Procurement for the formation of paramagnetic material autonomous spatial arrays of metal with different ferromagnetic properties

 

(57) Abstract:

Usage: in the field of metal forming in the manufacture of the defining details of sensor equipment, radio and video equipment, bakery and milk processing, as well as in the medical equipment in the manufacture of containers for storage of blood and long-term blood analyzers. The inventive workpiece is a body of revolution in the form of a rod with a Central cylindrical portion and paired with its opposite ends plots in the form of truncated cones with chamfers on the desktop and supporting the ends. Profiled workpiece is subjected to alternately face the sediment and testing of the created eccentricity between center of gravity and geometric center of symmetry occurs more opacityvalue moment, which causes the translation of the workpiece in a state of dynamic instability, the implementation of this rotational modes of plasticity at the meso level and the formation of ferromagnetic arrays of metal in the form developed topological surfaces. Procurement made with a specific rheology of relief on the base surfaces, a composite of parts from para - and ferromagnetic properties of the variance is 4 Il.

The invention relates to the field of metal forming, in particular to blanks for forming parts with regulated phenomenological combination of performance characteristics of a method of orbital deformation, and can be used in the manufacture of:

a new generation of sensors for measuring physical parameters in chemically active environments, ultra-small and ultra-high pressures and at high and cryogenic temperatures;

a new generation of the defining parts of video and audio equipment (switches - magnetically operated contacts) that allows you to create on the basis of one element mutually exclusive physical features: high elasticity and corrosion stochasti - high magnetic induction INs- stable maximum magnetic permeabilitymax.

a new generation of environmentally friendly modules in food containers for catalyzing the formation of amino acids during fermentation of protein masses;

a new generation of long-term self-healing blood analyzers to AIDS, allowing fast enough to visually assess a violation immune biological code component of blood; dlitelnogo composition.

Known harvesting for the production of parts with a specified level properties by precipitation with subsequent testing with the formation during precipitation of the conical recess at the working end face of the workpiece and a spherical cavity on the support side, made in the form of a body of rotation [1] - prototype.

This preparation has the following disadvantages:

impossible paths of the rolling face of the workpiece placed on the support to translate the workpiece in a state of dynamic instability and form the initial paramagnetic (unmagnetized) the material combination of mutually exclusive features, such as hard magnetic and soft magnetic properties of the local arrays of metal parts while maintaining paramagnetic volumes of metal with high elastic and corrosion resistant properties;

the diffusion activity of the surface layers of metal parts does not ensure its stable operation under conditions of ultra-low pressure, biologically and chemically active environments and cryogenic temperatures.

The objective of the invention is to create a paramagnetic material cold plastic deformation Autonomous spatial arrays of material with differentiated svojstvo preparation has a rod shape with a Central cylindrical portion and paired with its opposite ends plots in the form of truncated cones, formed pre-shaped plastic and equipped with a chamfer on the desktop and base ends, the chamfer at the working end face of the workpiece is made of a height equal to

h1= (0,2....0,4)hK. y< / BR>
where h1- the height of the chamfer at the working end face of the workpiece, mm;

hK. W.- the depth of the conical recess at the working end face of the workpiece after its precipitation, mm

When performing chamfer at the working end face of the workpiece height, component of 0.1 from the depth of the conical recess in the end face, and the subsequent forging of the workpiece in the area of its working end is formed geometric upper rotary dipole (GVRD) the required geometry, providing the necessary gradient of heterogeneity of the stress field in the metal workpiece to create energy terms implementations of the rotary mechanisms of plasticity at the meso-level, i.e. causing irreversible changes in the crystallographic structure.

When performing chamfer at the working end face of the workpiece height equal to 0.5 depending on the depth of the conical cavity, there is the possibility of discontinuity of the metal workpiece in the zone of application of the effort of running.

The chamfer on the bearing end face of the workpiece to perform a height equal to:

h

When performing chamfer on the bearing end face of the workpiece height, equal to 0.2 depending on the depth of a spherical cavity at the reference edge of the workpiece after its precipitation, and the subsequent application of the effort of running, at a certain stage of the deformation of the workpiece does not occur necessary overturning moment to ensure translation of the workpiece in a state of dynamic instability and subsequent spontaneous fluctuations.

When performing chamfer on the bearing end face of the workpiece by a height equal to 0.6 of the depth mentioned spherical cavity, and the application of subsequent efforts running at the given total degree of deformation in the zone of abutment of the end face of the workpiece creates the possibility of discontinuity of the metal workpiece in the form of "chips" and "tears" in the area of the chamfer.

The conical section of the workpiece by the force of running comply with the height equal to:

hC. K. W.= (0.6 - 0.85)H/2

where hC. K. W.the height of the conical section of the working end;

H - the height of the workpiece, mm

When performing the conical section of the workpiece by the force of running tall, 0.5-half the height of the workpiece and further testing is not provided spontania fluctuations.

When performing the said conical section of the workpiece height 0.9-half the height of the workpiece and subsequent testing are not provided at a given level of deformation of the workpiece excess of its center of gravity above the geometric centre of symmetry afforded by the mandatory transfer of the workpiece at a certain stage in a state of dynamic instability.

