Wooden brusovaya panel
(57) Abstract:Usage: woodworking industry and agriculture building, agricultural storage, shelter and residential premises. The inventive features wooden brusovaya panel consisting of rails fastened by tie-rods passed through aligned holes in the bars, in which the tie is made in the form of wooden solid or sectional peg square or round shape, the ratio of the diameter of the dowel to the width of the beam is (0,1 - 0,8):1 and breakout pins are located between the bars in staggered relative to the joints of the boards. 3 C. p. F.-ly, 2 Il. The invention relates to woodworking industry, and agriculture and can find its application in the construction of agricultural storage facilities, shelters and residential premises.Famous wooden structure, made of edged boards or logs or panels of timber, the latter is connected to the panel by means of a tension anchor bolts perpendicular to the joined elements, while the tension anchors are outside the joined panels .Main SS="ptx2">There is also known a method of manufacturing panels of wooden beams, according to which is used to bond the bonded bars protracted bolts are in the holes formed in the bars .The main disadvantage of these structures is the presence of a large number of internal openings in the bars, which entails a large number of internal microdefects in the joints of wood and metal, and therefore, the need for additional sealing elements and the complexity of the construction as a whole.The closest to the invention is wooden brusovaya panel, which consists of beam elements of wood, connected by means of anchor tie-rods passing through the holes located on one straight line perpendicular to the longitudinal direction of the beam elements under pre-tension by means of springs, which are directly or via intermediate elements are based on the end of the anchor tie and extreme beam element .The main disadvantage of this design is the lack of free deformation and shrinkage, which entails the need for periodic tightening anchor stoenesti free of deformation and shrinkage of the structure.The problem is solved with the help of wooden timber panel, consisting of rails fastened by tie-rods passed through aligned holes in the bars, in which the tie is made in the form of wooden solid or sectional peg square or round shape, the ratio of the diameter of the dowel to the width of the beam is (0,1 - 0,8):1 and breakout pins are located between the bars in staggered relative to the joints of the rails, for mounting wooden timber panels use glued the pegs.Tie the ends of the panel can be made in the form of wood, metal threaded rods, and nuts.In addition, the tie may be made in the form of wooden dowels, alternating with metal threaded rods and nuts.The invention consists in that the proposed design wooden timber panel provides manufacturing panels of the same material - wood. The result is in addition to the required rigidity and strength of construction, the possibility of deformation and shrinkage of the product. This allows long-term use of the panel without any additional puffs and seal the connector is the requirements of rigidity and durability of the product.In Fig. 1 shows a wooden brusovaya panel with solid wood and sectional pins; Fig. 2 - wooden brusovaya panel with alternating wooden pegs and metal rods.Wooden brusovaya panel (Fig. 1 and 2) beam 1 consists of a metal rod 2, having at the ends of the thread 3 and the nut 4, solid wooden dowels 5 or sectional wooden dowels 6, the metal mounting rod 7 located outside the edges of the panel and designed for the transportation and installation of the panel.Wooden brusovaya panel is assembled as follows. First take the beam 1 with a size of 140 mm and a length of 600 mm, is placed on the Assembly table. The beams 1 are through holes with alpha=30 mm, in which are inserted into square or round wooden sectional 6 or solid pins 5 length 300 mmThe Assembly is carried out in such a way that each Nagel 6 passed through the following beam 1 and spoke over him. The thickness of the dowel 30 mmWhen laying the boards 1 on the Assembly table, the pins 6 are inserted into holes in a staggered manner with respect to the ends of the bars 1. A similar procedure is performed when assembling the entire panel to the top. Those who ate at the ends of wooden pins 5 and 6 are replaced with metal rods 2, having at the ends of the thread 3 and the nut 4.In addition, for transportation you can use metal mounting terminals 7, placed outside of the panel. In the proposed panel solid pins can be made from scraps of wood by gluing and curing under pressure. This significantly reduces the consumption of wood, while maintaining the strength of the product at a high level. In this case, when the mounting structure, the rods are removed.The use of the proposed wood timber panel provides the following benefits:
the strength and rigidity of the structure during the reduction of its cost;
free deformation and shrinkage of the structure, which provides simplicity and durability of its operation;
ecological purity of the product;
the full Assembly of the panel in the shop, which reduces the time of Assembly of the structure and its completion. 1. Wooden brusovaya panel consisting of rails fastened by tie-rods passed through aligned holes in the bars, wherein the coupler is made in the form of wooden solid or sectional peg square or round shape, the ratio of the diameter of the dowel to the width of the beam structure.2. The panel p. 1, characterized in that use is glued pins.3. The panel p. 1, characterized in that the couplers on the ends of the panel made in the form of metal threaded rods and nuts.4. The panel p. 1, wherein the coupler is made in the form of a wooden dowel, alternating with metal threaded rods and nuts.
