(57) Abstract:Agricultural complex (SCC) refers to agricultural activities. SCK is a multi-component complex, performed at least on three levels, with accommodation on the lower ground level novodobrianka in the form of a digester with gas holder, at the second level housed the livestock Department, and the third level contains vegetable Department in the form of winter rack greenhouses, with all levels of the complex are connected at least through a single lift. Agricultural consumer cooperation collective farm is supplied by a branch of mushroom cultivation xylem rocks, Department for growing hydroponic green fodder (HGF), as well as offices for the production of fertilizers (including organic waste) and for the production of organo-mineral substrate. Technologically and directly connected executed livestock - feed mill and digester, Department of HGF - mill, gribovodcheskogo compartment with feed and separation of the production of the substrate, Department of animal - vegetable compartment, and the gas tank novodobrianka Department - technological branches of the complex. topics of the air-gas exchange which in turn is equipped with biofilters. The proposed SCC helps to ensure waste reduction complex and the optimal structure of technological linkages, to improve the efficiency of the complex, increasing the range of the marketed agricultural production and improve its quality and reduce capital costs and the cost of agricultural products. 5 Il. The invention relates to agricultural activity, and includes departments: animal, vegetable, processing of agricultural products.Known diversified agricultural systems, including the specified branch.This multidisciplinary selhoztehnika represent different combinations of freestanding industrial buildings (premises) on the territory of the industrial zone, which involves significant capital costs, costs of production and consequently high cost of production 
Also known multistory monoblock mono-industrial agricultural systems, for example, for growing and fattening of young cattle and pigs  Each floor of the facility is performed as a separate barn or with the sa hosted drives manure.Known multi-storey livestock building  the essence of which is that the elements of the floors of multi-storey buildings completed in the trays for manure removal and with a bias towards the sewer drain.You know the building for the animals  the Essence of the invention: an appropriate relative placement areas for cows and calves.Known and winter modular soilless greenhouse with the appropriate life-support systems of plants, involving significant capital expenditures, working capital and high cost of production 
You know the invention of tower greenhouse 
Based on the analysis of patent and scientific and technical information on the relevant classification headings for the previous period, i.e. on 15.12.95 as the closest analogue accepted agricultural production area  including animal and vegetable complexes.The basic requirements for agricultural complexes are:
functional feasibility, i.e. the maximum degree of satisfaction with the functional and technological, technical and economic requirements;
moves to full satisfaction of the basic technological and technical requirements.Technical solution closest analogue involves a large area of the territory of the industrial zone, large capital investments and operating costs.The aim of the invention is the relative reduction in the area of development of industrial zones, reducing capital and operating costs, provision of non-waste production and expand the range of products of agricultural complex.This is achieved by the fact that agricultural complex (SCC), including the Department of livestock newsopinion and vegetable growing and processing of agricultural products made in monoblock form complex and at least on three levels, with level I posted Novozapolyarny Department of animal husbandry, II livestock division, III main branch.SCK is supplied with the corresponding departments of the vegetable growing hydroponic green fodder (HGF), wood-destroying fungi species, as well as offices for the production of fertilizers and organic substrate. While livestock Department made technologically communicating with branches premixes preparation and awesomium production of organo-mineral substrate. Novozapolyarny made in the form of digester with gas holder, and the latter in turn is associated with communications wiring with technological branches of the complex. Vegetable Department is equipped with the corresponding racks for growing vegetables and a life-support system. Department of vegetable performed communicating through channels with forced systems vozduhozabora, and the TV is equipped with biofilters.Department of agricultural processing and other related departments are placed at levels in accordance with the technological and economic feasibility.In Fig. 1-5 shows an example of space-planning decisions waste monoblock diversified agricultural complex (BMMSC).In Fig. 1 depicts a complex, lateral projection, and Fig. 2 facade; Fig. 3 layout of the technological departments of level I of Fig. 4 layout of the technological departments of level II of Fig. 5 layout of the technological departments of level III, where the alphabetic symbols marked units BMCHK, and numerals technological flows and communication.This marked separation as about what their processing plant agricultural products;
