A method of manufacturing a multilayer paper for the major layers of decorative paper laminate
(57) Abstract:Usage: paper production for the major layers of decorative paper laminate. The essence of the original fibrous semi-finished product is subjected to grinding, as a source of fibrous semi-finished product using a substrate containing unbleached coniferous sulphate pulp with a degree of swelling 140-150%, of the milled mass of preparing a suspension for various layers of the paper web. Then the suspension to reflux elementary layers, the weight of which is 50-100% of the total mass of elementary layers, enter polyaminoamidazolines resin in a quantity of 0.02 to 0.14% by weight of the absolutely dry fibers each elementary layer. From the prepared suspensions cast elemental layers, they connect the obtained multilayer paper is pressed and dried. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 3 tables. The invention relates to the production of multi-layer paper and can be used in the pulp and paper industry for paper production for the major layers of decorative paper laminate.A known method of manufacturing a multilayer paper for the major layers of decorative paper laminate, vkluchau connection and drying, for the exterior of elementary layers of cellulose grind 21-23oSHR, and for internal elementary layers to 26-35oSHR /1/.This method allows you to get a paper with a capillary-porous structure, providing the necessary primariamente paper and uniform distribution of the binder when it is impregnated, but the technological processing of such paper in plastic impregnation fundamentals of aqueous solution of phenol-formaldehyde resin is low due to insufficient strength of the paper in the wet state.The closest in technical essence and the achieved result to the invention is a method of manufacturing a multilayer paper for the main (inner) layer of the decorative laminate, comprising the grinding of fibrous semi-finished product of a mixture of unbleached coniferous sulphate pulp bleached Kraft hardwood pulp preparation of the crushed pulp fiber suspensions for different tint of elementary layers of the paper web, introduction to the suspension polyaminoamidazolines resin outflow of elementary layers, their connection and drying. While the above resin is injected into the suspension to reflux of the upper layer and/or schedulesthe 0.1 to 0.3% by weight of the absolutely dry fibers each elementary layer /2/.In this way use the pulp that has passed, as usual, the machine, and hence heat treatment at drying, the degree of swelling of a mixture of softwood and hardwood pulp after the dissolution of the pulper is 110-115%
This known method of obtaining a multilayer paper allows to increase the manufacturability further processing it in plastic.The aim of the invention is to improve the quality of the paper and from the plastic while improving the technological process of paper recycling in plastic.The aim is achieved in that in the method of manufacturing a multilayer paper for the major layers of plastic, including the grinding of the original fibrous semi-finished product on the basis of unbleached coniferous sulphate pulp preparation of the crushed pulp fiber suspensions for a variety of elementary layers of the paper web, introduction to the suspension polyaminoamidazolines resin outflow of elementary layers, connect them, pressing and drying, as a source of fibrous semi-finished product using a substrate containing unbleached coniferous sulphate pulp with a degree of swelling 140-150% and polyaminoamidazolines resin is Loew. And polyaminoamidazolines resin is used in amounts of 0.02 to 0.14% by weight of the absolutely dry fibers each elementary layer.In the proposed method uses unbleached coniferous sulphate pulp supplied to the grinding liquid flow directly from the pulp mill, bypassing the machine and not subjecting to heat treatment during drying, leading to irreversible keratinization cellulose fibers. Use unbleached coniferous sulphate pulp with a degree of swelling 140-150% contributes to the rupture of the primary sheath fibers, exposed inner surface, facilitates the formation on the surface of the fibers of the finest microfibril. In addition, in the manufacture of paper from such fibers largely preserved internal channels and pores, the hydrophilicity and accessibility to the penetration of reagents than using fibers subjected to the irreversible process of keratinization. Introduction polyaminoamidazolines resin in the fibrous suspension for elementary layers, the weight of which is 50-100% of the total weight of all layers, fixes "loosened" capillary-porous structure and creates using the minimum amount of resin high strength is absorbed.The introduction of the resin in suspension for elementary layers, the weight of which is less than 50% by weight of all the layers, that is less than the specified formula limits, leads to the necessity of increasing the resin concentration in the upper layers of the paper. This can cause difficulties when it is wet pressing, and also lead to differences in capillary-porous structure of paper, which