(57) Abstract:The invention relates to sanitary-technical equipment and can be used in water supply systems. The inventive mixer containing the drain tank valve, the outlet for dispensing and automatic opening and closing of the outlet, the drainage system is made as installed on a curved device drainage tube 21 with the cut off top 22 on the upper part of the bend, the ends of the drainage tube are communicated through channels 23 and 24 with the outlet 9, and the input connections of the mixer is equipped with locking devices. 8 Il. The invention relates to sanitary-technical equipment and can be used in water supply systems, in particular, in the taps-faucets.Known discharge device used in mixers, consisting of a tank with saddle and outlet is located inside of the tank for dispensing and automatic opening and closing of the outlet device made in the form of a spherical valve positive buoyancy and the l-shaped float, interconnected by a flexible shaft (RU, patent N2005140, class E 03 C 1/04, 1993)aerovane air, uncertain orientation relative to the seat and increase the size of the crane.The closest to the technical nature of the effect is achieved is known mixer taps, in which the discharge device made in the form of a tank with saddle and outlet is located inside of the tank for dispensing and automatic opening and closing of the outlet, the device made in the form of a spherical valve positive buoyancy and siphon tube with a drainage hole at the top of the bend, while the discharge end of the siphon tube is connected with the channel in the body of the tank communicating with the outlet below the valve (EN, N2005139, class E 03 C 1/04,1993).The main disadvantage of this faucet-faucet is the limited capacity of trenirovki through the siphon tube and the associated limited scope periodicity water drainage, and the presence of far-acting elements in the faucet-mixer, increasing its dimensions.Object of the invention is the expansion of technological capabilities and reliability of faucets and water saving. This task is solved in that in the mixer, comprising a housing with inlet and outlet nozzles, valves, the systematic opening and closing of the outlet, drainage system, the drainage system is made in the form of additionally installed on the dispensing device and automatic opening and closing of the outlet symmetrically curved drainage tube with cut vertex on the upper part of the bend, the ends of the tube are communicated through channels made in the bottom of the tank with the outlet, the cross-sectional area of the orifice tube in the plane of the slice, not less than twice the area of the holes in the cross-section of the tube.In Fig. 1 shows a General view of the mixer of Fig.2 section BB on the housing of the mixer of Fig.1 with the image of the crane switch water shower on the drain tube (and Vice versa), Fig.3 a section along AA of Fig.1, in Fig.4 view In Fig.3, in Fig.5 drain the tank with a device for dispensing and automatic opening and closing of the outlet, made in the form of a spherical valve with positive buoyancy and the l-shaped float connected with the valve, a flexible shaft of Fig.6 depicts the layout is lightweight flush tank at the end of the drain tube of the mixer of Fig.7 depicts a mixer for sink, and Fig.8 type G figure 8.The mixer (Fig. 1,3,5) consists of a body 1 with the valves 2 and output is to the body 1. The outlet 4 of the mixer by means of the reducer 7 is connected with the base 5, which made the inlet 8, the outlet 9 and 10 under saddle valve 11.Inside the toilet tank is placed a device for dispensing water and an automatic opening and closing of the outlet 9.In Fig. 1 this device is designed as a spherical valve 11 with positive buoyancy and siphon tube 12 communicating at one end with the outlet 9 through the openings 13 and 14 made in the base 5 of the drain tank. The opening 14 extends under the base of the valve 11 at right or acute angle to the axis of the outlet 9.In Fig.5, the device for dispensing is made in the form such as spherical valve 11 with positive buoyancy and the l-shaped float 15 with the projection 16, which is located in the zone of the axis of rotation of the float 15. The float 15 is equipped with a drum 17 has a slide on which is wound a flexible rod 18, connected with the valve 11. Flexible rod 18 is located in the slot of the float 15, and its movement in the slot is limited by the protrusions 19 and 20. Inside the toilet tank (Fig. 1,3,5) posted by drain pipe 21 located above the dispensing device and the automatic is and the upper part of the