D Department of newsobama and receive organic waste from other departments and their processing;
E Department of livestock product processing Department;
F warehouse animal feed and raw materials;
G Department of premixes preparation and production of green fodder;
H Department of livestock;
K administrative Department;
L Department of vegetable.Traffic and communication.Figure 1 shows the flows at III levels, at least one forklift, between the branches of F-G-B-A-L raw materials, products;
Figure 2 flows F-G raw food;
3 traffic B-A mushroom substrate production and mineral fertilizers;
4 traffic A-L organic substrate;
5 traffic B-G comodamente (mushroom substrate);
6 traffic B-C vegetable and mushroom products;
7 traffic G-H feed, including comodamente;
8 traffic L-C vegetable products;
9 traffic H-D manure;
10 traffic L-D organic waste;
11 air L-H;
12 traffic H-E livestock products.The activity of the complex is provided by feeding (F) and cordobesas (B) to the Department (G), which is the hedgehog is Otdelenia mushroom (B), preparation of substrate (a) and vegetable (L) having served respectively raw materials, seeds, fertilizers, etc.Grown mushrooms and vegetables served in a branch processing (C). Organo-mineral substrates by having served in the Department of horticulture (L) or free exercise.Livestock products is served in a branch of the processing (E). All organic waste from offices (L and H) are submitted to the Department (D) for processing in the digester. The gas obtained in the digester, used in the technology and consumer needs.In vegetable departments, such as hydroponic rack, use and flameless (catalytic gas burners, allowing heat and carbon dioxide (CO2) vegetation.Vegetable (L) and livestock (H) the Department made communicating through channels (11) with forced air systems gas exchange (O2, CO2and heat), and the TV is equipped with biofilters.In General the technological cycle of complex waste each production components are produced in other countries, increasing the effect of the overall economic activity of animals and component of the organo-mineral substrate rack hydroponic systems.Waste animal and vegetable production after treatment in the digester are a supplier of energy methane gas and organic decontaminated manure, which in terms of the group NPK (nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium), respectively 3,2-0.55 to 1.5% of the total dry weight of manure.Production (cultivation) of vegetables in the proposed multi monoblock agricultural complex involves the use of a substrate own production, fertilizers, carbon dioxide and energy of methane gas.Presents diversified monoblock waste agricultural complexes (MBSCC) implies a relative reduction of the levels of capital and operating costs by reducing the volume of construction works, reducing the length of engineering networks and communications, as well as through the provision of non-waste production.Moreover, significantly reduced the area under production area and increases the range of agricultural products MBCHK. Agricultural complex, including vegetable Department, livestock Department newsopinion and feed and separation processing selhozmash for growing hydroponic green fodder, for the production of fertilizers and production of organic substrate and is made in monoblock at least three levels, and Novozapolyarny made in the form of digester with gas holder, and on the lower ground level is placed digester with gas holder, at the second level of the livestock Department, on the third level of the vegetable Department, and all levels of the complex are connected by at least one lifting the vehicle, while the livestock Department technologically communicated with the feed, digester and vegetable division, Department for growing hydroponic green fodder to feed livestock Department, and gribovodcheskogo compartment with feed livestock Department and with the Department for the production of the substrate.
SUBSTANCE: block is composed of transparent cylindrical cups produced by cutting off of throats from used plastic bottles. Columns of cups are positioned tightly one aside the other into frame equipped with device for attachment to other similar frame. Frame has plates arranged in lower and upper part of frame and provided with beads. Restricting plates are arranged at both sides of frame. One of plates is made movable and connected by side couplers to immovable plate.
EFFECT: simplified building of hothouses and greenhouses of different shape and sizes.
2 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: greenhouse has vented space, apparatus for removal of carbonic acid gas from atmospheric air and carbonic acid gas generator for generating of carbonic acid gas with low content of carbon 14 isotope. Temperature mode inside greenhouse is reliably maintained by air conditioning and by employment of shock resistant light-transmitting covering tending to retain infrared heat energy. Self-cleaning of light-transmitting covering is provided by means of oxide coating. Sealing capacity of greenhouse is not affected by passage of personnel and equipment therein owing to employment of double door, wherein doors are mutually blocked. Soil air drainage is used for preventing gaseous carbonaceous soil decomposition products from getting into inner atmosphere of greenhouse. Intensified ripening of plants is enabled by addition of ethylene into inner atmosphere of greenhouse.
