Easy ferry landing

 

(57) Abstract:

Usage: shipbuilding. The inventive light amphibious ferry consists of two polubarinov with waterproof enclosures, and pontoons with built-in deck roadway, power plants, propulsion men and set on the sides of the ferry apparel entrances. The roadway is made across the entire width of the deck of the ferry. Each apparel made a solid entry consists of an entry shield with side lugs and pivotally attached to the ramp with closing devices of adjacent ramps, the width of the apparel of entry increased in the ratio of 0.7 - 1 to the width of the roadway. The hinge nodes each ramp situated on the side of the roadway, and its inner transom is a rotation limiter. At the end of the device adjacent apparela contains a folding box, and gravitational stopper placed in the slot on the side of one of the ramp, and a stopper fixed in the socket on the side wall of the other adjacent ramps. 2 C.p. f-crystals. 6 Il.

The invention relates to crossing-bridge means, and more specifically to the ferry.

Famous caterpillar floating transponder, 1967, S. 4-6) containing waterproof case, power unit, men and land propulsion and apparel entry made in the form of a folding stern with two ramps.

The disadvantages of this conveyor are low capacity and low capacity, due to the small cargo platform.

Known also tracked self-propelled ferries SHGs (see Tracked self-propelled ferries SHGs. Guide material and operation. Voenizdat, 1980, S. 3-6 - prototype), consisting of two polubarinov with waterproof enclosures, and pontoons with built-in deck gauge roadway, power plants, men and land propulsion and installed on the sides of the ferry apparel entries made in the form of two hinged ramps.

The disadvantage of this ferry is low capacity, due to the fact that his deck is made only two tracks roadway and apparel entry is made in the form of two hinged apparela width each equal to the track width of the roadway.

The objective of the invention is to increase the capacity of the ferry (providing a two-row placement of military equipment on the ferry).

The proposed ferry compared to the prototype has a high capacity, as a technique it can be placed in two rows, and the prototype allowed only single-row placement of equipment.

In Fig. 1 shows the proposed light amphibious ferry, top view; Fig. 2 is a view of the bow of Fig. 3 - apparel entry in the working position, side view; Fig. 4 IG. 1; Fig. 6 - this is the same view As in Fig. 5.

Easy ferry landing consists of two polubarinov 1 with waterproof housings, pontoons 2 and 3, power plants 4, men propellers 5 and mounted on the sides of the ferry apparel entrances 6. Each apparel made a solid entry consists of an entry shield 7 with side stops 8 and pivotally attached ramps 9 with closing devices of adjacent ramps. Swivel joint 10 of each ramp 9 situated on the side of the roadway, with its inner transom 11 is a rotation limiter. At the end of the device adjacent ramp contains a folding box 12 and the gravitational stopper 13 is placed in the slot on the side of one of the ramp 9 and the stopper 14, secured in the socket on the side wall of the other of the ramp 9. Across the width of the deck of the ferry made the roadway, the width of the apparel entry 6 is increased in the ratio of 0.7 - 1 to the width of the roadway compared to the prototype. Lifting and lowering of each apparel entry is done using a crane beams 15 installed liners in the cups on the deck of the pontoons. In transport position the crane is placed on the deck enclosures polubarinov. the STU loading (unloading) technique and using mooring ropes attached to the anchors. After this calculation discards the ramp 9 to the shore and sets on both sides of apparel entry 6 crane 15. Next is loading the equipment on steam, usually in two rows, which is larger than the reference width of the roadway deck and width apparel entry. After loading equipment apparel entry 6 is lifted above the water by two crane beams 15, with each ramp 9 inner transom 11 abuts against the end face of the entrance of the shield 7 and thus held above the water. For unloading machinery vapor is delivered to the berth by the other side. The sequence of operations performed in preparation for work apparel of entry 6, similar to the above, when loading the equipment onto the ferry. After a ferry crossing crane beams 15 are removed and placed on the deck of the hull, and the ramp 9 manually recline on entry shield 7. Adjacent ramps are interconnected using a closing device, for which the box 12 one ramp is translated into the slot adjacent the ramp (Fig. 5 the position of the box is shown dash-dotted line), where the fixed stop 14. At the ramp with the help of brackets 16 are attached to the entrance of the shield 7. To transfer 2 and 3 each Polyprom are placed on the cargo deck with swing and then each of the shoes 1 is loaded on a special pontoon car.

1. Easy ferry landing, consisting of two polubarinov with waterproof enclosures, and pontoons with built-in deck roadway, power plants, propulsion men and set on the sides of the ferry apparel entrances, characterized in that the roadway is made across the entire width of the deck of the ferry, and every apparel made a solid entry consists of an entry shield with side lugs and pivotally attached to the ramp with closing devices of adjacent ramps, the width of the apparel of entry increased in relation 0,7 1 to the width of the roadway.

2. Steam under item 1, characterized in that the hinge nodes each ramp situated on the side of the roadway, with its inner transom is organisieren rotation.

3. Steam under item 1, characterized in that the closing device adjacent ramp contains a folding box, and gravitational stopper placed in the slot on the side of one of the ramp, and a stopper fixed in the socket on the side wall of the other adjacent ramps.

 

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