Seal trays cultivation facilities
(57) Abstract:Usage: the invention relates to agriculture, in particular to the greenhouses for the production of vegetables. The inventive seal trays cultivation facility contains two fixing plates 4 and 5, United face each other. The clamping plates 4 and 5, the outer surface forming a cylindrical surface, and the plate is installed pregnate one to another. 2 Il. The invention relates to agriculture, in particular to the greenhouses for the production of vegetables and seedlings.Known seal trays for cultivation of plants containing two clamping plates, one of the ends of which are interconnected.The disadvantage of this seal is the low efficiency of sealing joints tray with glass.The challenge to create a seal for sealing the joint between the tray with glass greenhouses with a high quality seal.The problem is solved by the present invention. The seal trays for cultivation of plants containing two clamping plates, one of the ends of which are interconnected, according to the Tina installed pregnate one to another.The execution of seal for the trays, the outer surfaces of the plates which together with the connection form a cylindrical surface, and the plate is installed pregnate one to another, will allow you to create an optimal, more rational form of a sealant, to enhance its elastic properties and strength, to improve the fixing of the seal on the tray, to improve the quality seal.The inventive seal trays for cultivation of plants containing two clamping plates, one of the ends of which are interconnected, is different from the known, taken as a prototype, so that the outer surfaces of the plates together with the connection form a cylindrical surface, and the plate is installed pregnate one to another. Comparable analysis of the claimed solution with the known leads to the conclusion that the proposed technical solution meets the patentability criteria of "novelty."Of patent and technical literature is not known seal trays for cultivation of plants containing two fixing plates, the ends connected together and the outer surface of which form a cylindrical surface, and plastock greenhouses. Thus, the proposed solution meets the patentability criteria of "inventive step".The proposed solution is feasible and can be used in agriculture greenhouses for vegetable production, will increase the effectiveness of the seal, to reduce heat loss during operation of greenhouses. Thus, the proposed solution meets the patentability criteria of "industrial applicability".In Fig. 1 depicts a node adjacency glass to the tray of the greenhouse of Fig. 2 - sealer prior to installation in the operating position.Sealing the node adjacency glass 1 roof barriers to the tray 2 greenhouses made with molded gasket 3 made of rubber or polymer containing two fixing plates 4, 5, end 6 connected to each other. The outer surface of the plates 4, 5 together with the connection form a cylindrical surface, and the plate is made pregnate to each other with the formation of the groove 6. Position 7 marked the flared tray 2 greenhouses. The glazing of the roof first seal 3 is mounted onto the tray 3, putting it on the frame 7 of the tray and the locking between the plates 4, 5 in the groove 6. For the tion of the proposed seal for sealing trays greenhouses will increase the efficiency and quality seals and to reduce these heat losses during operation of the greenhouse. Seal trays for cultivation of plants containing two clamping plates, one of the ends of which are connected, characterized in that the outer surface of the plates together with the connection form a cylindrical surface, and the plate is installed pregnate one to another.
SUBSTANCE: block is composed of transparent cylindrical cups produced by cutting off of throats from used plastic bottles. Columns of cups are positioned tightly one aside the other into frame equipped with device for attachment to other similar frame. Frame has plates arranged in lower and upper part of frame and provided with beads. Restricting plates are arranged at both sides of frame. One of plates is made movable and connected by side couplers to immovable plate.
EFFECT: simplified building of hothouses and greenhouses of different shape and sizes.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, constructions for protected ground.
SUBSTANCE: greenhouse has carcass for longitudinal walls, end panels and roof, light-transparent material for covering carcass openings, with part of carcass openings being adapted for closing and opening to provide for ventilation of green house interior, and drive for unit adapted to provide for automatic ventilation. Carcass openings are made in the form of air vents. Drive for automatic ventilation unit is equipped with system of levers pivotally secured to one another and to air vent flaps and rigidly fixed on member for securing of vacuum pipe with counterweight.
EFFECT: simplified construction and increased efficiency in creating of advantageous conditions.
SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in greenhouses and other sheltered ground constructions. Proposed guard for greenhouse containing multiple-layer guard with air spacer and glass roof, light transparent polymeric air bottles are placed between layers. Edges of film panels are fixed in detachable semirigid combination cords and are secured in sockets found on roof of greenhouse. Thanks to it control of heat protective characteristics of roof depending on weather conditions is provided.
EFFECT: reduced labor input when mounting film coating on roof of greenhouse.
5 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: covering and packaging materials.
SUBSTANCE: covering synthetic material is three-layer polyethylene film. Two layers define hermetically sealed cylindrical cavities secured with each other along generatrix lines. Third flat layer is attached to cylinders along tangent generatrix lines. Return valve is built into each of said cylinders for filling, retaining and relieving of air. On maximal filling of cylinders with air, material obtains constructional properties helpful in constructing of flat and three-dimensional temporary sheds providing "hot-house" effect. Upon complete relieving of air from cylinders, material is wound into compact roll.
EFFECT: improved heat-insulating and physical properties of material without affecting solar radiation permeability.
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, plant growing in protected ground.
SUBSTANCE: greenhouse has at least one greenhouse unit equipped with irrigation device. Greenhouse unit has ventilation device and soil heating device. Automatic control system for controlling said devices has at least one temperature sensor and at least one moisture content sensor, whose outputs are connected through amplifiers-converters to part of inputs of arithmetic-logic device adapted for receiving signals generated by said sensors, comparing resulting data with control data and generating control signals for switching-on said devices. Other part of arithmetic-logic device inputs is connected to outputs of replaceable permanent memory unit wherein program for selected climatic zone and program for growing of selected plant of this climatic zone are recorded. Third part of inputs is connected to position outputs for members of said devices, whose inputs are connected through control unit and amplifiers-converters to outputs of arithmetic-logic device and to inputs of indication unit. Voltage of 12 V is supplied to automatic control unit.
EFFECT: increased efficiency in growing wide range of plants of any climatic zone with automatic system for controlling of irrigation, ventilation and heating procedures.
5 cl, 6 dwg