Wind power installation
(57) Abstract:Usage: in the wind industry. The inventive wind power installation comprises a support, a rotary blade, the control device and the generator. On the support has a vertical shaft. The axis of rotation of the blades is placed on the consoles, mounted on a vertical shaft, and biased towards the leading edge of the blades. The control device is designed as rotation stops interacting with blades and pivotally mounted on brackets fixed on the consoles. One rotation stops installed with the possibility of centrifugal deflection, the second spring-loaded. The generator is kinematically connected with the shaft. 4 Il. The invention relates to wind energy, relates to wind turbines and can be used to convert wind energy into electric for production purposes.The invention improves the reliability and reduce the intensity of the wind energy installation.Known wind power installation, comprising a support mounted therein a vertical shaft. On the upper end of the shaft are arrows, which with the help of hinges pricehow, United with a common spring (application France N 2319028, CL F 03 D 3/00, 1977).The disadvantage of this unit is the presence of high vertical shaft, a heavier design and exciting undesirable aerodynamic disturbances, increased risk of work "truck" due to the fact that when the wind is strong discharge power will occur only by reducing the swept surface of the wind turbine.The closest technical solution, selected as a prototype, is to install (application of UK N 1486338, CL F 03 D 23/02, 1976), which comprises a support mounted therein a vertical shaft with rotary blades placed on the consoles and interacting with the control device with the weather vane, generator, kinematically associated with the shaft.The disadvantage of this solution is the low reliability of operation due to stretching of the chains in the chain transmission of the rotation of the blades and having a sliding mechanism for regulating engine speed during overloads. Reliability especially decreases with increasing engine power by increasing the length of the consoles and square blades when necessary chain of great length.Task izobretatelskoj installation containing bearing installed therein a hollow vertical shaft, rotary blade, the axis of rotation of which is available on consoles, mounted on a vertical shaft, a control device that interacts with rotary blades, and a generator, kinematically associated with the shaft.According to the invention the control device is designed in the form of pivotally mounted on brackets fixed on the consoles limiting rotation of the blades, some of which are installed with the possibility of centrifugal deflection, the second podpruzhineny, and the axis of rotation of the blades is displaced in the direction of their front edges.The technical result obtained by carrying out the invention, is to provide the best working position by pivoting of the blades relative to the wind direction at its operating speed and the frequency of rotation of the shaft when the wind speed is above the optimum operating value.Limiting rotation of the blade that is installed with the possibility of centrifugal deviation prevents the reversal of the blades in the wind direction on the arc of a circle of rotation of the rotor which is convex to the direction of the wind in the operating mode; when the speed wethe enable the unit to work and stop him.Spring-loaded stop the rotation of the blade prevents the reversal of the blades in the wind direction on the arc of a circle of rotation of the rotor facing the concavity to the wind direction, and provides entry of the blade into the working sector when the wind speed is above the optimum operating value.The offset of the axis of rotation of the blades in the direction of their leading edge is achieved by automatic rotation of the blades in the wind direction and their optimal working position.Using the control device limiting the rotation of the blades with the displacement of their axes of rotation in the direction of the leading edge increases the reliability in operation by eliminating the chain of transmission of the rotation of the blades and reduces the consumption due to the reduced length of the vertical shaft, the height of the supports and exceptions vane.In Fig.1 presents installation, General view; Fig.2 - the same, in the working position, top view; Fig.3 - scheme of work limiting rotation of the blades, side view; Fig.4 - installation in the off position, top view.Wind power installation comprises a support 1 has mounted on it a hollow vertical shaft 2, the rotary blade 3, axis 4 of rotation which should blades 3, and the generator 6, which is connected through the multiplier 7 with the lower part of the shaft 2. Rigidity is reinforced horizontal 8, and oblique stretch marks 9.The control device is designed as rotation stops 10 and 11 of the blades 3 mounted pivotally on the bracket 12 fixed on the consoles 5. The rotation stops 10 is installed with the possibility of centrifugal deflection and the cable 13 through the hollow shaft 2 is connected with a locking ring start 14. The rotation stops 11 podpruzhineny. The axis 4 of rotation of the blades 3 is displaced in the direction of their front edges.Wind power plant operates as follows.Ring trigger 14 is removed from the clamp and centrifugal deviant rotation stops 10 are installed in working position. With the turn of one of the blades 3 in the working sector (45o) due to the effect of windage torque occurs, under which all the blades 3 are alternately occupy a specified limiters 10 and 11 position in their business sectors, increasing torque and providing rotation of the shaft 2.When the wind speed is higher than the optimal working of centrifugal stops 10 are rejected so that the blades 3 condition the stop shaft 2 and to decrease the deflection angle of the limiter 10. Due to the spring stop 11 of the blade 3 is fixed in the working sector and re-create the pulling force by the rotation of the shaft 2. So there is an automatic regulation of frequency of rotation of the shaft 2 and is provided with the exception of hazard work "truck" with a Gale-force wind.When the tension cable 13 ring 14 centrifugal limiter 10 are set in the off position, the rotation of the shaft 2 and the generator 6 is stopped, and the installation is switched off. Wind power installation, comprising a support installed on it a vertical shaft, rotary blade, the axis of rotation of which is available on consoles, mounted on a vertical shaft, a control device that interacts with rotary blades, and a generator, kinematically associated with the shaft, characterized in that the control device is designed as rotation stops blades mounted pivotally on the bracket fixed on the consoles, one rotation stops installed with the possibility of centrifugal deflection, the other is spring-loaded, and the axis of rotation of the blades is displaced in the direction of their leading edge.
FIELD: wind-power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention can be used as drive of electric generators, hydraulic pumps and other useful load small-scale self-contained power mechanisms in different industries. Proposed wind-thermal power plant has tower housing consisting f lower contraction part with intake tangentially directed channels inclined to its vertical axis and provided with air gates, middle cylindrical part with monorail, upper diffuser part with deflector, windwheel installed horizontally on vertical shaft and resting additionally on monorail through movable supports, and additional contraction channel arranged coaxially inside lower contraction part of tower housing. Shaft is connected with energy consumer. Heat sources are arranged in lower part of tower.
EFFECT: increased specific power, improved reliability and operating conditions of plant.