The method of treatment dysarthria

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to medicine, namely to reflexology, and for the correction of speech disorders. For relaxation receiptholder muscles affect acupuncture point located at the distal phalanx 1 finger stop with the medial side, some distance from the point RP-1 (Yin Bai) 1 CUN down towards the soles. Then is speech therapy speech. The method allows for rapid, complete and prolonged relaxation of the muscles acting rectortown for fewer procedures, to reduce the trauma due to the impact on distant from blood vessels and nerves to the point that it can be used in Pediatrics.

The invention relates to medicine, in particular to reflexology, and is intended for the correction of speech disorders.

The known method of complex treatment of speech disorders using electrical stimulation receiptholder muscles (Balabanova, I. A. Elkina M. M. S. Maltsev N. Ledovskaya N. Century Dynamics of elektrovojvodina in children with speech disorders. "Family 94" in the system of rehabilitation centers, 2 hours, Ekaterinburg, 1994. S. 41-42).

However, this method requires a long cceda 25% improvement in 50% of cases. When using electrostimulation duration of relaxation is just 10-20 minutes (Gulyaev C. Y. Shatilova N. Y. The electric diagnostics neuro-muscular apparatus of the maxillofacial area and soft palate in children of different age groups with congenital and acquired defects. Issues in rehabilitation of children with congenital malformations of the craniofacial region. Chita, 1993, S. 51-52).

Closest to the present invention is a method of restoring speech by training the pronunciation of individual sounds with the use of acupuncture for the normalization of muscle tone of the muscles involved in rectortown. Acupuncture is a major point areas of the face, neck and point the General steps in this relaxation occurs when using a large number of needles and long-term exposures (up to 40 min), number of procedures per year 1 10-15. Acupuncture points are dangerous for acupuncture neck, where the large vessels and nerves that is an obstacle for widespread use, particularly in pediatric practice. There is a psychological injury when using acupuncture on neck and face (Fedorov, T. A. Chernikov B. N. The use of acupuncture and microneedles M 1985, c. 85-93).

Object of the invention is the recovery of speech in a shorter time due to the complete, rapid and prolonged relaxation of the muscles involved in rectortown (floor of mouth, chewing, temporal, larynx), which is achieved by acting on unamerican acupuncture point located at the distal phalanx 1 toe with the medial side, some distance to 1 CUN down towards the soles from the point RP-1 (Yin Bai).

Using the proposed method allows to reduce the traumatic impact, improve security procedures through the use of a single acupuncture point, which is situated away from major vessels and nerves. The effect of relaxation is achieved one effect within 30 to 60 seconds and lasts up to 4-5 days. A similar effect when using the known methods is achieved after using many acupuncture points in a single session and over the course of treatment N 10 or more treatments. In addition, eliminating psychological trauma due to the refusal of acupuncture on the face and neck that allows you to use the method in Pediatrics.

To confirm the effectiveness of the proposed method for the treatment of dysarthria the study of leczenia circular muscle of the mouth, the temporal, masseter, submental, digastric, the muscles of the tongue, sternocleidomastoid. The study revealed hypertonicity of the muscles of the upper lip to 44.9% language 54,5% chewing 88,9% sublingual 85,8% of the larynx is 85.7% After 1 session impact on unamerican acupuncture point on the 1st toe eliminated hypertonicity of the muscles of the upper lip and chin all patients, language 38,2% chewing at 77.8% of the larynx in 71,3% of patients.

The achievement of a full, fast and long relaxation indicates a high efficiency of the proposed method.

The method is as follows: with the patient lying on the back is the impact of needle on unamerican acupuncture point located at the distal phalanx 1 toe with the medial side, some distance from the point RP-1 (Yin Bai) on one CUN down towards the sole, the depth of the puncture 0.1 CUN, the exposure time is 30 to 60 C. At the end of the exposure is determined by relaxation of the muscles of the face and neck. The effect of relaxation after a single exposure lasts up to 4-5 days. after treatment, the average of 4-8 treatments, up to 3 months. after the next course conducted over 3 months. up to 1,

Speech therapy speech for implementation through the controlled clinical example.

Patient S. 8 years old, was admitted with complaints of speech "slurred speech", the immobile lips, deviation of the tongue to the right, the change in zvukoproiznositelinoi.

From the anamnesis it is known that a child is falling behind in mental development started late to say, was observed and received medical treatment by a neuropsychiatrist. Examined by phonopaedist overall speech level II due to dysarthria (slurred speech, rinopatia.

The state of the articulatory apparatus: tongue moved deep into the mouth, the tone is increased, the deviation to the right. The soft palate sedentary, solid sky high, Gothic, lower jaw sedentary.

Fibropapilloma:

N. M. Z. (palatal muscle curtain) snapping PULP full. Otoscopy: eardrum stagnant colors, contours deleted due to violation of barafundle auditory tube.

Results electric diagnostics (evaluation of elektrovojvodina) neuro-muscular system of the face and neck helped to identify before treatment: hypertonicity of masticatory muscles on the left and right (on the device "necropolis" exponential current, left: f 1000 Hz, S=0,06 MS, J=2.5 mA, right: f 1000 Hz, S=0,044 MS, J=2,8 mA).

Hypertonicity sternocleidomastoid muscle on the left: f=1000 Hz, S=0,044 MS, J is C: on the left, f= 100 Hz, S=0,32 MS, J=2.0 mA, right: f=100 Hz, S=0,34 MS, J=2,1 mA, testify about the disappearance expressed hypertonicity of the muscles.

The same effect was observed after treatment sternocleidomastoid muscles: left exponential current f=100 Hz, S=0,38 MS, J=2.0 mA, right exponential current f=100 Hz, S=0,50 MS, J=2.2 mA.

The treatment was carried out by the proposed method of reflexology on unamerican point 1 toe. The number of procedures N 5, the exposure duration of 30 C. during the course of treatment was conducted sessions with phonopaedist.

The method of treatment dysarthria, including reflexology and logopedic correction, characterized in that affect unamerican acupuncture point located at the distal phalanx 1 toe with the medial side, some distance to 1 CUN down towards the soles from the point RP-1 (Yin Bai).

 

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SUBSTANCE: method involves administering diet with high content of nutrient fibers and restricted amount of ordinary hydrocarbons, animal fats and meat broth. Massage is done with manual massage machine Acupress being four-roller bronze or ebonite massage instrument operating along small intestine during 5-6min and then with movements across the abdomen from left to right during 3-4 min. The like movements are done with two-roller bronze or ebonite massage instrument operating along large intestine meridian symmetrically relative to the right and left arm during 4-5 min. All massage movements are done slowly. Procedures are given daily in the morning on empty stomach, before dinner and before going to bed.

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SUBSTANCE: the innovation includes lancing purulent focus, sanitation, draining and antibioticotherapy. Before operative interference and in the course of therapy it is necessary to carry out the seances of acupuncture reflexotherapy per 20-25 min, about 4-5 seances, totally. In case of thumb's purulent disease one should apply points P-7 GI-4, forefinger's purulent disease - GI-6 P9, 3d finger's - MC-6 TR-4, 4th finger's - TR-5, MC-7, and little finger's purulent disease - C-5 and IG-4, IG-7 and C-7.

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