Device for growing plants in a basement or utility room of a residential or industrial buildings, a method of operating a device for growing plants in a basement or utility room of a residential or industrial buildings, the capacity for growing plants

 

(57) Abstract:

Usage: the invention relate to plant growth and can be used in residential and industrial buildings. The inventive device for growing plants includes one or more endless traction elements in the form of the chain conveyor 1 with parallel-arranged branches. Two adjacent branches are located so that they can move in opposite directions. Between branches are light sources 4. Traction elements are arranged trays 8 for plants. The light sources 4 are made with water-cooled 5, located between the branches of the traction elements every two branches. The input and output water cooling installed with possibility of connection to the heating system of the building. Planting plants produce in containers placed in places of gathering branches of the conveyor with the stars 2, and the harvest is at entrances to them. The travel time of each tank is equal to the cycle of growing plants. Capacity for growing plants includes a container holders for plants, a reservoir for the nutrient solution, the bottom of which is located below the bottom of the vessel, air line high blood pressure. The tank who's highway. The partition is mounted with a gap relative to the tank bottom. At the entrance of the air trunk-mounted fan. 3 S. and 1 C.p. f-crystals, 2 Il.

The invention relates to plant growth and can be used in residential and industrial buildings to provide living and working in agricultural products.

A device for growing plants in a basement or utility room of a residential or industrial building containing one or more vertical containers placed on its branches tanks and light sources (see SU, copyright certificate, 1063344, CL F 01 G 31/02, 1983).

Lighting plants in such a device requires increased energy consumption due to inefficient use of light, due to the lighting lamps not only plants, but also largely foreign objects. Energy costs when the content of the device also increases due to the transformation of a significant part of the light energy into heat, a secondary use which is not provided.

The task was to create such a device for growing plants, which would reduce bezvozvratnye branches of vertical conveyors every two branches and is provided with elements water cooling installed with possibility of connection of the input and output to the heating system of the building.

Known a method of operating a device for growing plants in a basement or utility room of a residential or industrial buildings, including the planting of plants in the tank, care for plants in the process of moving branches of the conveyor and harvesting (see US authorship, 1063344, CL F 01 G 31/02, 1983).

This method helps to increase energy expenditure due to the transformation of a significant part of the light energy into heat.

The purpose of the invention the reduction of the deadweight loss.

This objective is achieved in that the planting plants produce in containers placed in places of gathering branches line with asterisks, and the harvest at entrances to them, with a travel time of each tank is equal to the cycle of growing plants.

Known capacity for growing plants containing the growing container holders for plants, a reservoir for the nutrient solution, the bottom of which is located below the bottom of the vegetation of the vessel, and the air line high pressure (see SU, copyright certificate, 1204156, A 01 G 31/02, 1986).

weave located at different height, which determines its complexity and, consequently, increased energy consumption during operation.

The purpose of the invention, the creation of such capacity that would have a more simple design of the supply system the nutrient solution and reduced power consumption during operation.

This objective is achieved in that the reservoir for the nutrient solution is divided by a partition into two sections, one of which is connected with the butt-end of the growing vessel, and the other with an air line of high pressure, while the partition is mounted with a gap relative to the tank bottom, in addition, at the entrance of the air trunk-mounted fan.

In Fig. 1 shows a device for growing plants, General view.

In Fig. 2 shows the capacity for plant growth, General appearance.

Device for growing plants contains an endless traction elements of the chain conveyor 1 with parallel-arranged branches worn by stars 2 associated with the handle 3. As can be seen from Fig. 1, every two adjacent branches of the circuit are arranged to move in opposite directions. Between the branches of the circuits of traction elements CE and 7 for connection to the heating system of the building. On the conveyors 1 posted by capacity in the form of trays 8, made in the form of pipes. In the trays 8 are plants 9.

Capacity for growing plants includes a tray 8 to the nutrient solution in which the holes 10 to accommodate vessels 11 with plants 9. The camera 12 is connected to the tray 8 on one of its ends. The bottom 13 of the camera 12 is located below the tray 8. The chamber 12 is divided by a partition 14 into two communicating at the bottom 13 of the camera 12 pieces. One of these parts is made connected to the tray, and the other 16 are designed to connect to air line 17 high blood pressure. At the entrance of the highway 17 posted by fan 18. It is evident from Fig. 2 shows that the partition 14 are protruding above the bottom of the tray 8.

Below is a description of the operation of the claimed device, which also examples of how their operation.

The holes 10 trays 8 establish porous tube-receptacle 11 with the seeds of plants. These vessels are placed on adjacent branches of the traction elements at the opposite ends 19 and 20 (see Fig. 1). In the camera of 12 pour the nutrient solution. Include the fan 18, which creates in the air line 17 high blood pressure. Races is 8 regulated pressure, created by the fan 18. Nutrient solution wets the tube 11, and with the growth of the root system and the roots of plants.

Include light sources of the lamp 4. In the course of their work water passing through the cooling 5 is heated, is fed into the heating system of the building and heats it, while being cooled, and then supplied to the cooling circuit 5.

After a certain period of time, turn the chain conveyors 1 arm 3. Trays, find themselves at the ends 19 and 20 of the branches of the conveyor 1, planted new plants. As turning conveyors 1 plant, found in previously planted trays 8, gradually fall (or rise) to the opposite ends 21 and 22 branches of the conveyor 1. As a full time move each tray 8 from the beginning of the branch up to its end is chosen equal to the cycle of plant growth, after reaching the trays 8 ends 21 and 22 branches of the conveyor 1 with these trays harvest. After passing the sprocket 2 in the vacant trays newly planted plants.

From the above and from Fig. 1 it is clear that such a device and method of its operation ensure the most effective use of light. During normal plant seeds, their germination is almost not delay the e branch is not only adjacent to these sources of plants, and also posted on other branches through one.

Thus, the claimed invention can reduce deadweight loss of energy and, therefore, increase the rate of use.

1. Device for growing plants in a basement or utility room of a residential or industrial building containing one or more vertical conveyors placed on its branches tanks and light sources, wherein the light sources are placed between adjacent branches of vertical conveyors every two branches and provided with cooling elements that are installed with the possibility of connecting their input and output to the heating system of the building.

2. A method of operating a device for growing plants in a basement or utility room of a residential or industrial buildings, including the planting of plants in the tank, care for plants in the process of moving branches of the conveyor and harvesting, characterized in that the planting plants produce in containers placed in places of gathering branches line with asterisks, and the harvest at entrances to them, with a travel time of each tank is equal to the cycle of growing rasti, a reservoir for the nutrient solution, the bottom of which is located below the bottom of the vegetation of the vessel, and the air line of high pressure, characterized in that the reservoir for the nutrient solution is divided by a partition into two sections, one of which is connected to the end of the growing vessel, and the other with an air line of high pressure, while the partition is mounted with a gap relative to the bottom of the tank.

4. Capacity under item 3, characterized in that the inlet air line installed fan.

 

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