can further impede rapid, uniform and seamless transfer impregnated laminated paper on high-speed impregnating equipment.Example 1. Laminated paper obtained as follows. Take as starting prefabricated fibrous substrate, containing 100% unbleached coniferous sulphate pulp with a degree of swelling 140% i.e. pulp coming from the pulp mill liquid flow, and grind until 20oSHR. From milled cellulose prepared fibrous suspension to tint all of the elementary layers. In the resulting suspension is injected polyaminoamidazolines resin "Cumene" in the amount of 0.05% of absolutely dry fiber, that is, in this example, the resin is introduced into the suspension for elementary layers, the weight of which is 100% of the total mass of all elementary layers. Cast four ale is assay 1 m2equal to 160 g, analyze. Then the paper is processed in decorative paper laminate. Trying to enter the package-preparation of the following composition: one sheet of paper overlay impregnated with an aqueous solution of melamine-formaldehyde resin content binder of 70% of one sheet of decorative paper impregnated with the aqueous solution of melamine-formaldehyde resin content binder 50% four sheet obtained in example 1 laminated paper impregnated with an aqueous solution of a phenol-formaldehyde resin content of the binder 30% of one sheet (compensatory) obtained in example 1 laminated paper impregnated with an aqueous solution of a phenol-formaldehyde resin content of the binder 36% of the Sample of plastic on the strength of the pack is pressed at a temperature of 140oC and specific pressure of 10 MPa.Example 2. Multi-layer paper and plastic get analogously to example 1. The difference is that the grinding is subjected to cellulose with a degree of swelling of 150% of refining lead to 16oSHR, the resin "Cumene" in the amount of 0.14% by weight of the absolutely dry fiber is introduced into the fibrous suspension to reflux the top three layers, the weight of which is 50% of the total weight of all the layers.Example 3. Mnogosloino is no 18oSHR, the resin "Cumene" enter in the amount of 0.07% by weight of the absolutely dry fibers in the fibrous suspension for the top three layers, the weight of which is 85% of the total mass of the layer.Example 4 (control). Multi-layer paper and plastic get analogously to example 1. The difference is that vlagoperenosu additive (Kymene") is introduced into the fibrous suspension to the upper layers, the weight of which is 48% of the total weight of all the layers.Example 5 (the prototype). Laminated paper obtained as follows. As a source of fibrous semi-finished product take pulp folder unbleached coniferous sulphate pulp bleached Kraft hardwood pulp, dissolving in the pulper at a ratio of 1:3. The degree of swelling of the mixture of cellulose after the dissolution is 110% of the fibrous suspension is subjected to grinding to 23oSHR. From milled cellulose prepared fibrous suspension: for outflow of the upper layer is injected polyaminoamidazolines resin in the amount of 0.3% by weight of the absolutely dry fibers elementary layer. Cast four-layer paper with a weight of 1 m2equal to 160 g, pressed and dried analogously to examples 1-5. The resulting processed into paper, is received by examples 1-4, was 100-110 m/min, and the paper obtained in example 5 - 90 m/minThe modes of production of a multilayer paper are given in table. 1, the results of the analysis of the paper samples in the table. 2. The results of the analysis of laminates of paper produced by the proposed and the known methods described in the table. 3.Analysis of sample properties of laminated paper (PL. 2) indicates that the paper produced by the proposed method has more high strength properties (both dry and wet) and impregnating properties. Increase impregnating paper properties (capillary absorption from 32 mm up to 34-36 mm, and the speed of propitiatory with one-sided wetting from 6 up to 3-4 (C) makes it possible to increase the speed of impregnating machine. It can be successfully implemented due to the increase of strength properties of paper in dry and wet conditions. A fairly uniform distribution blagopoluchnaya additive provides improved manufacturability of paper recycling in laminated plastic and improvement of its quality. 1. A method of manufacturing a multilayer paper for the major layers of decorative paper laminates is lulzy, preparation of the crushed pulp fiber suspensions for a variety of elementary layers of the paper web, introduction to the suspension polyaminoamidazolines resin outflow of elementary layers, connect them, pressing and drying, characterized in that as the source of fibrous semi-finished product using a substrate containing unbleached coniferous sulphate pulp with a degree of swelling 140 150% and polyaminoamidazolines resin is injected into the suspension to reflux elementary layers, the weight of which is 50 to 100% of the total mass of elementary layers.2. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that polyaminoamidazolines resin is used in amounts of 0.02 to 0.14% by weight of the absolutely dry fibers each elementary layer.