FIELD: building, particularly to construct structures including wooden elements.
SUBSTANCE: method involves drilling holes in timbers, logs and other lumber; piercing timbers, logs and other lumber with transversal ties and tensioning thereof with nuts secured to ties; offsetting timbers, logs and other lumber in groups including two or more timbers, logs and other lumber relative previous ones during building erection so that extensions and depressions are formed in walls; applying glue between timbers, logs and other lumber; installing longitudinal ties in slots and connecting ends of each longitudinal tie not terminating at wall ends with one transversal tie; mounting walls on foundation; connecting all walls, intermediate walls and partitions; packing all joints along with mating extensions of one wall with depressions of another one; pressing all building components together with the use of ties and nuts; passing transversal ties through extensions of walls to be connected; tightening all joints by nuts through resilient members with force application thereto and securing floor, ceiling and roof panels to corbels having orifices for ties receiving. Above panels have vertical holes for ties insertion. Floor and corbel are supported by timbers or logs or other lumber. Walls are connected to foundation, floor, ceiling or roof through resilient members by transversal ties or nuts adapted to move in slots due to wood shrinking or becoming wet.
EFFECT: increased tightness of building joints, strength, reliability, service life, improved ecological safety, quality of building finishing, enhanced appearance, reduced time and cost of building erection.
5 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly timber structures.
SUBSTANCE: timber member includes balks with horizontal and vertical bores, liquid distribution pipe and electric slider. Bores are communicated in vertical and horizontal directions. The main bore extends through the full member length and has closed ends. Vertical bores have opened ends.
EFFECT: increased fire resistance and load-bearing capacity.
FIELD: timber building structures, particularly adapted to erect individual houses, namely in severe Siberian climate with taking into consideration family formation traditions of residential population.
SUBSTANCE: wall comprises inner and outer panels. Each panel is composed of several horizontal elongated timber members laid one upon another and fastened one to another. Inserted between inner and outer panels is heat-insulation material. The panels may be formed of poles and fastened in transversal direction by partitions. The partitions are made of pole cuts. The heat-insulation material is mixture of saw dust with slag or with ashes mixed with limewater.
EFFECT: reduced cost of house erected without the use of special building technique and decreased labor power industrial intake, possibility to use in-site building materials and industrial wood residue, improved ecological safety.
5 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly erection of wooden houses in areas characterized by strong winds.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises steel pre-stressed frame control rods adapted for structure tightening to base by anchoring lower control rod ends in foundation and by connecting upper ends thereof to structure top. The control rods are provided with spring-loaded clutches, which create and regulate tightening force applied to control rods. The control rods are formed of chains, which provide control rod length change for value equal to chain length. Upper control rod ends are connected to upper parts of roof timbers connected to log house. Spring-loaded clutch formed of steel pipe is provided with manual regulation lever, orifice for above lever installation and disc spring set.
EFFECT: prevention of stability losses and separation of joints between log house timber sets under the action of strong wind and as a result of natural log house shrinkage.
2 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly to erect buildings of elongated timber members.
SUBSTANCE: building wall includes profiled beams laid one on another and provided with dovetail spikes formed on beam surfaces. The beams create inner and outer vertical wall rows. Opposite beams of each row are mutually displaced in vertical plane and interlocked with each other by means of spikes created along inner joining surfaces thereof so that elongated labyrinth joint is formed. The labyrinth joint provides good thermal insulation of the wall.
