(57) Abstract:Use: hydropower, particularly in irrigation and hoisting works on the water. The inventive air-to-water engine comprises a support installed on it on the horizontal axis of the impeller, on the rim of which there are chambers communicated with each other through the hollow spokes, wherein the engine is equipped with a compressor, two receivers, air spool and mounted on two support arches and stops, while the rim is made in the form of a tubular axis with the outer rectangular plate, and the camera - in the form of covering axis and plate of buildings, the sides of which are open-ended cylinder with internal radial wall in contact with the axle, and the end flanges of the housings mounted on the latter by means of bearings, the receivers are installed at the ends of the wheel axis and in communication with the compressor and the internal cavities of the chambers, axles and spokes, an air valve mounted on the spokes with the opportunity to interact with the stops, and the arcs are located with the possibility of contact with the side walls of the housings cameras, and one of the arcs placed in the lower part of the wheel on the outside of buildings, is the properties, used in areas of technology related to water use, where the device is able to convert the buoyancy of the water into rotational motion by structural simplicity, high efficiency and environmental friendliness.Use: irrigation, lifting operations on the water.The inventive engine contains impeller that has a working camera, air receivers and piping for exhaust and supply air chamber is connected with an air receivers, hollow spokes. Each camera is mounted to rotate on the hollow axis with the holes and the partition and provided with a port for inlet and outlet water. The device uses compressed air generated by a compressor driven by an electric motor.The closest analogue is the water wheel, described in the author's certificate of the USSR N 1326770, CL F 03 G 3/00, 1987, containing a casing with inlet and outlet aligned with conduits, camera with elastic walls, pairs United hollow spokes, made in the form of a channel of the MHD generator, spokes and chamber are filled with a conductive liquid with a specific gravity different from the specific gravity of water.Nedstatbasic in the aquatic environment, to prevent emission of the El. conductive fluid.The objective of the invention is to provide a safe engine of simplified construction.This technical result is achieved by the fact that the engine containing the impeller, hollow spokes which has a working camera, equipped with baffles, an impeller mounted for rotation on the Central axis, mounted on the carrier frame, and provided with an air receivers and connections for supply and exhaust air are installed on the ends of the axis, and each working chamber is in the form of a cylindrical tank mounted to rotate on the hollow axis with the holes and provided with a port for inlet and outlet of water, made in the form of longitudinal grooves, and the partition is made in the form of a plate, installed on the chamber axis, a frame rigidly fixed rails arc, and the working chamber through the hollow spokes, provided with a valve, connected to the air receiver installed with the possibility of contact with the guides of circular arcs.The device in the working chambers of the hatch for water extraction /removal and installation of air receivers at the ends of the hollow spokes, coedine can work in any aquatic environment. Is clean and simple in design execution.In Fig. 1 shows the proposed device, front view; Fig. 2 - the same, lateral view; Fig. 3 is a pneumatic diagram of the device of Fig. 4 - position of the working chambers, a front view, and Fig. 5 - the working chamber filled with air, the cross-section of Fig. 6 is the same, filled with water; Fig. 7 - axis of the working chamber with baffle axonometric view; Fig. 8 - working camera, axonometric view.The water engine contains the impeller 1 is mounted on a Central axis 2, is rigidly mounted on the carrier frame 3. At the ends of the axis 2 set of air receivers 4. At one end of the axis is set pipe 5 for supplying air, the other pipe 6 exhaust air. The receivers are connected to the hollow spokes 7 installed on the spool 8. Each pair of hollow spokes located at the ends of the Central axis against each other, are connected through the hollow axis 9, which can be rotated by 320oset the working chamber 10, and inside it - hard partition 11.In the hollow axis 9 holes 12.The camera 10 is equipped with a hatch 13 for water extraction, performed in the form of longitudinal grooves in the casing 14 R (on bearings) and the supporting rim 17. On a frame 3 with the outer 18 and inner guides 19 of the arc panel lugs 20 and 21, the pipes 22 and 23 is connected to the nozzle inlet 5 and outlet 6 of the air, respectively, and with the compressor 24, forming, thus, a closed air system.In the pre-starting point all cameras wheels (flooded) filled with water and have the position shown in Fig. 6. The panel emphasises 20 (mobile) with two stops at a certain distance from each other, are in alignment with the upper level of the replacement media. Contact arcs 18 and 19 with the rim 17 of the camera is missing, the wheel is not rotating.Movement of the panel emphasises 20 down clockwise accompanied by compressor 