EFFECT: increased efficiency and simplified construction.
14 cl, 1 ex
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, protective complexes for plants, including greenhouses and hothouses equipped with electrotechnical and other equipment for care of plants and heat-loving bushes grown under home conditions or small-scale commercial plant growing conditions.
SUBSTANCE: protective complex has foundation pit with supporting carcass onto which transparent protective casing is put. Plastic walls of foundation pit are slightly extending beyond base of supporting carcass and are secured by means of drop screen. Foundation pit bed has ground provided with thermal layer and soil heating members. Foundation pit bed is connected through pipe to suspended closed reservoir hung under complex roof to define, in conjunction with foundation pit construction filled with ground and top layer of fertile soil, single reservoir with water influx-discharge regulated by means of electronic valves provided on branches as well as on pipe. Water is pumped through lower branch by means of water pump into suspension reservoir, and other branch equipped with electronic valve defines closed semicircle on pipe. Such construction provides water discharge by avoiding first branch from suspended reservoir into pipe equipped with corrugated insert provided at its lower end. Level of discharged water is controlled through bushing equipped with float having water level measuring ruler. Supporting carcass incorporates thermal sensors, humidity sensors, illumination sensors, air heating members, and illumination lamps. Valves are opened and closed by means of electronic device. All parts of protective complex are totally controlled by electronic instrument for maintaining optimal microclimate mode. On the basis of electronic instruments and with the use of communicating vessels principle, protective complex may be created, wherein, apart from setting optimal water level in ground soil and irrigation time, optimal heating and illumination mode may be maintained to thereby regulate plant development. Protective complex allows vegetable and other crops, as well as wild and exotic plants to be grown.
EFFECT: increased yield of vegetables and other crops.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, covering used for farm crops on home ground or farm, as well as in agricultural collective farms.
SUBSTANCE: covering for plants consists of uniform parts, that is, flat flexible arched members, which are mounted on base in pairs one above another in intersecting relationship, at an angle to each other. Flat flexible arched members are connected with one another through flexible members at points of intersection of arched members and between adjacent pairs.
EFFECT: simplified construction, reduced number of different-type completing parts, improved unification, and reduced costs for manufacture of covering construction.
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, complex agricultural productions.
SUBSTANCE: method involves process and objects arranged in predetermined manner, and place planned according to relief, with geographic and other necessary factors being taken into consideration so that directions of natural air flows are corrected. Agricultural production includes complex greenhouses, heat accumulator, basin, garden, and wind shield. Air flow directed into garden is saturated with water vapors in gaseous state if increase in temperature is desirable when it is close to minimal admissible value, and in small droplet state when lower temperature is desirable. Processor functions as central controller. Objects of branches in agricultural production are selected so that objects of previous branches make raw material for objects of subsequent branches. Furthermore, joint mutually useful development of these objects at suitable conditions is possible. These conditions are created in complex greenhouse units intermediate with regard to said branches. General-purpose containers with raw material are conveyed through said complex greenhouse units. This results in multiple sequential-parallel utilization of raw materials in number of branches of industry. Method stipulates employment of useful relations between populations of organisms - objects of agricultural branches of industry: symbiosis and, according to kind of symbiosis, natural selection.
EFFECT: increased resource saving, reduced production costs of agricultural product and improved ecology of environment.
5 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to livestock farm microclimate using energy saving elements. The technical result is achieved in natural heat exchanging drying system of livestock farm ventilation which comprises an intake section including an air-to-fluid heat exchanger, an air-to-air heat exchanger with an air distributor and a flute, a pipe, a trickle off sheet and a condensate collecting funnel as well as at least one exhaust section including an air-to-fluid heat exchanger with flutes and a condensate collecting pipe and a heat-insulated exhaust vent shaft with a valve in the upper part and a cowl; the air-to-fluid heat exchangers of the intake and exhaust sections are connected to each other by pipes and the loop of the heat exchangers and pipes is filled with non-freezing liquid.
EFFECT: providing for high positive heat balance in livestock farm buildings in winter time.
