belt of low-pressure cylinders in process of complex tests is carried out by displacement pickups checking compression of spring under all supports of condenser, and grade pickups on built-in supports of low-pressure cylinders operating at continuous monitoring by means of processor-based devices.
EFFECT: improved reliability end economy of turbine.
2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: the invention refers to the field of heating engineering namely to power installations.
SUBSTANCE: According to the first variant the engine of boiling has a furnace chamber, a drum, a batcher, a collector switched to the drum. At that the furnace chamber with the drum are united in a common metallic body fulfilled with one removable wall, at that the axis of the drum is located horizontally, inside the drum there is a working member in the shape of a shaft leaning with its ends on the bearings installed in the center of each wall of the body from the inner side along the horizontal axis, on the shaft there are firmly fastened in parallel with the axis the planes of blades and a cog-wheel, at that the blades are fulfilled in the shape of metallic plates between which there are mounted metallic partitions forming a ring capacity filled with air and symmetrical to the axis, the steam collector is located outside of the drum. According to the second variant the engine of boiling has a furnace chamber, a drum, a batcher switched to the drum, a collector, at that the furnace chamber with the drum are united in a common metallic body, at that the axis of the drum is located vertically in the center of the bottom and bearings are installed from the inner side of the lid, inside the drum there is a working member in the shape of a shaft whose ends lean on the bearings, on the shaft axis there firmly fastened under an angle to the axis the plates of the blades in the shape of a screw, around the shaft symmetrically to its axis there is a ring capacity filled with air. near the drum there is a hot water collector communicating with it through a launder in the upper part and through the collector in the low part. The working medium in the engine of boiling is water-steam mixture.
EFFECT: the invention allows use kinetic energy of boiling water for fulfillment of mechanical work.
FIELD: mechanical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the field of industry and ship power engineering, predominantly to transport and stationary steam-turbine plants. The design layout of turbine sets and exhausted steam condensing plant includes the main turbine, isolated generator turbines, transonic jet condensing plants of mixing type - condensate transonic jet pimps built in housings of devices for exhaust stem bleeding from turbine sets, and combined remote condensate collector.
EFFECT: invention makes possible, while keeping constant steam turbine power, to exclude conventional stem components of the main condenser with piping for turbine sets exhaust stem condensing from design layout, to lower weight of unit equipment, reduce its volume by (36÷50) % and to improve reliability of exhaust stem condensing system.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to electric energy generation system using ecologically clean energy-solar and external steam hybrid electric energy generation system. System comprises solar steam generator outlet end of which is connected to inlet (3) of high pressure steam of turbine (2) through first control valve (18), steam outlet end of external controller (15) of steam is connected to inlet (3) of high pressure steam of turbine (2) through second control valve (20) and second switching valve (19), outlet (4) of low pressure steam turbine unit (2) is connected to inlet end of condensation device (5), while its outlet end is connected to inlet end of deaerator (6), its outlet end is connected to inlet end of pump (7) for supply of water, its outlet end is connected to inlet end of return water of solar steam generator through first switching valve (16), and the outlet end of pump (7) is additionally connected with bypass (11) of return water of external steam through fourth switching valve (23). System further includes tank (9) for storage of soft water.
EFFECT: invention enables using waste heat of industrial production for elimination of dependence on weather and unstable and intermittent concentration of heat solar radiation.
6 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: heat power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: proposed energy producing method includes preparation of water, heating of water in boiler to obtain saturated steam, getting of superheated steam in steam superheater, conversion of steam energy into rotation of steam turbine coupled with electric generator, conversion of waste steam into water in condenser by cooling water flow, obtaining thermal energy from cooling water flow in additional heat exchanger by acting onto heat exchanger by snow mass turned into snow-melt water which is then used as boiler water.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of thermal power station, reduced amount of chemical required to prepare boiler water, reduced chemical contamination of water objects included into technological process.