24. The first emphasis panel 20 opens the valve 8 cameras "W", which as it is filled with compressed air expands /wheel is not moving/ around its fixed axis 9, while separating plate 11 displaces from the cavity of the camera 10 water, freeing the cavity for injection of air, continuing its movement panel 20 by the time of filling of the chamber 10 by the air and turn it into 320o, influencing their second stop on the spool 8, works it to close, because the camera "F" filled the air, and takes the position Kamelot their stops successively communicates with the spool 8 cameras E, D, G, and B, which take a similar camera position "W". Increasing the buoyancy force of the surrounding water acts on the side of the wheel with these cameras, forcing him to rotational movement upwards in a counterclockwise direction. At this point, the arc 18 and 19 come into contact with the rim 17 of the nearest camera, and the panel emphasises 20 stops and recorded in the target lower level replacement media.The current operation of the wheel is as follows (Fig. 4). In the upper field replacement media depicted the moment of contact chambers "And", "Z" guides arcs 19. Luggage "And" here completed the process of replacing the air into the water through the hole 13, where the second fence panel 21 has closed the valve 8, the air suction is terminated, completed oscillatory reversal camera "And" 320oit comes with the arc of the roll 19, is filled with water.In the chamber "C" is the process of replacing the media, and the rim 17 are rolled on arcs 19, which leads to a rotational movement of her body about a fixed axis 9 with holes through which the sucked air, in addition compressible separator plate 11 due to the fixed rigid fastening on this axis and radial (moving) wall 15, i.e., "leaves" (deleted) through the holes in the axis of the spokes S="ptx2">On the diametrically opposite side of the wheel in the lower sector of the replacement media is the opposite process, which depicts the moment of contact rims 17 chambers, "B", "B", an arc 18. Camera" - here completed the process of replacing the media, i.e. water in the air (water) "gone", is removed through the hole 13, the second emphasis panel 20 has closed the valve 8 air injection, complete vibrational turn the camera to 320oit comes with the arc 18. On camera, filled with air, begin to act buoyancy of the surrounding water.In the next chamber "B" is the process of replacing the media, its rim 17 drove up the arcs 18, which leads to a rotational movement of the camera body about a fixed axis with holes along its length and is rigidly fixed thereto by a dividing plate 11, between her and /sliding/ radial wall 15 forms a vacuum space, which is quickly filled with pumped by the compressor 24 by air, because emphasis panel 20, has already opened the valve 8 camera. At the same time with the separation plate 11, through the hatch 13 is the discharge of water from the chamber. Such alternately and automatically occurring actions with cameras wheels, where vertically through its axis on one side /wheel/ Cam is the fact that water, leading wheel in a rotational movement. Air-to-water engine, containing a support installed it on the horizontal axis of the impeller, on the rim of which there are chambers communicated with each other through the hollow spokes, wherein the engine is equipped with a compressor, two receivers, air spool and mounted on two support arches and stops, while the rim is made in the form of a tubular axis with the outer rectangular plate, and the camera in the form of covering axis and plate of buildings, the sides of which are open-ended cylinder with internal radial wall in contact with the axle, and the end flanges of the housings mounted on the latter by means of bearings, the receivers are installed at the ends of the wheel axis and in communication with the compressor and the internal cavities of the chambers, axles and spokes, an air valve mounted on the spokes with the opportunity to interact with the stops, and the arcs are located with the possibility of contact with the side walls of the housings cameras, and one of the arcs placed in the lower part of the wheel on the outside of buildings, and the other in the upper part with their inner side.
FIELD: converting energy of fluid media to mechanical and electrical energy.
SUBSTANCE: proposed power unit includes foundation with several identical power units mounted on it through bed frames. Each unit has body located over vertical axis of symmetry, lower and upper partitions with holes, level gauge, gas chamber, gaseous working medium discharge pipe line fitted with adjusting valves, tank-mixer, natural gas supply and discharge pipe lines and inner and outer lower, middle and upper clamping rings. Each unit is provided with flexible dome-shaped gas receiver with weights-anchors, fastening hinges and ropes laid in sea or ocean where natural gas or hydrogen is extracted. Power units have several identical power stages provided with axles with adjusting keys, sectional screw conveyers, drive belts, bypasses with valves, electric generators, waste gaseous medium discharge pipe line with moisture trap, counter, pressure gauges and valves.
EFFECT: enhanced operational efficiency and ecological safety; enhanced reliability.
FIELD: mechanical engineering; energy converters.