bend. Both ends of the drainage tube 21 are mounted in the base 5 and is communicated with the outlet 9 through the openings 23 and 24, made in the base 5. The cross-sectional area of the orifice tube 21 in the plane of the slice 22 is not less than twice the area of the holes in the cross-section of the tube.Spherical valve 11 and the saddle 10 in both devices are designed so that when the positive buoyancy of the valve 11 is held in the saddle and nothing POPs up due to the fact that the buoyancy force on the flooded part of the valve, is less than the weight of the valve. Additionally, a pair of valve 11 with the saddle 10 negerlein (which is possible, since the tank is located behind the gates at the discharge).In Fig.2 shows a variant of the crane switch water through the shower drain or the drain tube at the location of the output nozzles 3 and 4 at an angle of 90o. It consists of a fixed sleeve 25 and the valve 26 can be rotated when the rotation of the handle 27. The spool 26 is made connecting holes 28 and 29 and the longitudinal channels 30 and 31 interconnected in the area of the outlet valve 26 into the outlet pipe 4 (not shown).In Fig.6 depicts accommodation drain tank directly Erial (titanium, aluminium alloys or plastic) and reduced size. The crane switch water remains current as the drain tube will be connected to the pipe 4, already located at the bottom of housing 1. Presents mixer equipped with advanced locking devices located at the inlet 32 before lockable valves 2 holes. The locking device consists of a hollow body 33 connected to the input hole of the socket 32 of the mixer and placed inside the housing 33 of the valve 34 with positive buoyancy. Pair valve 34 is overlapped with the valve hole in the inlet pipe 32 negerlein.In the upper part of the housing 35 has a screw 36 with a cone on the end, overlying the inner vent hole 37. Radially to the screw 36 in the housing 35 is made outside the vent hole 37. The valve 34 is made with the possibility of free sinking to the bottom of the cavity inlet pipe 32 leakage of water from the system.In Fig. 7 and 8 shows the layout of the mixer for sink using the above-described drain flushing device for dispensing and automatic opening and closing of the outlet and shut-off devices. The designation position is that hot and cold water in the pipe, communicated with the cavity of the housing 33 of the locking device. In the area of the tear-out in Fig.8 shows a hole 39 through which the water flows through the adapter 7, made in the form of a square, in the tank.The operation of the mixer is as follows. In the initial position the valves 11 are located in the saddle 10 and block the outlet 9. The valve 34 is in its extreme upper position. The hole in the inlet 32 from the side of the highway with water opened, and the valves are closed. When the small opening of the valves (one or both) and rotation of the arm 27 by draining the water through the drain tube (Fig.2) water is directed through the longitudinal channels 30 and 31 of the valve 26, the outlet pipe 4, the transition pipe 7 and the hole 8 of the base 5 in the tank, flooding the valve 11, which is still located in the saddle 10, at the beginning due to the fact that the weight of the valve is greater buoyancy force acting on the flooded part of the valve 11, and then through the liquid column, holding additional valve 11 to the seat 10. Rising water level in the drain tank air freely expelled through the drain pipe 21 and the holes 23 and 24 into the outlet 9.This flooded the device the level of (siphon sunk not less than 2/3 of the cross section of the hole) (Fig. 1, 2) in a siphon tube 21 is positive, i.e., an automatic drain water leaks through the tube 21, the holes 23 and 24 and then into the outlet 9. In the area of the exit of water from the openings 24 into the outlet 9 is turbulent swirl of water from the sudden changes of direction and expiration valve 11 is already flooded with two sides. The pressure on the valve is aligned and it automatically POPs up, opening additional drain through the saddle 10. From this point of drain water is carried out simultaneously two holes: through hole of the seat 10 and through the siphon tube 21. By reducing the water level to the edge of the free end of the siphon tube 21 remains only after through the hole of the saddle 10. With further lowering of the water level valve 11 is drawn into the saddle 10 and closes the outlet 9. The valve 11 is enclosed in the space between the surfaces of the siphon and drain pipes can't get out of this space, and therefore the