FIELD: polymer materials in paper-and-pulp industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to manufacturing cellulose-polymer composites that can be, in particular, used in production paper or cardboard. Method according to invention providing a composition and manufacturing sheet therefrom followed by drying. In the method of invention, aqueous nanodispersion of polyorganosiloxanes is utilized, which can be introduced into composition or can be deposited onto sheet before drying on size press or after drying of sheet to moisture content not less than 12°.
EFFECT: improved waterproofness, increased inflammation temperature, and improved physicochemical characteristics of material.
FIELD: paper; chemistry.
SUBSTANCE: method of cellulose fiber modification is realised in the following manner. Suspension mass of cellulose fibers is prepared. In process of its bleaching cellulose derivative is added in at least one stage of acid bleaching. pH of suspension mass is in the interval from approximately 1 to approximately 4, and temperature - in interval from approximately 30 to approximately 95°C. As cellulose derivative carboxy-alkyl-cellulose is used, for instance, carboxy-methyl-cellulose. From this suspension of bleached fiber mass paper is produced by means of dehydration of this suspension on the mesh with formation of paper.
EFFECT: higher strength in wet condition and softness of paper.
42 cl, 2 dwg, 1 ex
FIELD: textile, paper.
SUBSTANCE: method relates to paper production and can be used in pulp-and-paper industry. Method involves the use of cellulose suspension from cellulose fibres and fillers (optional), dehydration of cellulose suspension on grid or sieve so that a sheet can be formed. Then the sheet is dried. In this method there used is polymeric addition which includes ethylenically unsaturated monomer soluble in water or potentially soluble in water, and ethylenically unsaturated monomer containing a reactive group. The latter represents an epoxy group. The polymeric addition used has molar weight which is less than one million. Polymer is obtained from mixture of monomers, which includes acrylamide and glycidyl methacrylate. Thus, the obtained polymer is used as an addition for increase of paper durability in dry condition, in wet condition, as reagent for internal paper sizing and for surface sizing.
EFFECT: increasing paper durability.
17 cl, 2 tbl, 3 ex
SUBSTANCE: ground contains cation water-fast additive, alkaline glueing agent and anion activator in specified amount. Anion activator it contains is a component selected from group, including polyacrylate, sulfonate, carboxymethylcellulose and galactomannan hemicellulose. Ground paper has pH from approximately 7.0 to approximately 10, and strength of internal link from approximately 25 to approximately 350 millifeet per pound per square inch. This ground paper is produced by contact of a certain amount of cellulose fibres with water-fast additive, alkaline gluing agent and anion activator, serially and/or simultaneously.
EFFECT: improved physical properties of ground paper and expanded assortment of paper tapes to cover joints.
22 cl, 1 dwg, 1 ex
FIELD: textile, paper.
SUBSTANCE: cellulose product comprises thermoplastic microspheres and a charged aromatic acrylamide polymer. The method to produce a cellulose product includes provision of an aqueous solution of suspension that contains cellulose fibres. Addition of thermoplastic microspheres and the charged aromatic acrylamide polymer into the suspension, and dehydration of the produced suspension. Thus made cellulose product may be used as a cardboard for liquid packing.
EFFECT: reduced porosity of a cellulose product as its volume increases and improved resistance of a wick edge to penetration of aqueous liquids for cellulose products.
25 cl, 3 tbl, 4 ex
FIELD: textile, paper.
SUBSTANCE: method includes moistening pulp lap with water solution of sodium salt of carboxymethylcellulose (NaCMC), included into composition of the paste made of a filler (chalk), mixed with a solution of NaCMC at the filler ratio of NaCMC equal to 100:(1-2). Production of moisture-saturated air suspension of fibres with filler from it. Forming a fibrous later on a shaping mesh. Moistening of a fibrous layer between two clothes, pressing and drying of a paper leaf. The filler is added as a paste, which contains 30% of dry substance. Moistening of a fibrous layer prior to pressing is carried out with a starch solution with concentration of 0.7-1.3%.
EFFECT: increased retention of filler in paper at simultaneous increase of paper strength index.
3 cl, 1 tbl, 4 ex
FIELD: textile; paper.
