Wooden brusovaya panel

 

(57) Abstract:

Usage: woodworking industry and agriculture building, agricultural storage, shelter and residential premises. The inventive features wooden brusovaya panel consisting of rails fastened by tie-rods passed through aligned holes in the bars, in which the tie is made in the form of wooden solid or sectional peg square or round shape, the ratio of the diameter of the dowel to the width of the beam is (0,1 - 0,8):1 and breakout pins are located between the bars in staggered relative to the joints of the boards. 3 C. p. F.-ly, 2 Il.

The invention relates to woodworking industry, and agriculture and can find its application in the construction of agricultural storage facilities, shelters and residential premises.

Famous wooden structure, made of edged boards or logs or panels of timber, the latter is connected to the panel by means of a tension anchor bolts perpendicular to the joined elements, while the tension anchors are outside the joined panels [1].

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There is also known a method of manufacturing panels of wooden beams, according to which is used to bond the bonded bars protracted bolts are in the holes formed in the bars [2].

The main disadvantage of these structures is the presence of a large number of internal openings in the bars, which entails a large number of internal microdefects in the joints of wood and metal, and therefore, the need for additional sealing elements and the complexity of the construction as a whole.

The closest to the invention is wooden brusovaya panel, which consists of beam elements of wood, connected by means of anchor tie-rods passing through the holes located on one straight line perpendicular to the longitudinal direction of the beam elements under pre-tension by means of springs, which are directly or via intermediate elements are based on the end of the anchor tie and extreme beam element [3].

The main disadvantage of this design is the lack of free deformation and shrinkage, which entails the need for periodic tightening anchor stoenesti free of deformation and shrinkage of the structure.

The problem is solved with the help of wooden timber panel, consisting of rails fastened by tie-rods passed through aligned holes in the bars, in which the tie is made in the form of wooden solid or sectional peg square or round shape, the ratio of the diameter of the dowel to the width of the beam is (0,1 - 0,8):1 and breakout pins are located between the bars in staggered relative to the joints of the rails, for mounting wooden timber panels use glued the pegs.

Tie the ends of the panel can be made in the form of wood, metal threaded rods, and nuts.

In addition, the tie may be made in the form of wooden dowels, alternating with metal threaded rods and nuts.

The invention consists in that the proposed design wooden timber panel provides manufacturing panels of the same material - wood. The result is in addition to the required rigidity and strength of construction, the possibility of deformation and shrinkage of the product. This allows long-term use of the panel without any additional puffs and seal the connector is the requirements of rigidity and durability of the product.

In Fig. 1 shows a wooden brusovaya panel with solid wood and sectional pins; Fig. 2 - wooden brusovaya panel with alternating wooden pegs and metal rods.

Wooden brusovaya panel (Fig. 1 and 2) beam 1 consists of a metal rod 2, having at the ends of the thread 3 and the nut 4, solid wooden dowels 5 or sectional wooden dowels 6, the metal mounting rod 7 located outside the edges of the panel and designed for the transportation and installation of the panel.

Wooden brusovaya panel is assembled as follows. First take the beam 1 with a size of 140 mm and a length of 600 mm, is placed on the Assembly table. The beams 1 are through holes with alpha=30 mm, in which are inserted into square or round wooden sectional 6 or solid pins 5 length 300 mm

The Assembly is carried out in such a way that each Nagel 6 passed through the following beam 1 and spoke over him. The thickness of the dowel 30 mm

When laying the boards 1 on the Assembly table, the pins 6 are inserted into holes in a staggered manner with respect to the ends of the bars 1. A similar procedure is performed when assembling the entire panel to the top. Those who ate at the ends of wooden pins 5 and 6 are replaced with metal rods 2, having at the ends of the thread 3 and the nut 4.

In addition, for transportation you can use metal mounting terminals 7, placed outside of the panel. In the proposed panel solid pins can be made from scraps of wood by gluing and curing under pressure. This significantly reduces the consumption of wood, while maintaining the strength of the product at a high level. In this case, when the mounting structure, the rods are removed.

The use of the proposed wood timber panel provides the following benefits:

the strength and rigidity of the structure during the reduction of its cost;

free deformation and shrinkage of the structure, which provides simplicity and durability of its operation;

ecological purity of the product;

the full Assembly of the panel in the shop, which reduces the time of Assembly of the structure and its completion.

1. Wooden brusovaya panel consisting of rails fastened by tie-rods passed through aligned holes in the bars, wherein the coupler is made in the form of wooden solid or sectional peg square or round shape, the ratio of the diameter of the dowel to the width of the beam structure.

2. The panel p. 1, characterized in that use is glued pins.

3. The panel p. 1, characterized in that the couplers on the ends of the panel made in the form of metal threaded rods and nuts.

4. The panel p. 1, wherein the coupler is made in the form of a wooden dowel, alternating with metal threaded rods and nuts.

 

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