discharge is reliably lowered only in the saddle 10. And so the periodic accumulation of water in the drain tank and the sharp discharge continues until you close the valves. When water enters the tank according to Fig.5, the valve 11 in the same manner charged in the saddle 10,the tank is also expelled through the drain tube 21 and the holes 23 (not shown) and the hole 24.During the flooding of the projection 16 of the float 15 starts to rotate in the position of unstable equilibrium, and clicking it makes a sharp turn, pulling the flexible rod 18 and opening the valve 11 from its seat. The float 15 is at the upper position, resting on the casing 6, and the valve 11 floats on the surface of the water. Drain the water from the tank through the outlet 9. Liberating in spill reservoir space is compensated by air suction through the openings 23 and 24 and the drain tube 21 and partially continuously flowing water in the tank through the opening 8. In the process of draining the water and reduce its level, the valve 11 is lowered down and pulled water into the saddle 10 and the float 15 is returned to its original position. And so the process of periodic discharge is repeated until you have closed the valves. Flexible rod 18 is selected such lengths to ensure the free position of the valve 11 in the saddle (without tension thread) and to the time of commencement of sharp turning of the float 15 no tension. And just at the moment close to the maximum kinetic energy of the float, a flexible rod is in tension. The calculation of the length of the flexible rod prevents the valve 11 to fall apart saddles 10 and provides reliable separation of the valve 11. For bespec holes, and the outlet 9 to perform the cross-section larger (about 10-30%) of the total cross section of the drain holes from the seat 10 and the siphon tube holes 24 for a tank of Fig.1 and 3.In the waste-holding tank of Fig.5 drain outlet 9 is only through one hole (seat 10), which is significantly less than the cross-section of the outlet 9. The frequency of discharge depends on the degree of opening of the valves. The more you open the valve, the more will be periodic draining, until, finally, comes the continuous draining. In this position, the valve 11 will always be out of the saddle 10 and the float 15 (Fig.5) in the extreme upper position. For emergency discharge of water (when the mixer mode periodic discharge) before filling full dose of water, in which there is an automatic system operation the drain, enough to cover the palm or finger hole drain tube (or the outlet 9 of the drain tank is mounted at the end of the drain tube Fig.6). When this is aligned with the pressure acting on the valve 11 at the top and bottom and it breaks away from the saddle 10 and abruptly POPs up. When the mixer valve 34 (Fig. 3) is always in the upper position and does not interfere in pipe 32 and remains in this position until the water supply.When water and closed valve valve 34 POPs up in the body cavity 33. Before operating the mixer in this case, you must turn on 0,5-1 turnover screw 36 and to release from the housing 33 of the air, so that the water and the valve 34 will occupy the topmost position, if it does not run, then when the valve is opened, the valve 34 will become addicted to the flow of water into the cavity inlet pipe 32 and block the hole of the valve. The screw 36 after trenirovki again lock hole 37. When water in the system, but when the valve is not closed, valve 34 under the action of a stream of water rushes to the hole (behind the gate) and overlaps it, eliminating flooding and a large wastage of water. When water in the system it is necessary to close the valve, and the valve 34 POPs up automatically in the body cavity 33. It now remains to only perform the above operation to drain air from the housing 33 by means of screws 36. The valve will occupy the topmost position and will remain there until until you turn it off the water supply.Instead of the screw 36 can install a drain valve that automatically maintains air back and forth, but experience shows that in terms of working with these water valves eventually cease RA is ing work significantly expand its technological capabilities and consumer properties.It features water saving due to the periodic discharge, in which the opening of the valves is minimal, and draining the water as with a large opening of the valves. This is ensured by the accumulation of water during the period when it is not required and a single full discharge. The mixer allows you to easily and emergency draining of the water with