Brake pad disc brake
(57) Abstract:Usage: in brake mechanisms of the vehicle. The inventive brake pad consists of a base plate and friction linings. In the friction pad is made a groove 3, parallel straight side edges of the pad and offset from the axis of symmetry of the pad. 3 Il. The invention relates to mechanical engineering, in particular to the brake mechanisms of the vehicle, and can be used in the brake control of the vehicle.Known disk brake mechanisms of the vehicle that contains the brake pads in the form of a support plate with reformirovannoy friction lining having on the working surface of the groove parallel to the side edges of the pad and located symmetrically with respect to them  This groove is intended for destruction of a water film formed between the plate and disc while driving on a wet road.When pressure in the brake system is pressing the brake pads to the disc than is provided by the braking of the vehicle. In the process of braking contact of the friction lining disk vibration occurs, the result is structures brake piston, clamping the block to the disk, and the block set protivogribnye plates, which are designed to have an elastic (usually rubber) element mounted on the base metal.This solution has drawbacks: the fragility protivozobnyj plates, the increase in the cost of goods and labor services. In addition, even in case of partial wear protivozobnyj plates there is the creaking of individual modes of inhibition. Moreover, the range squeak increases as wear plates.The aim of the invention is to reduce the level of squeaking brakes on all modes of braking when the vehicle is moving, as well as a significant reduction in product cost, reducing the complexity of the service operation and longer life of brake pads for passenger cars and trucks.This goal is achieved by the fact that the brake pads containing the support plate and the friction plate, the friction pad is made a groove and the axis of the groove parallel straight side edges of the pad and offset from the axis of symmetry of the pad.In Fig.1 shows a view of the brake pads in plan; Fig. 2 is a view of the pad from the top of Fig. 3 what was the pad with the groove 3, forming a brake pad. In the disk brake plate 1 plate 2 are mounted on both sides of the brake disc 4.The device operates as follows.In brake mechanism installed brake pads, and the grooves 3 of the plates 2 due to their offset from the axis of symmetry pads are arranged asymmetrically. When braking vehicle plate is pressed against the disk and vibrations.Vibration plates have the same magnitude, but opposite in character actions, and due to the asymmetric location of the groove is superimposed on the other and damping. This action prevents vibration pads, causing the squeal of brakes."The presence at the plate asymmetrically located groove and the exclusion of the mirror location of the slots relative to the brake disk allows to draw a conclusion about the novelty of technical solutions.In the search results on the major and related fields other solutions with similar features are not detected, indicating the presence of an inventive step in the claimed solution.The tests have shown high efficiency of the brakes, as well as raising their $ who>Brake pad disc brake, contains the base plate and the friction pad, characterized in that the friction pad is made a groove and the axis of the groove parallel straight side edges of the pad and offset from the axis of symmetry of the pad.
FIELD: transport mechanical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: disk brake comprises braking disk, active and reactive braking blocks, support, and mechanism for releasing braking blocks. The mechanism is the cam-roller type. The drive of the reactive block is made of a floating frame composed of active and reactive beams interconnected through the ties.
EFFECT: enhanced reliability.
FIELD: mechanical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: brake mechanism comprises two pivotally interconnected levers and two opposite brake blocks secured to the levers for permitting periodical interaction with the rotating disk. The brake mechanism is provided with air-operated cylinder mounted at one of the ends of the lever so that its housing is secured to one of the levers and the rod is secured to the other lever. The brake blocks are mounted at the second end of the levers whose pivot joint is interposed between brake blocks and air-operated cylinder. One of the brake blocks is made of a current-carrying bus spring-loaded with respect to the lever for permitting connection with a power source. The levers are spring-loaded one with respect to the other by means of an extension springs interposed between the pivot joint of levers and air-operated cylinder. The rotating disk is made of two members whose bases are rigidly interconnected. One of the members is mounted for permitting contact with the current-carrying bus, is made of a conducting material, and is provided with a member for releasing voltage .
EFFECT: expanded functional capabilities.
FIELD: mechanical engineering, namely, disk brakes, having floating or sliding support.
SUBSTANCE: disk brake contains body for positioning braking mechanism on it and support, detachably connected to body. Disk brake is formed of various modules. Body acts as supporting means for fastening other modules. One of modules is formed by support together with at least three guiding fingers. Lid of braking mechanism is strongly connected to body. Seal is positioned and compressed during assembly between lid and body.