EFFECT: improved service characteristics due to wind-resistant joints creation without the use of heating materials, reduced source material costs due to usage of building structure, which provides necessary thickness of wall formed of thin beams, as well as reduced costs of beam production and mounting due to reduced beam weight.
5 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly building structure members.
SUBSTANCE: building comprises outer walls, inner walls, floor panels and roof panels including wooden panel members, namely outer and inner ones. The inner and outer wooden panel members are secured in spaced apart relation by spacing members. The wooden panel members are solid in at least one direction. The wooden panel members have predetermined dimensions and predetermined edge profiles. Cavities are defined between inner and outer panel members. Arranged in the cavities are fittings to be connected to heating or cooling systems. Cavities defined in outer wall panels, inner wall panel members, floor panels and/or roof panels communicate with each other through orifices formed in connection area between floor panel and outer wall in floor panel edge area. The orifices connect cavities in floor panel with that of outer wall. Above communication between cavities is also provided by means of orifices located in cave area between outer wall and roof in one roof panel. Above orifices connect cavities of outer wall with that of roof panels.
EFFECT: possibility to create building having arbitrary room location of wooden panel members.
24 cl, 41 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly wooden structures of profiled beams.
SUBSTANCE: wooden building comprises double-length beam of square cross-section. The beam comprises installation slots formed in each beam side and mating member, which provides connection of the same beam lengths to previous one. The mating member is formed as board with support projections on one board side. The projections define trapezes in cross-sections, which provide plane and inclined surfaces alternating during serial beam stacking. Mating member having greater length is laid on beam with lesser length and corresponding beam width having corner and other connections. Next beam is laid on mating member having the same length.
EFFECT: increased reliability of beam tightness and junction with each other in corner and other connection areas without transversal member forming at beam ends.
2 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the sphere of construction technologies and immediately deals with glued wooden structures. The suggested method of pre-tension of glued wooden packages in the across-grain direction presupposes their compression with the help of steel rods. The element of novelty consists in applying to the wooden package being forced together a pressure of 0.5 MPa with the help of steel rods gummed down inside the pre-drilled holes arranged along the whole of the package length (the spacing being equal to 300-500 mm.). The length of the rods is equal to the package width with due allowance for its eventual reduction after application of force-together pressure.
EFFECT: minimisation of material and labour expenditures related to pre-tension of glued wooden packages in the across-grain direction without distortion of their overall dimensions.
SUBSTANCE: individual wooden steam bath includes washing and steaming rooms, recreation room, furnace, which are installed on foundations, has heat insulating screen and partitions, doors, windows and ceilings performed with increased heat resistance. Besides, it is equipped with sewage floor drain under washing room, provided with drain tube that supplies to external drain tank, and vertical heat insulating wall arranged under partition in the zone between recreation room on the one side and washing and steaming rooms on the other side. Heat insulating screen is made as 0.2-0.3 m thick and is installed under washing and steaming rooms as wall lying on foundation. At that inside in zone of washing and steaming rooms, base part of foundation of external walls is equipped with heat insulating walls.
EFFECT: improvement of thermal shielding and preservation of temperature-moisture mode inside the device.
5 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: construction industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to construction industry, and namely to timber constructions erection methods. Construction is made from machined wooden planks which are put one onto the other along the whole construction's perimeter. Required construction height is reached step by step. In this case planks of the subsequent row overlap the joints of preceding row at interface points. Adhesive coat is applied to each row of planks. Erected construction is held under pressure until adhesive coat is cured.
EFFECT: manufacturing of solid wooden block construction under workshop conditions and providing its strength.
FIELD: construction, particularly building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings.
SUBSTANCE: panel comprises timber base formed of parallel board-like construction members. Timber base has at least two construction members. Each construction member is formed of two boards obtained by log sawing and includes at least partial wane sections. The boards are laid one onto another and are glued with each other so that narrow facial surfaces thereof rest one upon another.
EFFECT: decreased weight.