a simple touch of his hand or finger to the drain tube. In addition, a locking device makes the safe operation of the mixer in the conditions, when often cut off the water. It eliminates the potential for flooding of the premises and of the great loss of water. Per hour of water discharge through the open one faucet poured about 1 m3water.The proposed mixer saves without alteration of the functional properties of existing mixers regardless of whether you will or will not work with new devices that fit into the dimensions of these mixers and does not change fundamentally the structure of all the main sites. Saved and all connecting elements. Without any alteration of communications you can replace the existing faucet at the proposed mixer. New elements of the proposed mixer in the priori device). Each operates independently from each other. If necessary, you may use one of them. The same appreciation mixer compensated consumer properties, providing savings of water, excluding water losses during unclosed cranes and material and moral damages from flooding their offices and premises in lower floors.From the point of view of safety of operation of the proposed mixer solves security problems and this raises the question of the validity of the production and use of existing mixers in the interests of the consumer. Mixer, comprising a housing with inlet nozzles, valves, drain the tank with saddle and outlet and placed in a tank device for dispensing and automatic opening and closing of the outlet, the drainage system, characterized in that the drainage system is made in the form of an optionally installed on the dispensing device and automatic opening and closing of the inlet symmetrically curved drainage tube with cut vertex on the upper part of the bend, the ends of the drainage tube is communicated through the channels made is less than twice the area of the holes in the cross-section of the tube.
FIELD: technical means of water supply.
SUBSTANCE: the invention presents a water-mixing tap with contactless remote control and is pertinent to the technical means of water supply. The water-mixing tap with contactless remote control contains a body with a chamber for mixing of water and the tap-changer, feeding pipes, a discharge pipe with an outlet nozzle and an inlet-outlet head, an autonomous control-and- measuring block electrically connected with a source and a receiver of optical rays and with electromagnetic valves of water delivery. The outlet nozzle is made in the form of a centrifugal spraying injector forming a cone of finely dispersed uniformly sprayed water. The discharge pipe is made with a capability to accommodate a fiber-optical transducer with an external modulation, an outlet optical butt of which is placed in the inlet-outlet head of the discharge pipe and the opposite butt of the transducer is optically connected to the source and the receiver of the optical emission located in the autonomous control and measuring block electrically connected with the electromagnetic valves of water feeding. At that the electrical circuit of the block is made on the basis of the integrating circuit of accumulation of the signals of the measuring information. The technical result is a decrease of consumption of water and thermal energy used for its heating up, provision of the switch-on state of the tap only by availability of an object of treatment within the zone of control and at achievement of a combination of contactless of on-off turnings of the water feeding with electric passivity of the tap, its stability against action of electromagnetic interferences and origination of the false on /off switching, protection of sensing optical elements of the contactless drive of the tap against actions of vandals (versions).
EFFECT: the invention ensures a decrease of consumption of water and thermal energy used in the process, provision of the switch-on state of the tap just by availability of an object of treatment in the zone of control, protection against different types of interferences.
FIELD: sanitary facilities.
SUBSTANCE: device is designed to control water tap by pressing on pedal in public service and industry. Proposed device contains pedal and water tap body with shutoff member. Shutoff member of tap and pedal are furnished with bellows, or diaphragm, or plunger chambers. Said chambers are filled with liquid and are interconnected by flexible pipeline.
EFFECT: improved reliability of device, reduced cost of manufacture.
2 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: heating systems; liquid heating systems.
