The method of manufacture of timber products and timber products (options)

 

(57) Abstract:

The method of manufacturing of wooden products includes the conversion of logs 10, which cut each log 10 longitudinally and diametrically at right angles into equal segments-quarter of the 12 logs, place the segments quarter 12 so that the arcuate surfaces of the segments facing the inside one another, and a flat cutting surface 20, 22 are located with the formation of rectangular cross-section. Situated thus, segments quarters together. Devices 46, 50, 56 aligns the alignment and securing of the converted logs together. The supporting elements 60 delivered into the space between the segments quarters. Hard apoplastically insulation may be introduced into the space between the segments. Received and converted logs or timber products are used as beams, columns or parts bearing walls. 3 C. I. 6 C.p. f-crystals. 18 Il.

The present invention relates to woodworking industry, and more specifically to a method of manufacturing timber products logs and most timber products.

A known method of manufacture of timber products, including razdelennogo into quarters, at the required intervals, the Assembly of segments logs, divided into quarters so that the arcuate surfaces of the four quarters facing each other, and the longitudinal surfaces of the cut out and form a configuration with a rectangular cross-section [1].

In addition, it is known log device, including a single beam, longitudinally separated by two diametrically cuts, and these cuts are made at right angles one to the other for the formation of the four segments in the form of quarters from each log and means fastening together the four quarters of the segments logs, and four quarter-segment logs are located so that the arcuate surfaces of the four segments facing one another so that each surface section four segments are turned so that the cross-sectional profile is rectangular [1].

It is also known log product, comprising four equal size rectangular elongated segments, cut symmetrically and longitudinally of logs, and the remaining Central part of the logs are suitable sawn lumber beams, boards, bars and other structural elements, and means for skrepl the e surface of the segments facing inward towards each other and each surface of the cut segments turned out the cross-sectional profile of the converted log product is rectangular [1].

However, the known method of obtaining timber products and the resulting products have the disadvantage that they have a low insulating properties. In addition, in the crevices at the joints such timber products accumulate dust and dirt. Additional measures associated with improved insulating properties of buildings made from known timber products, lead to an increase in the value of buildings and the loss of aesthetic properties of the interior. To obtain the well-known log-products of large size are used logs of large diameter, which increases their cost and weight. The technical result of the present invention is to provide such a method of producing timber products and such timber products that allow you to use logs of small diameter for receiving the products of large size with great strength.

Additional technical result is to increase the insulating properties of wood products.

In addition, the technical result of the present invention is to provide a log prod the results achieved by in the method of manufacture of timber products, including sawing logs longitudinally, and the diameter into four equal rectangular segment, cutting the logs, divided into quarters, at the required intervals, the Assembly of segments logs, divided into quarters so that the arcuate surfaces of the four quarters facing each other, and the longitudinal surfaces of the cut out and form a configuration with a rectangular cross-section, in accordance with the invention, the beam clear of twigs and bark, and in the inner space intervals along the collected pieces of logs, cut into quarters, insert and fix the posted reference elements.

After the transverse cutting is divided into quarter sections logs can be treated with preservatives, and/or kiln dried and/or treated on their surface planer.

The internal space formed when the Assembly is cut into quarter sections logs rectangular configuration, may be filled with insulating and reinforcing means.

In addition, the technical results can be achieved due to the fact that the log device, including at least about the Glami one another for the formation of the four segments in the form of quarters from each log and means fastening together the four quarters of the segments logs, with four quarter-segment logs are located so that the arcuate surfaces of the four segments facing one another so that each surface section four segments facing outwards so that the profile cross-section is rectangular, according to the invention is equipped with support elements, corresponding to the curves of the curved surfaces of the four quarter segments and attached thereto by means of the fastening means, and the supporting elements spaced apart in the introduction and the internal space between quarters segments at intervals along collected four quarters of the segments logs, one-quarter segment of a log can have one separate and flat cut surface of the two surfaces between the corners connecting the arcuate surface with obtaining a flat surface perpendicular to the other of the surfaces of the slice.