SUBSTANCE: composition contains a fibrous mixture from chemical and thermomechanical mass and cellulose. The fibrous mixture contains birch leached chemical and thermomechanical mass with extent of grinding 60-125 ml (CSF) and cellulose with grinding extent of 350-500 ml (CSF) at the specified ratio of components. The cellulose in the fibrous mixture is a leached pine sulfate cellulose and/or pine sulphite cellulose, or pine cellulose, and/or leaf cellulose.
EFFECT: expansion of leaf-bearing soft woods due to using birch leached chemical and thermomechanical mass to prepare a fibrous semi-finished product to produce paper with high physical mechanical indices to ensure extent of whiteness.
3 cl, 1 tbl
FIELD: textiles, paper.
SUBSTANCE: method includes providing a fiber-containing suspension, in which at least about 60% wt. fibers are cellulosic fibers, and dewatering the suspension on a wire mesh to form the cellulosic fibrous canvas. The method additionally comprises adding particles comprising silica and a reinforcing in the wet state agent in the moulded canvas. The present invention also relates to a product obtained by this method. The invention furthermore relates to an aqueous dispersion having a pH in the range from 2 to 7 and containing particles containing silica and the reinforcing in the wet state agent. Another aspect of the invention relates to the use of the dispersion as an additive in the papermaking process.
EFFECT: increasing strength and stiffness of the paper in the wet state.
17 cl, 3 ex, 6 tbl
FIELD: textiles, paper.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the pulp and paper industry and relates to napkin paper and a method of its production. The paper consists predominantly of a structure of two types of hydrophilic cellulosic fibres different in coarseness of fibres, and comprises a strength increasing additive. Two types of hydrophilic cellulosic fibres represent the first pulp, which has the fibre coarseness of from 0.13 to 0.16 mg/m, and the second pulp which has the fibre coarseness of from 0.17 to 0.20 mg/m. The difference in fibre coarseness between the first pulp and the second pulp is from 0.01 to 0.07 mg/m. The structure has a degree of fineness of 400 to 550 ml.
EFFECT: invention provides a napkin paper having good properties of strength and permeability.
18 cl, 8 dwg, 6 tbl, 4 ex
FIELD: textiles, paper.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to paper products of sanitary and hygienic purposes, the structure of which comprises the fibrous paper web, an agent imparting a temporary wet strength, the composition of destructing agent, which comprises the destructing agent, a carrier which suppresses decomposition, and a non-ionogenic surfactant. The non-ionogenic surfactant stabilizes the viscosity of the composition over time. The composition of the destructing agent may be combined with an agent of temporary wet strength to obtain a paper product having high initial tensile strength in the wet state and the desired degradability. The invention also relates to methods of formation of a paper product and to the fluid capable of pumping the composition to decompose the agent of temporary wet strength, which is present in the structure of the fibrous web of the paper product.
EFFECT: improvement of the material.
22 cl, 1 tbl
FIELD: paper-and-pulp industry.
SUBSTANCE: when ground paper is manufactured, it is coated with ink-accepting coating. The latter contains latex binder, water-soluble binder, pigment mixture of amorphous silica with colloidal cationic silica and colloidal alumina, and ink-fixing agent. Coating operation is performed in two steps, weight ratio of coating applied in the first step to that in the second step ranging from 0.34:1 to 0.66:1. Reverse face of base paper is coated by detwisting coating. Further, coating is ennobled via superglazing at pressure in supercalender roll gap 30-75 bar.
EFFECT: improved workability of process and improved quality of paper due to increased surface strength.
4 cl, 7 ex
FIELD: pulp-and-paper industry, in particular production of multilayered cellulose product preferably paper or paperboard.
SUBSTANCE: claimed method includes filler application between at least two layers of moving fibrous material before bonding thereof with one another. In preferable embodiment inorganic filler is used optionally containing organic components. In the most preferable embodiment calcium sulfate is used.
EFFECT: paper with better optical characteristic such as whiteness and opacity without losses of mechanical properties.
42 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: paper and pulp industry.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises applying glue at least on the first layer by passing the first layer between the counter-pressing cylinder and roller for batching glue, setting the second layer in the region of the first layer and in the contact with the glue applied on the first layer, and gluing the first layer to the second layer between the counter-pressing cylinder and gluing roller. The glue is applied in the zones of projecting bosses provided on the glue batching roller . The density and sizes of the bosses are chosen to provide sufficient amount of glue between two layers. The device comprises counter-pressing roller provided with a number of bosses and engaging the batcher of glue, pressing roller, and gluing roller.