SUBSTANCE: under-ceiling non-evaporating widening tank of heating system has solid casing in form of a canister with level-metering pipe, widening space communicating with heating system and air space separated hermetically from widening space by soft membrane. Air space communicates with environmental air. Membrane is made inform of air bag. Neck of bag is withdrawn out of neck of casing and is connected hermetically with the neck. Plug provided with air hole is tightly inserted into neck of casing. Plug is fastened by screwed cap provided with air hole which is not aligned with hole in plug. Method of detecting of slow leaking of water from heating system is based upon the fact that temperature graph of the system is built in summer without heating. For the purpose values of water level in level-metering pipe of the tank at steady temperature are put along abscissa and values room temperature are put along ordinate; received calibrated curve is subject to calibration. The graph is taken as averaged temperature calibration graph and steady values of outside temperature are drawn above corresponding values of level. When taking subsequent measurements, the averaged temperature is determined again and if the value of level get lower it is assumed that water loss takes place because of leakage or evaporation of water caused by disturbance in leak-proofness of the air bag.
EFFECT: simplified design of tank; better degree of protection of membrane.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: domestic plumbing installations, methods for disinfection thereof, particularly for large reservoirs.
SUBSTANCE: method involves applying disinfectant on installation surface and flushing installation with fresh water after disinfection operation finishing. Disinfection is performed by aerosol treatment carried out by accelerating anolyte particles up to speed of not less than 100 m/c. Anolyte with active chlorine concentration of not less than 100 mg/dm3 taken in amount of not less than 200 ml per 1 m2 of installation surface area is used as the disinfectant. Anolyte is used as aerosol with dispersity up to 100 microns and residence time of disinfectant on installation surfaces is not less than 30 min at positive temperature. Anolyte is sprayed by nozzle, centrifugal aerosol generator or high-pressure pump.
EFFECT: increased disinfection quality along with keeping ecological rules related to installation treatment and staff safety, increased depth of disinfectant penetration in installation surface and prevention of installation damage.
4 cl, 3 ex
FIELD: water facilities, particularly water delivery devices.
SUBSTANCE: delivery device in accordance with the first embodiment comprises body, unfiltered liquid receiver, flexible pipeline, filtered liquid outlet, shuttle valve arranged inside the body, executive tool mechanically connected to shuttle valve and providing switching from unfiltered liquid distribution to filtered liquid distribution from delivery device, as well as filter arranged in the body. Device in accordance with the second embodiment comprises body, unfiltered liquid receiver, flexible pipeline, filtered liquid outlet, unfiltered liquid outlet and shuttle valve arranged inside the body. The shuttle valve provides choice of liquid flow through filtered liquid outlet or unfiltered liquid outlet. Delivery device also has executive tool mechanically connected to the shuttle valve and providing switching from unfiltered liquid distribution to filtered liquid distribution from delivery device. Arranged in the body is filter. Device in accordance with the third embodiment comprises body, unfiltered liquid receiver, filtered liquid outlet, unfiltered liquid outlet and one shuttle valve arranged inside the body. The shuttle valve provides choice of liquid flow through filtered liquid outlet or unfiltered liquid outlet. Delivery device also has the first executive tool mechanically connected to the shuttle valve and the second executive tool mechanically linked with the valve. Device includes filter arranged in the body.
EFFECT: possibility to create water facilities adapted to be used in living or office spaces to selective serve filtered or unfiltered water to consumer, reduced occupied space when used with water tap connected to conventional water basin.
32 cl, 15 dwg
FIELD: water supply, particularly sanitary repair-and-operational means thereof.
SUBSTANCE: leakage elimination method involves removing valve from threaded seat made in tap body; replacing sealing packing; securing guiding pipe in above seat of tap body; installing metal-cutting tool inside the guiding pipe, wherein metal-cutting tool is spindle having cylindrical part, metal-cutting head to remove defective metal layer from annular shoulder end, end part, along with movable limiter, which prevents axial movement of spindle and shank providing connection with drive means; removing defective metal layers so that newly formed end surface of annular shoulder brought into contact with sealing packing of shutoff valve is oriented transversely to inner cylindrical surface of guiding pipe; separating the guiding pipe from above tap body seat; connecting the valve to the tap; pressing sealing packing to end of annular shoulder enclosing water inlet orifice. Device for leakage elimination comprises tap body with threaded seat for valve connection and with annular shoulder enclosing water inlet orifice. Tap body also has water outlet channel. Threaded tap body seat is coaxial to annular shoulder. Guiding pipe is temporary secured to tap body seat having flat outer end surface transversal to inner cylindrical surface thereof. Spindle is arranged inside the guiding pipe and may perform predetermined axial movement and reversible rotation. Cylindrical surfaces of spindle and guiding pipe brought into contact are coaxial to threaded seat and annular shoulder. Metal-cutting head diameter exceeds outer diameter of annular shoulder. End surface of metal-cutting surface extends transversely to cylindrical spindle part.
