Wooden brusovaya panel for roofs and floors
(57) Abstract:Usage: woodworking industry, and agriculture, in particular the construction of agricultural storage facilities, shelters and housing facilities. The inventive features wooden brusovaya panel for roofs and ceilings, consisting of rails fastened by tie-rods passed through aligned holes in the bars; the edges of the panels parallel bars with a cross section greater than the cross-section other bars 1.5-2.5 times, while they are placed with one side flush with the bars the entire panel. 2 C. p. F.-ly, 5 Il. The invention relates to wood processing industry and agriculture, and may find application in the construction of agricultural storage facilities, shelters and residential premises.Famous wooden structure, made of edged boards or logs or panels of timber, the latter is connected to the panel by means of a tension anchor bolts perpendicular to the joined elements, while the tension anchors are outside the joined panels .The main disadvantages of this design are insufficient strength and rigidity, and tarcrete and roof.There is also known a method of manufacturing panels of wooden beams, according to which is used to bond the bonded bars protracted bolts are in the holes formed in the bars .The main disadvantage of these structures is the presence of a large number of internal openings in the bars, which entails a large number of internal microdefects in the joints of wood and metal, and therefore, the need for additional sealing elements and the complexity of the construction as a whole.Closest to the invention to the technical essence and the achieved result is wooden brusovaya panel for roofs and floors, which consists of beam elements of wood, connected by means of anchor tie-rods passing through the holes located on one straight line perpendicular to the longitudinal direction of the beam elements under tension .The main disadvantage of this design is the lack of free deformation and shrinkage, which entails the need for periodic tightening of anchor ties. This makes it virtually impossible to use these structures as panels for roofs and floors, providing uniform shrinkage designs and increased stiffness at bond.The problem is solved wood timber panel for roofs and ceilings, consisting of rails fastened by tie-rods passed through aligned holes in the bars, in which the panel edges are placed parallel bars with a cross section greater than the cross-section other bars 1.5 - 2.5 times, while they are placed with one side flush with the bars the entire panel.This ties in a wooden timber panels made in the form of a rod having at one end a heel attached to the beam, and the other thread with nut.In addition, screed panels can be made in the form of a threaded rod and nut on both ends.The essence of the invention lies in the fact that in the proposed wooden timber panels on its sides, i.e. on the one and on the other side of the panel fit profiled bars are 1.5 to 2.5 times larger cross section than the remaining bars of the panel. Thus these boards of the one side to fit flush with the beams of the entire panel and the other party to act with respect to all of the bars, resulting in the panel are formed ribs.This design gives increased rigidity of the Proposed panel can be laid ribs up and down. If the panel is placed ribs up, on the one hand it is a smooth wooden surface, does not require additional finishing, and on the other side between the ribs possible soundproofing and insulation.If the panel is placed ribs down, a decorative beamed ceiling and the possibility of the original design, then the other side of the panel can serve as a smooth floors that do not require additional processing.In Fig. 1 shows a General view of wooden timber panels for roofs and ceilings; Fig. 2 - mount two of the panels (option 1); Fig. 3 shows the fastening two panels together (option 2); Fig. 4 - node a in Fig. 3; Fig. 5 - mount two of the panels (option 3).Wooden brusovaya panel (Fig. 1 and 2) is assembled as follows.Example 1. Roof panel or overlay 1 are made of profiled timber 2 size 140 mm Connection bars 2 between them using tabs and slots, and along one edge of the beam is performed ledge and along the other edge of the groove. In bars 2 is a through hole with a diameter of 30 mm, which are the beam 2. The holes inserted tightening the rods 3 with a thickness of 30 mm, one side of which is welded anchor "heel", and on the other made the thread. By tightening the nuts on the threaded panel pull together as a result of neproporcionala reference "heel", in which there is a small hole, and through him it is fastened with a nail to the beam 2. The edges of the panel place the profiled bars 4 with a size of 280 mm, which on one side are placed flush with the beams of the entire panel, and the other are relatively bars the entire panel. To bond the panels 1 with each other in bars 4 perform through holes and insert the studs 5 and fix them with nuts 6 with two ends. In this