3 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: storage of agricultural commodities, comprising a foundation, a barrier in the form of an arched frameless insulated dome, a concrete floor, a support wall and a system of ventilation comprising a manifold channel formed with the inner surface of the lower part of the dome and the support wall, and air ducts, besides, the fence is made of panels comprising two layers of a metal corrugated "П"-shaped profile with heat insulation between them, the support wall is arranged in the form of double-tee section stands with fixed metal corrugated sheets of "П"-shaped profile and rectangular pipes laid into profile grooves, and air ducts are made as telescopic perforated channels arranged perpendicularly to the support wall along the whole area of the storage.
EFFECT: increased stiffness and insulation properties of storage barrier elements.
SUBSTANCE: residential and production vertical farm contains floor multi-layer coverings and roof with jacks. In the first layer of coverings there arranged are germination chambers of green food, plantations, green houses with pastures on the surface and town houses with driveways and pedestrian ways. Water pools for sturgeons, prawns, Spirulina and biological water treatment are arranged under them. Germination chamber, plantations and green houses with pastures are made in the form of turning multi-bladed throttle germination chambers with supply and discharge devices of air, bulk materials, potable water and solutions. Germination chambers and water pools allow performing automatic control of productive capacity of plants and animals, precision sowing, seed harvesting, harvesting of plants of any kinds, removal and processing of drains so that fertilisers and hydrogen can be obtained, forming robotic paddocks for feeding with green food, their roots, tuberous roots, seaweeds, planktons of any kinds and age groups of animals, sturgeons and prawns. Vertical farm and its converter power supply allow to quickly respond to the market's needs.
EFFECT: increasing efficiency of agricultural industry.
10 cl, 12 dwg
SUBSTANCE: factory-greenhouse has a foundation, a chief south and north walls, a deflector in the upper part of the greenhouse to create a vertical movement of air from the greenhouse to the outside. The factory-greenhouse has an internal support structure with horizontal girders for mounting vertical cultivating columns in the form of corrugated plastic pipes and location of the system for creation of water aerosol, a translucent sealed cover mounted on the support structure, the trenches with perforated covers on the greenhouse floor for laying air ducts, sewers for collection of nutrient solution and pipelines for supply of nutrient solution to the cultivation columns, a ventilation system with an intake and cleaning air for supply to the greenhouse through air ducts through the holes in the covers of the floor trenches. The factory-greenhouse comprises a reflector of sunlight and artificial light, a spotlight with colour optics, a mud room, as well as an irrigation system of translucent cover in the form of a pumping system, a main pipeline with holes for outdoor irrigation of the coating, the collector of water flowing down from the coating for subsequent spraying it after cleaning and sterilisation inside the greenhouse through the nozzles to produce an aerosol of water and water vapour. The method is characterised in that it comprises the supply of filtered air to the greenhouse through the holes in the floor of the greenhouse to generate ventilation according to the scheme of bottom-up and outlet of air through one or more holes at the upper part of the greenhouse to prevent ingress inside the premises of pests, creation in the upper part of the greenhouse of water stable water aerosol, highlighting of water aerosol by spotlights with colour optics, reflection and concentration of sunlight and artificial light, outer irrigation of translucent coating with water and collecting this water for subsequent spraying after cleaning and sterilisation in the greenhouse, cultivation of plants on vertically arranged columns.
EFFECT: proposed device and method provide the most complete use of sunlight and artificial light for light and colour stimulation of plants, prevent ingress into interior of the greenhouse of pests, dust and rainwater, which enables to provide high quality plant products.
2 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture, in particular to buildings for livestock management, primary treatment and processing of production. The modular cowshed comprises premises for cows, calving and calf rearing, storage and preparation of feed, for the milking parlor with milk house and a laboratory for the ventilation chamber, and manure storage located separately. Part of the premises is presented as technological modules as part of the production, milking and feed-producing, united in monoblock or cowshed, as well as reclamation of manure, effluent and feed wastes, dedicated to the separate premises. The feed-producing module is docked with the production module to form a single feed passage. On either side of the feed passage within the feed-producing module there are facilities for storage and preparing components of feed mixture for animals. The vestibule walls of the cowshed in the end of the building and the wall of the milking module is made with the ability of dismantling and subsequent docking with additional parts of production and milking modules with an increase in the number of animals.
EFFECT: process of expanding of the farm with an increase in the number of animals is simplified, the process of manufacture of products is simplified.
4 cl, 7 dwg