EFFECT: enhanced adhesion.
40 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: cellulose-paper industry.
SUBSTANCE: device for continuous connection of paper sheets contains means useable to press aforementioned sheets 5,6 on printing cylinder or shaft 4, simultaneously moving sheets to outlet section of device. Aforementioned means for pressing contains shaft or cylinder 2 provided with rigid external surface, supported by elastic surface positioned below it. Method for connecting two sheets of paper 5,6 contains stage of pressing of sheets between pressing shaft or cylinder 2, provided with rigid external surface and elastic surface positioned below it, and printing cylinder or shaft 4, provided with relief and/or recesses across the surface.
EFFECT: increased quality due to prevention of unwanted deformations of surface of connected sheets, simple manufacture, economic efficiency, extensive service life.
2 cl, 23 dwg
FIELD: banking system.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to valuable documents with increase period of circulation, such as bank notes, cheques, passports, identity cards or other similar documents, to paper protected from forcing for use in making of valuable documents and method of making of valuable documents and method of production of force-protected paper and like valuable documents. Valuable documents is made on paper sheet which is provided with local strengthening passing along at least part of one or several edges of paper sheet. Strengthening is made using one or several means chosen from group consisting of fibers, layer of lacquer and strips of film material. Proposed valuable document features increased tear resistance and possibility of longer circulation and by other characteristics it does not differ from known valuable documents.
EFFECT: increase service life of valuable documents.
35 cl, 12 dwg
FIELD: packing industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of ecologically safe packages and refers to a cigarette pack comprising a closing and opening outer box and an inner packing placed inside the outer box. The inner packing encloses a set of rod-like smoking products and an inner wrapping which covers this set. The inner wrapping comprises the first paper layer forming one inner wrapping surface, the second paper layer forming the other inner wrapping surface and a moisture-proof layer between the first and the second paper layers. The moisture-proof layer contains solid paraffin as a basic component and its thickness is enough to provide for the first and second paper layers to be glued together. Wrapping paper as well as the method and machine for its production are proposed.
EFFECT: increased moisture resistance, flavour keeping and improved biological decomposition.
20 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: textiles, piper.
SUBSTANCE: single-layer and multi-layer materials, manufacturing methods thereof and device for pressing thin paper layers are designed for producing soft absorbent design paper. Single-layer material made from thin paper consists of the first external surface and the second external surface. At that, design of the first surface is obtained during wet forming, and design of the second surface is pressed and imitating, which is obtained during wet forming. Multi-layer material made from thin paper contains at least two layers, including two external layers. Each external layer has the first surface and the second surface. One external layer has the design obtained during wet forming at least on the first surface. The other external layer has pressed design at least on the first surface, imitating design obtained during wet forming on the first surface of one external layer. Both external layers are brought together so that their corresponding first surfaces represent external surfaces of multi-layer material made from thin paper. Manufacturing methods are based on using the above materials and device for pressing thin paper layers. The latter consists of a pressing roller and supporting roller. Pressing roller has embossing design that corresponds to surface texture or negative of surface texture of fabric, woolen cloth, strip or roller used for forming the design on the layer, which is obtained during wet forming.
EFFECT: improving quality of material owing to improving its flexibility, smoothness, saturating capacity and absorption rate as well as reducing material prime cost.
14 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: textile, paper.
SUBSTANCE: item is arranged in the form of rectangular sheet, has the first parallel edges in the first direction and the second edges in the second direction, perpendicular to the first direction. Item comprises at least two layers attached together by binder applied in the form of fixing pattern between layers. Fixing pattern is the pattern of fixing of increased size and comprises fixing elements arranged along the first group of irregular wave-like lines of fixing, passing from one parallel edge to the other at the first angle, making from 20° to 70°, to the first direction, and along the second group of irregular wave-like fixing lines passing from one parallel edge to the other at the second angle, making from 110° to 160°, in the first direction. The first and second groups of irregular wave-like fixing lines cross to form a grid. Fixed area of surface makes from 0.6% to 6.0% of item area.
EFFECT: improved softness, elasticity of absorbing capacity, volume of item.
13 cl, 8 dwg