The product can be provided with an insulating and reinforcing means located in the inner space between quarters segments logs and bonded with the segments with the formation of a unitary product, and heat-insulating and reinforcing means can be performed either from predvaritel of extruded phenoplastic, corresponding in shape and size of the internal space, or free from insulating particles, or free from insulating particles held in a vapor-barrier plastic film bags, or fiberglassed elements, or of concrete, or concrete reinforced with rebar.

Product may be equipped with means for leveling, alignment and bonding together of the segments is divided into quarters of logs and timber products.

The product may be provided with a means for mutual closures of any two log items in any direction.

Technical results can be achieved due to the fact that log product, comprising four equal size rectangular elongated segments, cut symmetrically and longitudinally of logs, and the remaining Central part of the logs are suitable sawn lumber beams, boards, bars and other structural elements, and means for bonding four rectangular segments together, and the rectangular segments are positioned so that the arcuate surfaces of the segments facing inward towards each other and each surface of the cut segments of the unit, according to the invention is equipped with support elements, the corresponding curves of the curved surfaces of the four quarter segments and attached thereto by means of the fastening means, and the supporting elements spaced apart in the introduction and the internal space between the four segments at intervals along collected four quarters of the segments logs.

Hereinafter the invention will be explained in detail with reference to the drawings, which is given in Fig. 1 is a view of the end of the log to be cut and the conversion in accordance with the present invention; Fig. 2 is a partial perspective view (extended) log according to Fig. 1, after it is sawn into quarters and changed the orientation of its segments; Fig. 3 is a partial perspective view of the hard penoplastovomu extruder for use as insulating core in the implementation of the present invention; Fig. 4 is a view in section and in perspective segments of the log of Fig. 2, combined with panicstream in Fig. 3 with the formation of a complete rectangular piece of treated wood (lumber), representing preferred variant of the invention; Fig. 5 is a view in cross section (separated) two horizontal walls; Fig. 6 is a view in cross section of two pieces of treated lumber, similar to that shown in Fig. 4, but with the addition of the fastening means; Fig. 7 is a view in cross section of two pieces of treated wood, similar to the view of Fig. 4, but with the addition of the alignment and locking means; Fig. 8 is a perspective view of two segments of the log of Fig. 7, with one rotated backwards to align diameter from one end of the original logs to its other end; Fig. 9 is a perspective view of a piece of treated lumber with two of the four segments that are offset along the length to ensure the closing means for the two side pieces attached to the treated lumber; Fig. 10 is a bottom view (plan) on a piece of treated lumber in Fig. 9; Fig. 11 is a view of the end face in perspective of another embodiment of the product according to the present invention; Fig. 12 - section I-I in Fig. 11; Fig. 13 - face the prospect of another version of the product according to the present invention; Fig. 14 - section II-II in Fig 13, Fig. 15 - face the prospect of another version; Fig. 16 is a simple product form of the present invention; Fig. 17 is a diagram showing the sequence of operations that characterize the stage of alternative ways change is exploring the method according to the present invention. Fig. 1 and 2 show purified from the bark and twigs of the beam 1, which is treated first by its longitudinal separation on a quarter-segments 2 by means of two cuts along its diameter at right angles along the planes 3 and 4. During this same operation may be carried out finishing cuts on the planes 5, 5', parallel to the plane 3, as shown; it is obvious that a similar finishing cuts can be made and in planes parallel to the plane 4. After that, a quarter of a log can be treated with preservatives or by soaking or impregnation under pressure, and then dried in an oven to provide a spatial stability (Fig. 17). As is shown in Fig. 3, when a quarter-segments 2 is rotated so that the perpendicular to the surface of sections 6 and 7 facing outwards, and each decorated flat surface 8 facing the other surface is achieved rectangular cross-sectional configuration with a second finishing cut above configuration is achieved with a square cross-section).

A preferred variant of the present invention uses a hard penoplastikovye extrudate 9 in Fig. 3 as a core for zapolneniya concave surfaces, encountered one another on the kinks (the ledges) 11. The upper and lower ends of the concave surface 12, as shown, ends and are connected by horizontal surfaces 13. The extrudate 9 can be performed with a centrally located hole (channel) 14 as a passage for cables, wires, pipes or similar When the elements 2 and 9, shown in Fig. 2 and 3, combined with traditional methods attach (glue, adhesives, plus the heat/pressure, bolts, screws, etc. not shown), then get ready a piece of treated timber products 15 shown in Fig. 4.