3 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: heat power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to alternative technologies, particularly, to recovery of heat of gases. Methods is proposed of recovery of heat of gases whose velocity can be lower than 50 m/s including removal of gas flow and directing it inside heat exchanger device along supply branch pipe with cross section in zone of connection different from that of heat exchange device, passing of said flow between heat transfer devices arranged inside heat exchanger device, transmission of heat from gas to working liquid circulating inside heat transfer devices which are divided into separate sections with increasing number of heat transfer devices from one section to adjacent one as gas flows. Flow of working liquid is transmitted in succession from section to section of heat transfer devices in direction opposite to flow of exhaust gases, summary hydrodynamic resistance of heat transfer devices of each section being similar. Velocity of gas flow passing through sections of heat exchange device is maintained optimum owing to reduction of live section of heat exchange device in each section and/or increase in number of heat transfer devices in each section. Condensate accumulating in heat exchange device is periodically drained.
EFFECT: considerable decrease of overall dimensions of used heat exchange device, reduced cost of said device and enlarged sphere of its application.
FIELD: engines and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: invention proposes device and method of noise absorption that allow reducing fluid drag in wide channels. Proposed device incorporates at least one diffuser with aerodynamic profile reducing fluid drag inside air-cooled turbine outlet channel.
EFFECT: lower drag.
12 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: motors and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: noise-reducing device and reduction method for aerodynamic noise and structural vibrations resulting from water steam operating in air-cooled condensers at power plants. Interacting flow between splitters creates aerodynamic noise and structural vibrations to be eliminated to the maximum extent by means of fluid flow obstruction in splitters through the selected flow sections. The splitters contain a set of discs with channels for fluid. Fluid channels are blocked in continuous and non-separated sections of splitter to guide radial flow to the side of adjacent splitters. This allows for eliminating interacting flow. The said method, splitter and noise-reducing device help to reduce aerodynamic noise and structural vibrations resulting from turbine by-passing.
EFFECT: reduced aerodynamic noise and structural vibrations.
19 cl, 18 dwg
FIELD: engineering industry.
SUBSTANCE: system configuration method is proposed. Method involves steps at which multiple sprinklers are manufactured, each of which has central axis and outer diameter. Each of multiple sprinklers is located so that ratio of distance between central axes of each sprinkler to outer diameter of each sprinkler can exceed the specified value. Increase of that ratio leads to decrease of produced noise. The proposed method allows reducing noise level which is created by fluid medium passing through multiple sprinkles.
EFFECT: reducing noise level which is created by fluid medium passing through multiple sprinklers.
15 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: electricity, mechanical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to turbine steam condensing method. Exhausted turbine steam is supplied for condensing to air-cooled condenser. Condensate accumulated in condenser is preliminary heated in condensate heating stage before directing it to turbine preevaporator. Condensate is heated by means of turbine steam partial flow. Degasifier for makeup water degasifying treatment is included in parallel to condensate heating stage.
EFFECT: invention allows to minimise condensate overcooling and at the same time to raise power station efficiency.
7 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: turboset comprises a condensation steam turbine communicated via an exhaust nozzle with a condenser. In the exhaust nozzle there is a corona-forming ioniser and a thermoelectric cooler installed in series and connected to controlled sources of supply. The unit of supply sources control is arranged with the possibility to maintain output electric parameters of supply sources in compliance with required process parameters, sensors of which are connected to the control unit input.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase efficiency of a turboset due to reduction of dependence between a condensation process and flow rate and temperature of a cooling water arriving into a condenser.
2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: heat exchange complex of a steam turbine plant comprises a system of main condenser cooling, which comprises the following components serially connected with a cooling pipeline: an ice box, a circulating pump, the main condenser and a drain box, and also a condensate system comprising the main condenser, a condensate pump, a low-pressure feedwater heater and a deaerator, serially connected with a condensate pipeline, besides, the main condenser cooling system is arranged as closed and is equipped with an off-board heat exchanger installed in the ice box. Also the main condenser cooling system comprises a closed circuit of secondary coolant, which is equipped with a low-pressure feedwater heater of the condensate system.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase energy efficiency of a vessel.
4 cl, 1 dwg