case, the metal rods 3 are threaded at both ends and secured by nuts on both sides.Example 2. Wooden square panel 1 manufactured in example 1, can be bonded together under option 2 (Fig. 3) as follows.In the hole for a rod inserted a metal tube 3, one side of which is welded rear with holes in the middle with a diameter slightly exceeding the outer diameter of the pipe, and on the other hand do the carving. To connect panels optional use with the coupler 3. The rod 8 is made so that on the one hand they have a welded nut, and on the other thread. When connecting parala welded to the rod 5 thread is beyond extreme boards of the panel and the nut 6 is screwed on the thread. The final fastening of the panel through the washer with the nut 6 on the last thread of the rod 3.Example 3. Wooden panel 1 manufactured according to example 1 can also be fixed between a version 3, is shown in Fig. 4.The holes for fastening panels insert the rods 3, the first panel are used rods with 3 "heel" and carvings, and in the second panel is carved on both sides. The threads on the ends of the rods 3 screw sleeve 9 is threaded at both ends.The use of the proposed wooden timber panels for roofs and floors allows you to provide the following benefits:
increased strength and rigidity of the panel;
uniform shrinkage design;
the full Assembly of the panel in the shop;
the simplicity and reliability of fastening of the panels during installation of the structure, which greatly speeds up commissioning. 1. Wooden brusovaya panel for roofs and floors, the situation is that the edges of the panels parallel bars with a cross section, greater than the cross-section other bars 1.5 to 2.5 times, while they are placed with one side flush with the bars the entire panel.2. The panel p. 1, wherein the coupler is made in the form of a rod having at one end a heel attached to the beam, and another thread with a nut.3. The panel p. 1, wherein the coupler is made in the form of a threaded rod and nuts on both ends.
FIELD: building, particularly to construct structures including wooden elements.
SUBSTANCE: method involves drilling holes in timbers, logs and other lumber; piercing timbers, logs and other lumber with transversal ties and tensioning thereof with nuts secured to ties; offsetting timbers, logs and other lumber in groups including two or more timbers, logs and other lumber relative previous ones during building erection so that extensions and depressions are formed in walls; applying glue between timbers, logs and other lumber; installing longitudinal ties in slots and connecting ends of each longitudinal tie not terminating at wall ends with one transversal tie; mounting walls on foundation; connecting all walls, intermediate walls and partitions; packing all joints along with mating extensions of one wall with depressions of another one; pressing all building components together with the use of ties and nuts; passing transversal ties through extensions of walls to be connected; tightening all joints by nuts through resilient members with force application thereto and securing floor, ceiling and roof panels to corbels having orifices for ties receiving. Above panels have vertical holes for ties insertion. Floor and corbel are supported by timbers or logs or other lumber. Walls are connected to foundation, floor, ceiling or roof through resilient members by transversal ties or nuts adapted to move in slots due to wood shrinking or becoming wet.
EFFECT: increased tightness of building joints, strength, reliability, service life, improved ecological safety, quality of building finishing, enhanced appearance, reduced time and cost of building erection.
5 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly timber structures.
SUBSTANCE: timber member includes balks with horizontal and vertical bores, liquid distribution pipe and electric slider. Bores are communicated in vertical and horizontal directions. The main bore extends through the full member length and has closed ends. Vertical bores have opened ends.
EFFECT: increased fire resistance and load-bearing capacity.
FIELD: timber building structures, particularly adapted to erect individual houses, namely in severe Siberian climate with taking into consideration family formation traditions of residential population.
SUBSTANCE: wall comprises inner and outer panels. Each panel is composed of several horizontal elongated timber members laid one upon another and fastened one to another. Inserted between inner and outer panels is heat-insulation material. The panels may be formed of poles and fastened in transversal direction by partitions. The partitions are made of pole cuts. The heat-insulation material is mixture of saw dust with slag or with ashes mixed with limewater.
EFFECT: reduced cost of house erected without the use of special building technique and decreased labor power industrial intake, possibility to use in-site building materials and industrial wood residue, improved ecological safety.