SUBSTANCE: proposed drive is designed for converting compressed air energy into mechanical rotation and it can be used as reduction gear. Device contains fan set into rotation by motor, tank with inner space filled with water, wheel with supports and buckets arranged below water level and provided with flow-out channels, and spool with movable ring and fixed plate. Holes are made on side of buckets and in movable ring of spool to fill buckets with water and air. Holes are made in fixed plate to deliver air into buckets from fan along air ducts. Partitions and braces can be made inside buckets. Drive can be furnished with baffle screen, and can be taken for fan overwater part of tank space.
EFFECT: provision of effective and reliable operation.
4 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: power engineering, engines and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: proposed turbine relates to power engineering and comprises cylindrical housing accommodating working wheels fitted on vertical shaft. Aforesaid housing is closed at its top and bottom, filled with water and communicates with compressed air source. Vane guides are arranged below working wheels, between them and on housing walls. Housing top and bottom communicate, via overflow rectangular section pipelines, with two similar housings.
EFFECT: two-housing pneumohydraulic turbine to be used with no high-level reservoir.
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: high pressure under water in water body with deep water is converted to electric energy by means of present method. Plurality of pressure transducers is immersed in said water body. Each transducer has large compression chamber. Air volume is compressed under water in water body using high-pressure until compressed air under high pressure. Compressed air is supplied into expansion chamber, in which turbine is arranged. Turbine is rotated by means of compressed air. Turbine in its turn, rotates electric generator, connected to it, to provide electric power generation.
EFFECT: thus, high pressure energy is converted into electric energy.
9 cl, 9 dwg
SUBSTANCE: well electric power plant is the shaft well with water and the repair well, it also contains the telescopic float, the upper part of which has spring-loaded flaps, and the lower one has the explosive charge and the cable, integrated with the power generating device: drum, brakes, reducers and generators, and also contains the pipe located outside the well with the opening sharp end, designed for opening the spring-loaded flaps of the float, discharge of explosive gases from it and throwing the new explosive charge into it.
EFFECT: expansion of functionality.
FIELD: hydropower engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention is designed for use in lower power hydroelectric power stations. Proposed hydraulic turbine contains housing with end face covers, intake and exhaust branch pipes. Housing accommodates two rotors and streamlined guide. Rotors are made of made tubes provided with longitudinal cut and installed so that part of tube plays part of plate and other part plays part of rotor housing. Hydraulic turbine is furnished with system including pump, distributing device and pipelines providing pressure of water in tandem spaces between plates and housing.
EFFECT: reduced labor input in manufacture of hydraulic turbine.
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: plant is designed for generating electric energy and pumping of water. Proposed device contains floating base in form of catamaran with channel between housing of catamaran in which water wheel with blades on its outer surface is mounted, and electric generator mechanically coupled with shaft of water wheel. Diameter of water wheel is less than its length. End faces of water wheel are covered, and front profile of water wheel blades is made to logarithmic spiral. Moreover, plant is furnished with water pump, and drive of electric generator is made in form of step-up harmonic gearing whose flexible gear is coupled with end face of water pump. Output shaft of step-up gearing is aligned with shafts of water wheel and electric generator, being coupled with water pump by step-up belt drive. Drive sheave of step-up belt drive is installed on shaft of electric generator. Controllable clutches are installed on shafts of belt drive.
EFFECT: improved reliability and enlarged operating capabilities of plant.
2 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: hydraulic power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: proposed hydraulic turbine generators are designed for creating stationary and portable hydraulic plants of modular type. Generators have rotor with central shaft non-rotating around horizontal axis or vertical axis (as version) on which chain drive gears are rigidly fitted, each being coupled through independent chain drive with planet pinion members arranged radially and uniformly around central shaft. Each member has blade reduction gear consisting of gear of chain drive and of large and small cylindrical gears, the latter being coaxial and rigidly coupled with gear of chain drive of blade reduction gear, and large cylindrical gear is rigidly secured on axle of blade installed horizontally for generator (or vertically, as version). Each blade rests by ends of its axle for rotation on brackets secured on hubs by bases. Hubs are installed on both ends of shaft for rotation and tops of brackets at both ends of central shaft are connected by ring rims being drive wheels connected with energy converters by flexible drive.
EFFECT: provision of effective and reliable operation.
3 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: hydraulic engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention is designed for converting kinetic energy of water flow of small rivers and tides. Proposed hydraulic turbine has housing and wheel with helical blade provided with flange in form of cylindrical spiral secured on blade for changing outreach of flange.
EFFECT: increased transmission of flow to wheel, reduced losses for friction against stationary housing, increased efficiency of turbine.