Timber products 15a in Fig. 5 similar to a log item 15 in Fig. 4, but the elements 15a have insulation core foamed material 9a shifted so that the formed spikes 16, protruding and grooves 17 extending inwards for interoperability elements 15a during the construction of the wall, or as shown, or vertically-arranged products 15a.

In Fig. 6 elements of timber products 15b are identical to the elements of the product 15, except that there is an extra pins 18, the channels 19 (holes), and the pins 20. The pins 18 are installed between quarters 12b in the Assembly of product components 15b to strengthen them; ka is OSU glue when assembling the walls, to ensure alignment and registration, as well as to improve communication between each pair of elements of timber products 15b.

Elements of timber products 15c shown in Fig. 7, contain a quarter of 2c, each of which is made with longitudinal grooves 21 and 22 for fastening means 23 and 24, respectively. Fastening elements 23 corresponding to the shape of the grooves 21, are used for alignment, insulation, hashbarger and means of fixation quarters 2C within each element timber products 15C; fastening elements 24 perform the same functions between elements of timber products 15C, when they are used in the construction of the wall.

Fig. 8 illustrates two quarters segment 2C, which slightly taper along its length. The top element 2C, as shown, tapers from left to right, and the bottom element to the contrary. During Assembly, the other narrow two quarters logs mutually destroyed and the result is a uniform rectangular cross-section, when this couple quarters 2C put together and attach to it the second pair oriented in this way.

Funds mutual closure of the converted logs with their Assembly end into the end face shown Eugen two quarters 2d, allowing the lateral (side) reciprocal circuit timber products 15d.

Log the product shown in Fig. 11 and 12, has a quarter 2e, bonded with each other and with spaced annular supports 25 by means of screws (screws) 26. The supporting elements 25 can be made of metal, plastic or wood, and can be attached to the quarters logs 2e traditional means different from those shown (adhesives, bolts, and so on). Space 10a formed between quarters 2e and extending between the support elements 25 may be filled with loose insulating particles 27 that are held within the structure of timber products through 15e paremoremo plastic film 28 covering the upper and lower openings 29 in the product 15e, can be applied end caps 30, and are attached optionally to one or both ends. Plastic aromarama film can be made of "Tyvek" (Reg.TM of E. I. Dupont de Nemours, Inc. , Wilmington, Del) or its equivalent. Fiberglass elements (not shown) can replace the insulating particles 27. Another version of the converted log product shown in Fig. 14 and 15, according to which the log product 15 f includes catche, the supporting elements 25f made of such a shape to match the curves of quarters 2f, facing the inside surfaces in space 10f between the supports 25f filled with pre-assembled packages 31 filled with insulating particles 27. Packages 31 correspond in shape and size to the spaces 10f and can be conveniently made from Tyvek or equivalent paremoremo film.

Fig. 15 shows a variant of the construction according to Fig. 13 and 14. Here the elements of timber products 15q have supporting elements 25q, which is offset in two directions relative to the quarters 2q to provide each element 15q protruding tenon 32 and a corresponding groove 33 for reciprocal circuit converted logs during the construction of the wall. Available insulating particles 27 introduced by pouring their space 10q in the construction of the wall w, with the subsequent sealing of the filled spaces 10q paremoremo film 28, as shown in Fig. 11, and the end caps, as shown in Fig. 12 (not shown).

Simple running log of the product 15h illustrated in Fig. 16, whereby the quarter 2h, relatively smaller diameter than those used in the above warny lumber 15h, almost square in cross-section, can be used for the construction of interior walls or partitions, which can be installed as a permanent or temporary dividers or room, etc., Can be used as means of mutual circuit, alignment and bonding of the converted logs, which were described above for the other runs.

The process diagram in Fig. 17 describes the stages that must be taken when implementing alternative method according to the invention and obtaining a variety of wooden products according to it. In conjunction with the above description of the various options, Fig. 17 mostly clear by itself.