EFFECT: increased quality of acting water tap usage and repair, elimination of water leakage and increased service life of the tap.
9 cl, 10 dwg
FIELD: sanitary equipment, particularly adapted for domestic or public use, as well as for railroad transport, production departments and service rooms as well as for hospitals.
SUBSTANCE: water is supplied through head having rod-provided reciprocal valve mechanism, body and return spring installed in inner cavity coaxially to the body, wherein the spring cooperates with water dose. Method involves lifting the rod, opening orifice providing water discharge during valve opening; accumulating water dose in the head; lowering the rod; closing orifice adapted for water discharge during valve closing and blocking water dose discharge. Constant magnet field is created inside the head with the use of annular magnet along with silver ionization, magnetization and charging of each water dose. The rod is produced of magnetic material including silver or silver coating. The rod may cooperate with conical normally partly compressed spring. Each water dose inside the head is magnetized and electrically charged by applying constant magnetic and alternate current fields thereto.
EFFECT: extended functional capabilities and increased operational reliability.
2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: sanitary equipment, particularly water supply systems, namely mixing taps.
SUBSTANCE: mixer comprises tank formed as a fixture connected to horizontal part of drainage pipe. The tank comprises body with seat. The mixer also has drainage system formed as isolated air cavity, which communicates upper part of tank interior with ambient space surrounding water flow at tank outlet area. The mixer is provided with valve having head, which has positive floatability in summary with the valve. The mixer has vessel made as horizontal connection pipe adapted to connect horizontal drainage pipe part with the tank. Connection pipe interior communicates with tank interior. Lower end thereof is located above contact area between the valve and the tank body seat. Upper part of connection pipe interior does not project over upper tank body edge. Cross-section of connection pipe interior is not less than that of drainage tank orifice. Connection pipe length is selected to provide summary volume of water accumulated inside the tank and inside the connection pipe, which is 1.5-2 times as much as that of water accumulated in the tank.
EFFECT: improved service performance and reduced water consumption.
3 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: sanitary equipment, particularly domestic plumbing installations for fresh water or waste water.
SUBSTANCE: method involves using water tap with valve heads, discharge jet and nozzle connected to outlet end of discharge jet. The nozzle includes removable cylindrical body of non-magnetic material, namely bronze or brass, and disc with through orifices coaxially fixedly secured to lower body part. Hollow magnetic bush is arranged on the disc so that the bush is coaxial to the body. Conical spiral normally released spring is inserted in the bush and cooperates with water. The spring is made of silver or magnetic material covered with silver.
EFFECT: simplified structure, extended field of application, increased uniformity of water supply and enhanced water cleaning.
FIELD: water supply systems.
SUBSTANCE: hydrant comprises housing with inlet passage and at least one outlet passage, valving member mounted in the outlet passage and provided with the through passage, and rod for control of the valving member outside of the housing. The valving member is made of a rotation body. The hydrant is additionally provided with the normally closed valve. The inlet passage is inclined to at least one outlet passages in the housing at an angle greater than 0° and smaller than 180°. The through passage in the valving member is curved. The valving member is provided with at least one additional through passage for permitting coincidence of its inlet port with the inlet passage of the housing and its outlet port with at least one output passage of the housing. One part of the cut-off control member of the valve is set into the through passage of the housing, and the other part is set in the outlet passage of the housing.
EFFECT: expanded functional capabilities.
6 cl, 12 dwg