The way biostimulation poultry

 

(57) Abstract:

Usage: agriculture, biology and poultry and can be used in the rearing of chickens, ducks and other used in agricultural production poultry. The inventive method consists in the irradiation of eggs before laying on the incubation of the optical radiation formed to enhance the biostimulating effect, injection semiconductor radiation source with the dose of exposure 1-1000 j/m2in particular injection semiconductor laser, led or led with the polarizer. At the same time as the injection of a semiconductor radiation source use or injection semiconductor laser or led, or led with the polarizer. The application of this method can reduce the waste of the bird is not less than 4.5 times and raise the Chicks hatching more than 7%. 3 C.p. f-crystals.

The method relates to the field of biology and poultry and can be used in the rearing of chickens, ducks and other used in agricultural production poultry.

Known method of promoting poultry (including chickens) by irradiation of eggs chickens magni what reginato 14000 OE with pulse duration of 22 Ás for eggs before laying for incubation. The method allows to stimulate the development of chick embryos.

The disadvantage of this method is the necessity of using large magnets and high-power pulsed sources of their food, which leads to higher device in the practical implementation of the method and creates significant difficulties when placing plants on the ground.

Known method of biostimulation [2] is selected for the prototype, which consists in the irradiation of hatching eggs (in particular duck) radiation of helium-neon laser with a wavelength of the optical electromagnetic field 632.8 nm. The application of this method will increase the hatchability and body weight of about 3-4,7% and to reduce the waste of the birds in 2,5-3 times.

The disadvantage of this method is not strong enough biostimulating effect. On the other hand helium-neon lasers macoeconomic, because they consume large amounts of energy, are of considerable size and weight.

Technical problem, the solution of which is proposed by the invention is a method of biostimulation poultry by increasing biostimulating action method.

This task oudesluys irradiation of semiconductor injection source of optical radiation, in particular injection laser, led or led with the polarizer.

This makes it possible to significantly increase the effect of biostimulation and opens up the possibility to withdraw poultry at a higher quality level due to the substantial reduction of poultry waste and improve hatchability.

The method is implemented as follows. The work was carried out using chicken eggs (breed "Livorno white"), duck (Peking breed) and turkeys (white Moscow breed) which had been irradiated before laying to incubation. As injection semiconductor emitter used one of the following types: injection laser with a wavelength of 820 nm; injection laser with a wavelength of 1300 nm led with a wavelength of 950 nm and the led (similar) with a polarizer. For all types of sources of radiation dose of eggs took values in the range 1-1000 j/m2.

It should be noted that the above types of injection emitters have different technical characteristics and depending on the technological conditions on the farm, it seems advisable to use konkretnogo birds were used batch of eggs, irradiated by the method prototype (i.e. helium-neon laser), non-irradiated batch of eggs, and the party of the eggs irradiated by the proposed method.

Irradiation of semiconductor injection sources allowed for a comparison with non-irradiated batches of eggs

to reduce the waste of the poultry for the first 50 days 4.7 times for chicken, 4.9 times for ducks, 4.6 times for turkeys;

to increase the hatchability of 7.9% for females, 8.1% for ducks, 7.5% for turkeys.

The results obtained in the 1.6-2.5 times higher than those of eggs of the same birds, irradiated before laying to incubation by the method prototype. Thus, the use of injection semiconductor radiation sources allows you to achieve the most powerful bio-stimulating actions. This biostimulation was achieved regardless of the type of semiconductor injection source that explains the universality of the biological effect of narrowband optical source, which are injection semiconductor sources.

When developing a method biostimulation of poultry and its industrial application in poultry, Lyskovo (Nizhny Novgorod region) was used incubators, is the effect of the injection of optical radiation by the proposed method can effectively influence the processes of embryonic development in the eggs during incubation.

Semiconductor injection radiation sources have a higher degree of security compared with the helium-neon gas lasers that use a voltage of several thousand volts, and also have significantly less weight and size, do not require sitzpolster, dark glasses, the staff is not exposed to radiation. Therefore, semiconductor injection radiation sources meet the highest requirements: ease of control, accuracy and accountability dosage effects on birds, small size, versatility and relatively low cost. In the case of use of led source injection radiation can be done superminiature, with extremely low weight, offline.

To conduct biostimulation by the proposed method were developed for portable devices

1. Weight 100 g; dimensions 115 x 45 x 30 mm; powered by batteries. The wavelength of 850 nm;

2. Weight 500 g; dimensions 90 x 76 x 56 mm; plugged in. The wavelength of the radiation emitters).

The apparatus is simple in operation, have a modern design and manufactured in full compliance with the requirements for medical equipment.

The use of the apparatus, the characteristics of which are outlined above, for the first time created the possibility of their application in the conditions of small-scale, batch, mass production, industrial and individual conditions (for example using the incubator And type-317, developed by the company "El-BIS" , Moscow, designed for 100 chicken, duck and 45 goose eggs. The incubator is designed for farmers and home).

Experience has shown that the organization of industrial production of devices for biostimulation poultry will require a relatively small material costs.

Literature:

1. Hananeel L. I. Padalka, E. C., Barticevic D. T. Effect of pulsed magnetic fields on the size of the embryonic disk chick embryos. Sat. the scientific. Tr. "Improving the productivity of agricultural animals and poultry". Odessa, 1972, S. 314-316.

2. Mymrin I. A. Melnikov, I. I. Sokolov Century. And. the Effectiveness of irradiation of hatching eggs and day-old ducklings by the laser. Provisions to improve the viability and productlicense eggs before laying on the incubation of optical radiation, characterized in that the irradiation is carried out injection semiconductor radiation source with the dose of exposure of 1 to 1000 j/m2.

2. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the injection of a semiconductor radiation source is used injection semiconductor laser.

3. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the injection of a semiconductor radiation source is led.

4. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the injection of a semiconductor radiation source is led with the polarizer.

 

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