Log of the product according to the present invention have many advantages compared with conventional logs and processed according to the prior art. Since the beam diameter of 8 inches, for example, can be converted into finished timber product size 7 inches by 12 inches, which has properties sufficient for use for load-bearing external wall constructions, or as beams or columns, the cycle of growing tree used for takraw. The obtained smooth, attractive wooden surface of the walls inside and do not require any exterior cladding or overlay of dry plaster inside, which further lowers the cost of construction. Themselves timber products are much lighter in weight, easier and less expensive in terms of processing; they are stronger and create a wall with insulating properties in excess of such properties of traditional logs, which are almost twice as thick in diameter than the logs used to produce the converted log product of the present invention.

Fig. 18 illustrates the extension of the concepts and method according to the present invention for logs of large diameter than those which have been described above and were usually in the range of 6-9 inch diameter. Because thicker logs, obviously, require more time for their cultivation, the advantages of small losses or their absence during cutting, according to the present invention, make the converted logs obtained from them, economically desirable. As shown in Fig. 18, from logs 1 through symmetric cuts in perpendicular directions can be obtained in four equal segment 2, with pramostoyacha longitudinal pieces 34 and 35 logs 1i can be easily separated for use as a traditional beams, boards or other lumber with minimal waste.

The method of obtaining timber products, and then get him the items were described in detail. However, other combinations possible, replacement and alternative operations in the practice of the present invention without departing from its concepts, ideas and volume, which is defined and limited only by the attached claims.

1. The method of manufacture of timber products, including sawing logs longitudinally, and the diameter into four equal rectangular segment, cutting across the log that is divided into quarters, at the required intervals, the Assembly of segments logs, divided into quarters so that the arcuate surfaces of the four quarters facing each other, and the longitudinal surfaces of the cut out and form a configuration with a rectangular cross-section, characterized in that the beam clear of twigs and bark, and in the inner space intervals along the collected pieces of logs, cut into quarters, insert and fix the posted reference elements.

2. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that after the transverse cutting is divided into quarter sections brč the social machine.

3. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the internal space formed when the Assembly is cut into quarter sections logs rectangular configuration, fill insulation and reinforcing means.

4. Log device, including at least one beam, longitudinally separated by two diametrically cuts, and these cuts are made at right angles to one another for the formation of the four segments in the form of quarters from each of at least logs and means fastening together the four quarters of the segments logs, and four quarter-segment logs are located so that the arcuate surfaces of the four segments facing the inside one another so that each surface section four segments facing outwards so that the profile cross-section is rectangular, characterized in that it is provided with support elements, corresponding to the curves of the curved surfaces of the four quarter segments and attached thereto by means of the fastening means, and the supporting elements spaced apart in the introduction and the internal space between quarters segments at intervals along collected four quarters of segment is finished and the flat cut surface of the two surfaces between the corners, connecting the arcuate surface with obtaining a flat surface perpendicular to the other of the surfaces of the slice.

6. The product under item 6, characterized in that it is provided with a heat-insulating and reinforcing means located in the inner space between quarters segments logs and bonded with the segments with the formation of a unitary product, and heat-insulating and reinforcing means made or of phenoplastic, or from preformed rigid extruded of phenoplastic, corresponding in shape and size of the internal space, or free from insulating particles, or free from insulating particles held in provarennykh plastic film bags, or fiberglassed elements, or of concrete, or concrete reinforced with rebar.

7. The product under item 4, characterized in that it is provided with means for leveling, alignment and bonding together of the segments is divided into quarters of logs and timber products.

8. The product under item 4, characterized in that it is provided with means for mutual closures of any two log items in any direction.

9. americna and longitudinally of logs, moreover, the remaining Central part of the logs are suitable sawn lumber beams, boards, bars and other structural elements, and means for bonding four rectangular segments together, and the rectangular segments are positioned so that the arcuate surfaces of the segments facing inward towards each other and each surface of the cut segments facing outwards so that the cross sectional profile of the converted log product is rectangular, characterized in that it is provided with support elements, corresponding to the curves of the curved surfaces of the four quarter segments and attached thereto by means of the fastening means, moreover, the supporting elements spaced apart when introduced into the internal space between the four segments at intervals along collected four quarters of the segments logs.

 

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