EFFECT: increased technical characteristics of disk brake.
18 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: drive mechanism of disk brake of vehicle includes bracket consisting of case and cover, brake drive shaft and screw gear installed in bracket, and also lever mounted on external side of bracket on brake drive shaft. A mechanism of automatic control of the brake including a driving link is installed inside the lever. The driving link of automatic control of the brake is arranged coaxially to the brake drive shaft and is kinematically coupled with the bracket. A movable in circumferential direction packing is positioned between the bracket and a controller of the drive lever so, that internal cavities of the bracket and the lever form a common cavity sealed from the side opposite to the bracket.
EFFECT: simplification of design, raised maintainability and service life of mechanism of vehicle dick brake drive.
SUBSTANCE: brake clamp comprises first braking lever arranged opposite vehicle wheel first friction surface and second braking lever arranged opposite second friction surface. Moving brake shoe is mounted on first braking lever to apply brake force to first friction surface. Brake clamp houses pistons to move moving brake shoe in response to membrane extension and guide frame to guide pistons in direction perpendicular to first friction surface. Moving brake shoe applies uniform brake force to vehicle wheel together with brake shoe secured to second braking lever.
EFFECT: uniform pressure on revolving wheel surface.
13 cl, 12 dwg
SUBSTANCE: proposed disk brake block comprises two flanges with appropriate friction linings to allow friction against disk. Said flanges are articulated on ends of two levers driven by brake force source that comprises first piston displacing along first axis A. Brake block comprises also assembly to automatically control the gap between friction linings and said disk. First piston transmits braking force to pusher arranged inside aforesaid source to increase and transmit said force via said assembly and, along second axis B perpendicular to said first axis A, to ends of said levers perpendicular to those where said flanges are articulated with.
EFFECT: higher operating performances.
12 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: proposed device comprises body, brake support, brake support levers, system of bearings and axial bearing. Levers are arranged on body outer surfaces directed in opposite directions to support eccentric shaft. Every lever may be driven by eccentric shaft crank. System of bearings is arranged between body and brake support lever. Eccentric shaft crank arranged at shaft end to extend from said body to rotate therein. Revolving eccentric shaft makes crack moving eccentrically relative to body to drive brake support lever. Axial bearing transfers axial forces from brake support lever to body. Axial bearing is located in zone of crank, between brake support lever and body, or part secured thereon. Axial force flow is directed from brake support lever directly to axial bearing and, therefrom, to body, or part secured thereon.
EFFECT: decreased friction.
6 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to rolling stock brake systems. Disc brake comprises friction unit. Friction unit is composed of radial double-row thrust bearing with medium ring making the brake disc rigidly fitted on mounted axle while two thrust rings make linings. Said linings are pressed to medium ring by levers coupled with brake cylinder. Outer surface of medium ring and inner surfaces of thrust rings have taper grooves to accommodate the balls.
EFFECT: reduced thermal load and wear of disc brake friction pair.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building, particularly, to combine brake cylinders. Combined brake cylinder comprises cylinder of working braking mechanism, an active working brake, driven by working fluid displaced by piston and braking mechanism cylinder with spring energy accumulator, a passive parking brake. Piston of aforesaid braking mechanism cylinder with spring energy accumulator and rod of cylinder of working braking mechanism piston are aligned. In case piston stroke in aforesaid braking mechanism cylinder with spring energy accumulator increases power transfer ratio increases as well. Rail mounted vehicle disc type braking mechanism support unit incorporates said combined braking cylinder.
EFFECT: compact design, maximised force of braking.
25 cl, 15 dwg
SUBSTANCE: clamp brake is mounted at vehicle comprising body and wheel with brake surface to braking force to be applied to said wheel. Clamp brake comprises brake shoe, brake shoe holder, main clamping body, two support pins and drive. Support pins hold said holder at main clamp body to allow its displacement toward brake surface and therefrom. Drive allows pressing brake shoe to wheel brake surface by aforesaid holder. Said drive comprises diaphragm, drive pressure chamber, piston and connected gear. The latter comprises screws and screw bores made in said piston to receive screws to be screwed in through holder to attach the piston thereto.
EFFECT: efficient conversion of fluid pressure into brake shoe pressing force, stable braking force.
10 cl, 5 dwg