The conical section of the workpiece in the end perform a height equal to:

hN. K. U.= (0.7 TO 0.9)H/2,

where hN. K. U.- the height of the conical section of the support end face of the workpiece, mm

When performing the conical section of the workpiece from the reference face height equal to 0.6 of one-half the height of the workpiece not provided kinematics of flow of the metal of the workpiece during deformation in the zone of the support face.

When performing the said conical section of the workpiece height set to 0.95 from half the height of the workpiece is not ensured execution of a given geometry of the lateral surface of the finished parts and the creation of a regulated level of performance.

The working face of the workpiece is made diametral cylindrical section of the workpiece, mm

While the working end of the billet with a diameter equal to 0.7 of the diameter of the cylindrical section of the workpiece, then the deformation is not necessary from the point of view of a given level of performance, limited pendulum movement of the metal flange (upper) side of the part on the stage of the final design geometry of this part.

While the working end face of the workpiece diameter, equal and 95 of the diameter of the cylindrical section of the workpiece, and its subsequent deformation occurs, the probability of formation of deformation defects such as "clamps" on the end part after the execution of its geometry.

The reference edge of the workpiece is made with a diameter equal to:

dN. T. C.= (0,5 - 0,7)D

where dN. T. C.= diameter of the lower end of the workpiece, mm

When performing the lower end face of the workpiece diameter is equal to 0.4 of the diameter of the cylindrical section of the workpiece, and its subsequent deformation occurs the probability of discontinuity of the metal in the peripheral zone of the end face of the workpiece and the formation of defects such "macromastia".

When performing the lower end of the billet with a diameter equal to 0.8 times the diameter of tsilindricheskoi pieces in the final forming in her structural characteristics.

The lateral surface of the conical sections of the workpiece form the preliminary plastic deformation with varying degrees of work hardening and different rheology regulatory relief.

In addition the workpiece to perform an integral and one-piece parts from materials of paramagnetic and ferromagnetic properties, and the portion of the workpiece by the force of running made of dispersed material.

Procurement for the formation of paramagnetic material Autonomous spatial arrays of metal with different ferromagnetic properties represented by graphic materials.

In Fig. 1 shows the workpiece in the initial position before deformation; Fig. 2 - procurement after the end of precipitation, Fig. C - procurement in a state of dynamic instability and spontaneous fluctuation of Fig. 4 - ready detail educated Autonomous arrays with different ferromagnetic properties.

The billet is a body of revolution in the form of a rod with a Central cylindrical section 1 and paired with its opposite ends plots 2 and 3 in the form of truncated cones with chamfers 4 and 5, southweste provides translation of it (at a certain stage of deformation) in the state of dynamic instability due to the formation of additional overturning moment from occurring after mechanical precipitation of eccentricity (e) of its center of gravity (C.T.) with respect to the geometric center of symmetry (g kg. C.) (Fig. 3).

The resulting efforts of the running-R is added to part of the weight of the workpiece P, acting on the total leverage (ABC) and facilitating the translation of the workpiece in a state of spontaneous fluctuations, which, in turn, create conditions for the realization of the rotary mechanisms of plasticity at the meso-level (atomic) and passing irreversible crystallographic changes, which result in formation in the initial paramagnetic material (PM) Autonomous arrays with different ferromagnetic properties (FM1FM4) (Fig. 4) with the spatial morphology developed topological surfaces.

1. Procurement for the formation of paramagnetic material Autonomous spatial arrays of metal with different ferromagnetic properties by precipitation with subsequent testing with the formation during precipitation of the conical recess at the working end face of the workpiece and a spherical cavity on the support side, made in the form of rotation of a body, wherein the body of revolution has a rod shape with a Central cylindrical portion and paired with its opposite ends plots in the form of truncated cones, create rcah, this chamfer and bevel areas on the desktop and supporting the ends of the workpiece is made high, respectively

hf1(0,2 0,4) hto.y.;

hf2(0,3 0,5) hwith.p.;

hin.to.y.(0,6 0,85) H/2;

hn.to.y.(0,7 0,9) H/2,

where hf1the height of the chamfer at the working end face of the workpiece, mm;

hf2the height of the chamfer on the bearing end face of the workpiece, mm;

hto.y.the depth of the conical recess, mm;

hwith.p.the depth of a spherical cavity, mm;

hin.to.y.the height of the conical section of the working end face of the workpiece, mm;

hn.to.y.the height of the conical section of the support end face of the workpiece, mm;

H height of workpiece, mm,

and the diameters of the working and supporting the ends have the following value:

din.t.C.(0,8 0,9) D;

dn.t.C.(0,5 0,7) D

where din.t.C.the diameter of the working end ZZ
.diameter of the end face of the workpiece, mm

2. Procurement under item 1, characterized in that the lateral surface of the truncated cones are made with varying degrees of work hardening and different rheology regulatory relief.

3. Procurement PP.1 and 2, characterized in that it is made integral and one-piece parts from materials with paramagnetic and ferromagnetic properties.

4. Procurement PP.1 and 3, characterized in that its part located on the side of the working end made of dispersed material.

 

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