5 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly erection of wooden houses in areas characterized by strong winds.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises steel pre-stressed frame control rods adapted for structure tightening to base by anchoring lower control rod ends in foundation and by connecting upper ends thereof to structure top. The control rods are provided with spring-loaded clutches, which create and regulate tightening force applied to control rods. The control rods are formed of chains, which provide control rod length change for value equal to chain length. Upper control rod ends are connected to upper parts of roof timbers connected to log house. Spring-loaded clutch formed of steel pipe is provided with manual regulation lever, orifice for above lever installation and disc spring set.
EFFECT: prevention of stability losses and separation of joints between log house timber sets under the action of strong wind and as a result of natural log house shrinkage.
2 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly to erect buildings of elongated timber members.
SUBSTANCE: building wall includes profiled beams laid one on another and provided with dovetail spikes formed on beam surfaces. The beams create inner and outer vertical wall rows. Opposite beams of each row are mutually displaced in vertical plane and interlocked with each other by means of spikes created along inner joining surfaces thereof so that elongated labyrinth joint is formed. The labyrinth joint provides good thermal insulation of the wall.
EFFECT: improved service characteristics due to wind-resistant joints creation without the use of heating materials, reduced source material costs due to usage of building structure, which provides necessary thickness of wall formed of thin beams, as well as reduced costs of beam production and mounting due to reduced beam weight.
5 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly building structure members.
SUBSTANCE: building comprises outer walls, inner walls, floor panels and roof panels including wooden panel members, namely outer and inner ones. The inner and outer wooden panel members are secured in spaced apart relation by spacing members. The wooden panel members are solid in at least one direction. The wooden panel members have predetermined dimensions and predetermined edge profiles. Cavities are defined between inner and outer panel members. Arranged in the cavities are fittings to be connected to heating or cooling systems. Cavities defined in outer wall panels, inner wall panel members, floor panels and/or roof panels communicate with each other through orifices formed in connection area between floor panel and outer wall in floor panel edge area. The orifices connect cavities in floor panel with that of outer wall. Above communication between cavities is also provided by means of orifices located in cave area between outer wall and roof in one roof panel. Above orifices connect cavities of outer wall with that of roof panels.
EFFECT: possibility to create building having arbitrary room location of wooden panel members.
24 cl, 41 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly wooden structures of profiled beams.
SUBSTANCE: wooden building comprises double-length beam of square cross-section. The beam comprises installation slots formed in each beam side and mating member, which provides connection of the same beam lengths to previous one. The mating member is formed as board with support projections on one board side. The projections define trapezes in cross-sections, which provide plane and inclined surfaces alternating during serial beam stacking. Mating member having greater length is laid on beam with lesser length and corresponding beam width having corner and other connections. Next beam is laid on mating member having the same length.
EFFECT: increased reliability of beam tightness and junction with each other in corner and other connection areas without transversal member forming at beam ends.
2 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the sphere of construction technologies and immediately deals with glued wooden structures. The suggested method of pre-tension of glued wooden packages in the across-grain direction presupposes their compression with the help of steel rods. The element of novelty consists in applying to the wooden package being forced together a pressure of 0.5 MPa with the help of steel rods gummed down inside the pre-drilled holes arranged along the whole of the package length (the spacing being equal to 300-500 mm.). The length of the rods is equal to the package width with due allowance for its eventual reduction after application of force-together pressure.
EFFECT: minimisation of material and labour expenditures related to pre-tension of glued wooden packages in the across-grain direction without distortion of their overall dimensions.
SUBSTANCE: individual wooden steam bath includes washing and steaming rooms, recreation room, furnace, which are installed on foundations, has heat insulating screen and partitions, doors, windows and ceilings performed with increased heat resistance. Besides, it is equipped with sewage floor drain under washing room, provided with drain tube that supplies to external drain tank, and vertical heat insulating wall arranged under partition in the zone between recreation room on the one side and washing and steaming rooms on the other side. Heat insulating screen is made as 0.2-0.3 m thick and is installed under washing and steaming rooms as wall lying on foundation. At that inside in zone of washing and steaming rooms, base part of foundation of external walls is equipped with heat insulating walls.
EFFECT: improvement of thermal shielding and preservation of temperature-moisture mode inside the device.
5 cl, 2 dwg